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SUBJSCTs Indoctrination of Personnel Arriving' in the UK. 

TO : 

1 The inclosed material is to be used in familiarizing all 
officers and soldiers of your command with certain of the policies, 
rules and restrictions in effect for the American forces in the 
United Kingdom.. In general they pertain particularly to four 
subjects : 

a. The lack .of color-line in the UK. 

b. Security. 

c. B Furloughs, passes and leaves. 
: - ,d. The British and their Habits. 

2. At the "earliest possible moment, and in any event prior to the 
release of any of your personnel on pass, furlough or leave, you will 
thoroughly acquaint them with the contents of this material. 

3„ It is desired that you take appropriate action from time to 
time to insure that all indoctrination material is properly and 
thoroughly disseminated throughout -your command. It is further 
desired that, in the case of casual enlisted personnel joining 
your command^ appropriate* indication be made in their respective 
service records of the completion of a course of indoctrination 
if such an indication has not already been made therein, 

4. Acknowledgment of receipt of this letter and its 
inclosures is desired. 


APO 871 



"1» The foregoing directives and inf ormativo 
publications constitute an indoctrination file and 
should primarily ho only used as such. 

"2. All concerned should thoroughly understand that 
from time to time the directives included herein are 
changed or modified in whole or in part* Therefore , 
before any definite course of action is pursued as a result 
of any of the foregoing publications, its current status 
should be ascertained* 

n 3. You will be furnished a complete file of 
numbered directives*" 

For the Commanding General! 


Major, AGD* 

Asst Adj General, 




YOU are now in Great Britain as part of an Allied offensive 
— to meet Hitler and beat him on his own ground. For the 
time being you will be Britain's guest. The purpose of this 
guide is to start getting you acquainted with the British, their 
country, and their ways. 

America and Britain are allies. Hitler knows that they 
are both powerful countries, tough and resourceful. He knows 
that they, with the other United Nations, mean his crushing 
defeat in the end. 

So it is only common sense to understand that the first 
and major duty Hitler has given his propaganda chiefs is to 
separate Britain and America and spread distrust between 
them. If he can do that, his chance of winning might return. 

No Time to Fight Old Wars. If you come from an 
Irish-American family, you may think of the English as 
persecutors of the Irish, or you may think of them as enemy 
Redcoats who fought against us in the American Revolution 
and the War of 1812. But there is no time today to fight old 
wars over again or bring up old grievances. We don't worry 
about which side our grandfathers fought on in the Civil War, 
because it doesn't mean anything now. 

We can defeat Hitler's propaganda with a weapon of our 
own. Plain, common horse sense ; understanding of evident 

The most evident truth of all is that in their major ways 
of life the British and American people are much alike. They 
speak the same language. They both believe in representative 
government, in freedom of worship, in freedom of speech. 
But each country has minor national characteristics which 
differ. It is by causing misunderstanding over these minor 
differences that Hitler hopes to make his propaganda effective. 

British Reserved, Not Unfriendly. You defeat enemy 
propaganda not by denying that these differences exist, but 
by admitting them openly and then trying to understand them. 
For instance : The British are often more reserved in conduct 
than we. On a small crowded island where forty-five million 
people live, each man learns to guard his privacy carefully — 
and is equally careful not to invade another man's privacy. 

So if Britons sit in trains or busses without striking up 
conversation with you, it doesn't mean they are being haughty 

and unfriendly. Probably they are paying more attention to 
you than you think. But they don't speak to you because 
they don't want to appear intrusive or rude. 

Another difference. The British have phrases and collo- 
quialisms of their own that may sound funny to you. You 
can make just as many boners in their eyes. It isn't a good 
idea, for instance, to say "bloody" in mixed company in Britain 
— it is one of their worst swear words. To say : "I look like 
a bum" is offensive to their ears, for to the British this means 
that you look like your own backside ; it isn't important — just 
a tip if you are trying to shine in polite society. Near the end 
of this guide you will find more of these differences of speech. 

British money is in pounds, shillings, and pence. (This 
is explained more fully later on.) The British are used to 
this system and they like it, and all your arguments that the 
American decimal system is better won't convince them. 
They won't be pleased to hear you call it "funny money," 
either. They sweat hard to get it (wages are much lower in 
Britain than America) and they won't think you smart or 
funny for mocking at it. 

Don't Be a Show Off. The British dislike bragging 
and showing off. American wages and American soldier's pay 
are the highest in the world. When pay day comes it would 
be sound practice to learn to spend your money according to 
British standards. They consider you highly paid. They 
won't think any better of you for throwing money around ; 
they are more likely to feel that you haven't learned the 
common-sense virtues of thrift. The British "Tommy" is apt 
to be specially touchy about the difference between his wages 
and yours. Keep this in mind. Use common sense and 
don't rub him the wrong way. 

You will find many things in Britain physically different 
from similar things in America. But there are also important 
similarities — our common speech, our common law, and our 
ideals of religious freedom were all brought from Britain when 
the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. Our ideas about 
political liberties are also British and parts of our own Bill of 
Rights were borrowed from the great charters of British 

Remember that in America you like people to conduct 
themselves as we do, and to respect the same things. Try to 
do the same for the British and respect the things they treasure. 


British Are Tough. Don't be mislea by the 
British tendency to be soft-spoken and polite. If they need 
to be, they can be plenty tough. The English language 
didn't spread across the oceans and over the mountains and 
jungles and swamps of the world because these people were 

Sixty thousand British civilians — men, women, and children 
—have died under bombs, and yet the morale of the British is 
unbreakable and high. A nation doesn't come through that, 
if it doesn't have plain, common guts. The British are tough, 
strong people, and good allies. 

You won't be able to tell the British much about "taking it." 
They are not particularly interested in taking it any more. 
They are far more interested in getting together in solid 
friendship with us, so that we can all start dishing it out to 



England is a small country, smaller than North Carolina 
or Iowa. The whole of Great Britain — that is England and 
Scotland and Wales together — is hardly bigger than Minnesota. 
England's largest river, the Thames (pronounced "Terns") is 
not even as big as the Mississippi when it leaves Minnesota. 
No part of England is more than one hundred miles from the 

If you are from Boston or Seattle the weather may remind 
you of home. If you are from Arizona or North Dakota you 
will find it a little hard to get used to. At first you will prob- 
ably not like the almost continual rains and mists and the 
absence of snow and crisp cold. Actually, the city of London 
has less rain for the whole year than many places in the United 
States, but the rain falls in frequent drizzles. Most people 
get used to the English climate eventually. 

If you have a chance to travel about you will agree that no 
area of the same size in the United States has such a variety 
of scenery. At one end of the English Channel there is a 
coast like that of Maine. At the other end are the great white 
chalk cliffs of Dover. The lands of South England and the 
Thames Valley are like farm or grazing lands of the eastern 
United States, while the lake country in the north of England 
and the highlands of Scotland are like the White Mountains 

of New Hampshire. In the east, where England bulges out 
toward Holland, the land is almost Dutch in appearance, low, 
flat, and marshy. The great wild moors of Yorkshire in the 
north and Devon in the southwest will remind you of the 
Badlands of the Dakotas and Montana. 

Age instead of Size. On furlough you will probably go 
to the cities, where you will meet the Briton's pride in age and 
tradition. You will find that the British care little about size, 
not having the "biggest" of many things as we do. For instance: 
London has no skyscrapers. Not because English architects 
couldn't design one, but because London is built on swampy 
ground, not on a rock like New York, and skyscrapers need 
something solid to rest their foundations on. In London they 
will point out to you buildings like Westminster Abbey, where 
England's kings and greatest men are buried, and St. Paul's 
Cathedral with its famous dome, and the Tower of London, 
which was built almost a thousand years ago. All of these 
buildings have played an important part in England's history. 
They mean just as much to the British as Mount Vernon or 
Lincoln's birthplace do to us. 

The largest English cities are all located in the lowlands 
near the various seacoasts. In the southeast, on the Thames, 
is London — which is the combined New York, Washington, 
and Chicago not only of England but of the far-flung British 
Empire. Greater London's huge population of twelve million 
people is the size of Greater New York City and all its suburbs 
with the nearby New Jersey cities thrown in. It is also more 
than a quarter of the total population of the British Isles. 
The great "midland" manufacturing cities of Birmingham, 
Sheffield, and Coventry (sometimes called "the Detroit of 
Britain") are located in the central part of England. Nearby 
on the west coast are the textile and shipping centers of 
Manchester and Liverpool. Further north, in Scotland, is 
the world's leading shipbuilding center of Glasgow. On the 
east side of Scotland is the historic Scottish capital, Edinburgh, 
scene of the tales of Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson which 
many of you read in school. In southwest England, at the 
broad mouth of the Severn, is the great port of Bristol. 

Remember There's a War On. Britain may look a 
little shop-worn and grimy to you. The British people are 
anxious to have you know that you are not seeing their country 
at its best. There's been a war on since 1939. The houses 


hav^^been painted because factories are not mJfl^; paint — 
they're making planes. The famous English gardens and 
parks are either unkept because there are no men to take care 
of them, or they are being used to grow needed vegetables. 
British taxicabs look antique because Britain makes tanks for 
herself and Russia and hasn't time to make new cars. British 
trains are cold because power is needed for industry, not for 
heating. There are no luxury dining cars on trains because 
total war effort has no place for such frills. The trains are 
unwashed and grimy because men and women are needed for 
more important work than car-washing. The British people 
are anxious for you to know that in normal times Britain looks 
much prettier, cleaner, neater. 

Although you read in the papers about "lords" and "sirs,'* 
England is still one of the great democracies and the cradle of 
many American liberties. Personal rule by the King has been 
dead in England for nearly a thousand years. Today the King 
reigns, but does not govern. The British people have great 
affection for their monarch but have stripped him of practically 
all political power. It is well to remember this in your comings 
and goings about England. Be careful not to criticize the 
King. The British feel about that the way you would feel if 
anyone spoke against our country or our flag. Today's King 
and Queen stuck with the people through the blitzes and had 
their home bombed just like anyone else, and the people are 
proud of them. 

Britain the Cradle of Democracy. Today the old 
power of the King has been shifted to Parliament, the Prime 
Minister, and his Cabinet. The British Parliament has been 
called the Mother of Parliaments, because almost all the repre- 
sentative bodies in the world have been copied from it. It is 
made up of two Houses, the House of Commons and the 
House of Lords. The House of Commons is the most power- 
ful group and is elected by all adult men and women in the 
country, much like our Congress. Today the House of Lords 
can do little more than add its approval to laws passed by the 
House of Commons. Many of the "titles" held by the lords 
(such as "baron" and "duke" and "earl") have been passed 
from father to son for hundreds of years. Others are granted 
in reward for outstanding achievement, much as American 
colleges and universities give honorary degrees to famous men 
and women. These customs may seem strange and old- 

fashionecr Jut they give the British the same feeling of wEurity 
and comfort that many of us get from the familiar ritual of a 
church service. 

The important thing to remember is that within this 
apparently old-fashioned framework the British enjoy a 
practical, working twentieth century democracy which is in 
some ways even more flexible and sensitive to the will of the 
people than our own. 


The Best Way to get on in Britain is very much the same 
as the best way to get on in America. The same sort of 
courtesy and decency and friendliness that go over big in 
America will go over big in Britain. The British have seen a 
good many Americans and they like Americans. They will 
like your frankness as long as it is friendly. They will expect 
you to be generous. They are not given to back-slapping and 
they are shy about showing their affections. But once they 
get to like you they make the best friends in the world. 

In "getting along" the first important thing to remember 
is that the British are like the Americans in many ways — but 
not in all ways. You are quickly discovering differences that 
seem confusing and even wrong. Like driving on the left side 
of the road, and having money based on an "impossible" 
accounting system, and drinking warm beer. But once you 
get used to things like that, you will realize that they belong 
to England just as baseball and jazz and coco-cola belong to us. 

The British Like Sports. The British of all classes 
are enthusiastic about sports, both as amateurs and as spec- 
tators of professional sports. They love to shoot, they love 
to play games, they ride horses and bet on horse races, they 
fish. (But be careful where you hunt and fish. Fishing and 
hunting rights are often private property.) The great "spec- 
tator" sports are football in the autumn and winter cricket in 
the spring and summer. See a "match" in either of these 
sports whenever you get a chance. You will get a kick out 
of it — if only for the differences from American sports. 

Cricket will strike you as slow compared with American 
baseball, but it isn't easy to play well. You will probably get 
more fun out of "village cricket" which corresponds to sandlot 
baseball than you would out of one of the big three-day 
professional matches. The big professional matches are often 


notnfl^but a private contest between the bowler ^wno corre- 
sponds to our pitcher) and the batsman (batter) and you have 
to know the fine points of the game to understand what is 
going on. 

Football in Britain takes two forms. They play soccer, 
which is known in America ; and they also play "rugger," 
which is a rougher game and closer to American football, but 
is played without the padded suits and headguards we use. 
Rugger requires fifteen on a side, uses a ball slightly bigger 
than our football, and allows lateral but not forward passing. 
The English do not handle the ball as cleanly as we do, but 
they are far more expert with their feet. As in all English 
games, no substitutes are allowed. If a man is injured, his 
side continues with fourteen players and so on. 

You will find that English crowds at football or cricket 
matches are more orderly and polite to the players than 
American crowds. If a fielder misses a catch at cricket, the 
crowd will probably take a sympathetic attitude. They will 
shout "good try" even if it looks to you like a bad fumble. 
In America the crowd would probably shout "take him out." 
This contrast should be remembered. 

It means that you must be careful in the excitement of an 
English game not to shout out remarks which everyone in 
America would understand, but which the British might think 

In general, more people play games in Britain than in 
America and they play the game even if they are not good at 
it. You can always find people who play no better than you 
and are glad to play with you. They are good sportsmen and 
are quick to recognize good sportsmanship wherever they 
meet it. 

Indoor Amusements. The British have theaters and 
movies (which they call "cinemas") as we do. But the great 
place of recreation is the "pub." A pub, or public house, is 
what we could call a bar or tavern. The usual drink is beer, 
which is not an imitation of German beer as our beer is, but 
ale. (But they usually call it beer or "bitter".) Not much 
whiskey is now being drunk. War-time taxes have shot 
the price of a bottle up to about $4.50. The British are 
beer-drinkers — and can hold it. The beer is now below 
peacetime strength, but can still make a man's tongue wag at 
both ends. 


You are welcome in the British pubs as long as you\tMnem- 
ber one thing. The pub is " the poor man's club," the 
neighborhood or village gathering place, where the men have 
come to see their friends, not strangers. If you want to join 
a darts game, let them ask you first (as they probably will). 
And if you are beaten it is the custom to stand aside and let 
someone else play. 

The British make much of Sunday. All the shops are 
closed, most of the restaurants are closed, and in the small 
towns there is not much to do. You had better follow the 
example of the British and try to spend Sunday afternoon in 
the country. 

British churches, particularly the little village churches, 
are often very beautiful inside and out. Most of them are 
always open and if you feel like it, do not hesitate to walk in. 
But do not walk around if a service is going on. 

You will naturally be interested in getting to know your 
opposite number, the British soldier, the "Tommy" you have 
heard and read about. You can understand that two actions 
on your part will slow up the friendship — swiping his girl, and 
not appreciating what his army has been up against. Yes, 
and rubbing it in that you are better paid than he is. 

Children the world over are easy to get along with. British 
children are much like our own. The British have reserved 
much of the food that gets through solely for their children. 
To the British children you as an American are "something 
special. " For they have been fed at their schools and impressed 
with the fact that the food they ate was sent to them by Uncle 
Sam. You don't have to tell the British about lend-lease food. 
They know about it and appreciate it. 

Keep Out of Arguments. You can rub a Britisher the 
wrong way by telling him "we came over and won the last one." 
Each nation did its share. But Britain remembers that nearly 
a million of her best manhood died in the last war. America 
lost 60,000 in action. 

Such arguments and the war debts along with them are 
dead issues. Nazi propaganda now is pounding away day and 
night asking the British people why they should fight "to save 
Uncle Shylock and his silver dollar." Don't play into Hitler's 
hands by mentioning war debts. 

Neither do the British need to be told that their armies lost 
the first couple of rounds in the present war. We've lost a 


coup^^urselves, so do not start off by being critran of them 
and saying what the Yanks are going to do. Use your head 
before you sound off, and remember how long the British 
alone held Hitler off without any help from anyone. 

In the pubs you will hear a lot of Britons openly criticizing 
their Government and the conduct of the war. That isn't an 
occasion for you to put in your two-cents worth. It's their 
business, not yours. You sometimes criticize members of your 
own family — but just let an outsider start doing the same, 
and you know how you feel ! 

The Briton is just as outspoken and independent as we are. 
But don't get him wrong. He is also the most lawabiding 
citizen in the world, because the British system of justice is 
just about the best there is. There are fewer murders, rob- 
beries, and burglaries in the whole of Great Britain in a year 
than in a single large American city. 

Once again, look, listen, and learn before you start telling 
the British how much better we do things. They will be 
interested to hear about life in America and you have a great 
chance to overcome the picture many of them have gotten 
from the movies of an America made up of wild Indians and 
gangsters. When you find differences between British and 
American ways of doing things, there is usually a good reason 
for them. 

British railways have dinky freight cars (which they call 
"goods wagons") not because they don't know any better. 
Small cars allow quicker handling of freight at the thousands 
and thousands of small stations. 

British automobiles are little and low-powered. That's 
because all the gasoline has to be imported over thousands of 
miles of ocean. 

British taxicabs have comic-looking front wheel structures. 
Watch them turn around in a 1 2-foot street and you'll 
understand why. 

The British don't know how to make a good cup of coffee. 
You don't know how to make a good cup of tea. It's an even 

The British are leisurely — but not really slow. Their crack 
trains held world speed records. A British ship held the 
trans- Atlantic record. A British car and a British driver set 
world's speed records in America. 


Do M De offended if Britishers do not pay as pects 
to national or regimental colors as Americans do. The British 
do not treat the flag as such an important symbol as we do. 
But they pay more frequent respect to their National Anthem. 
In peace or war "God Save the King" (to the same tune of 
our "America") is played at the conclusion of all public gather- 
ings such as theater performances. The British consider it 
bad form not to stand at attention, even if it means missing 
the last bus. If you are in a hurry, leave before the National 
Anthem is played. That's considered alright. 

On the whole, British people — whether English, Scottish, 
or Welsh — are open and honest. When you are on furlough 
and puzzled about directions, money, or customs, most people 
will be anxious to help you as long as you speak first and 
without bluster. The best authority on all problems is the 
nearest "bobby" (policeman) in his steel helmet. British 
police are proud of being able to answer almost any question 
under the sun. They're not in a hurry and they'll take plenty 
of time to talk to you. 

The British welcome you as friends and allies. But remember 
that crossing the ocean doesn't automatically make you a hero. 
There are housewives in aprons and youngsters in knee pants 
in Britain who have lived through more high explosives in 
air raids than many soldiers saw in first class barrages in the 
last war. 


At Home in America you were in a country at war. Now, 
however, you are in a war zone. You will find that all Britain 
is a war zone and has been since September, 1939. All this 
has meant great changes in the British way of life. 

Every light in England is blacked out every night and all 
night. Every highway signpost has come down and barrage 
balloons have gone up Grazing land is now ploughed for 
wheat and flower beds turned into vegetable gardens. Britain's 
peacetime army of a couple of hundred thousand has been 
expanded to over two million men. Everything from the 
biggest factory to the smallest village workshop is turning out 
something for the war, so that Britain can supply arms for 
herself, for Libya, India, Russia, and every front. Hundreds 
of thousands of women have gone to work in factories or 
joined the many military auxiliary forces. Old-time social 

distiiSwns are being forgotten as the sons of facto%jrworkers 
rise to be officers in the forces and the daughters of noblemen 
get jobs in munitions factories. 

But more important than this is the effect of the war itself. 
The British have been bombed, night after night and month 
after month. Thousands of them have lost their houses, 
their possessions, their families. Gasoline, clothes, and rail- 
road travel are hard to come by and incomes are cut by taxes 
to an extent we Americans have not even approached. One 
of the things the English always had enough of in the past was 
soap. Now it is so scarce that girls working in the factories 
often cannot get the grease off their hands or out of their hair. 
Food is more strictly rationed than anything else. 

The British Came Through. For many months the 
people of Britain have been doing without things which 
Americans take for granted. But you will find that shortages, 
discomforts, blackouts, and bombings have not made the 
British depressed. They have a new cheerfulness and a new 
determination born out of hard time and tough luck. After 
going through what they have been through it's only human 
nature that they should be more than ever determined 
to win. 

You came to Britain from a country where your home is 
still safe, food is still plentiful, and lights are still burning. 
So it is doubly important for you to remember that the British 
soldiers and civilians are living under a tremendous strain. 
It is always impolite to criticize your hosts. It is militarily 
stupid to insult your allies. So stop and think before you 
sound off about lukewarm beer, or cold boiled potatoes, or 
the way English cigarettes taste. 

If British civilians look dowdy and badly dressed, it is not 
because they do not like good clothes or know how to wear them. 
All clothing is rationed and the British know that they help 
war production by wearing an old suit or dress until it cannot 
be patched any longer. Old clothes are "good form." 

One thing to be careful about — if you are invited into a 
British home and the host exhorts you to "eat up — there's 
plenty on the table," go easy. It may be the family's rations 
for a whole week spread out to show their hospitality. 

Waste Means Lives. It is always said that Americans 
throw more food into their garbage cans than any other country 
eats. It is true. We have always been a "producer" nation. 

Most BkLsIi food is imported even in peacetimes, arMgor the 
last two years the British have been taught not to waste the 
things that their ships bring in from abroad. British seamen 
die getting those convoys through. The British have been 
taught this so thoroughly that they now know that gasoline and 
food represent the lives of merchant sailors. And when you 
burn gasoline needlessly, it will seem to them as if you are 
wasting the blood of those seamen, and when you destroy or 
waste food you have wasted the life of another sailor. 

British Women at War. A British woman officer or 
non-commissioned officer can and often does give orders to a 
man private. The men obey smartly and know it is no shame. * 
s For British women have proven themselves in this war. They 

have stuck to their posts near burning ammunition dumps, 
delivered messages afoot after their motorcycles have been 
blasted from under them. They have pulled aviators from 
burning planes. They have died at the gun posts and as they 
fell another girl has stepped directly into the position and 
"carried on." There is not a single record in this war of any 
British woman in uniformed service quitting her post or failing 
in her duty under fire. 

Now you understand why British soldiers respect the women 
in uniform. They have won the right to the utmost respect. 
When you see a girl in khaki or air-force blue with a bit of 
ribbon on her tunic — remember she didn't get it for knitting 
more socks than anyone else in Ipswich. 


In your contacts with the people you will hear them 
speaking "English." At first you may not understand what 
they are talking about and they may not understand what you 
say. The accent will be different from what you are used to, 
and many of the words will be strange, or apparently wrongly 
used. But you will get used to it. Remember that back in 
Washington stenographers from the South are having a hard 
time to understand dictation given by business executives from 
New England and the other way around. 

In England the "upper crust" speak pretty much alike. 
You will hear the news broadcaster for the B.B.C. (British 
Broadcasting Corporation). He is a good example, because he 
has been trained to talk with the cultured accent. He will 


drop ^^letter "r" (as people do in some sections ^T^ur own 
country) and says "hyah" instead of "here." He uses the 
broad a, pronouncing all the a's in "Banana" like the a in 
"father." However funny you may think this is, you will be 
able to understand people who talk this way and they will be 
able to understand you. You will soon get over thinking it 
is funny. 

You will have more difficulty with some of the local dialects. 
It may comfort you to know that a farmer or villager from 
Cornwall very often can't understand a farmer or villager in 
Yorkshire or Lancashire. But you will learn and they will 
learn to understand you. 

Some Hints on British Words. British slang is some- 
thing you will have to pick up for yourself. But even apart 
from slang, there are many words which have different mean- 
ings from the way we use them and many common objects 
have different names. For instance, instead of railroads, 
automobiles, and radios, the British will talk about railways, 
motor-cars, and wireless sets. A railroad tie is a sleeper. A 
freight car is a goods wagon. A man who works on the 
roadbed is a navvy. A streetcar is a tram. Automobile lingo 
is just as different. A light truck is a lorry. The top of a 
car is the hood. What we call the hood (of the engine) is a 
bonnet. The fenders are wings. A wrench is a spanner. 
Gas is petrol — if there is any. 

Your first furlough may find you in some small difficulties 
because of language difference. You will have to ask for sock 
suspenders to get garters and for braces instead of suspenders 
if you need any. If you are standing in line to buy (book) a 
railroad ticket or a seat at the movies (cinema) you will be 
queuing (pronounced "cueing") up before the booking office. 
If you want a beer quickly, you had better ask for the nearest 
pub. You will get your drugs at a chemist's and your tobacco 
at a tobacconist, hardware at an ironmonger's. If you are 
asked to visit somebody's apartment, he or she will call 
it a flat. 

A unit of money, not shown in the following table, which 
you will sometimes see advertised in the better stores is the 
guinea (pronounced "ginny" with the "g" hard as in "go"). 
It is worth 21 shillings, or one pound plus one shilling. There 
is no actual coin or bill of this value in use. It is merely a 
quotation of price. 


A com 'not shown in the table below is the gold sovereign, 
with a value of one pound. You will read about it in English 
literature but you will probably never see one and need not 
bother about it. 


Be friendly but don't intrude anywhere it seems you are 
not wanted. You will find the British money system easier 
than you think. A little study beforehand will make it still 

You are higher paid than the British "Tommy." Don't 
rub it in. Play fair with him. He can be a pal in need. 

Don't show off or brag or bluster — "swank" as the British 
say. If somebody looks in your direction and says, "he's 
chucking his weight about," you can be pretty sure you're 
off base. That's the time to pull in your ears. 

If you are invited to eat with a family don't eat too much. 
Otherwise you may eat up their weekly rations. 

Don't make fun of British speech or accents. You sound 
just as funny to them but they are too polite to show it. 

Avoid comments on the British Government or politics. 

Don't try to tell the British that America won the last war 
or make wise-cracks about the war debts or about British 
defeats in this war. 

Never criticize the King or Queen. 

Don't criticize the food, beer, or cigarettes to the British. 
Remember they have been at war since 1939. 

Use common sense on all occasions. By your conduct you 
have great power to bring about a better understanding between 
the two countries after the war is over. 

You will soon find yourself among a kindly, quiet, hard- 
working people who have been living under a strain such as 
few people in the world have ever known. In your dealings 
with them, let this be your slogan : 

It is always impolite to criticize your hosts ; 

It is militarily stupid to criticize your allies. 



Copper Coins 

American value 

Symbol Name British value (Approximate) 

id. farthing (rare) 

£d. halfpenny ("hay-p'ny") 

id. penny 

3d. threepence ("thruppence" 
or "thrup'ny bit" ; rare). 

i penny 
£ penny 
1 penny 

3 pence 

\ cent. 

1 cent. 

2 cents. 

5 cents. 

Silver Coins 

3d. threepence ("thruppence" 
or "thrup'ny bit") — not 
common in cities 
6d. sixpence 
is. shilling (or "bob") 
2s. florin (fairly rare) 
2s. 6d. Half crown (or two and 

5s. crown (rare) 

3 pence 
6 pence 
12 pence 

5 cents. 
10 cents. 
20 cents. 

2 shillings 40 cents. 

z\ shillings 50 cents. 
5 shillings $1.00 

Paper Currency 

1 os. 10-shilling note 

£1 pound note 

£>5 5 -pound note . 

10 shillings 

(or \ pound) $2.00 

20 shillings 4.00 

5 pounds 20.00 


The measures of length and weight are almost the samejjas 
those used in America. The British have inches, feet, yards, 
pints, quarts, gallons, and so forth. You should remember, 
however, that the English (or "Imperial") gallon contains about 
one-fifth more liquid than the American gallon. 

HQ.SOS.— 17-5-43/15M/8820 (23/5 P225) 


c o 



"THINK IT OVER" published herein is quoted 
from a recent issue of the Infantry Journal. 

This pamphlet, although written as a training 
memorandum in another theater, is so styled that 
it has universal application to the task of preparing 
any unit for combat. It is my personal desire 
that every officer and non-commissioned officer in 
this theater not only receive and read a copy of 
"THINK IT OVER", but that he use it as a 
personal reminder of the task that confronts him 
in preparing his unit for operations, and the 
obligation that he as a leader owes to his men. 


Lieutenant General, U. S. Army. 

To a Un^ Commander : 

You are a leader of men, at war against an enemy who is 
cunning, determined, well supplied, and highly trained. He 
has been prepared for this war by concentrated, all-out training 
measures which have made him individually and collectively a 
skilled and ingenious enemy. In the words of a flight lieutenant 
who was recently in Malaya : "These fellows know more tricks 
than will ever be learned by the Germans . . . the first 
attack, believe me, will surprise you." 

Your enemy knows his job. He knows his equipment and 
how to use it. He knows how to overcome obstacles by utilizing 
any and all immediate means at hand. He is not going to be 
stopped either by halfway preparations or halfway fighting. 
When the attack begins he's ready. 

The question is : Are you equally ready ? Do you know 
your job ? Do your men know theirs ? 

And do you honestly realize that readiness for battle is a 
matter of hard and intelligent training. Or are you waiting 
for the fight to begin in order to find out ? 

As the responsible commander of your men do you know 
they are ready — or do you simply think they are ? Or hope 
they are ? Is your unit one of those in which inspections 
revealed there were men who had never seen 'a first-aid kit 
opened ? Who did not know how to set their rifle sights ? 
Who knew little or nothing about scouting, cover and conceal- 
ment ? Whose gas masks had broken eyepieces ? Whose . 
bayonets would not fit on the studs of their rifles ? Do you 
think the bayonet of the Japanese soldier is not going to fit 
when he needs it ? 

Are you driving hard, every possible hour to train your men 
individually and as a unit to be more than a match for their 
enemy ? Or are you loitering, leaving to chance your duties as 
a leader, your responsibility to every man in your command 
to teach him to outsmart and outfight any enemy, both as an 
individual and an artillery team ? 

Higher authority can and does plan the scope of training 
which will properly train your men and your unit for combat. 
But the implementing of this training is yours — you are the unit 
leader who has the final responsibility and the ultimate close 
contact with the soldier himself. 

Refer to your training directive. Study it carefully ; comply 
with it exactly. It has not been hastily written, or written just 
to fill time, to get out another memorandum. On the contrary, 


it has been carefully written, every word of it. It ims been the 
subject of much thought and planning. It is based upon the 
long experience of your commanding general, who is not guess- 
ing at what needs to be done to train both you and your men. 
He knows. He knows also the difficulties you are up against, 
the time you have available, and the urgency of the mission 
before you. And these, too, have been carefully considered in 
assigning you a training task you must accomplish. 

The training objectives as stated in the directive are a vital 
goal to be attained by you in training your men as individual 
combat soldiers and your unit as a combined combat team. 
You would do well to frame these objectives and put them up 
where you will never lose sight of them, where you will see 
them daily, confronting you with a direct and honest question : 
"Am I accomplishing these objectives — all of them ?" 

The Coast Artillery individual and battery are no longer 
protected "concrete" soldiers facing a single seaward front. 
The initial attack may come from any direction. It may be 
made by air, by massed infantry advancing from the rear, by 
paratroops, by heavily armed infiltration units. You may well 
find yourself engaged in an all-out ground battle before you have 
ever seen a hostile naval vessel or fired a single artillery shot. 

Consider the objectives stated in the training memorandum. 
Visualize the individual soldier standing before you. Visualize 
him from head to feet. Have you taught him that the inside 
head-band of his helmet is adjustable, or does he neglect wearing 
it because it pinches his head ? Have you taught him the 
location of neck arteries, or is another soldier someday to die 
because this man of yours didn't know how to apply a tourniquet? 
Have you taught him to wear his identification tags ; do you 
inspect to see that he does ? Have you taught him how to 
adjust, wear, and care for his gas mask ? How to use his 
bayonet ? His rifle ? Have you taught him what armor- 
piercing small arms ammunition is for and why it is issued ? 
Or is your automatic rifleman going to fire at a landing boat 
with ball ammunition, while the armor-piercing he needs 
remains in his belt — or in an ammunition storage box some- 
where ? Have you inspected his shoes, taught him the impor- 
tance of caring for his feet ? Or are the soles worn half through, 
and would this soldier soon be without any shoes at all if he 
were suddenly cut off from his unit and isolated in the field ? 

Can he scout, make his way as silently through brush as the 
Japanese ? Could he use a compass if he had to ? Can he dig 


a foxhole a hasty trench ? Does he know whether the 'barbed 
wire in front of him is properly or improperly strung to protect 
him ? Can he throw a grenade ? Identify gas ? Carry a 
message and get to his destination ? Have you taught him, 
every man, enough about the machine gun and automatic rifle 
so that if his own weapon were gone, or if a regular machine-gun 
crew became casualties, he could step in and load, sight, and 
fire those weapons ? 

Have you taught him gunnery, or merely how to mechanically 
operate an instrument without understanding it ? Can your 
deflection-board operator also operate the range-percentage 
corrector ? Could the chief-of-breech become gun-pointer if 
he had to ? 

Have you taken advantage of the God-given intelligence of 
the American soldier and taught him the WHY of some of 
these things? Or are you still in only, the who-what-where- 
and-when stage ? Do your men generally know the principles 
of a defense plan ? Do they know coast artillery tactics ? 
Basic infantry tactics ? Do they know the mission of your 
unit and how you propose to accomplish that mission ? Have 
you passed on to them vital intelligence information about the 
enemy ? How he operated in Malaya, and Singapore, and 
Java ? How he is equipped ? How he attacks ? The ruses 
and trickery he has displayed — and will display again ? Do 
your men know, for example, that the Japanese from boyhood 
practice and pride themselves on use of the bayonet ? 

The same type scrutiny may be made of your unit training 
as a whole. Have your men practiced your local defense plan, 
or is it just on paper or still in the talking stage ? Do your 
men as a unit know the principles of ground combat ? Have 
you ever actually practiced them ? Do you know with certainty 
that you can carry on your primary artillery mission no matter 
what happens or is your artillery drill a peacetime routine ? 
Can you conduct fire if all communications go out ? And do 
you know that at Hong Kong this was exactly what happened ? 
Could you conduct fire under a simultaneous air or gas attack ? 
Could you adjust fire based on only such spotting as you, 
yourself, can accomplish at the guns ? Do you realize that 
naval targets may be fast moving, fast maneuvering, and smoke- 
screened ? Have you trained your first sergeant, your next 
senior sergeant, arid the next senior sergeant, to fire your guns 
skillfully in case you and your other officers become casualties ? 
Have they ever actually practiced doing it ? Have you given 


your enemy credit for knowing your battery loc&w»n, your 
methods of fire control and adjustment ? Have you tried to 
visualize every emergency that may arise and prepared for those 
emergencies ? Have you drilled and trained your unit in what 
to do when these things happen ? 

These are some of the objectives, and their accomplishment all 
has the same answer : The training you give your men and 
how you conduct it. 

Consider the training memo again as to conduct of training. 
The manner in which good thorough training is conducted is as 
important as the nature of the training itself. There are vital 
precepts which inexperienced officers all too seldom know. 

The first and foremost is "know your stuff," know your own 
job. Never get up before a group of men and read to them 
from a field manual or other text. To do so is an admission of 
ignorance and inability on your part. If the material to be 
covered is new to you, study it before you begin instruction. 
Ninety per cent of leadership is the confidence men have in 
their leader that he knows his job and knows what he's talking 

Supervise your training. Supervision means actual physical 
presence and participation. It does not mean staying in the 
battery office or performing other duties. Neither does it mean 
an assembly of two or more officers standing off to one side and 
chatting while a noncommissioned officer conducts the training. 

Keep a record of training progress. Elaborate charts and 
colored pins for the battery office may look well, but they are 
too often not an honest record of accomplishment. What the 
unit commander needs to know is the exact training status of 
every man — has Brown finished gas instruction, has Smith 
completed bayonet instruction. If instruction has been only 
partial the record should so indicate. If a man has had no 
instruction at all, the fact should stand out. Otherwise, someday 
Brown is going to be the first gas casualty, and Smith is going 
to be bayoneted. 

Utilize the value of training films and slides to the utmost 
possible extent. Remember that one picture is worth ten 
thousand words. But also remember that pictures and words 
by themselves will not suffice. All theoretical instruction must 
be followed by practical application. No man ever learned 
agility and skill in use of the bayonet just from pictures and 

Note carefully the list of training topics attached as an 


inclosureY*o the training memorandum. These have*' been 
carefully selected. They will be given top priority. Many of 
them have been broken down into sub-topics. One reason this 
was done was to indicate to you that most field manuals contain 
vastly more information of value than you realize. Dig into 
your manuals. The title that shows from a bookshelf is not 
even a partial indication of the many important sub-topics that 
lie within. 

Gunners' instruction pamphlets are valuable aids if you use 
them properly. But if used only to teach a man to parrot the 
printed answers to the printed questions, they are worse than 
valueless. For his answers will indicate a knowledge he does 
not possess. 

Do not assume that a man is trained because he once qualified 
as an expert observer or once had rifle marksmanship in a 
replacement center. Training is- an unending procedure, and 
plenty of "experts" have a lot left to learn. 

Take advantage of spare moments. How many of you, for 
example, during the dark of early alert periods have utilized 
this period to talk to your men, to instruct them, to teach them 
how they can determine direction by the North Star, or to 
discuss night tactics or night fire-control ? 

The general plan in the training memorandum allows time 
for ample "breaks" or rest periods. Take advantage of these. 
Training that becomes tedious defeats its own end. Ten 
minutes of hard, alert, energetic work is worth two hours of 
dawdling and tedium. For the same reason vary the instruction 
given. Demand that your men pay attention during instruction 
and realize that it is part of your job to keep them interested. 

Never bluff. You won't fool an American soldier — not for 
long anyway. If you don't know the answer be frank and 
admit so, and say you will find out the answer. Above all, be 
sure that you do find out. 

Plan your training to be progressive. Select an important 
topic your men need to know and see it through. If your 
training schedule is just a printed list of assorted topics to look 
busy and imposing, you will be no farther along next month 
than you were this month. 

There is still a further point to effective training, and that is 
the welfare and high morale of your men. You cannot expect 
a man to respond enthusiastically to instruction when he is 
uncomfortable, carelessly fed, dirty and deprived of a bath, 
; poorly quartered even under field conditions, or dull spirited 


becauSlf he has had no relaxation. Look to your mei<^comfort, 
their mess, their quarters, their recreation, their every need. 
Especially look to the welfare of those men in isolated stations 
and positions. Would you like to be serving up at the end of 
some of those long upward trails, day after day without being 
relieved, unbathed and without a place to bathe, night after 
night without a light to read by, a place to write, a comfortable 
place to sit ? 

Don't say these are war problems that can't be licked. They 
can be licked. A good unit commander who has the interests 
of his men at heart has the eye to see what's needed and the 
energy and resourcefulness to see that it's supplied. 

And don't stop halfway either. "EyeWash" may be a term 
you heard in peacetime, but it has a wartime value as well. 
It has a direct and immediate effect upon the morale and 
organizational pride of your -men, and the impression which 
others get of the general condition and efficiency of your unit. 
A little paint on the inside of bunkhouse walls — men's names 
neatly lettered on signs before their tents — racks for clothes — 
holders for knick-knacks — a neat log railing around an outdoor 
drinking fountain — whatever name you call them, eyewash or 
not, they raise men's morale. They turn a camp into a home. 
They change dreary surroundings into something pleasant to 
look at and cheerful to endure. 

You have a big job to do, a hard and vital one — a life-and-death 
job that nobody else can do for you. It is beside the point to 
think in terms of victory or defeat. If you think in terms of 
your men all else will take care of itself. Think of Private Jones, 
a soldier in your unit. Tomorrow an attack begins. Have you 
seen to it that Private Jones is ready and trained to do his job ? 
Are you willing, after it is over, to think back on the duties and 
responsibilities you had and to carry for the rest of your life 
the knowledge you failed to meet them ? Are you willing, 
after it is over, to face the mother and father of an American 
soldier named Jones and answer the question they are going 
to demand of you ? 

"Johnny? Yes, I knew him. He was in my battery; he 
was one of my men. He didn't have a chance. A stud was 
bent — on his rifle — his own bayonet wouldn't fit — there was a 
machine gun nearby, but Johnny didn't know how to use one. 
I failed him." 

Think it over. 


hq.sos.— 12-11-42/50M/3173 (23/5 P1266) 



You are arriving in a country at war, a country in which 
winning the war must take priority over anything else — over comfort, 
convenience, standards of living and the right of the individual to 
do as he likes. Everyone is in the war and is subject to a lot of 
shortages and restrictions that would be irksome in a country not 
near the front lines. The citizens and armed forces of Great 
Britain have been living under these conditions for three years. 

The pui^, e f this booklet is to point out some of the minor 
adjustments America should make so as to fit best into the war 
effort. Good-natured ana -Holehearted acceptance of them will 
constitute a definite contribution to..,^ d v j ctorv 

Lieutenant General 
European Theater of Operations 
United States Army 

Here are some things you must remember from the moment you 
arrive : 

Complete Blackout, all night and every night, is compulsory. 
Don't forget to close the curtains before you switch on the light. 
If you use a flashlight on the street, it must be dimmed with 
layers of paper. 

Restaurants in Britain are allowed just enough food for their 
normal trade. If thirty or forty hungry doughboys invade a small 
restaurant, food will probably give out. 

Restaurant Cars have been taken off nearly all trains as a 
war-time economy. So carry your rations with you when you 
travel and don't rely on what you can buy. 

There is ** Shortage of razor blades, pencils, fountain pens, 
radios, snatches, lighters, leather wallets, tooth-paste, cakes and 
rotiny other things. They are not rationed, but there is not enough 
of them to go round. You should rely on your Post Exchange 
system for such things. 

Displays in Store Windows are often dummies. Don't 
expect to be able to buy what you think you see on sale. 

Fruit is scarce in Britain, though not rationed. Kids have to 
be fed raw vegetables to make up the vitamin deficiency. Don't 
buy up all you see in the stores. Everyone deserves a share. 

Candy is rationed — three ounces a week for everyone. You 
can't buy it in the stores without coupons. You will have to get 
yours through the Post Exchange. 

Soap is rationed too : no coupons, no soap. Britishers get 
four small cakes a month, or the equivalent in soap-flakes. Don't 
lose your soap ; the drug-store won't be able to sell you any more. 

Newspapers are small and few because of paper rationing. 
But the press is free to print opinions. Only information that 
might be useful to the enemy is censored. 

You Must Line Up for buses if there are six or more people 
waiting. This is a war-time law. Take your turn. 

The British Tommy gets about sixty cents a day. Out of 
that he probably makes an allotment to his family. He can't buy 
many beers with this pay ; so if you offer him a drink and he 
refuses it, maybe it is because he can't afford to stand you one in 

Income Tax for Britishers starts on incomes of 37 dollars a 
month. When a single man earns 50 dollars he pays about 6 in 
income tax. For bigger incomes the rate is 50 cents in the dollar, 

rising (for very big incomes) to 97£ cents. The British don't have 
much cash to spare, so don't expect elaborate enterfainment from 

Dollars. British pubs, restaurants and stores have no facilities 
for changing dollar bills in war-time. Don't ask them to. 

Waste Nothing : salvage everything, especially cans, rubber, 
scrap metal. 

Save Paper. It is an offence against the law to throw away 
paper — even bus tickets and cigarette packs. Put bus tickets in 
the box provided on the bus. Put all other paper in a paper salvage 

Wrapping Paper and String are very scarce. Save what 
you get on parcels from home and hand it to a housewife or store- 
keeper. They will appreciate it. 

Above all, Don't Talk about service matters. You will see a 
notice in pubs and restaurants: "Careless Talk Costs Lives." 
This means what it says. 

hq. sos. — 2-10-42|9Jm/682 

Cir 2 

f. Jan 1944 

I— TRANSMPTTAL OF CLASSIFIED DOCUMENTS, 1, Sec 1^ Cir 63, U Aug 19431 is re- 
scinded, J * 4 

2. In order to provide the proper security, all official secret "and confiden- 
tial material, and a ll classifications of c ryptographic materials intended for 
dispatch to the War Department or other overseas commands will be routed to 
this headquarters- for transmission via Army Courier Service, except that the ' 
CG, "European Wing, Air Transport Command, and the Chief of Transportation, SOS, 
ETOUSA, are authorized to turn over secret or confidential material to the 
courier transfer officer at stations now or subsequently established where a 
courier transfer officer may be located, 

3. This headquarters will , in turn, dispatch all secret and confidential 
material, except cryptographic material of all classifications, by fast sur- 
face transportation unless the request for transmission is plainly marked for 
air dispatch, in which case the officer sign ing such re quest w il l insure tha t 
the mat erial i s of such importance that delay in "t ransmission wo uld impede the 
war effort , Officers dispatching cr^ographic nmter~Lal~to the ¥ar Department 
¥nd/ or ether overseas commands (including Iceland) will always mark such mater- 
ial for air transmission, 

4# No mail will be accepted for dispatch by the Army Courier Service unless it 
is secret or confidential in nature, or consists of cryptographic material of 
any classification, and accompanied by the" req uest of an" officer 'authorized to 
classify documents as secret or confidential, as the case may be, (See Pars 
3c and 4c, AR 3#0-5> Sept 1942, '"Safeguarding Military Information" , ) A 
sample copy of the request to be used is shown below: 


Courier Transfer Officer, APO 8&7 

Army Postal Officer, APO 

The attached mail is secret or confidential in character or contains cryp- 
tographic material. It is requested that this mail be dispatched to its desti- 
nation via the Army Courier Service, 

(Name and Grade ) 

5# If transmission of material by air is requested, a certificate as follows 
will be submitted on the request form outlined in Par 4 above: 

"I certify that the" contents of the attached mail is of sufficient urgency 
to warrant air dispatch/' 

. , (Name and Grade) 

6, Official unclassified material and restricted material other than crypto- • 
graphic will be dispatched via the Army Postal Service, 

7. Material other than crypt ograpjiic intended for transmission through the 
Army Courier Service may be sent to this headquarters through the Army Postal 

Service as official registered mail or via GHQ Messenger. Service, All classi- 
fications of cryptographic material "will be forwarded via GHQ Messenger Service. 
8, All postal officers and Army' postal personnel will be fully instructed as 
to the handling of classified material for transmission. (AG 313 ♦ 3 U) 

By command of Lieutenant General DEFERS: 

Brigadier General, GSC, Chief of Staff. 


s/ RALPH PULSIFER'(H.R.S. ) . . 

RALPH- PUlSIFER,- / ' . 
Brigadier General, USA, Adjutant General. 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS 8 January 1944 


Cir No, 6$ 

28 Dec 1943 

E X T R A C T 

INSECURITY PRECAUTIOUS t 1. Each dooumGut^raaf^ is, In 

effect, a virtual station list, will bo," tifi^s'if ied*'&s y r &CRET r, V and 1 each .copy- 
thereof will bear an individual, identifyijS£.h\«ab«r> The distribution ma do of 
such document will be shown at the end 3? "each r -^py .thereof, with indication 
of the identifying number of each copy furnished to each distributee. 

2, When any such copy is destroyed, an appropriate certificate of 
destruction, signed by the custodian and by a disinterested officer witness, 
will be submitted to the office of origin* (AG 3H«5) 


' t/ FRED A, MEYER, 
Colonel, AGDp Acting Adjutant General, 

By command of Major General LEE: 

. R, B. LORD, 
Colonel, G8C, 
Chief of Staff. 


TS4INING MHl|ORANDl|M ' '.*:.. ^ ^! V : ' ■ " - , 15 Dec 1943 

hQ* •«•••.».»••. t> ■ •, * ',.< ■ • .'. i .. - . , . 

. . FIRE^IQHTING . : - . ... 

^* Purpose . <The purtib&g o-^'-tfMs : memorandum is to present to unit commanders 
in condensed form training sugg*atic#t and instruat^r*^Mite$iM rf^eS&gfcting 
training, ' : . . fjf??|®f ™ V 3 « 

2- Training « a« to prevent loss of military aupf>li$s: and equipment/ ancf pos- 
sible loss of life 4 all unit personnel will be trained in fire prevention, use of 
first aid fire equipment ^ : dealing with 'incendiaries , and reporting fires, 

b» Units furnisfted with % fire trailer-pump will have sufficient personnel 
trained in its operation and maintenance to insure that a minimum of five trained 
men are available at all times. 

c. Training will consist of d^ohstrati one of the various types of equip- 
ment, together with explanations af their coatruction and functioning, and will b# 
followed by practical work with the equipt&ent. 

d. It is desired that trainings. schedules -include the following topics: 

(1) Recognition of fire hazards • and methods of aHMfffikioa? > 

(2) Operation and Rvaintenance of all types of first aid fire equipment, 
including sand* water stirrup pumps, and soda-acid^ foam and carbon tetrachloride 
extinguishers, '"' r - ; ■. -- v..- 

(3) Methods of attacking fires, 

1 4) Types of incendiary "bombs and methods of dealing with each type# 
' (5) Local fire alarm system, 'and action -to be taken on sounding of a^awu, 
■ ihe following aids are available, or may be procured, for instructing unit 
personnel? ; > ■ 

\ (1) Fire Regulations^ Hq, WTQUSA, 13 Mar 1943* 

i Z\ First aid f ire equipment . available for installation .protection* 
|3/ Section, ty Operations Memorandum No ..2, Hq> E^OIBA, 6 Dec 1942, 
"Enemy Incendiary bombs'* »" 

(4) Section II, Operations M^mor'andum No ^ # Hq, ; ETOUSA, 6 Feb 1943, 
^nemy 3i^ejio^«^Jtomb 

(5) Instructional incendiary bombs, 

Notes on Fire Fighting (Annex A hereto), 

f. Assistance in demonstration of fire equipment and training in general 
.may be secured through the District Fire Officer J the Base Section Fire Officer^ 
or a representative of the National. Fire Service, 

. J^cppj&nd of Major General 

* B. LORD, 

O^lCl^i^p^u^^li^^^ Colonel, GSC, 

FSED A. Ww/^^ Chief of Staff. 

Colonel, AGD, Acting Adjutant General f DISTRIBUTION: p 


1* Fires may •• b@ • dtivi ded .into/ thro©. • c lasaes % ... 

a, C^asa A Firgjs r # /ires in ordinary combustible materialg where the , 
quenching and cooling $.t t eot s of quantities of water or solutions containing tap$? 
percentages of water are of first ' importance f . 

b f Glass B Fires . Fires in inflammable liquids, grease * etc, where a 
blanketing effect is essential. 

c. Class C Fires , Fires in electrical equipment where the use of non-* 
conducting extinguishing agent is of first importance, 

2, Fires may be extinguished by three different methods, 04? by a. combination 
s>f such methods . ' . . ftTt . . ^ 

,a t Starvation, or the limitation of fuel, ^ 
b. Smothering, or the limitation* of. oxygen * ' !f 

7t V 

c. Cooling, or the reduction of temperature, 

3. Water, • sand, and soda-acid, foam and carbon tetrachloride extinguishers 
are extinguishing agents in common use in US Array installations, 

' a. Water is used only on Class A fires . It is applied with buckets, 
stirrup pumps, hand pumps or 'by motor driven pumps, 

b. Sand is' used to smother a Class A or Class B .fire, and is applied 
either with the hands, a sandbag, a bucket, r or a shovel. 

c. Soda-acid extinguishers- are used for the same purpose as water, to 
smother and cool a fire, ' They should be used only on Class A fires. • These ex- 
tinguishers are usually available in the 2-gallon and 30/34-.gallon sizes, and are 
used whore water supplies are inadequate, . 

d. Foam extinguishers are used to smother and cool a fire'. Foam is effec- 
tive 'on Class D fires. ' They are available in 2-gallon and 30/34-g : ^Hon sizes. 

ov Carbon tetrachloride extinguishers may be used to smother all., classes 
of fires. However, precautions must be taken when using in a confined space to pre - 
vent injury to personnel from the gas generated when carbon tetrac^jcride st^ikas:/ hot 

4. The following minor equipment is available in US installations for apply- 
ing fire extinguishing agents; 

a. The stirrup pump consists of a small water pump with a stirrup and 
tMrty f^et of hose having a combination jut or 'spray nozzle. The pump is placed 
in a bucket of water and a foot is placed oh the stirrup to hold it in a steady po~ 
sition. By pumping up and down on the handle 1 ta l|- gpm may be produced with the 
jet and 3/4 gpm with the spray,' By using several buckets with two or three men to f 
carry water a' continuous stream of 'water may be projected thirty feet, 

. h, . The so v da-acid extinguisher consists of a container,' usually cylindri- 
cal in shape, with a small noszle attached either to the cylinder or to a short 
length of hose, It is filled' with a mixture of water and sodium bi-carbonate and a, 
small glass bottle' pf sulphuric acid,' When the bottle is broken by a striker or 1 
. plunger, and the acid is'irrixed with the solution, a gas is formed. This gas forces- 
the solution out of the extinguisher at a^ rapid rate. A 2-^gallon extinguisher wil£ 
last about/ one minute and throW a; stream about twenty feet, 

c„ Foam extinguishers' are similar to soda-acid extinguishers in appear-* 
ance. There are two different types of foam extinguishers available at US install-? 
ations, the turn-over type extinguisher, which is operated by inverting, and the 
seal type extinguisher which is operate either ty a lever or by a halS-iurn of a handle 
before jjwerting ii The foam proceed by ttae extinguishers is very effective in smother- 
ing Class ;B* fires, - 

, d« Caybon tetrachloride extinguishers are hand pump extinguishers designed 
primarily for small electrical and "vehiale £ire8£ but also effective on all other fires, 

5. Safety precautions to be allowed in the use of extinguishers: 

a. Never use water or soda-acid extinguishers on ■ Class B or Class C fires* 

b. Use foam on Class B fires, but never on Class C fires, 

c. ' Try to cut off any electrical current near a fire before attempting 
to extinguish it'« ' " 

6i The following may be used as a guide in fire fighting: 

a. The first, eonsideratiba"wheh ' fire craws arrive at a.j^ye ^s /to^in-surjB ^ 
that all personnel are ;evacuated| secondly, attack the I'ira^'ar^f^^t^^ protect 

the surrounding buildings or materials -from ^catching fire ,4 j$'u? 

b. Enter buildings through doors wherever possibiyi! S&^^i&ers are "locked', 
break window p'ane nearest 'window i dele and enter through window, 

c. v Direct water from ap$iances on baa© of fare, driving fire back on itself where-' 
eyer_ possible . 

d. If a Class B fifce, direct foam : W the edge of the fire and work a- 
roundy gradually covering the entire surface ,of burning oil, grease or gasoline* 
directing the foam on t K .e center of the fire will cause spread of flames/ 

e. Minimise -e and water damage* 

f . Keep qoorw and window closed, to pr event L j from mushrooming. 


APO 887 

Av! 561.3(9 Deo 1943)PGDV 9 Doc 1943 

SUBJECT? Firo, Prevention 

TO ; Base Section Commanders, SOS, ET0U3A 

It is desired that the following bo brought to tho attention of all units 
.in your respective Baao Sections: 

1. All' personnel will bo warnod frequently with rospoct to tho hazards of 
improper, use of stoves, fireplaces and heating appliances, and tho use of 
gasoline 'for cleaning purposes. Paragraph ll f .yiro Bogulations, • ET0.U8A, 
13 Far 1943 $ will 'bo brought to thp attention' of all personnel once a month, 

2. a. The Base Section OGDimnder', through his Engineer Officer, will assist 
all SOS units and installation^ in all natters pertaining to fire pyoyontion and 
fire fighting, including 'the training of personnel and the _ incur ing that equip r 
oont and water supplies are sufficient and properly oaintainod, 

b, Iiiko assistance i3 offered to field force conaandors f with particular 
attention 'to the provision of fire fitting oq&ipnont at the tine the installa- 
tion is occupiodt L 


. 3» General -scales of allowances of fire fighting and prevention pquipnent 
have boon prepay ud and 'furnished to the Base Section Coa-iander, ^ r ho will pros* 
oribe the.: quantities; and t^pos of eHuipvaont needed for the protection of sta«» ; 
tions and' installations based on such scales. • ■ ;. \-\ 

4» With further ro<;a.rd to' fire precautions,' attention is invitod to Section 
XI, Administrative Circular .No ?B, Hq, SOS, S20USA, 30 Sep 1943 # :: ' 

3y connand of l/hjoy General .HS$t 

Ea addressee • v ♦ . « ■ » , , • 2 : 
C/Qpns, SOS | 837 1 

C/Cpns, SOS, 871 1 

C/iida; SOS, $87,. ? ,., ff l 
C/Ehg*, SOS, 887 1 
G/Enpv sos, 871 
Hq Cndt, SOS, 887 

H-i Cradt, SOS, 871 1 

AJ(IVl 1 b \ SOS, 871: * . 20 

ooRKKLius means-. 

Captain, AGDj • 
As si ctarit Adjutant General, 

0| ^1^1 


it » jieited states arht 


icember 1943 

SUBJECT: Diaries Kept by U. S, Army Forces 


$ See distribution 

War Department letter AG 314*81 (20 Nov 43)'OB-S-B-M, dated 25 November 
1943 > subject as above, is quoted for information and guidance, 

M l* Reference is made to instructions contained in paragraph 12c, War Depart- 
ment Training Circular No, 15 * 16 February 1943 , applicable to the keeping of 
diaries by military personnel overseas, 

"2, There have been brought to the attention of the War Department numerous 
instances in which members of th© armed forces and civilians under military juris- 
diction have, contrary to existing regulations, entrusted their diaries to casuals 
or air crews returning to the United States, Many attempts have been made to 
mail diaries from theaters of operations to the United States in direct violation 
of the above -mentioned circular. In almost every Gase the diaries were found to 
contain SECRET or CONFIDENTIAL military .information, 

\ "3» In vie?/ of the fact that the aforementioned diaries represent but a small 
percentage of those in possession of personnel overseas, the serious threat to the 
security of classified information emanating from the compilation, possession, and 
improper transmission or loss of sueh documents must bo reduced to a minimum, 

"4 f It is directed that necessary action bo taken in accordance with Train- 
ing Circular No« 2,5 > 16 February to apprise personnel concerned of the 
dangers inherent in the handling of auch" documents." 

By command of Lieutenant General PETERS * 

\ ■ 1 ' * T ~ ✓ 

Assistant Adjutant General. 

b/ ricu&rd P. FISK 

Lt, Colonel, A f G.D., 


usaaf, m « a 

EW, ATC 111 
SOS, ETb»|| 

Ic elAnd vlPwl 
American School Center 

Spl Troops, ETOUSA 

Q$* Ho. 95 



Pqo 1943 

ty^ByiO TBLBPHQ^O PACILItlES TO TUB UKITED STATES, 1# Facilities are avails 
aftlei tor tolophoto transiiission of pictures dogunioiftl m MSI Sril 

. tabulations j ©i^rgonoy requisitions, and lung oode 
8a oh documents) between ET0U3A and the Tfar Depaj 
2* Only unclassified watorial for official use or for publication >dl3f 
transnittod by this neans. Such aaterial will bo pro cos sod through tho Adjutant 
General^ Hq ETOUSA* or the adjutant Genoral, fy} SOS, .3T0USA* 
3* ^atorial submitted for transmission vail bo in black and white, a»d type** 
written natorial will bo in capital lattors. (AG 4X3»44 SJSig) 

' 3y ooKpand of Lieu tenant General BBVERSt 


OFFICIAL* Brigadior Goneral* GSC# Chief of $taff f 

Brigadior General, IJSA# Adjutant General, 





ecember 194-3 

AG 333,5 MGB 

SUBJECT: Loyalty Investigation^ 
TO : See distribution* 

1, Reference ia made to confidential letter, this headquarters, dated 
1 October 19-43, file AG 333»S E*GB, subject as above. 

2. The phrase "available records", as used in reference, letter, is 
interpreted to mean records in this theater, and when check or investigation 
within the theater is considered adequate by the G*2 or A-2 concerned, no 
further action is required* 

3» It is thought that, in the majority of ca^es, possible determination 
concerning loyalty and qualifications of personnel, with respect to" their 
being given access to SECRET and/or CONFIDENTIAL jaaterial and the prescribed 
cryptographic systems, may be made by the Commanding Officer and/or Intel- 
ligence Officer at their present station -en the basis of the following: 

a. Length of military service, and period of service in overseas 

Native origin of immediate relatives, 

c. Service Records, 

d. Previous assignments and duties # 
-r%i*&ric>UB -raccesa to classified material. 

Interviews with superior of floors ;f.nd acquaintances* 

4«-' In the future personnel being investigated under the provisions of 
referent l®tter, with the exceptions of these cbudng within, the categories 
set forth in paragraphs 3b (l) and 3b (2) therein, considered in 
light- of theiabove, If .it Is then deemed necessary to conduct a further 
background check and/or investigation, a request should bo forwarded to the 
A.C, of S, , G*-& ETOUSA. 

5 # Inclosed are copies of the revised loyalty check sheet for your in»* 
formation and duplication^gjlt is desired that these completed in 
every , detail before subinisg^p||fc^h1.s ||3C^u^^r g» 


By wbmmand of Lieutenant Genera 

1 Incl* (Check Sheet) 

Lt* Colonel,*. A I G .D . 
Assistant Adjutant General, 

AG 333*5 MOB 

6 December 1943 


COSSAO (Col P G Black) 


m, ATG 
SOS, ETom 


US Assault Trig Ctr, ETOUSA 
Special Troops, ETOUSA 
American School Gtr 
24th AACS 
AA Section, ETOUSA. 
AG Records, ETOUSA 
AC of S, WD 



loyai:;y cksck shsht \ 

, Inchiateci 


Date Entered 
JJuty Overseas, 








Other names by which known. 
Spouse 1 s name . B i: 
Father's name. .Birth? Date 

Mother's maiden 

Birth: Date 


Your citizenship and how acquire^ 

Prior addresses for 10 years, with dates. 

Names, relation, and addresses of relatives in foreign countries. 

Date, purpose, a^nd length qf stay in any foreign country you may have visited. 

Arrests* indictments and convic'ti©^, other, than jUfcwfcraffic violations 
(Give date, offense, and disposition) " * *» 

X*ist membership in all organigatiohs since 1930, 

last throe employments: 

Firms' Name and Address 

Bates of 

Reason for 



How' long have you, served fji your . pEosont .. as sigimQnk. , w 
your past two assignments with long th olf : ti&c in each.. 

, What ver© 

* Md ycfu have; '■■habitual #c*>e*# tp i 


Stave you ovor been disahai?f©d, furloughed, or asked to. resign from tho' n&iitdry 
service ' or former civilian Qmifooymsntt , If anaprer is yes,, explain. 

I certify that tho foregoing &&®gcw fi#£ : tr^sind oorroot to tho Dost o f ray 
!a^wlo^o..an4 ? ho3.iG,f , - ; • „ . 


Hll fci below only 
if Of£i©er Candidate, ■ 
filX -M U B M only 4f wt 
Officer Candida to » 



10 t 

roqpios ted that the subjocst^ whose mane appears sbov® and irhoso 
jros-ent station" is. 

ho. given whatevor loj?al%" ohe'ek is 'deeded Mioeassary* 
' .^A* ( |f Off leer Candidate ) Subioat ¥-111 attend # C f S« at. 

"B" {If not Of floor Candida to) to j osts du 
N?Rich gives (will give) 

Namq. and location of School 

**. .. 


aofefot o£ confidential 





3 December 1943 

SUBJECT: Processing of Awateur Photography, 


See distribution* 

I. Under authority contained in War Department letter AG 413 ♦ 66 
(!l-23-42}0B~S*B*i.I, dated 24 November 1942, subjects "Processing and Censor* 
ship of Ajaateur Frora Overseas Stations'*, undeveloped amateur film may 
be processed locally provided proper safeguards as required by the Theater 
Censor, the G*2 representative, are established* 

Z* The following safeguards will govern: 

a. The responsibility of safeguarding security in conjunction with the 
processing of amateur film locally is that of unit ooEnuanders concerned. 

b. The processing' should be done exclusively with military personnel 
under"the supervision of tho appropriate G~2, A* 2, or S»2, representative 
designated by the contuandin^ officer of the military unit concerned. 

0* /JL1 equipuent used in processing and developing wMet be located in 
property contiDpllod by tho United States Arny» 

d# All exposed f ila should be classified as ''Confidential " until 
censored an4 released. 

j|. All 'film arid prints not approved for rolcaoo by supervising officer 
shoulj be odndemned and destroyed or classified "confidential u and forwarded 
to tho Theater Qoiwa? to bo impounded until rolea3ablo. 

Theater security directives aild censorship restrictions should be 
carefully followed. 

g> A£L" dovelopod film and prints will be aubject to further consbrship 
by unit and Baso Censors v/hon transmitted through postal channola, 

h» Film and prints of doubtful classification should bp classified as 
"confTdential 1 ' and forwarded to Thoater Consor for censorship. 

jU AX1 requests for approval oJ? arrangonehts for looal processing of 
amtour £il*a should be forwarded thru oopuand channels to G-2, ET0USA« The 
request should sot- forth tho ^oasiiros established to comply with the above 
provisions, * , 

j.. United States Government supplies of film, paper or chemicals nay 
not bo used for processing assatour filn except as' directed' in War Bbpartnont 
letter AG 413.55 (15 July 1943)0B~S,SH)PL,.M, 22 July 1943, subject; "Photo- 
graphic Equipment and Supplies'' , 

k« All exposed arjatour filja is processed for personal use only and not 
for publication. If publication is desired, approval of the Public Relations 
Officer f Jlq STQUSA, is required. 

By conuand of Lieutenant General D2VERS:.' 


Lt. Colonel, A.G.D., 

Assistant Adjutant Genoral. 

Cir 94 


I Deo 3,943 

>ar 2b,, Cir 78, 26 Sept 1943, i a rescinded "and the 
fort "~ 

iq ipBi!*$TQUSA, the headquarters of the several baso sections 
and Hq Eighth Mr Force are equipped to issue the cards* (AG 200.? per) 

By command of Lieutenant General DETERS i 

Br igadier General, GSC, Chie£ of Staff* 


Brigadier Qeiieral^ USA, A^Mtwrt General t 





Gir 93 

Hq ET0U3A 

27 Hov 194? 

; B-X-T- B-A-C-T 

I--FLAGS. There is no security objection to the display 
posts, ~camps, or stations occupied as fixed ins twllat ions, 
would, nullify previous efforts to render the installatio: 

_ Ajnerican flags at 

'PROPS , Par 8b, Gir 71, 2' Sept 1943, is amended to read: 

»b. Effective ijsimediately, light may be displayed from a hand lamp or flash- 
light so long as the light is white, the lamp has a single aparture, and is at " 
all tlnses directed downwards, ; Rights' displayed from lamps that have an aperture, 
through which light is emitted, exceeding that of a circle one inch in diameter, 
shall be inmiediateljr extinguished by any person having control of itie lamp upon 
receiving an air raid warning* " v (AG 311 ♦ 5 Mjh) 

Vff^^qtRITy INSTRlJCTlfKS f The foUwins publications are rescinded, instruc- 
tions* contained therein having been published in Theater Intelligence Directive 
No, 2, Zl Nov 1943; 

Sec IH, Gir 24, 9 Aug 3-942. - Sec U, Gir ?4,'14 July 1943, 

Cir #9, 30 Deo 1942. * BtO Itr, AG 319.1 Pub/GC, 25"Aug 1943, 

Sec II, Gir & 13 Jan 1943; See I, .Cir 76, 10 Sept 1943, 

Sec I , • Cir 46, -29 May 194?." 

Sec II, Cir 53, 3 July 1943 t • * 

(AG 311.5 PubGB) 

By couaaand of 3&eutmian| Qmw& WVETi&i 

Brigadier Qsreral, GSC, Chief of Staff, 


s/ RAIPH Pt&SOTV (>J.B»S,) 

t/ raiph m6iFm, 

Brigadier General, USA f A#utstnt General. 
HQ SOS 10 December 1943 

• J, S, 

:q sos etotjsa 

Adm Cir No 89 , 27' Bov 194S 

I^Ii?IJ'B\TXQi\f QF RATION STATUS > Paragraphs 4 and 5, Adn#nistrative Circular No*' 31 * 
this headquarters ^ 7 J\|i|1943 # are amended to read, respective lyt 

•'"'British dft^ac^nts. • of US service personnel will obtain civilian 
food ration documents from the local office of the Ministry of Pood 
by personal application* Identity cards must be produced in support 
of such applications ♦ 

f, &* US Civilian personnel ©alloyed on projects under the control of , 
Headquarters ETO^SA/ who are not rationed in tJS service messes, as 
well as their dependents who are citiiens of the T0, will be issued 
service ration cards » Civilians who are **at£oned in service messes* 
and who are, therefore, not in possession of civilian food ration 
documents , -may be issued service ration cards "to cover any period of 
leave or detached service during which it is necessary for them to 
obtain rationed ' foods (AG 430.2) 

For the Commanding General* 


s/ FRED A. ilEYER, 

t/ fred a. wnm, 

Colonel 4GD# 
Acting Adjutant General • 


R» B» LORD, 

Colonel, . GSC# 
Chief of Staff, 

M*> J. S*. 

91 V? Hq KTOUSA , 20 Nov 1943 


AND CABLE I NS TRUCTIO NS, 1* Par 3a, Cir 65, Hq, ETOUSA, 

by inserting the parenthetical phrase "(except V-Mail)" 
^h#ii|9iia^ifti#roi»d "sealed"* 
Par 20, Cir 65, ijq 33TQUSA, 26 Aug 1943, is rescinded and the following sub~ 
iffcituted therefore: 

.50. Code Cable Addresses ! a. The cable address of a member of this command will 
consist of his grade (one word only need be used), name^ and army serial member , 
followed by one code word to designate .the Army post Officer number. This code 
©able address is a six letter word, th© first two letters of which are always 

"AM -~ ,! # Examples of connect cable addresses are: 

: Fvt JOT JO®S 12345&78 AMABCD 

capt jce mam 056709 ai®fgh 

b t The six letter code words for A^my post Offices, then organized, were publish- 
ed in W> Circular 178 and 37& (1?42)» Code cable addresses also are on file in 
each telegraph, cable, and radio office in the United States authorized to re~ 
ceive t^ese messages and can be obtained bf senders • "&i lieu of the six letter 
code cable' address word, the sender i» the l^ted states may furnish only the 
APO number, ftegi&ejrjta^ a&d other c<wmwtep$ will publish correct "code addresses 
to their commands. (AG 000,73 MGB) 

By eospand o£ Lieutenant GJeiWfl 

DAVID G. Bim, 
a?iga<|ier qereral, G$C, Chi&f of Staff, 

s/ ?m$gm'iK&*$*) 

Brigadier General, V$h $ mjvkm% Q^mf^ 

WHOWmp m SOS 10 Dece^N* 1943 

AG -371.2 (16 Nov 1943)MGC|i 

Subject: Report of Violation of Security Regulations. 


So© Distribution. 

1. It has been brought to the attention of this headquarters that a 
number of our officers have been talking rather freely about United States 
military activities to Spanish and Swedish civilians. 

2. The civilians in question, in cite of professed strong sympathies 
for the United Nations, have, in several recorded instances, transmitted 
the information to Berlin. 

3. It is dositfed that appropriate and discreet action be taken to bring 
this to the attention of the off loess in your command. It should also be points 
otrb that Spanish civilians or officials in England are especially dangerous. In 
many cases they speak perfect English, entertain i»oll and have, demonstrated a 
marked ability to ^'draw out" our officers. Nearly all of those people are sus- 
pects. In the case of the Swedes, nearly 5096 of those to be met in London are 

By command of fcjor General USE; 

BIST: "B** 

" Flus Base Section Ooafcnn&era. 

I— AM5RICAK TROOPS AT PUBLIC C5rSMC^J3ES> 1. Sec III, Cir 75, 16 Sept 1943, is 

2. Troops will participate only in' those affairs vfhich'are sponsored by the 
iOnerican or British military, naval, or air authorities, except that commandi 
officers of Army bands may arrange locally,, with the apprjDva^j^% t} 
civil authority, to give public concerts at which no ad|: 
and no recurring regular schedule adopted or advertisedf 

personnel for public display, except in London, -will hav^fhJ v CpprdVd.l of the 
general officer responsible for the security and discipline of the troops in the 
area in which the ceremony is to take place ♦ v 

3» Bequests for approval of the appearance of any troops, or presentation* of 
public concerts by Army bands in London, will be to this headquarters, 
4> The provisions of Pars 2 and 3 above do not prohibit the participation by' 
United States military personnel in athletic events under aphorized sponsors, 
unless such participation would interfere with training or would possibly affect 
Anglo-American relationships* 

5. The national anthems of the United States and Great Britain will be played 
ill the following sequence at public ceremonies conducted by American troops? 
a, When ceremonies are held at US Army posts, camps, and- stations, ETOUSA, the 
national anthem of the United States will be played first, followed by the 
national anthem of Great Britain* 

b« Ifhen ceremonies are held at places other than those stated above, the nation- 
al anthem of Great Britain will be piUyed first, followed bjr the national anthem 
of the United States-, (AG 001 MGC) 

II— CENSORSHIP. POSTAL. ffiD C AB LE INSTRUC TIONS, far 15, Cir 6£, 26 Aug 1943, is 
rescinded, and the following is substituted therefor i 

15* Addre s se s for Hail . a f The correct address of a member of this* command to 
be used by a correspondent in the United States pr Canada is the rank, serial 
number, organization, ^my Post Offico tav^ber, c/o Postmaster, New York, N # Y# • 
For example: * - • 

Pvt John Q # Jones, 32,000,000, ggt Alfred T. Smith, 31,000,000, 

Co K, 999th -Infantry, ' < aq_ Corps, 

APO ^ y c/o Postmaster, ' APO " 3 c/o Postmaster, 

New York, New York, N,Y. 

b; The correct address of a member of tl&s coomaud to be used by a correspond- 
ent located within the same country or theater of operations as the addressee 
is the same as shown in a abovo, oyeort that the words "US Army" will be sub- 
stituted for 11 c/o' Postmaster, Hew lork, NtY t n For example: * 
Pvt John Q, Jones, 32,000,000 Sgt Alfred T f Smith, 31,000,000, 

Co K, 999th Infantry, Hq Corps, 

AfO ( US Army, - APO US Army, 

c. Excepting as set forth in Par 17, the same form of address as in .a or b 
aberve will appear in the upper left hand corner of the outside cover of all 
posted mail as the return address of the members of this command^ 

(AG 000.73 XGB) 

(EXTRACT, Cir 86/ETOUSiW 50 Oct 1943/ con t.^) - .' 

PII~~I P Mf iriCA Tt Ol CARD S > Par 9, Cir 78. 26 Sept 1943, is amended to roads 
9, Individuals U nder p rotec tion of Geneva Convention^ All personnels military 
and civilian, -wino are engagJd ex<?xu si vely^In the removal, transportation,, and. 
treatment of the wounded and the. sic-k* as well as in the administration., of sani- 
tary forma-tions (including medical units) and establishments, and chaplains 
assigned or attached to the amy, are entitled to the protection of Articles 
9 and 12 of the Geneva Convontidn for the Amelioration of ibiv ^Condition of the 
Wounded and the Sick (pars 182, 183, and 1C6, FM 27-10, 1 Oct 1940), guch 
personnel will be issued identification card V/D AGO FormjyTo» 65-10 (S«c I, W 
Cir 230, 1942)* They will, not be issued the Certificate of . Identity referred 
to in Par 8, above. The pi-ovisions of Par 4, above; with respect to reports 
and records of identification cards issued, will >e complied with in respect 
to the T.ilD AGO Forms No. 65-10 as issued, (AG 200.2' Per GA) 

5y comaand of /Lieu tenant General DETERS! 

If, H. EDTJivEDS , 
jo r Gene ral, QSC, Chief of staff, 

s/,Ri.LPH PULSIFER (H.R.3*) 

t/ mw$, tosifer, / : .; . . 

Brigadier General, ijsa, Adjutant CToneral* 
REPRQI)UCEB HQ SOS,. 18 ipjElCBEjjR 19^3, 



* Authi CG,ETO,USA * 

* Init: R.Q. # 

* Pate: 25 Oct 1943 * 

* # # * « * * # * 

25 October 1943 

AG 250,1 2JDCS 1 
SUBJECT: Racial- Proble! 


TO ? Commending General, SOS,ETOUSA. 

1. Increasing density of troops in certain areas of the theater is 
resulting in an increase in instances of friction between soldiere/'of 
different troop units, especially between colored and white soldiers. 

2. The varying conditions to be met by local commanders preclude the 
issuance of detailed' instructions by this headquarters. The prevention of 
such incidents is tho. responsibility of the commanders of the units in- 
volved, through effective discipline and control. Thero must be close and 
continuous supervision by all ccninanders .to insure the effectiveness of sub- 
ordinate conrcanders in the cliachar^o of their 'responsibilities. Weak and 
inefficient leaders must be eou^it out and summarily relieved prior to 
demonstrated failure, 

3. No discrimination will, be permitted ' againot either white or colored 
personnel. Equal opportunities for service and recreation are the right of 
every American soldier, regardless of branch! race, color, or creed. 

4. Segregation of races in localities where eueh practice is contrary 
to custom and accepted practice is not in accord with theater policy How* • 
ever, in the interest of military discipline and avoidance of public dis- 
order, the following measures to ameliorate overcrowding of facilities should 
be considered: . 

a f Rotation of pass; days in towns near which tm or more; different unite 
are stationed, 

b>. Allocation of public recreational facilities such as dance halls 
an& pub lic houses to units through control of pass privileges or by. placing 
such places' off limits for certain units. 

5.. The ri#its of a soldier who is on pass or furlough to be at the 
pCL^ce designated on the; pass or furlough form in his possession, will be re* 
spected at all times* 

v _6. In towne to which both colored md white/. solders are giym passes 
at the same ; time/, au^liary military police, including off icere from all units 
giving passes, properly identified by ; JS? brassards, v&ll be on duty during 
hours for which parses; <are granted. They v willr be responsible for normal police 
duties with, re spect to soldiers of their units, under ' supervision of the com- 
mander responsible for military police of that area. 

AG- 350.1 MSCS - 

25 October X943 

7. Prevention of improper actions "by soldier*, of either race is the 
definite and u|»gent -responsfM^ity of , the immediate cospailers of troop i*n|rts» 
All officers and soldiers will >e instructed immediately on .arrival in this 
theater, anrl at such intervals thereafter as required "by conditions, that the 
making of derogatory remarks concerning,,' soldiesw of. another race, er engaging 
in any alt^ce^ti^n with soldiers of another unit, Whether resulting in 
physical violence or. not?, constitute serious offenses in the Theater of Opera- 
tions, Officers exe rci si ng cour t~aar tinl Jurisdiction will, insure ttrial by 
the highest court required to exact the maxijauE penalty for 'such offenses, 

8,. In oonneation with proper safeguarding of arms and ammunition your 
attention i* . invited to Section IV, Circular 76, this headquarters, dated 
JLQ September 1943. , ' 

a/ J400B 3OTERS, 
t/ JACOB L. !D#V3!K$, 
lieutenant General, V*S» Array, 

'. .■; ■ A , • ' ■ Co^anditfg, 

Cir. Eo. 84 


20 Oct 1943 

CuT'So, ' %Z Aug""l342 # is ; rescinds d« 

2. In emergencies, enlisted personnel may apply to ^J^/ip^pa^R^.^ . f 9^v ^ , 
return tickets to their fttations. ,The funds used, inf$^.§$ro4ias# %^eM.t|«k€|;| 
will be repaid through deductions from the - individual^ Ipfct p*f*$ %o^ i iioti4' $_ 
fi cation from the /aierioan Red Cross, unit commanders will take the' necessary 
action to effect such, deductions* (AG 220»711 Per) 

By command of Lieutenant General DETERS t 

I. H. EDWARDS t . 
Major General* GSC # Chief of Staff# 


Brigadier General* USA* Adjutant General. 


IMP! W?f fff 1 

ItlLt.^WS? tidb- 

it. J. 3. 

cir as 

£3 J»TUUt&£, • 

15 Oct 1943 

24 Jan 1943, is 

J^VBSEMCE WITgOtJT L&fifi» /Jfl) DESERTION* 1* See I, 
roscindad* " " ''" • '. " " ■ 

2* Kagulationa appljoable* The disposition of absej 
po ac'cbiiplishod in accordance, with AR 615-300, as ch«$! 
■the latter will control in case of conflict* 
3* Status of absentees* , a* An absentee wi 11 bo carried on the rolls as AUOL 
until ho returns to nlli1,ary control or until the expiration of one year froiii 
duto of absence* At the expiration of one year he will be droppod from the rolls 
.is ATfOL and his records will be couple tod and forwarded to the adjutant General, 
Washington, 25, D*0* 

b, The rolls on "which an absentee Is so carried mil be those of the organisa- 
tion from which he absoutad hincelf, unless that organization doparts fron the 
United Kingdom, Effective a;i such departure, oach absuntao is hereby trans-- 
f erred to, and will bo taken up and carried on the rolls of either: 

(1) lOtli Replacement Depot, SOS, S^OBSA* if oth^r "felias* air force personnel, or 

(2) 12th Roplacenent Control Depot, if air force personnel* 

c* Alerted or departing unit will uot drop an absontoe as /J70L* Such unit will 
^Kke necessary steps so that, in event absentee does not rejoin unit before 
enbarkation^ his name will b61&aneolled from passenger list, the fact of his 
transfer pursuant to subparagraph b above will be appropriately recorded, and 
■fchprB will be tsjansraittcd immediately aftar ornbar&atipn to the appropriate depot 
Specified at subparagraph b above the following! 

(\) Extract Copy of iforttihg Report (VfD ;»G0 For?} Ko 44), certified by the company 
ooiansander, showing the change of status "frojji duty to .'i'fDL and the fact of trans- 
fer to the appropriate depot specified in subparagraph b above, 
(2) Service record* ~" 
^3) Other pertinent records (see p...r- 9, S1S-3Q*)*' 

(4) Personal effects, if any* 

(5) Letter explaining the circunstar+oes* If any record referred to In sub-para- 
graph (2)" or (3) is not immediately nvailnblo, the, letter will indicate olaitrly 
what officer has custody of such record and when it will be transmitted* 

4*" The action required by Par 7a (!L}# 4& 615-300, will be tcken by the absentee *s 
commanding affiaer only when the~V.bs0ntoe*s nearest relative resides in the UK* 
5* "71 th respect to Pars 7b j 0, d, and e, iJi 615-300, 'the following will be tha 
procedure in the UlCj a* r $T© absentee* s~cor!rmn,ding officer will cause copies of 
•<<D AGO Form No 45 (Descriptive Jist of Absentee ' Wanted by the United States Army) 
to bo prepared and distributed* 

(1) InttodiatoXy when an enlisted nan absents himself after his organization has 
boon alerted for novenent overseas* 

(2) >#ian an onlistod nan* other than in (1) above, has bt>sjn absent without Isave 
for 5 days* ■ . ■ . . , 

b. Copies of W AGO ForrA No 45 will bo distributed as. fallows* 

fl) Original to the base sootLoii comaander of the base section in which the 
absence occurs.*- . ■ r ' 

(2) First capy to the na chine raoqrds unit serving the organization. 

(3) Second copy for file -with the prgani nation's records* 

c, The absentee's officer will attach to the absentee ?s service 
record a ,statoraent indicating jjfch&t t.ic nation directed in par 5b, above, has boon 

( EX'JRACT , Cir 85, J3T0USA, 15 Oct 1343, Cent) ' ;^ : 

taken/, including; information as to which base suction ooaroajadfer-r-wtis .furnished the 

original co py of iiie VJD **&0 Fbm; Ko ,45, ' ~> ; - .. . ' ' ,.' ■ 

dV, ; Vihon an unauthorized absentee is apprehended or surrenders.,- an immediate 

Ire pert thereof ttill be mgtde' by the boat available; noons of communication to the . . 

domraaiader of thV base section wita in whiph.such apprehension or surrender took 

place*" ■- . r ■ "_ ; . ■ •. 

e# Vihon .^n onii&t^d r,ian ?j) reported .as absent without leave 'under par 5a , abovov- 

Fo'turjxs ■'•to' military; control, his coiam-anding officer or the comri*>. ndi ag •'. cTf £i ce r ¥ of 

the raplaconBnt dopot/Yvdll prepcre and distribute copies :of. VflD- AGO E0rm.Ho 46 * 

(Report of He.turn o.-jD Absentee fror.i the United Six. tes Army.) as follows.; 

(l) . Original to the base .section q ornnande r. who was notified of. his absence in.: 

accordance wi th Par 5b(l) above* . ~ .'■•'" 

. First : copy to tho". irt- chine "ro cords unit serving the , organization .or replace;* <• 
xaorit depot. conc«rnod» . , " ;A ; '■':}"::.<■•. " 

(3). Seoond copy to bo attached to the Miints . service record* (AO 251 # 2 ■ JtGL) " 

;;,' ••«' :> .' By .ooiinand -of 1-ioutenant General .DBvl^2Sj 

■ ■••,'■. ,'. : , •., ''.,■'.. : ; • • H. KE.iARDS, - • •• 

. I'lajor General, GSC, Ghiof of Staff, 
OFFICIAL* • ■ ' A ■ ' . '■■ , \ 

' . s/ R, jPH PULSIFiiiR, (A,R«S.) 

• ma^Yi putsxFSR; ■ : ' . . ••.■' ^ V.'- . ... ■.■ 

. Brigadier General, USA,.; '. X:..-. .. ■ ' 7 : . .- A' ' \ ■" ' • •• - 

„' J ; * ' ivdjutaii* General. . , - : ; ' "n :• v." 

&IPR03IJCED Hi SOS* 9 PBC®!BBR,1943*. } ; '. ' ' "* ' * ' '• 

( .'h' 

5 :i,y 


AG ^91,2 (7 Oct 194S) PGA 

/3 " r fJ 

APO 887 

IE Oct 1943 

SJBJiXT: Llf-.tucrt Belching to Colcrcu T* ou.^s /" 

JO : Base Section Cciv ; anaors , SOS, ^TiUSA. 

Hpf-iacuciyters Cozamandant , COS, ETCUSA 

Wp instructions or directives relating generally To col- 
ored troops or relatione between colored and white troops mil 
hereafter be published without the prior approval of this headquarter! 

By command 

General LEE: 

Sa addressee " 

• » i * • • • 

Pi u , 303 *«»«o**« 

AG (ilisc), 305, APO 887, . , , .1 
AO (Ilisc) , SOS, APO 871. ,...1 
AG( Pubis), SOS, APO 871,,. .£& 

Colonel, AGD,'' / 
Adjutant General, 


AI D 887 

AG 6ao.4(lO Oct A3)liQA 10 October 1943 

SUBJECT: Licence to Carry Gtte or Hunt. 

TO ; Coiiimanding General, Eighth Air. Force 
Commanding General, V Corps" 
Base Section Commanders, S03, ETQ 
Commanding General, 29th Infantry Division 
Commanding Officer, European Wing, Air Transport Command 
Commanding Officer, US Assault Training Center 
Comirianding Officer, 24-th Atermya- Communications Squadron 
Commandant, American School Center 
Headquarter {3 Commandant, SOS, ETC 

1, Attention of all military ,and civilian personnel of the United 
States 'Army is directed to British laws covering carrying a gun or hunting 
T/ithout a license , in the United Kingdom, The Qui; License Act, 18*70 ; Game 
Liconscs Ao$,I860f Game Act, 1831; Kight Poaqhirig Act, X$Z$; and Foaching< 
prevention <iot, 1862} provides for the follev/ing, 

a. It is unla;y£ul to capry a giai of any description vdthcut a 
license but does not include a £vn being carried by a soldi ex in the per- 
formance of hie 

. b. It is unla\vful to fail to ppoduce a license on demand to any 
local taxation officer or constable, or f ' il to give nana and address v/hon 
carrying a gun, 

c. It is unla\<fv.l to kill, pursue or tako, ty any means whatever, 
any typo of Game vfithcut a proper licence to kill garac. 

d. It is' unlawful to fail to produce, or producing false or 
fictitious 'license, to kill game, to local taxation officer, o\mor or 
occupier, on whose Laid person is found, 

e. It is unlawful to trespass by entering or being upon any land 
in pursuit ef gumu, • 

2. Licenses to carry a gun or to kill game nay be secured from Post 
Office, Gun licenses cost ten shillings, and licenses to kill game from 
one pound to three pounds depending upon their duration. 

For the Commanding General; 

^ " FBAKKLIH G, C^illSOIf^'? 

Captain, AGP ' ' ' 

DISTRIBUTION »G« Assistant Adjutant General 

Cir 80 HQ iffoUsT ~ ' 7 Oct 1943 


TROOPS* 'par 2, Cir 71, 2 Sopt IS 45, is rMSoiiidcTdT^d the TolToiTng suhstrtutod 

ft 2# • RESTRICTIONS ON TRAVEL* Military personnel o» le&vo, furlough, or pass nay 
not Ghtv^r? ' ■'' '' 

£U-. The costal aroas . ojt Eorfo^k<- Suffolk, Essex, Kont, and that portion of 
"Sussex westward to I^ttl^ht^ptpn (inclusive)* 
>>• Tho Isle of \«ight« 
a* ' Eiro* 

IV TiiQ Orkney and Shetland I slan4s^ 
oV That pstrt of Scotland (including isjan^s) laying wost of a line? Gruinard 
lay — If>. oh n«, Sheallag W Aoltt8ashe«& T#p&qu& (ixoiuaiVGi) *t» Corpach (oxclu- 
si to) n?» Loch Linuho Firth of |/>r&9f outer Hohridos »~ Skyo, $IU4, f Ipnci, 
and Tiroo tiro craan$ tho isiunds inqludeg i« ****** (AG 311»0 XQB) 

?I--CgJ®Q^gIP, y 8 ^* 4?D QABXl IBSygyiepS ^ Far 19, Cir 66, £6 Aug 
is r^dQsignat^'d' Par "Wjr urvd'WrT,? V-P &d#i*d w follows $ 
h» No cable, t^le^raa, or radio raMajjj-a Identifiable c + s a *3afa arrival 1 * 
Togo will ho sent overlap by a »fc«r of oonpftndl* 0QQr?$ XGB) 

By cow\»d of |4.gtttQn«^t ^on^r«i3l DKVERS* 

I. H. EI5UARD8, 
Jfcjor a^nor^i, GSC, Ghiof of Staff. 


9/ E-WS PULSIFER (B.T.S * ) 
. Colonel, ^.G>p v :■ ■ 
Adjutant General, 



AO 333.5 B-GB . . . iaftlJ1 „ „ . 3. October 1943 

SIJ8TEGT s Loyalty Investigate rMlfeHjfcxy 'Perlpnhal? * * K l a 1 1 

TO Qor^ariding Generals, First ArE^y 

V Corps 

SOS, movsk 
, . Eighth Air Fore®' 

Iceland Base C'Qm&snd . 
Anti-Aircraft Section, Hq BTQUSA. 
Cosamnding Officers,. American. $qh]Dal Center, ETOUSA 

E.W, Air Transport Command 
• Special Trcops , , TOTTSA . 
&4t& AteK^s p0fsrm?r4.c&tjLons Squadron 

1. Jitter, this Headc^. rter^., 50 Jusi$ file and'' subject eia above > 

is rescinded. • . . . 

..2, .Due to ;*k© li^itecZ aval|ablii%; of Iny#s "illative facilities, it is 
necessary that requests for Sfcyes^a^oar o£ the loyaltr/ of itlitary personnel 
uho are not suspected of subversion t fe$ .JwCMjt'" a r.iamum - consistaxit with 
security requirements. 'Prescribed herein are tfce procedures and limitations 
pertaining to such investigations. 

3. Investigations ox 5 Officer Candidate School Applicants? 

a. , The term Officer Candidate 'School, cs used herein desig<- 
net© every Arisy School other than the United States lliiitary Ae«dej^ r , upon 
graduation frenvv/hich all or part of 'the students .are corjca^sioned in the 
Arn§r of the United States, and all Aviation Cadet and Aviation Student Training 

£> t After an application for attendance at Officer Candidate. School 
is approved by the Field Officer Oandi^te Selection Board, lcyaity check 
sheets, substantially in the form attached reproduction of ifhich is author* 
iaed, will bw executed, in quadruplicate for those, applicants who sir© within 
one or more of the 'follpT/in^ categories s 

(1) Xndividuels r?ho riere bom., or i/hose parents were bona .in. 
an enemy or an eneay^doiwm ted . . ceimtry . • 

(2) -Indi% r idur Is vho have resided in 'an enemy or enemy dominated 
country for a period of six months or more "since - X933 (unless such residence 
was in connection r;ith Unitod Stats sM^fcjtJEwn* oi?f io^a l^usi aa a «|L A * A 
suoh residence together yith other ffcts concerning '•fcjjQ ^^Ap^SyS^JI jS Q " titutes 
Reasonable grounds, to doubt, the indi^i^uai^s loyalty. ' 

• g... Loyalty Check Sheets togethlW/ith fingerpriiita of ; ,a3 T l fingers, 
on both hr.nds of the individual will be forwarded Y/ithout delay to the AC of 
S, G"2, v this Headquarters , for clearance, Xfhm clearance is given, the • 

Ha, AG 333,5 E-GB, loyalty Investigation of Military Personnel, 
1 "October. 1943 ,(Cont f d), 

report of the loyalty cheelc rill be retm-ned to "''he a-plicant's unit and then 
rill be made cut inclosuro to soldier 1 a ipplica zi o m i. Applicants rill not be 
detailed or transferred to Officer Candidate School or til this clearance is 

given* .. . .. .... , y 

The rc-cords of the immediate Q-2, A -2 or S-2 concerned rill be. 
cheated on a !11" applicants applying for attendance at 00u rho do not cone rithin 
the categories sot forth in paragraphs b (l) and (2) above, and a report of ' 
this clieclc v/ill be made in the forwarding indorsement v/hich accompanies the 
application* Jib f ur tbe$ x >;oa# c£sc£, or ; ^ investigation of such personnel before 
attending 00S rill be rrfc^ss^ry, / M * '< • 

> ■ ■■■ ■ ■ - . m®&S & * [ 

jg # No individual ubo i3 6bjSkiabB^. i potentially subversive r/ithin 
the meaning of blotter of the AC of S, G-2, \:Ji / Diep^7*7^43 , as republished .. : 
by this Headquarters, 23 J*ily 1943? rill bo approved for or detailed to GCS. 

&. Investigation of enlisted personnel detailed to Service Schools; 

a* Snlieted personnel rho are d.rbsd-led .to- Service Schools and yriho...' >; _. 
are v/ithin^one or more of the c^taforias set out in paragraphs. 3k-U) ar4'.(2) 
above, \\dli be" cleared, for detail after, suck inw^ti^at5-on or raccrd check . 
as is deeded. proper by, the G«2 or H of the" itfajor subordinate co^iands,, or 
by the AO of 3, G-2, this Headquarters . ' 

t> # ill other personnel so detailed rill be checked against the 
r^eor4s, of the Unit .late JJLigenqe Officer before departure; 

. c f , Ho individual rho is considered potentially riubveraive' within "*" 5 
the meaning' of letter of the AG of 3 ? G-2, Pisp ' 7~7~43 > £ ' s 'ropu,bli^hed „ . 
by' this, headquarters , 23.. July 1943,', rill be, detailed, to", any .Service." School, - 
in which he nd&ht receive inn tructions in B&day equipment or secret and"'" 
confidential .cryptographic system and equipment, 

5» Investigations '-'-of- military personnel engaged in" duties requiring 
their access to the prescribed secret and • confidential, cryptographic systems # 

a, Military personnel engaged in duties' connected rith the pre- ' 
scribed secret and ..confidential .cryptographic .sys terns, v upon request of theis? 
oocHBanding officers or other competent authority, rill be ; investigated to 
such extent as is necessary to establish , that, the ."I'^iv^oajUv'coiaoernpd' po*ae«* 
or lack the qualifications set out in' paragraph' 3 of letter, this Haadq\iartera f 
23 -February 1943 > AG 311/5 MSB, Subject : /''Identification Photographs and Policy 
rith Respect, to Qualifications of "Personnel Authorized to perform duties in 
Connection vrlth $ocrot cjafl Confidontial Cryptographic Systems of the toy" » 
Investigation rill include interviews rith ct .leant three persons , as described 
in paragraph' of this letter, and such addition l fc inquiry as ttay be / 
required 'fa'm1&&Ami cfsjf show the lack' of the qualifications prescribed in 
the letteWr^^a^^^ to'" above. Report of such investigation way. be $ade by 
memorandum, « \ 

6* Investigations of mill to ry jje.r^ojfnel engaged in duties requiring 
"fchoir habitual access to secret notorial.' , " " ' ' 

Hq, iSTOUSA, AG 333.5 E-GB,. Loyalty Investigation of Military Personnel, 
1 October 194.3, (Cont'd). 

a„ Except as provided in paragraphs 3, 4 an ^ 5 above, the G-2 r s or 
A -2 of the raj or subordinate- commands will not bo requested to investigate, 
nor will thoy investigate , the loyalty of any military personnel unless such 

access in the immediate future. 

b. The foregoing will not be understood to mean that investigations 
should be requested or will be conducted of all personnel r/hose duties give thorn 
habitual access to secret matter, 

(1) In the absence of exceptional circumstances no investi- 
gations will bo conducted of military personnel having ten or more years con- - 
tinuous active military service, 

(2) Personnel of loss than ton yiars continuous active military 
service whose duties give them, or will give thorn, habitual access to secret- 
matter will, , if it is deemed necessary, bo investigated upon request. Such 
investigations will consist of a check r gainst available records and. the inter- 
vier; of at least three persons 7/ho arc unbiased, of apparent good moral character 
and integrity and who hav-3 a thorough knowledge of the individual r s background 
and character. The result of such investing tion may be submitted in memorandum 
reports , 

7. Investigations of military personnel engaged in work requiring their 
habitual access to confidential matoriol. 


a. Persons with leos than i 
and who will kavs habitual access to connc 
duties, Trill at the request of the inter os - 
available records. 

continuous active milit£rry~^erv±ca,' 
:Ld. not': or by reason of their 
o.-oncy bo chocked, against the. 

' 8. Paragraph 6 and paragraph 7 hereof are intended solely as..JJjaita-tions 
as to the typo of personnel who may be investigated and as to the extent of such 
investigations. Nothing contained therein will bo so construed as to require, 
a commanding officer to request investigation of an individual even though the 
individual is within the class of persons who will be investigated upon requests- 

9# All requests for investigations or records checks will be accompanied 
by loyalty check sheets completed in quadruplicate (substantially in the form 
attached) and containing, except with respect to Officer Candidate School "Tsturl*' 
onts, a_„ statemen t, signed by an officer, of the general r atur3 cf the indivi - 
dual's duties and the sp ecific claocdf icat ion of '■ho na btor to. which he has, 
or will have, hab itual access , 

10, All requests for investigations or 
related thereto wi|l § f^l^'^ ffctfir"* ** 

11, Nothing 
the investigation 6^T^i^<3^^BNteffiPQtcci 

^ chocks and correspondence' 
igence channels, 

ed as to restrict or limit 
^Msy or subversive activity*. 

Hq, ETOUSA, AG 3?3.5 E-GB, Loyalty Invcsti?aticn of Military Personnel, 
1 Cctobor 1943, (Cont'd). 

Birth in an enemy or enemy-deniriatod country or closo relatives living in such 
a countiy or countries may, but c'o not ncec-snarily, constitute sufficient reason 
to doubt the loyalty of an individual lirhoc o duties give him- habitual access to 
classified nutter* . 

12. Ifono of' the foregoing v/ill bo understood ^S^^jtfy to specific requests 
for investigation from the AG of S, G-2, Headquarters ETOUSA. 

By command of Lieutenant General DEVERS: 

s/ A. ."J. PALII-I, JR. 
t/ A. V/. PALIN, 
Iviajor, AGD, 

DISTRIBUTION: Asst Adj General. 

Ha, ETOUSA 14 

COSSAG (Attn:- Col. P.G. ' Black) -2 
AC of S, G-2, ttD 3 . 





Date Entered 
JDut^r Oversea 




Other names by irhich jqaown^ 
Spouse * 3. : iiame 
Father's Heme 




Ltother f 3 toai&ea 

Birth r 



Your o|.^.i3e3ashir> q-xid &ou.«?.cqtdre<^ 

Erior a<cl<tro$?es .for 10 years.,, ath catest 


Jfems, rell^.tiQ^, ' &nd'&&4res8®$ $f 

Date* i^riPf e,. .an4 XeagtJ*o£ ats^f 

Arrest, .in&ictgaentc ana convictions $ othor ti^aa »in<xr tralilc yxoX^tions^ 
{Giver date, ojffeiise, disposition} - ■' , .!: , , 

List membership ±a all organizations 3 1930 

Last three employtnants : • " . Dates of 

f%xm * 3&m<* attfl Add ress 'EMgyr^ttfc, 

1* . 

Reason for 

■i ii i n 1 . 1 n i ) 

j' t/o 70U evar been discharge*^, fttrloiaghe^^ l&f $s%e& * tS^ f»ei§ frola the miller 
FGrvJee or form? civilian gAXoymont ^ If answer is yes, explain 


I certify tl3r.t the f ore^oln^ ^ri^rars aro true aci correot to the best of n$r 

Imcr/lodge and belief. 

MOTS; " Fiji' in M below' bajgr' 
if , Officer Candidate, 
fill in «EV cniy if nfci 
^Officer Candidate , 


TO * 

be given whatever loyalty cheoZ'. i& 4b&mo& a&^4t**ry» 
«A n (If Officer Ganaiddto) Subject will ittowi O.G..'\ at. 

* 4 

tr ^.It is , requested that tho subjoct, v£<5p£3 $"<^ cope*, re above and whose 

present station is ' - . v .* ...... t < 


'ifeme -rtn& location' of school. 


'fB 11 (If not Officer Caiididsato; Subjects duties ere fe'll be) 

rthioh gives" Iwfll^riVo j ^.'xltuc^ accoes to 1 _ 

sqcxot oy» corifidentis,! 

Adm Cir No 72 

27 Sop 1943 


1 1 ^PURCHASE OF CIGARET3ES AKD FOODSTUFFS IN VXLfcfiSBS * The supplies of cigarettes 
and of sweets/ chocolate, moat pies, biscuits and other foodstuffs in the UK are 
s-trictly rationed* In small towns and villages they are delivered only' in 
quantities sufficient to talco care of the needs of the local population*- For 
that reason* the purchase of a»oh commodities by members of the US forces while 
passing through small towns and villages in convoys, on marches or maneuvers* 
is strictly prohibited, - t j .$ *** Qft$ffil?&&V)K m *\ 


a/ C* R. IANDON 

t/ C. R. LAN DON, 
Colonel* AGD* Adjutant General* 

Major General* USA* 
Chief of Staff* 

This article by JX C. E. Joad, British philos^ ,*er, appeared in the 
Sunday Dispatch, 26 Sep 19 '43* 



i A Scots crofter had to go to the kirk on© Sunday morning in the depths of 

winter; he went alone because his wife h«C.»' chill. For two hours he listen-* 
; ed to a thunderoiis sermon denouncing every conceivable Mnd o.f 'wrongdoing ; 
j peintingvsin . in -the vmo$:t. hideous colours and threatening the sinners with the 
; most appalling tortures ih hell; ' 

I$ien -the crofter got back his wife asked him what the eerconwas about, 
j* ,tf Twaa "'."a^o\it -sin,V sa3$ he* "And What did the minister say about sin?" asked 

• the wife. The cr'of tor " 'thoug ht for a long while, scratched his head, spat, and 
( thet*»<* "38a was agin 1 it|*' he said, 

Wall* that A 3 J*hat I feel about the Colour Bar. Must I really at this 
I tim of , day think of all the arruwentai in favour of being as-in* i%i that it is 
< contrary to the, protestation® pf the Atlantic Charter, that it mak&s a' mockery 
of . ff olsdonH*' 3 a »*-an- ought to be fjyee to ta:?e any job for which he' $ si fitted, Or 

• go to apy hatj&'l pr restavrant for which he cari jay, '-hatevor his colour-- end 
K of ©quality-- a man should not be given an unequal chance ih life 'or treated . 

| uneqnally by v the law simply because of hie colour — fnd of our religion, which 
W insists that we are all immortal souls and" equal in the eyes of God, and that 
I it retfuoes to a . farce -many of tfce^iras for which we are aliased to" be 'fighting 
in this war, . " ' "•■ '■■ ■ - ■' ' "'V; 

/The dogma of racial superiority! 'I had alvrys thoi^ht it was the Ha^is 
' who maintained it*. ■ ;, 4 , t - T .," :i ' • vv 

,1 have heard people point cut t|»* there are various degroes of "coloured 
V that the yellows are not as ;r coloured" as the browns, r*nd the browns asf the 
blacks-* - . 

This presupposes that white pigment? tion, or rrther pink pigmentation, is 
the standard of humanity, the nornj and that all '''e^ort-ires from "it are departr 
; in the. direction of lessor err, lessor de^reos cz.'humy^y. The white 
1 man- on this, view, ia c.t the top of >thc, r nr> ^^^—^BW^^-n T/ho3Q pigmenta- 
tion is the farthest romo /cd from^^ in j ^ fl , ' , x . ly the Jlegro, is eft' tho - ; 
, bottom, I can soe no grounds for tho jo beliefs. ' :iont human being's who have 
' over lived "arc yellow? the next largest grorp is Mack or brown; tha so-called 
whites are. in a s-^ll minority, 4> i2von if thoy were truo I ca,n seo in them no 
ground for tho sogrogation or isolation of colourod .people, ' ., 

"They have different habits, different ^mpre^ difforcnt' dos'lros-, 1 * I 
doubt it, and ovon if th^y havo why 'should taey'bb s&grogatod? * 'I notice,' by 
tho y/ay, -that all .the. damands for isolation and sogro^ation rre made by tho 
whites, argainst s tho t colouijecl; the co jQu^qd ^nc^vpr dqhiand that the whites should 
bo segregated from thorn, 'which aobms "to bo evidince of 'the ^dator, ^Sanity, 
Isindliness/s and gonse of equality of tho colour od, 

I'Thoy aro^a lpy;or typ^o «nd bAyp lower intcll'igoIice f ,, ; i^.yo they* ' Is it 
the .coloured .moji iwho^l^oli wfilto^' or tho .nhltdg^^ho'' lynch tho eole\!rod? . Are, 
the guards in Hazi concentration camps' V&£'-&hip a* "Uflfte oyory. ^y ^mtil ho ; cl4os 
v^hite or colourod? Are tho 3*S, mon who h&vo murdorod throe million Jews "in 


Eastern Europe and Fo land white or coioitred? /Has -the Inguj^ition aii invention 
of the whites or the coloured? ; ■ifaye..t*)!i?,.b<3lo^0d , '\i^^e committed against their 
fellow men any oriup comparable to what white's commit against whites', and Whites 
against oolqured? 

11 they smell," , Perhaps,, per^pa. not« Have, we ever asked ourselves 
whether they think t^ 

I have been trying, you see, to think of arguments in favour of the Colour 
Bar, and can find no good oifis. Sven if it could he shown 1^iat coloured people 
were morally baser, intellectually inferior and physically repulsive*'* and I 
don f t think it can—r the demonstration would not really bear upon the point under 

$wo questions surely are £^lve4» First, are they the equals ih intelii-r 
genoe and civilisation of the whites?; secondly, ought society to treat them as 
if they were equally important with the whites? 

It s$$m3 to me that even if the answer to the first question is No, never- 
theless the theory of democracy requires that we should answer the second 
question with a lea, because just as the torching of religion claims us to be 
all eqml % the sig^t of God, so democracy proclaims that all citizens should 
count as equal from the point of view of thp State f they ought all to be 
entitled to food, to the protection of the law, to justice/ to a job at a fair 
^g©* $o provision when they fall out Of a job or fall sick, and to decent and 
tolerant treatinent from their fellow citizens, It seems to me precisely for 
these things that th$ war is being fought* 

And now that I have smid all that, J realise that I have not touched th<& 
nerve of the ease, for the nertfa of the case lies bsyand argumeiit| : lies in 
fact la prejudice and fear. 

the fact that I can think of no arguments for tho Colour Bar does not moafi 
that jit W*m*t continue to be passionately upheld by those whose prejudices are 
aroused and fears evolcod on th© pros one a of races differently pigmented from 
themselves* lh fact I could argue until I was as black in the face as tfeose- 
whose case I am t?yi!% to xiphoid, and it \/ould not make the siightest differaiict 
to anybody* \ 

AFO 871, 27 Sop 1943 

PIS?RIBt$X0!Jt (l<*sa non-rSQS) 

Cir 59 

29 dEifty 1943 

II~-f%ES AND'ALLCWANCBa FOR TOftfljfeaSS ffl, THE UK. Sec IV, Cir 70j 3 Nov %%2+ 
is rescinded. r Instructions en the subject m^y be found in Sec %, A<3m Cir 46, 
Hq SOS, ETQUSA, 83 Jul? ^?43» (AO 250,462 p) 



M4jor Qemr&l, GSC, Chief pf Staff, 

Eq 2TU : 3A - " ■ "-f 26 Sept 1943 


J. Besclss ionft, The following circulars', Hq jSTOUSA, ere rescinded? Sec I, 
Cir 'g, 29 "June 42$ Sac H, Gxr 76^ 23 Nov 42; See I, Cir. 3, 9 *' Jan 43; Sec. Ill, 
Cir 10, 1 Feb 43; Sec r/, Gir 17, 19 Feb 43; Sec III, Cir 33, 26 Mar 43? Sec I, 
Cir 40, 24 Apr 43. 

2 * Officora * a. All officers (including ^Q^l^l IP^ l^ 11 ^ ^■ r ^ ( $^^^V ^ 
warrant officers, and flight officers) ere roll^&l ^3^^^^%|^r|^j^f3Sion 
at all tines an official War Department id^nlXW^S^M^iW *"* * 

b. In .a&Iition to Hq 5QS, ETOUSA, tlie headquarters of the several base sections, 
of the Eighth Air Force, and of V Corps are equipped to issue the cc- rds , 

c. An officer requiring a card Trill subartt a request, approved by his conu-iand- 
ing officer, in form substantially as indicated in Appendix #1, to the nearest , 
issuing headquarters of his commitf., T/hich nill take the necessary action to 
issue and record the card and to obtain a receipt therefor, 

d. (l) Each issuing headquarters v;il}., r.t the end of each month, submit to Hq 
SOS, ETOUSA, A?0 371,' in duplicate, a report ii* the following form on the cards 
issued dt\ring such month: 

Serial no. 

Heme of 

Army Qrade 




of new 



arssr or 

or replace- 

no, of o^d 


to vhom 


ment issue 

card, if 

issued- , 


(2) The report uill be accompanied by the original requests for the issue of • 
such cards and by all old crrds^that are to be cancelled. 

(3) Uhen a lost card is found subsequent to the issuance of a replacement > the 
old card 7/ill be forwarded to Hq SOS, ^TOUSk, together v/ith the scrip 1 number of 
the replacement card* In the event a lost card is recovered prior to the 
issuance of a replacement, any request theretofore sixbmittod for a new card will 
be immediately withdraim. . 

(4) Immediately upon the issuance of each card, a ropox-t thereof, containing ; 
the information shov/n in subparagraph (l), above, v/ill be submitted to the 
headquarters having custody of the issueo^ qualification card (WD AGO Form 

No 66-1), which will record the serial number of the- identification Card on such 
qualification card. The issuoo Ytf.ll c.lso record the serial number of the 
identification card on his immunisation register ('./D AGO Form No, 81). 
e. Additional supplied of blank cards ra&y be obtained by requisition .submitted 
to Hq SOS, .ETOUSA, 

f « (l) When the number of of floors requiring identification cards at any 
location is sufficient to Y/arrant such action, each issuing headquarters is 
authorised to detail the necessary personnel to proceed on temporary duty thereto 
for the purpose of issuing tho cards. Station commanders vrill, in each 
instance, make available such additional clerical end other personnel as is- 
necossary for the expeditious issuance of tho cards f 

(2) When, after a reasonable period *of.. time, v tfce..aeemul,atio^ of applications 
for identification cards from a unit does not -/arrant di.spe.tch of a special 
issuing detail, the applicants 'Till, on the request of the issuing headquarters, • 
be ordered thereto on twporary duty Tor the j-ur^ose of being issued the cards* 

(3) Requests for the issue of cardn which, hy reason' of the large number in- 
volved., cannot bo economically- acoonplished by the headquarters receiving then 
yill be referred to Eq 303 5 E?0USA, for necessary action. 

In preparing; the cards: (1) -Typewriter uill be used in entering personal 
description, etc. '• • 

(2) Cere uill be exercised in the taking of .fingerprints to insure clear,- legi- 
ble impression (Bar 5, 345-120) • 

(3) An official seal, Mill be impressed on the lower part of the photograph after 
it has been securely attached by glue in the sp^ce provided on tho card* Issu- 
ing headquarters not possessing an officii! impression seal rill, prior to their 
issue, forywrd all. cards to Hq.SOS, ST0l?% s f for affixation, of an official seal • 
and return. Seals of tactical or-iani^stions .ar;d hoadqusrters vlll not be use d , 
(A) The holder ! s name', grade, and branon or aru of service v/ill be clearly 
sho^n .in the photograph, 

(5) -In no case 'trill tho * card directly cr inc'ir^ctly reveel tho identity of tho 
holder. 1 s organization, ..... 

hp' A nev; card will not bo issued merely bebnv.30 of a'ch^n^o in the holder's " - ' 
grade or branch (arm or service). In each cue';,, the holder "./ill mako'tho 
necossary correction in pen and inlc, rocerdins and authenticating the correct- 
ion in. the upper right hand cornor of i&o ?mcs provided for "in^crprints. 

3« Enlisted Hon , a.. Each enlisbeC man vho does not ulrarCy have in his posses- 
sions War Departnent identification card 77j.ll be issued a yellow identification 
card, in form substantially ?s indicated in Appendix ,-'2, - „ 

b. Requests for supplies of the cards w3,ll"be ;jrde by organization commanders 
direct to the appropriate base 1 coot "Ion cowman^er, except that organisations 
the jurisdiction of ,the Headquarters Conpandant, 303, 2TCUSA,, :rill secure their - 
supplies from him* 

c. An initial supply of identification oprd forms will be furnished the Head- 
quarters Qomrendant, SOS, UTQIISA, and each base section commander ivithout requisiw 
tion. Additional supplies may be obtained by requisition submitted • to Kq SOS 9 

d. The supplying and issuing agencies vrill each maintain appropriate and complete 
records with respect to all card? supplied or issued by them to organisations and 
individuals. In addition, the serial number of each care" 1 / is sued, uill be record- 
ed under "Iierxrlzs Administrative 11 -in the issues ! s Service Record (V.D AGO Form 

No* 2A) . ., . ♦ ■ 

o. (1) Reports of the loss, of ' 7 ar Department identification cards held by en- 
listed 'men (but not the loss of yellow cards) r/ill be consolidated and submitted 
to Hq SOS ; ETCUSA, at the end of each month by each major subordinate ■:c0ii^nc|%d 
by each base section commander in the form, and ^E^^i 3j^^^^^Lofi^jp ^{jp'GvV" 9 ^' 

Serial no, of Name of 
lost card holder 



Brief synopsis 
of circum- 
stances sur* 
rounding I033 

(Cir 73, Hq ETOUSA, '25$ $tpt 1943, contd) " 

(2) Hhen a lost W • idfcii$if ication .bard- ife. recovered subsequent to the issue 
of a yell ov/- card in re#l$ceraent, the enlisted man concerned v;ili be allowed to 
retain his WD .identification card, but hits yellow card trill be taken" up and 
fortrarded to liq SCS, K*WSil ? and that headquarters roll be , p»qraB'y^^.vtaed 
thereof. YJhen a loot TJ? identification card is recover ad J.ii|iP{ ^A^P^C^I^ 
loss being reported to Ijq SOS, ETC'JSA, but p;rior to tho issiM&f'^fl.^^ *T 
in replac client > the enlisted nan concerned, vrjj.1 be allored to r etate^iis **fbk^ ** f 
identification card, and ilq SOS, EJObSA, nill be promptly advised thereof, 
£• Upon the arrival of an organisation in this theater, the appropriate base 
section eomuander vill furnish its cora^andcr vith a sufficient number of yellow 
cards to enable iccua to all its enlisted non who dc not already have Tfar Depart- 
ment identification cards, 
jg. In preparing the yellow; cards* : 

(1) Typerjriter i/ill be used, 

(2) All alterations Bade at issuanoc yfiXX be authenticated by the initials of 
the issuing officer, Subseqtient aitat'cticjii be- authenticated by an appror- 
priate officer other than the issuing <*ffic©r If the latter is not reasonably 

(3) In no^r case vi.ll the card dirWfciy «r 1-adirectiy reveal the identity of the 
holder '3 organization, * 

h, A n@Tf card vail not be iasmsid »o^sly became of a change in the!' older ! g 
grade. In each such* caee, tbs» r^^qif»4feX$ officer vdll ip&kQ and' initial the 
necessary correction^ 

4« Civilians, Subject t,q fo&itflgy .Ifflf. In the case of civilians, identifi- 
cation cards of the TiD AGO Form Ho f 65-neriec T?ill be issued only to persons 
subject to military l&v. All si\eh cards now in the possession of per&ons not 
so -subject uiil be taken up and for^rded to Eq SOS, EJCAJSA. "he CG, Eighth 
Ais? Force, v/ill be responsible for such issuance and talking up vita reepoct to 
the civilians under his control, and the CG, GOS, ETC'JSA, Till be responsible 
for such issuance and tajcing up *;.dth respect to all other civilians, 
fo. Among the civilian*; subject to rdiitary la*./ to wio# svsch UD identification 
cards tall be issued are; 

(X) Civilians under the control of a US headquarters entered into their 
e&ployment outside the UIL and "-ere brought into tho IX as members of the US 
forces (V/D AGO Forn Ho, 65^4) * 

(2) "Technical observers and service specialists" ccraing under Ph 30-27, 3 Sept 
1942 (v:D AGO i'orin Ho. 65-G) . 

(3) "Correspondents" coming under Til 30-26,. 21 Jan 1942 (l/D AGO Form ho, 65-4-). 

(4) (a) American national Rod CroS3 personnel under the control of a US head- 
quarters vho are not engaged as uentlonod in paragraph 9, boloir (T3) AGO Foraa iio, 

(b) American Hataonal P.od Cross personnel under- the control of a US headquarters 
t?ho are engaged as nonbicned in paragraph 9, belov: (IVD AGO Form Ho. 65-10) . 

(5) Questions as to the propria^-- of issuing the cards to civilians subject to 
tho Articles of Uar, but not ^thin any of the above classifications, v&ll bo 
submitted to this hoafiquartors for decisions (see sub-para£raph h^ belov) r 

Cir 73. Hq ETOUSA, 26 .Sept 1943^or.tcQ 

o. irfliile WD reflations contemplate variations in the recitals of the identifi- 
cation cords in the c5-serios, "baaed on the- several classes of personnel to whom 
they ere issued^ if the appropriate card is not available, 1/D AGO Form I!b.S5~4 
(-■.ath the special civilian status '-plainly indicated thereon) vdil be used, A 
triplicate record will be wade of the fern and serial' number of each o&rd issued, 
of the narae of the individual to v/hou 'it is issued of the cenmand- control under 
which such individual is serving, and of all other pertinent identifying inforwar 
ticix. The original of such record i.dll "be forv/arded to the Theater f'rovost I.Iar- 
shal, <Ilq SOS, LTOuSA: ti^ duplicate copy \i±ll be foruarded to Central tkchine 
ftecords, Ilq SOS, ETOuSA; and "&he triplicate copy v/ill be retained by the issuing 
officer, ' Similar records' vdll te made and similarly distributed by each issuing 
officer v.'ith respect' to all such identification cards heretofore issued :oid no;; 
in the poss-ession of civilians under his jurisdiction* 

d, Upon the issuance of each such identification card, the issueeis British 
National Eegistration Identity Card, food and clothing ration documents , and 
British. Alien Registration Card, ix ?:ay f Yd.ll he taheivup by the issuing officer 
and delivered by him to the British Central Registration Office, Southport, 
Lanes . 

e. Civilians so pLssvied such identification cards v/ill be treated 1 y the British 
.authorities as neubers of the US forces , * they vdll not be required to- register 
.under the British national Registration Act, nor treated a?- aliens subject- to 
the British Alien Order jj and, uhile in possession, of their identification cards, 
they vrill bo' perri^itted to nove froely in ail pcrts of the IfE. except such as may 
be restricted or off-limits 4 Sue!., civilians vi.ll be furnished food and clothing 
ration, cards, vhere needed, cy US military authorities indcr the scan© conditions 
a3 are applicable to US military personnel, 

f XRien a Uar Department identification card is tahe'i up fror: a civilian not 
entitled thereto, it uill ho forvrrJ.ocl to the TI.ior.tor Provost harshal, Ilq SOS, 
JSTQUSA, together ' x.dth a report theioof and of the reasons therefor, setting 
forth the civilians 1 nauo and the form and serial nuubor of the card,. A copy 
of such report \. ill be furnished Central Iiachi^c Records, Kq SOS, ETOUSA, and a 
copy retained by the office render ins the report, liach such civilian" vdil be 
advised oi" the necessity for reporting to the local polico in the district in 
v.iiich he resides thc.t longer possorses a Y. r ar Department identification 
card as a nerbor of the -US forces, and vill be xvj-nished a signed certificate 
dn substantially the f ollouing form: 

"This is to certify thai^ United States of Anerica, War 
Department Identification Card, UD AGO Form Ho, 6j^ w 
serial No, u _. .has been taken up fron 

by the under signed cd States of America military 

authority, this^^ day of 

mink $4* >« 11% Si 

£. As prescribed in Sec I, Cir 77, lie iDTO'JSA, 22 Sept 1943, no civilian nqmbor 
of the cojnnand imported into the UK by the US and having an official stVcus es a 
member of the armed £c-^es \s±ll be disendrged in the W except vith the approval 

(Oix 78, Hq mcuSk, 26 i h jb 1943, cenfeay f -f 'pv^i 

of the CG, ETOUSA, and after apprdpriatc arranger 'onta have been made with the 
British Hone Office. 

h. In submitting, too thi# headquarters questions ^mder Par 4b, (5), above, a full 
report will be rendered of ail details t&th respect to' the individual^ relation- 
chip to the coivjnand cav, activity Kubu&tting the inquiry iii order that this head~ 

S|^j^')tr3|tei^^^'|^^^©i:Lon to .determine whether or not tno individual is sub* 
I^g Jo fl? articular ly # information will be furnished as to his 

I p^^-^^^%%M^mid. vjhetfe ' such employment ma entered into; who furnished hie 
transportation (if any) to the UK, and wh^t aeans were employee} (whether govern- 
mrac ox commercial; the te^ms and eanSiticttS of suoh omplcyia^iit, where to be 
petforaed, under what oomnand^c ontr ol , and subject to whose direction; t.'w r?,.;o, 
sex, nationality, and narifcai status of the individual; whether residing in the 
UIv at the time of enters into r,uch fff-Tploynont and, if so, how long uo residing! 
whore the individual is quartered and r&tione&i and what medical or hospital 
facilities are furnished by tiie US forces, if any, 

i # The authority issuing each sv.oh itV-ntif ic^iion card will be responsible for 
inserting therein sufficient data to indcf-te clearly th© dtauis of the issuee, 
Ou TO AGO Form llo, 6f?-4 this 'will notmlll'' bo a^.coirc^iished by inserting in the 
identifying > certificate the followiiag £u thectf&se of any other form of the 

65-series, by appropriate siiailar actto); . • 

(1) After the typed nam, in thebblank space narked "(Grade)", 
insert a brief d&B&i&t'iva the, individual* 5 position 

(ag "Correspondent**, *&>oftal£&l Observer", , "Service Specialist ", 
"Rod Cross Vfelf ar# Worlw*, 6r the like) „ 

(2) On the foXXoninc line, in the blank spaces just preceding 
; -"fArny of the United Siates", insert the words "Civilian 

accompanying". ....... • 

(3) If tho individual is authorized assimilated officer rank 
for prisoner of war purposes, insert at tho end of th© win 
prmted p&racra^h, ijirediately procedins the bearer's 

', '' signature line, the words "Assimilated officer ranks 2nd 

kicutonant" (or other rank, if appropriate). In the case of 
individuals issued ".D AGO Jarm Ho. 65*10, such assimilated 
officer rank will be shown in&edistely above, the first lin^ 
inside the front eov<$v 

; (4) All US citizens serving vi$k the ^morican national r 'Eed Cross 
, 'as v £iaM <iir'oo^€fl?s f . assisianl; -^ield-direetorB, ar4 .qfCicijjfcXs . 
in higher positions, and all accredited war correspondents ^ 
; • } x . ' will be assimilated, for prisoner 'of war-^irposes, to th© 

'rank of captain, 'US clt is ens serving with thes -Aaeriean • ... 

. to the' rank of fiota^aa^ ■■ ■' 

. > .;' in accordance- with salary ■ or tho nature of the work performed 

' UR^fer^ ' . _ : . 

, ^. . Gaviliasis sub|©Qt '%> military law' erriviiig in -&he :-t5Cv-idthoAri> 4 War Depart- ' 
went idQnti^ipati'Qn'' c^d'' :: wil^ ^ ^©ported ^■■%ld&^ppvt ^eprefionta-tiye of ' the CG, 


t-> Hq 3?0uSA, 2b Sept 1943, eontd) 

SOS, ET0US&, to the appropriate British -iminisratian authorities at the port of : 
arrival, as person subject to the IB Articles of War to. whom a War Department 
identification card will be issued. A report of such civilians arriving in the 
UK without identification cards mil be- made 'by .'such 'Sort representative to the 
Theater Provost Marshal, Hq 303 J; ISTOU&i,; giving their names and destinations, 
S« Civilian holders ©f.Heqp Department identification cards will carefully safe* 
guard their possession. In the case of loss, report thereof will l?e promptly 
made by the holder 'to the issuing -officer and to- the Theater Provost Jilarghal, $3 
SOS, $TObSA, giving the name and de^criptisr© matter appearing on the card, its 
number, and the Qircumstances • of the loss . 

!• . The Theater Provos#fiarshal is charged %/ith responsibility for the general 
"supervision of cpmpliance with the foregoing requirements of Par 4, except as 
relates to issuance and taking up referred to in Par 4 a, above. 

5 V Civilians Not Su bject i to- jji li ta^y I aft, a. Civilians serving with the XB 
forces who arc not subject to W iuiiitary law. will be- issued identification cards 
as follows s • 

b. (1) Civilians employed in professional, «r semi-professional positions of . 
responsibility (such ad stenographers* en^ertamerr>, drivers, technicians, xorr 
search workers, and the like) will be "issued ca^ds in form substantially as in* 
dioated in. ippehdi^ #3 . 

(a) 1?he OG, Eighth Air Fptee, will issue blue cards to such civilians .under 
his jurisdiction (except in the JIpa?theJ?n Ireland District, where ho will continue 
to use the Hcirtherh Ireland identi% te?^, now furnished by the "Combined - Services 
Permit Office (CSPQ), Bach such northern JreXand identity card mil show the 
name, age,' and nationality at birth of the hoidorj the issuing office? a date, 
stamps and a photograph of the holder | and -will "further fc-e indorsed to show' 
•porjaittod entry to a particular .station and, whether the hold or', is eligible to - 
have access to. confidential and. secret .in:?or ma tlon, MqH such Northern Ireland 
identity card will "be axithenticdted by means of an impression from the headquar*? 
ters seaj,!- of ' the /liS Army .station in the area in' which the cardholder is employed.) 
(£) The CG, SOS, BTOUSA, wili issue tan car dp to all other such civilians, 
(c) Each issuing- officer' wiil- maintain a record" of the identification cards 
.issued, substantially 'similar to that prescribed above in the case of War. Popart** 
meat identification cards issued to civilians subject to military law. Upon*- 
termination of ''employment,.; or when for any other 'reason need for the card ceases 
to oi&istv the card. .will bo recovered by the issuing office and proper- record made 

,(d) Requests for the issuance of cards will bo addressed' to the headquarters 
or office authorised, to issue the same, Each such request will be accompanied 
by two'- signed photographs of the individual, the '■information, to. bo entered on 
the card, and an .explanation of .the' necessity, for - its issue, including a state* 
mant as to ^/hefchor the holder is lively to have access ^ a G § ? ^S^&^it.i%. f1 
information, and that the individual has open ••inv^tig4lmi®-loiTO®JTOf 
Each sueh photograph T. r ill be full face ^without hat, si| 
be one and one-half (l|) inches by two (£) inches in s: 

(2) r Civilians employed in non^prof essional position of iittle responsibility- 
(such as janitors/, wat^Q^i >. cfewomou^ ' lift operators , and the like) will be 
Jssued suitable identification cards, or combination identification cards, and 
passes in such form and with such privileges, as may bo determined ^locally by 
the,, comma nding afficer conoernedt i 

(Clr 78, Hq EJOUSa, 26 3ept 19-43, cent) 

6* §&l&jpgl ]fa?g®$.. The issuance of passes to areas , bv.ildings, installations, 
and activities is a responsibility of tha off ioer .having juv isolation thereover, 
JLH persons entering or leaving the "buildings occupied by the iruoy and/cr Jfevy, 
■.."here irmy or Nairy guards are jn&intained for soevrity 'purposes , will ' hab?ltuslly 
bho^-y their passes. • 

^©r 4.3 abo-re, re&ti&g Jp assia:Uate4 xaisk for prisoner oi| ^^j!fa&ffoQG& > > 
not applicable to the $eel&nd ^s^C&smnd* 

*v Si^^^te, Jg^fete X^ m Smw^imU* i* certificates of iaentity 

for mnoombatants "fees M bM' Wr%$*$* Kero W~6C0-5&*43, 22 July • 

1943) ^ill 'be is^&d in the snl h^ tfca same headquarters as pro* 

vided in Far 4il* above, to, all p$rs*wel 9t$s?^pat$# in &t.r 4, .above, except; such 
^saerioan Ifetional Eed Cr«>sa • >?«fgfta£*$ ' art wit&inthe provisions -of : f^r '9, 
low. - 

|>« Gertif testes identity do -ia«34i(; *«$1*<?« f& $dent4£ic&tion "cards of the 65* 
sarins, but are in addition thereto will'b?; slendered. \x$on ' the departure 
ijf :the ' holders froai this theatir,/ 

9. J^Y^UJWflT.. flflffifl^ffift # . Personnel of .the Ameri- 

can Efetional Red Cross engaged 03&elv«$re#y in ike reixvsl, transportation, and 
treatment of the grounded and- the side, as well as in the administration of , 
sanitary formations ( including medical units) aitd establishments, and chaplains 
assigned or, attached to the Arw, are entitled to the protection of Articles 9 
and -12 of the Geneva Convention fer the Amelioration of the Condition of the 
Wounded and the Side (Pajrs 1&2, 103 s ard KJ6, FH 27-10, 1 Oct 1940), Such 
■personnel- will be issued identification card AGO Form No. 6f-10 (Sac I, tfJ) 
Cir 230,. 1942) ♦ They will net be. issued the Certificate of Identity referred 
to in &>r B, above. The provisions of ffcr 4; above? with respect to reports 
and records of identification cards, issued, will be complied with in rospect 
to the VIB 400 forms No. 65*10 as issued, ; (AG 2C0.2 OA) 

• ■ - By cow&nd of J4.m^v^^'^w^%''^W^&t. . ■ 
-" • ' ^ Ifejer Qeneral, GSG , Chief of 3taf£ f 

mmn.i*f- : ■ ' ' ; " 1 ; " 

■ s/ MOT! FUMISBR (B.T.P,) 

Colonel, AGD, Mutant General. . . JSS^MS^JS&t 

BEWDOfef 'HQ KOS 30-ISep 19A3 -> v ' ^JSSSi/SSs "C" less 

■ ' Ho/-aos 

(Cir 78, I3T0IJ&1, 26 Sept 1943, cont) > AfmWU #L 

>v ..... , , , . 

■ y . ' Date ' 


SUBJECT* lifer Department; Identification Card* 

l f .Request that | foe issued a War Deparl^inent identification card 

2, The following information is furnished for the preparation and 
issuance of the card? 

„ (Fill in each bl&nk space \rs printing or t^pe^/riter) 

mm in -full • ; : ■ / ; ; '.^ . 'ornm • ^ ■ ■ ' ; 

OF Bmf H ; : : ^; / ,'. X": ■ . ... ,gQLCE.-C^ ^ \ ' HA HI 

WEIGHS ; I lbs 5 ; •i^IGHT ' 'f t _'/'/■ ■ ; inches # 

3. I -'^haVe not previously seen -isaued a War Department identification 
card, • ' 

4. f ' : % previous card 't/as WD AGO 3form. No ff65*iy- **65r»£« - ' ' v » ■ 

% The fo3Ho?4nir facta are furnished regarding the loss' or destruction 
of nag previous cards " 1 

{Cir 7C, WmSk,. 26^-Sept- 194^> cont) /■>*7"" — — - - J&mWSX #2 

: , . ... . . ffjoht v rri"* 


Thi3 is to identify : 


vhose description and signature appear hereon, as a 
member of the United States . arj&ed £prjc«9g* >e^ing;;.'3ii the 
•European Theater of Operation© • 

Grad e .- . . , A S H . ..... '-.'i lag e.. ■ . ... .. m 

Home addross " • ' "' . ^ i i ; • < i - i m > ' i t 

Birthplace^^ - ; . , ^ , 

Birthdate „ ' ' .. ~jto£ah& l °' x . , ft ' , . . , .I n . 

, WT ■ ■ 

Weighty , . , : . ^. [ .,_ tii . l - I ba ' { stones , l bs ) 

Color, hai r; ; '. : v ' Color' Weg. ., t:]| .. i , , Complexion ^ 
"« §cars or ^^ihf^ahing "uarlas^. — . . 

(M$te*vv&.o£ soldier) 

Is sued t_ . . A ; •• • -B y: \ , ' : ; -. , . 

(Da) (ho) : (Yr) (Signature of issuing 
• • - '. - : officer-). . ... ■■■ 

(Karao) ' ' " ■ ". ' ' (Grade) • ^Branch)' 

Loss of this card will be reported inraediately to the CO 
of the individual named hereon. 

The finder of a .lest card will please return, it .IJead- 
fjuart^a^tfCk, JPICt'SA,, ,&F0 G71, US Amy. ; 

This, CaTd '•i&/vo^;4i' altered in any nanner^ unless 'such 
.alterations are initialed $y the responsiy officer, 

v . .c. Identification Card No. 

(To £e I .reduced to approximtelx ); 
• S^&t^pititofa when printed '"' ) 

Los 8 %? *t£iir card will be reported 
to the Theater Provost Marshal, 
F.TOUSA , without delay b^ the person 
named hereon^ with the circuni stances 
of loss. 

This card muat be surrendered to the 
office from which obtained v/hen the 
pttrpose for which it issued 
ceases to exist 

This card will be voided if altered . 
in aj£ r iEanner, 




MOT subject to military law 
of the 


(Size 2% l x A" when folded) 



This is to identify 


j Whose signatwe and photograph, appear hereon 
I as a civilian employee serving United States 
l^rmed forces and not street to military 
j of the United States. 

ifalidating o£f iqer. 

( Inside back 





Signed Photo 

(Photo 1^ x 2") 

Name tp be photo- 
graphed oq. nictiore 


Color hair 
Color eyes 

Identification Card No, 

Date issued 


Adra &r No, 69 



20 Sop 1943 

jCII^-IIgCRTATJ;^ OF LIQUCE: The quantity importation of liquor from the tJS 
except on £equisit ion by the Medical Department for i^diein&l purposes^ is 
prohibited* §ifta*ik^42£* 

For the COMitanding General: 


s/ C, R. UNDCT 
• C. R« LANDOK, 
Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General. 

R» ;7 # CRAt/F^w, 
Ifajor General, USA, 
Chief of Staff* 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS 33 December 1943 ♦ 

Cir 76 


X8 Sep 1945 

SS^E; r» See IV/ Cir 55, 5 0cV:i9$2, is resci 
British regulations require that all papers , oj 
between Northern Ireland ahd Great Briti&n be subjected* "censor ship by the 
British Traveling Censor*? Office at the port of embarkation or debarkation* 
3. Offioial papers ca rried by US Army personnel, and not be examined by these 
censors, must be covered by a sealed envelope bearing the certificate \ "pre- 
censored by dquarter s n , properly authenticated at headquarters of 

4« All private papers are subject to examination by British Travelers Cen- 
sorship Officers, (4G OOO t 73 f>uhGB) 

IV-^CARRYffTG OF ARMS» U Sec j, ciir 59, Bq ETOUSA, 9 Oct 1942, is rescinded. 
T£l Unit coCTiandqrs vdll be held strictly responsible for the security of t£e 
arns and aranunition in the possession of personnel of their respective units* v 
Provision will be loade for the safeguarding of all urns and ajaaunition when not 
being used for official duties* 

S. Special care will be taken to insure th-t anas ure carried only when required 
in the performance of duty* The carrying of weapons of any kind, including raz- 
ors and knives other than small pookst knives (thrsoodnch bl^de or less), dur- 
ing off -duty hours anong the civilian ^opulatiph will £e discontinued immediate- 
ly* 411 enlisted personnel /leaving station on furlough or pass will be inspect* 
ed by a comissioned officer to assure that the foregoing is complied with* A»y 
infraction will be severely dealt with. (AG 474 PubGC.) 

By oomand of Ueutenant General DEVERSt 


Colonel/ A#G*D», 
Adjutant General* 


Major General ^ GSC, Chief of Staff # 

H/J. 8. 

Atfm Cir No 67 


15 Sop 1943 


X~->BgITISH FRA ITK IHG PRIVI LEGES i I. In-order to eliminate the purchase and use 
of British postage stamps, ' arrangements have been made with" the British General 
Post Office "tW^^lt^tY^^y and delivGr unclassified .official mail from US 
lfi$M wtClnt H-i vorod by US. Array Post Offices, by one of the follow- 

^^iiill^^ftraiissifiod official mail from US APCs in the vicinity of British 
GPQ's will* be sacked, certified as official, and delivered to the nearest GPD, 
or its vehicles, daily, or more often if practicable. The GPO will, upon receipt, 
certify each piece and handle it as if postage were affixed, 

b. "Official Paid" labels (Form UK-1) will be issued, upon requisition, 
to smell units not stationed near a British GPO* Shis official mail be dropped 
in local pillar-boxes or delivered to sub-post offices -of the GPO, 

2 f The "Official Paid" label above -referred to will bo stocked by Depot 
G-30, 4PQ" 887, and its use will bo restricted to station? located where the 
British GPO does not maintain adequate facilities for certification and delivery 
of the mail in the manner specified in sub-paragraph fx * above, 

3« The methods; described above do not apply to classified as "Secret", 
"Confidential" or "Restricted". (AG 123 x 311,14) 

7-^RAILROAD AMB SUF.fAY TICKETS t Att^t^oti is 'invited to' tao English practice 
of collecting railway and' subway t|ekey£ at the point of cofipTetion of the 
journey gather than at the starting point* .Tickets, should not be discarded 
duringthe progress af the trip since all individuals who do not have a ticket 
to turn in at the exit gato aro required to purchase one before being avowed 
to pass, • ' J y .AG $52.3) 

For the Commanding c^n^ralr 


s/-c„ r, i/ara? 

t/ C, R, yj'vDOK, 
Colonel, A«G«D f , 
adjutant General, 


Major General, USA, 
Chief of Staff, 

The Adjutant General! s Office 
Washington 25 D. C, 

AG 312.1 (10 Sep 43)OB-S-B-M 

HJP/med *r 3 939 Pentagon 
13 September 1943 

SUBJECT: Classification of British and 
American Documents 

TO: The Commanding Generals, 

Army Ground Forces 

Army Air Forces 

ArmyjService Forces 
The Commander-in-Chief 

Southwest Pacific Area 
The Commanding Generals, 

Defense Commands 

Theaters of Operations 

Northwest Service Command 

Military District of Washington 

Separate Base Commands 
The Commanding Officers, 

Separate Base Commands 

Letter this offioe, AG 312,11 (10 Hoy 41)MC-B-rM, 13 November 1941, 
subject as above is> itfesciNPUD and the following substituted therefor: 

"1, British security definitions have recently been revised to estab- 
lish classifications of pST SISOllEt, SECRET, CONFIDENTIAL , and EESTRIOfEP. . 
The continuous exchmge of classified documents between American and British 
officers requires that all officers of the service who may at any time use or 
possess classified British documents understand the British classification 

»2, .Under the revised system cf British classification, British MOST 
SECRET and SECRET corresponds to United States SECRET,* United States and 
British CONFIDENTIAL and RESTRICTED classifications are equivalent. 

"3. On and after 1 October 194-3, all classified documents received 
from British Officers will be stamped or marked in the manner 'prescribed in 
paragraph 18, AR 380-5 , with one of the following statements; 

British MOST SECRET and SECRET equals United States SECRET 
British CONFIDENTIAL equals United States CONFIDENTIAL 
British RESTRICTED equals United States RESTRICTED 

"4, All classified documents, of the United states Army being: loaned 
or given to British Officers will be similarly marked with one of the following 
statements: . 

United States SECRET equals British MOST SECRET and SECRET 
United States CONFIDENTIAL equals British CONFIDENTIAL 
United States RESTRICTED equals British RESTRIC 

"5» No attempt 'will' "be made t$ r'eclr* sBify documents i^suPd'.pFior 
to 1 October 1943 ♦ Communication material will have the sane equivalents 
•"•s documents generally, 

{.'6* Itcis emphasized; that 
by or in the possession of military personnel and civilian employees of 
the War Department, are t.o;;^e ^.^m^pd^o.-,tlti^-. 4&gpe$. pre-spribed . for United 
States .Army dpcume^t^ ofe 'e^&iyale'ht^ jCli^s^icatioa'* 1 . tiyitigh • documents not • 
showing the. dual ci^ssif icaiion. shall be safeg\iar4ed according , 'to, the 
United States or British classification, whichever is higher." " 

; ^ /-/'^y order of the Secretary s - of War; ... , • • .- - ■ 

f- - ^ A 5 / : J» . A. Ulio 

COPIES HJF.NISHED:, ... . V/ . J. .A; U1IQ* ■- 

The Inspector General' . ' ■ Major General 

Office of War Information ' The Adjutant General 

' . . : : Att: Security Officer- .-• ; , . , . , w . . 

Dire^toi*' of $aval Intelligence , Navy. Department ' .. .' , . -, 

. . ' A.« C* : of 'S.., G~2 ? W.D.G.S. ', ; > .. '. ' , . ' , ! : , ../.''/ . 

Operations division, W,D,G.S, . 

. A* C. of S, , -Operations Division, ♦ * • \ 
Att;" Policy. Section [.i'^.''y-\ /'..",*'■■; 
Distribution I '"" ' , " 


.CHANGS OF iaaSRICAN UCmX FOR BRITISH HOM EY: I. 'The following paragraphs 
forth certain" desirable procedures in connection j^th_the exchange of U3 
oy-vf or British, 

2, US money should be exchanged for British ml 
unlisted men at the first opportunity after arrival in the UK* ( The exchange * 
is made at US Army disbursing offices or at local British banking institutions, 
as it is illegal f or stores, tradesmen and other individuals to engage ins such 
a transaction. 

3. Base section commanders, port com&anders (where applicable), transit 
c&mp commanders, and unit and detachment comraandetrs will bring to the attention 
of all concerned* especially newly arrived troops, the necessity for changing 
US money into British money only at disbursing offices and banking institutions, 
Oomaianding officers further will provide facilities for individuals to exchange 
their money , either through the m&Lvm of US Amy disbursing officers or through 
the medium of local British banks, B^st remits will be obtained when exchangee 
are made in bulk. 

4» The ferity of British banking institutions vn.ll cooperate in ex- 
changing US money when requested* The following banks outside London are US 

a; Barclays Ban^c £14 ~ England and Wales 

b, British lo^en BP"4s: - Scotland 

c» Northern Bai"& Inland > Northern Ireland 

£♦ The official rate of exchange isi one* ptfund sterling ($»1) for four 
dollars three and one-half cents (|4. §35) or four shillings eleven pence 
(4. lid.) for one dollar (§1). ^liis official rate is used by US Array disbursing 
officers, and by batiks if an officer representing the commanding officer makes' 
the exchange < If individuals, as such, present US nonay to banks for exchange, 
the rate allowed villi be less favorable than the official rate. 

6, Commanding officers will give sufficient prior notice to local dis- 
bursing officers and local banks relative to the desired exchange of money to 
enable these agencies to procure British currency to make exchange for the 
troops concerned. 

7» Newly arrived troops will not be allowed passes to civilian communities 
until the necessity for the exchange of US money into British money by authorized 
officials only has been explained and facilities for such exchange have been 

For the Commanding General: * 


OFFICIAL: , or general, ' USA, 

s/ C. R. UNDCT Chief of Staff. 

• 'C. H* LANDON, ' 
Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General, 
REPRODUCEP HQ SOS 14 December 1%3 1 

C&r 73 




•10 Sept 1943 

1942, is rescinded, 

2* Care must be exercised to reply promptly to corl 
civilians, especially when invitations to visit the! 
the British public are very generous in their offer! 

supplies which they have but are 'most punctilious in replies to invitations 
between themselves. They expect, and rightfully so, the same courteous treat' 
ment from our officers and men* In the event that an invitation has been 
accepted and it becomes impossible to attend, every effort must be made to 
advise the. host so that supplies may not be wasted and an impression of inr 
gratitude be created. (AG 353*3 X) 

By command of lieutenant General fEVEKSf 


v s/ RALPH PuXSmR'(B.T,S«) 
t/' RALPH PUL3IFER, * . 
Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General, 
REPRODUCED HQ SOS 33 December 1943 

Major General, GSC, Chief of Staff, 

• «J« S, 

Cla\71 Hq ETuUSA % Sept 1943 

• smmx m immm jkmo kingdom WAErTm i^rictions affecting 


(to be posted on JfruHetin boards t A more couplets and 4etail©d list of sue!* 
restrictions will be found on file in the heidquarters of each sej»rat| 
ment f . brigade:^ division^ and higher pown^ndV) 

1. Cir 60, Hq ETOUSSl , 13 Oct 194?., is. rescinded 

2, RESTRICTIONS $N TRiVI' T.*.. a^ . : Ireland .' No person • subjspt . to American.. military 
control under this headquarters. wiXK visiifc Sire except on specific authority \ 
issued by Headquarters ETOUSA, and then pn3y in the performance of official ,duties 
&t poastal /rests . No person may enter the coastal areas of Norfolk, Suffolk, 
Essex, Kent, and Sussex westward to Litilehampton (inclusive), and .the Isle of 
Wight | except for the purposes of official business or brief visits to relatives 
or friends. - In such excepted cases, any person sub .feet to American military 
control will carry on his person a permit from his commanding officer stating the 
reason' for the visit and the. date of its -termination* . This permit will be sut>* 
ject to examination by police authorities*' . ' . 

£ # . Prpteqted ftreas ,. These areas consist of the Orktxey and Shetland Islands, and 
parts of the Western Highlands ap& islands of. Scotland f and will not be entered 
without a permit obtainable from a Military ?ermit Office Ideated in I^nion^. 
"Edinburgh or Glasgow. - 

fie^ulaibed Areas . At present these" are certain coastal areas in the west a«4 
north of Scotland, from Helensburgh to .a point on the east coast of Caithness, 
Generally speaking, there is no restriction on entry, but there may be jjestrio* 
tion on movement v/ithin such areas* ; 

?• 0OffR91t OF TR&jFFIfi . a t gpeed.. Limits. United Kingdom speed limits for motor . 
vehig|£| in built-up areas are 20 miles per hour du ring blackout and 30 miles per 
hou# ggL jother times, (See also military restrictions on speed, e.g., Cir 6l> Hq 
Epu^9;A^ 1943,) 

ta> Bujr Queues ., Improper queuoing (lining up and awaiting your turner failure 
to o^ue (liie u|)j for ' puTplic vehicular '''"trappc^rtati^n is unlawful, - 

4« OBJECTS OF ENEff CfelGIN. . All such objects dropped from ihe air oroo^er^ise,. 

' ^whether ; mr' materi^S' "pip. private' property of , members of ensmy forces, will be 
delivered or reported immediately tp the pr^f^-i&34^^ to the. 

police, ' ' ' -„.■/'■. 

y RESTRICTIONS ON CER^I ACTIVITIES. a^hoto F rarhv or Sketching No' photo- ' 
hs or sketches will be^made of prohibited objects without a permit- from the 
appropriate military authorities, Qameras'may not be carried in the Orkney pr 
Shetland Islands, aboard ship in territorial waters without a permit from the 
naval authorities, or when prohibited ^ocalUy in regulated areas. 

Tel escopes or binoculars may not he car«ied reflated' areas without a 
permit • .- '. 

* 6* 1&STE, it is unlawful to waste fppd, water, or;£\iel including petrol^ or to 
' fc?s^?oy^h0-~saavagoable value of waste paper , r?^ 3, rope,. string> • or rubber. 

(Cir 71, STOUSA, 2 Sep 1943,* 

municating without authority with any person in enemy or en<W^ocpupied torrifoj^rT 
]3* Trespassing on or loitering near any government promises used for important 
war purposes, 

c. B.l&ck market' offenses, i*o* f evasions of any control imposed by the government 
on the acquisition of any article or on the price a'4 which it may he sold. 

d. Obstructing or endeavoring to .persuade from the3^ duty members of tjie UK' 
forces or public servants j of inciting anyone to evade duties of national servioe 
to whieb he may become pliable* . 

o« Trespassing on agricultural 3#nd on which there is/ growing any crop other 
than grass* \ 

8. LIGHTING KffSTftlCTIONS . §.* Lights on sarvioO vehicles will be fitted as pre- 
scribed by the military authorities. 

During blackout hours no light will be displayed in the open except tha$ f Imh 
lights may be used provided that* (!) Tho aperture does not exceed one inch in 
diameter j (2) the light is white ai^diamiedj (3 J the beam is directed downward at 
©ill times* 

% ' POSTAL RESTRICT IQI'I^ a a. It is unlawful to mail packagee^ntaining fooo> 
stuffs out of the British Isles. , 

It is unlawful to sard any package through the mails which. conta tern articles 
jf a dangerous nature sual* ai^ explosives , matches, corrosives, etc* 

Except to countries on tfra AmvXfsnn continent it is unlawful to send through 
jho mails-, without a censorship pormlt^^sny^ printed matter, photographs , goods or 
other commodities* ■ 

JLQ. ffpUNCTIONS TO THE BRITISH PUBLIC (which may well be observed by members , of 
the American forces). a. Waste avoid waste of any kind, and sea. thai .all 
salvageable material is conserved for collection. 

£• Spending «— avoid unnecessary esspen^itpre.,-. particularly lonjLuxuries* 
e* Travel avoid all unnecessary travel. (AG ^11.5 PubJA) 

By ooiipand of I4ou^bej^t C^neral DMSliS; 



Oolonel, AGD, Adjutant General* 
REBR0DUGS3) HQ SQS^ Sep 1943 


' ; I. H. SWARDS, 
KSa Jor General,.. GSC^lObief -o£-£taf f * 

ION: »B» 
ION: "C 1 leas 




AG 353 M3C £9 August 1943 

SIJBJUOf s Education in Military and Current Affairs. 

TO t Commanding General, V Corps. 

1, In the training of the African soldier the purely military an4 
technical aspects usually stressed* It it essential However, that in 
f-.diition! the soldier be mentally pjpapnred for battle, He .must kfcow an$ 
understand the vital necessity tfre succfcssfu}. conclusion of the war. 

2^ To assist in accomplishing this <m*«U it is 3a&ired that you^b*? 
lish. within the olenents of your cdsimand a weekly Education Program to in- 
still in ill military personnel the |'o^3*ewingj 

a, Conf i dense- in ttw oor«&4« • ' • 

o"« Prido ih service and a 901** per&onf'l participation, 
1% Knowlo4ge pf tho causes. and proi;rofS oi 1 the **ar# 
^ A better* understanding of oujr *tl£4#s, _ 
*u An interest in current events .and -the-ir relation to the wiv <*nd 
the esTtablis.hmo'nt of tho peaee f 

$• To further the so ends, each $0|?arate unit Qwm&nfep will arrange to 
have matters of current interest, a? d$#i$»«t0d '.%■&■ pr;ra£i;raph 2 o, d, and © 
above j. und matters- of leadership and confid©nc0 in the oor.w^nd^us'^indioa'^ed 
in paragraph 2 a and b^ above, discussed periodically within his command; 
Such di s pus s i oiflshou • b© by eompnny commanders personally or by selected 
officers and ICG's from the o<«hn«i as d©^ed host by the unit opjgptvn^e.r. • 
It is desired to vmka it clear thut the proper presentation of this material 
irv a, command function nnd should bo h-mdlcsd as such* You are authorised to 
devote one (I) Hour of graining tiiis per week to this program* 

4» The Special Service Section, SOS* ET0IJS& wf J.1 prepare and distribute 
the material for such weekly discussions^ maintaining in '-their discretion a 
reasonable balance between the signifiennoo and progress of military events 
and current events, relations with,' pur allies, jjto* 'this .pat© rial w^ll be 
dated and delivered sufficiently in advance for sons i deration by the staffs 
eencurned at least two days before, ultimate use. 

5? Direct communication bwtv/ean your headquarters and Spooinl Servian 
Section, B03 ? ETQtfgA, is authorised in Conducting th^s program* 

8. In order to m};<* the p^.an effective it tall he necessary to provide 
and train un» #4ucut^on officer of suitable rank: in your headq-uartarflsand in 
of your subordinate heMquarters 'down to an,d including divisions • 

By command of lieutenant general DEVERSf 

' ' • S/ RICHARD P. FISK" 


Lt.Colonol, A,d,D«f 
Assistant Adjutant General 


26 Aug. 1943 

Jiq ' 

1. - Generall y Cir- 88, Hq ETQHS**-, SO Pec 1942 j Sec Wf ,^<5^%f,I|^iJbii^ 
Sac WTCir 3^, 23. Mar 1943; Seio ip, Cir 45*. 21 May 1943? Soc y f Cir 49, 8 June 
1943} and So q. Ill, Cir 56, 19 July 1943; arov rescinded. Instructions therein 
are' superseded by this circular. - go. ■ g\^r4ina-tQ compandor will publish orders, 
a t variance with or- no ro res trie tive than ^the instnioliions c ontaine^^ere in* N 
F, TJao ' ■provj^sions of this" curculsr apply to all person's subject "to miliary law, 
To- incl-nda all civilians.. aeoom^anyangVor'- serving 'With .••this ooimaand in the field 

(./I/ £)• 

c« • The-torp "nail* 1 as used ho ruin- appli-ei.: to personal nail, cablegrams, and tulo* 
"grajas Written by members of this 'coi^uaud* * 

2. Mail -of En.Iis.ttfd Me ni ^11 a&il written by u&cibcrd of this comnand, no "ratter 
to whQEi' addressed, willTbw sublet, to ce>tSoi;s.h$p» Kail of enlisted non will be . 
deJ>o&itud in jifcil boxes in conpany (battery, etc.) orderly rooms only* It will 
be unsealed and will bo censored Pflfc niihdrfod per c ent by company o'f^io'o rs, except 
that the following classes of 3%ail ; wjlT bo s fr'a ' "by 'the* writer and will not be 
censored or unit st amped by Qomp^y office rs t , 
a* f Blue- enveloposT'tSe'e $for '■ '5 .'";' u 'v ■ . . * 

d** Letters, addressed to prisoner* of; war (See Par 11)« 

"c, J^ail" «^ittqn in foroign. languages.; The writer will indicate.^in 30ft pencil 
on* the fafco* of the -envelope, lowttf* laft hand oorner, or at the top of V-«ail 
letters 1 i^ie language \n which thv lettor is written. Such mail is subject to 
base censorship only* • The unit censor villi not countersign foreign language 
mail ' affix ' tha uait censorship.; staup thereto* permission to write in a 
foreign langux-^o i:\ust bo obtained freu either the unit cor:uumder or the theater 
censor * ' ;• \ - >• 

d* Officers' 1 mail (Soe ^r 6)« ' 

T. Unit Cens orship t a* Co.ipuny officers will censor nail of enlisted oon with* 
in 24 hours oT'the tinTo of posting and forward^ saalod, to^ a base consor through 
APO chamois.* ■ Commanders will desighato as many ofiicers as required to insure' 
that jaail posted by troops will bo censored ^nd forwarded within 24 hours a fter 
p osting ■ Enlisted personnel will not be us e d to cms or un'i^ ila*il» Regimental 
ar' higher headquarters nay do"sigh"te l warru»T t officers as censors' when 'expedient. 
Coimianding officers of hospitf<ls will do sign- 1^- as ©nny officers as' required to 
censor the mail of petientn and hospital pursounol. *3.nor violations of censor- 
ship will bo out fron letters, except that nothing will be cut fron a V*iaall 
lottor. Delations in v-u«.il wi^ll bu i^do vdth blaclz inic only, Letters con- 
taining gorleral or frequent lainor Solutions will bo returned to the writers for 
vocational purposes, Und.(=rr no circurastaiiCQS will liters be mutilated by 
excessive 'deleting* - . r :% > . . ; - 

*Unit"conTiandors wi li enter - the following Infomation on the copy posted on .the 
bulletin board » : , 

is the correct -address ' fqr this "un3tt« 

-The coda cable-, address, of -this .IPO is 

k* Unit oensors will not repeat, discuss * amke excerpts from, or additions in any 
Torm whateQe^r to pergonal letters suT^ecrtea to their cWsarship w^ere censor^ 
ship violations are not involved., ~~^™-«~-r^^~t~^ 

o. After censorship* the unit censor will, opntorsign a letter "by signing his 
nam© and rank legible in ink on the lower left hand corner of the envelope and 
stamp above his name with censorship stamp* 

<i« It will be the '''responsibility' of unit conrianders to initiate appropriate 
disciplinary action against members of their commands who commit m$or' or 
frequent violations of censorship, regulations • 

e* Requests for censorship stamps will ~be made in accordance with FM 30.-25 
far 48 b* 'Censorship sUmip will be safeguarded against unauthorized use, ' 
r iV " ' " ''Btm & 'n ve 1 o go s t a. Blue envelopes will be issued at the rate of four per 
man th to elQJa to d men to enable, then to write letters? on p ure ly pore onal o r 
family taatters* The writer's signature on a "blue, envelope" certifies that the 
contents therein pertain strictly to personal o r iflamily ma tter s » tla.oh "blue 
envelope 1 ' . will be oenso.-e'a "only by basb cons or s* Unit q"^sb'rg'~'will not stamp 
"blue envelopes 11 * V-mail nay bo"Triolbse(i in a "blue ojpje3.ope M > in which case it 
must bo addressed to V~Mc\il Section, /-yPO 38 7, bettors sent in "blue env elopes" 
which violates these instructions, will bi- returned by base censors to ffi^s orders, 
o. The use of "blue envelppos if by'off leers' is prohibited, L ' _ ■ "■" ' 
c* "Blue envelopes" may be . rc^^sit^oned 1 ty- .organisation ' .poiaiaandors in the same 
manner as othe;r stationery supplies* 

d* No envelope will be substituted' by the writer for the official US Army "blue 

6» Officers 1 Mailt Kach officers and warrant wi^l censor and seal his own 
• mail. ' ' Bxoe'p ting as set forth in par 17, ni§ name , priiitod* together with full 
address, will appear on the upper 1b ft hand carrier of the envelope* The officer 
will : sign above his typed or printed name and such signature will constitute a 
certificate that he Has complied with censorship rogul *ti >ns* Un it Stamps will 
net be used on o f fleers* majl # Officers* and warrant offioers^fcl 'is ,f subject ' . 

6V Base^Censorship j i\ll mail" 'to include ordinary letters, letters in blue 
envelopes , ''V-mail.*' $ f f i^ers T mail , and parcel post, is subject to re~a«msorship 
by a base censor* 

7* Prohibited Statements t Info noati on useful to the enemy or affecting the 
security of - or ' goo ci "relaiiions with Grfcat Britain or other allies not be 

included in private correspondence* The itema listed below are the most 
important and. will not be mentioned in personal lettarf«* 

a. Any information or details of the trip across the Atlantic, especially the 
names of the transports, ports and -da tes -of embarkation and debarkation* number' 
of ships in convoy, naval vessels or aircraft accompanying the convoy* any actipn 
with. the enemy, length of voyage, route followed, or other detaUs. oi k t ^c^p^^%W a W% 
Jb. similar inforraation or details ..of transatlantic or ° 4HhB« 4 u fff 1 1 
"e. Strength, efficiency, training, morale, or crganisatilillfiSM $?M?«£ 
at* Location, movement, engagements* or operaifcions of nayiiRlrSx^FOTy, or air 
Tbrce or-anisations, to include position or description of billets, stations* or 
camps* ' "'''■'/'-'''. > 

e* Direct or inferential information linking an APQ- or station number with an 
exact geographical Locution* (This prohibition does not apply to general and 
station hospitals )• 

(Qir #65, ETOUSA, 26 4ug «<3/cbntd 

f * Armament or w<iuipment of any kind whatsoever* 

distinguishing f^gA* used • to-;. identify organisations or their furmisportatien 
or baggage* 

h. m |nf ormation-oir details of operations against or by thf tf>fte|fti«P£ llih&L or 
Til the-air* 

|* Plans and forecasts or orders for future ops rations , 

fi\Q use.*, condition, or probable extension. oi ! roads, railways, v>r trans* 
portation/ ^iid n^.gjw4 ^omraMnio&tion -facilities*- . . ' . 

k« . $tate of the maintenance of the services, including any reforence t) reserve s* 
f* Casualties, to include injuries or deaths by accident or natural causes, 
laeCore official publication o r relea s e.* 

a* 'V|^6n^.tl^ l ''br"^^l:^l» of any enemy action or reference to any resul ts <<£ 
eriemy 'action ' 

n» Detailed reports, of tlio .weatbe-r in. such- form as to be helpful to -the enemy* 
o*. Criticisms and e tatoments t^t-t rii|lit tend to bHng our armed forces or those 
of our allies into disrepute** ; '.. 

0* prohibited. Inclosuvus andl Jffii! Hatte r; Jfcne of the following will be includ- 
ed in' pr'ivd^ "fetters' s 'a*' .Classified' ^oouk^nts of fyiQ Un^tQd $tates or allied 

b* . Documents captured from the or containing enejny |»£or»a'&on.* 

• Cede** oiph^rs»#.'8ho>th«iii4^ ifrpiV- ur-.fciwj& gaps.?* 
% Drawings f ' sketch©?-, musi c ut\i*^«©^%t« , ■ arid ■ paintings will be submi tted to the 

e* photographs ot 'pictojr'i&l -#atte,r4 whi#u ,©fcther alone or taken together wi$i ' 
IJie/ietter, are een : $ oriole 

f« Jitters for publication in -%\%® -|>f»es$# except through authorised channesl* 
. g, i^dvertisecionts or te^t&rs fcjr publication inyitiftg correspondence with 
strangers, . ' 

hv Replies to letters or gifts ftoin unknown persons; to advertisements or other ; 
requests inviting correspondence, with unknown persons* 

i. ^Ohftitelettfirg" ! / .^1^ t * ft S q ^ j^( • Qy ^ hews letters* * Unit and 

' liaise 'ce»sdrs''' l wi'll .' r©tuBi r 'ut'V' suctr totters to thuir &m<&r& ' - " ■ ' 

j, Newspaper or magusin«* clippings with connected or ass ocf.a ted personal ^omments 
which disclose prohibited information* 

9*. Picture post Cards which may connect a geographical location with ah 4P0 
number,'" location 1 ' 'of - ' orfy\tiXx$%ioto § or route or- travel may not be sent- through th®. 

10* Phonograph Recor ds will not be nailed by personnel of this connand* 
11* Corresponde nce ^Tth Prls.;ne-rs of Titer s a- Members of this command, regard4 
less or rank, will e^erciue ;jreat "cautivn in~vriting to friends or relatives held 
as prisoners of war to the end that no information cf value is ^iv^n to the 
enemy* Ho military address nor APO nur.ber will be used as a return address in intended for prisoners of wr.r* tfcil to friends or relatives held as 
prisoners of war in enemy or enemy occupied countries must be sent only through 
a friend or restive residing in the continental United ota-ces, which friend or 
relative may forward such mail using snly a United States civilian return address* 
]j;>tning will be mentioned in either return address or -text of such mail identic 
fyin^ the slenders t or anyone else*, as being a member of the military service* 
b* iJLl personal mail addressed to the United • ista -cos- and containing prisoner of 
war letters for re-nailing in the States will by forwarded in cover envelopes 
direct to the Theater Censor by the unit censors* The cover envelopes will be 
^.beled in the lower loft hand corner? ^prisoner of Wag $ai|" 

(■Cir 65, BTOtTS^ 26 Aug 43, Coned) 

12, photographic Film? a. d*Xt m^.ve.f^|^j^^|r5^ip > .-fflat©rial # .- including 
Ko-dachrome f ||lm> expo9ed~""hy amateur photographers will be pant classified as "Con- 
fidential", to the, theater Oon^o-y/ Hq- BT^SIw far. processing and . censorship, • > . 
Under not circumstances will undeveloped ,filifls-. ^ processed by an unauthorised 
indivi dual or sent to .a roly ilijan :Ib^^o^t^ ^f'or ,d eyelopin g» . 

b* All official and ac^r^E/^e'ci pho^^rap^rS'*: ;'-^iJ^i J wi\l'*0- handled in accordance 
with FH 30-26, an<i Regulations^ for Correspondents in (July 1942), ■ 

13, -rosing. MQil^ » " Except. €ts provi%d ' in -Atom, •nsaft 'paragraph*- all personal nail of 
members of this command (to include civilian •employees, technicians, attached Rod 
Cross. personnel, etc.) mil .be trans ratted only through the United States ,.rmy 
Postal Service* '". This' includes intra-tJni tod Kingdom mail, . $lo mail, will be posted. 
in civilian poet offic es " or' b oxes , 'or Red -Pros s Facilities ^ n- 

; yso , di^ xyl X^.Pos^ .llHol'e No APO is &WiT£aTi& et. ifaenever any. member of this 
command is' on ' leave 1 ' or"Is stationed in a region 'xn the United Kingdom whore the 
Army postal Service is not. operating, 'he is authorized, to post mail in a, British 
Post Office. - Such mail will teir British postage at British rates and will be 
subject to British civil censorship* ^Tho writer "Will write- on the envelope "No 
USMPQ available" ♦ Th*> writer must ct^mply yith ; censors,hip regulations contained; . . 
in this circular, (Souh parsons- pay. kla.o- 8en<t .;enclQ$.od in a separate 
envelope; trough 'the British $9 .$&jr $$'utfW- : -%P & $ '.Of fieaJU., ■ 
15, Addresses fur mail; a, - The •^i^e^t'^d-drejas. a member of this command to be 
us^d 'a- oorrespoadoiif in tho. -United states or 'Canada, is - the yank,- name, organij&a«* 
tion, Army, post Office number f and "$ew York C%tyV\ For example? 

. pvt, JohnQ. Jones, • ■•■ ( .,. ■• - ' y~'y ':t . Sgt* lll£#Q& T* Smith ■ • -. " ' 
: % Coy K, 999 th mfantry, ■■ ■ . > . ^/ Hq* / * ^ - .Corps, ■ , . •' • : • 

. ■■• • flP Q y 'HSw York Cityw • A?0 '""^'V Kow 'York City, 

b* ?he correct a4ire,ss.0f-.a memb&r. .of isfeis- . 0v?;;ssan4'' b© used by. a .&Q.rrespQn4$nt 
^oeate-d; within the same- country in, theater; of •oper&tinns as ■ the- addressee is the 
same , ats -5ho\vn^ in a -above, except t^at. th^ ; ^ rds "US Army" will be substitute^ f pr 
. rt lfew York.'Ci1^; ,, i *£or example?' ,.■<■■ . : A . ■ ■. 

Pvt, UohnQ.. Jones, . Sgt*' Alfred T. Smith, 

« Co. K, §99th infantry, Hq» C jrps, 

iiPO ( , U,S» Army Z .■'■.'"••'■•■' ^0. . ; U»S« ^rmy, ..• - 

c* Exjcepting as set. f orth in Par 17, the fieuaa form of address as in a or b, above- 
"shaXl appe ar in th$ up ; per left hand comer of the outside cover of &Xl po"stod idb.11 
as- the ( roturn address of the membors of i^is command, ,.. - ' ' . ^ , • 
IS, Mai l to Enemy and ^nemy QocupiQd- Gountrlest . .Mail.. ?or enemy- Indrpnemy. ecdopied 
countries., e^c , epting''prisoiaar v 6f war mail, ^nKbt be sent by either the i^nay Postal 
Servi pe or %a Ci vij • pos t ■ Of f i ce « J^ambe rs, of t hi s comman d. who wi#h to send 
-messages .'.*t!? , .fei9t|yo# • %q th6'*« countries will make personal arrangements with repre* 
sentatives^ -of '..the- American j^ed Cr.D^s. Care-. Should be taken that such letters do 
not subject relatives to punishment or reprisals, 

?^il to Heu^al Coufetriesf Mail : addressed to neutral 
re-turn 'address' o.tjty3** '.than -the', name - and ranK- o-f t3he write "r.WMlfir^ip; 
Censor, ETC US Anpy R « ^ 

18« Use ' of .Fri.vat» address prohibited ?;; Ifo, member of -this l^jamand :.will .use ahy 
private address, to include hotels, clubs, CiHl post Office "boxes, etc*, for mail 
or tele-grama . JTeither official n,or. hot-sl stationery will be, -used for privqat© 
qoire spon donee in such a manner as to disclose the location- of the writer or 
-connect .an. AP0.,n^ 


(Cir #65, ETOUSA.* 26, Aug 43, 

19, personal Cable grams and Telegra ms s Members of thia command raay aend and ro*> 
ceive personal cablsgr:«ms and telegrams. All cablegrams and tele groms are subject 
to censorship. Prohibitions applying to personal mail/ as set forth in pers 7 and 
8 herein* likewise apply to all cablegrams and xelogramj written by members of thia 
command, vfaen such cablegrams and telegrams are ^l ^*|ira^i®ft || fI?NP^NF* 
telegraph conssra after censorship requirements are satlaS^ffi f -4 ^1 ^SP* 
20,. Code Cable Addresses $ a« The cable address of a memWM m$Mm&iM^?h9 SAl! 
consist of his' grade (one word only need be used), name, and array serial number, 
.fallowed by tW oa acT words to ' designate the /.nay PosF"offioo Camber! Tne first 
?\rord is' the code dablo address consisting of a six letter ^ord, the first twj 
letters of which are always W AM-*— '% The second is the routing- w:: rd of eight 
letters* Examples of correct addresses are 5 


GApT JOS BECMJ Op 6 7 69 A&SFGH GH0??X,J#G ' 
W The code wordslfor Array Post Offices, then organised* woro published in 17D 0ir- 
oui;- rs an/d 378 (1.94£)t Code cable addresses also ajfc> on file in each telegraph, 
cable* and radio office in the United states authorised to receive these 'messages 
and can, be obtained by senders. Regimental r.nd other commanders will publish 
correct cable and code words to taeir comm&nds. 

81* Ordinary Gables und Telegram s foOMJS)i Ordinary tele grama of the sender's mm 
composition may "be sent from ' ahy^pable' -r" radio, office, or any British Post Office 
in the United Kingdom. Slenders will p&y the normal charge for such telegrams. 
Telegrams will bo .censored ' central ly 'm&VT control of this headquarters. The : 
sender will comply with the censorsh^ r«*g^l»ti«)ii3 oontaihod in pars 7 and 8 above, 
and may not be advised of deletions op complete $topp&p of a m$**&Q* sen--* 
der must show his /U^O code cable a tidies s ( a letter code -worci beginning with let* 
ters AdJ-^*-) Q& ^aoh.ieaaago" form*. fe^a|»dja#s ; of class of message, for transmission 
as a. part of the preamble 9$ the telegram* The signature must consist of at l^ast 
two words, the first, name {or initial) an-i the last naao. Neither the grade,, 
unit, or branch of service will appear in the signature. \fhm deliveredin the 
United States, the location of tho sender will not appear in the ^lagrais?* 
22* EKpeditionary Force ISegsa^a (HF M*S)t In addition -*tQ 1fre ordinary \%9%stgr^» ■ 
of the sender 1 'a o\m tiot^wi^m'' '{ &Q}$}i"jB&B$QtB. #f this wmm&< .'may send Exped|~ 
tionary Porqe. Messages . &to$?W'hr gpf .tsl.e$rGiftS "i4,%),'mt W^eaen-M for 
-trar^siciraioa at cable company , of rices or oi'4.1 |?ost office* but will be present ed 
for cans rah* p and trans^asiQn pnly to the; u ni t .censor, of ■ ' the s n'eq^r ♦ s^organiT~ 1 
ixdn "or'lief* dquarters.. "'l-fcfr taeasuges^iaay oiSiTit! of "'up"'%> ! " ! '^hree 8u^e~o#Tixe dn- 
iext me f sages' and will be sent on blank forms provided for the purpose. The 
numbered f£xad-text messages which may bo sent arj printed on ths> b'.ck of "StM* 
message forxos. The charge for eacJj, such fixed message is 2s 6*d. Messages "EFK 
may be sent from the United States to menbers of this command at a charge of 60^, 
plus' Pedera-l tax.- 

2S. Censorship of Cabl es an d Telegrams 5 a, Sender's composition telegrams (3CM) 
wi 11" be* e ^ny ore *i" 'by Ua Army" elisors* in aTl c nolo and radio outlets. 
b« V 'EF11 U telegroiijs viil\ be subnittod to unit oensorshio in the same manner as pro* 
vide d for consorfihip of perse nal he 11. bonder 's of f; EFI-l" telegrams will submit 
aucsh .;if»&Aages ,bo. their unit- censors fur. ufeifc* bonsorship and stfjrrping 'aitVt the • 
censorship stamj.-> of the uidt* -l'hc> unit cen&or will apyment for ''SFM" 
messages* and wi31 file i?.ily such mesaages at Q\e most eonx-enient civxj. telegraph 
offiae# Bach unit censor "Brill identify hinself to the telegraph office concerned 

and will instruct such to legraph of floe where he files ; *FU M "to 1© grams to accept 
tt EFM* tele grains from .no other person, ' $o "BFi# telegrfura vl XX be accepted by. 
t^Xagraph compajiiQs 'unless' such message * ; is stamped with the unit censorship stamp 
of the, sender's organi^'ation." '\At points where >ortanisiti9Afl higher than gcit.- 
panics are s-tatioiv3d, telq.gra^,?^ aftQr being censored by .'the unit censoi*/ may 
bo fa rwar do d through channel* to; battalion, regimental^ or 4i^ision heo dqur^'ters 
to bo consolidate and filed by any officer designated for the purposu. A 
syston, of receipts will bo established by the unit censor &o that the sondar f s 
of "EFM" telu^rana can -be assured that thoir messages h&ve b§yn accepted by cno 
telegraph company* •' , 
E4 f Transfer of Funda' t a, ' i k ll United States Amy personnel and civilian .employees 
who aro subject to tho (jFticlus of Tyar and provided with-'.JD Identiflo-ti jn Crrd 
V© AGO form No, 65 series (Authorized by Se# I, Cir 3, Hq BTOUSA, 9 J^n 1943} nay 
transmit funds to the United, States by the f^ll^win^ methods: 

(-1) Official Treasury chocks, which may show only the name * ranE, seri al number j 
and APO of, payee, and ba made payable only in the Unite U StaTos'7 

(2) US postal money order* which jaay show only the u-ame # rank , serial numbor , and 
APO of the sender* " • • - 

(3) Through the modiura of <x rnmercial cable or facilities offered by banks, provided 
that no information other i&an the following is indicated- in the cable : name and 
address of payue, and of remittor* (The* rank, organization, or APO number 

of 'khe 'sender will not be showii'ih the cabl e )» 

b# > Unit and' organisational 1 'funds may bu ttfTnsferred^ to the United States by United 
States postal- money "»ruors or official- Tra&asuy checks only. APO numbors are 
authorized on- such money orders and ohooks*' - 

Z5J. Explanation >f Cir qui ar t XL'aeh 1 organization- and tfctachwont commander will 
fully explain the provisions of thiU circular to all officers -and men of his unit 
within. £8. hours after rooiopt, thereof , a*td ms often thor*cafter as required to 
maintain censorship socuritry* . Regime nt&l nnd' &Uai 11 ad ooiirtau^rs 11 bo ragponsi* 
ble that this explanati j>jl 'is nadV to ^all fcew" units anJ pursannol immediately upon 
arrival in this thoator* f ' ' (AG 000*73! iPub GB) 

3y command of Lieutenant Ctene xxl SEVERS % \ " : 

• : 1. h, Ei>r;*:*DSi - . . 

. 'Major. General, 0SG# Chiof of Staff* 
OFFICIAL* ' . . * ^ ■ ■ ; ' ^ . » : 

' s/ RALPH PULSIH'jH> • ' - 

t/ RiXPH PULSIFER, , - . • 
Colonel, AGD, adjutant General* • ' . - ' DISTRIBUTION 1 n %~l« 

* KsoMlBUnc^t C less non*SQS 


services OF SUPPEST 

AG 31^C^-Ju^l943)-P, -llflllLB^^i^ 1CJ - X4 Aug 1943 

SUEJECT: Duties of Regimental and Unit Mail Clerks* 

TO : Commanding General, Eighth Air Force - x 

Commanding General, T Corps 

Commander, European Wing, Air Transport Command 

Commanding General, Iceland Base Command 

Base Section Commanders, SOS r ETO 

Commanding Officer, US Assault Training Center 

Commanding Officer, 24th Airways Communication Squadron 

Commandant, American School Center 

Headquarters Commandant, SOS, ETO 

1; Attention is invited, to ths provisions of Section II, Circular 
W$., 29 ^Fun 1943* requiring regimental and unit m%l clerks tq 
qheck the correctness, of the return address on all outgoing miXf 

2+ ^h$ War I)epa^men1} -hftfl directed that the necessity for compliance 
with such- provisions he emphasized to all postal officers and unit and 
regimental mail clerks , 

for the Commanding- General .: 


Colonel, AGD, 
Aci^utant General 




12 August 1943 


British Security Reports, 




Coironanding Generala? 
V Corps, 


Eighth Air Force, 

GOHananding Officers? 

European Wing, uir Transport Oomosnd, 
24th Airways Goajnunicatioita Squadron, 
U.S. Assault Training Centex, ETOUSA, 
American School Center, 
Special Troops, ETCUSA, 

1, Reference is made t$ letter, thin he&dqasrters, dated 2 February 
1943 * file and subject as_abav#, a a amejadad by letter 15 February 1943 # 
same filo and subject. ' 

2. Several instances Involving violations of the above letter have 
been reported to this headquarters* 

a^. On various occasions, Qtv&Jfftui allying for ©i^loyment by the 
UniteoT States Army have'been that their employment would be coo*- 

tingoct upon a favourable report "from British Security or British Intelli- 
gence authorities} or %Wi they would have to undergo a security chock or 
be "vetted^, 

b. In at l^ast one Instance a t «*r* has boon prepared $ which is 
carried by hand of appli<mt, *foich tactions* the vetting process. 

3« P«r 11, letter referred to In Par 1 above, is quoted balou: 

*11, The following instructions villi be complied r&thi 
a. Under no tiirousjstancos will the applicant bo permitted 
^to have kno*&edge of the fact that his name has, bean sub* 
mitted to tfco British Security Service nor vjill the applicant 
be caused to fill in tfao form. 

Ho persqn should bo informed that he has boon turned 
down by the British Security Service . 
c. The contents of a report q£ investigation must not be 
disclosed to a candidate, to a person who sponsor* him, or 
to any unauthorised person", 

4, It is desirod thaf j^pyUgte steps be taken to enforce com- 


with provisions o; 

By cocpQwi of 

/s/t/ Ricna^l P, Fisk, 

Each addressee (2) 

Lt f Colonel, A.O.D,, 
'Assistant Adjutant General, 

"Bach General and Special 

, ffcaf t iection/^OUSA.ll) ^ 
CG, Iceland Base ooiwcancT (21 


The Adjutant General r -s Office 

AG 413.44 R&<3ar (7 Aug 1943)OB-S-B» 

9 August 1943 

SUBJECT t Publicity of Radar 

TO* The Commanding Generals, 

Army Ground Forces 

Army Air Forces 

Army Service Forces 
The Gomrander~in-Ghis£, 

Southwest Pacific Area 
The Commanding Generals, 

Defense Commands 


Theaters of Operations 

Service Commands 

Base Section 
The Conrnian&ing Officer 0, 

Base Commends 

■ 1 

1. Officers of the United States Mrnj irrespective of rank or position 
shall under no circumstances include. j?©fQr$Kme to radar in any release of 
information, in speeches or other public coo^unieations. 


2. All accredited correspondents vdthin the jurisdiction of the United 
States Army shall be requested to omit all, reference to radar in dispatches 
or articles originated by them, 

3. Research, development and procurement agencies under War Department 
control will inform all contractors involved in the n^nufacture of radar equip- 
ment that they are specifically requosted to refrain, from any reference what- 
ever to radar in their advertising material, 

4. The above is in accordance with a decision of the Joint Chiefs of 

5. It is requested that you take the necessary steps to disseminate this 
information to your command, in so far as it applies. 

By order of the Secretary of War; 

Oopies Furnished « 

Jotot Security Control 

The Inspector General 

The Divisions of the War Department 
/ General Staff 


/s/t/ J. A. ULIO, , y 
Major General. v 
The Adjutant General, 


4 August 1943 

AG 3U.5 MSB 

SUBJECTS Safeguards 

TO : Cdmmanding '(H&$mlm 9 

Eighth Air $<mmt : 
Iceland .Ba#a Oswald; ; 

V G03C$>{5. ■ * 

European Wing, Air ^^s$*c>rt Oenuasnd; 
U.S. Assault if&tosfag Qmtm*, TO«SA} 
24th iirws Cem$tiy^ Sgaa^ronj 
American School Qasprfcegfl 
fecial Troopa, 

l f Careleasn&sa in tha ^$@f|p^§3a3£ #£ unit censorship ataapa fcaa been . 
ari&enced by the 1-csa of staig$$ Igf* q$$fet of thl« $®mm&+ 

2* the ii^rtance of «awgg^daip staspa {sfccaiLd be ispreaeegt 

sfcH$m all offices barged #ith %M sad mjstcdjr. Ihr^rr prasautioa should 

fee tafcsn to prevent tha loss or gfcttffyxrlffad use or censorship stanza. Tha 
e*»Tfciaa of this precaution ig tha responsibility of organization ooipandars. 

3* In tha a^apt of loss of cafrsc^fcip staispa, a report wil£ ba aada to 
this h^dquax^tars ^tat&ig the aipfeer of the aiaisp and tha cireumslanoas £n 
CQiafcaaftioa ®ith its loss. 

Li. 4q1oh«1, A£*8> 

m®MW£1XB: Aaaiat&j|i Ad^uiahV Sandal. 

Bach &4&em-9m iW - 20) . 
0*2 (2) 
.Bach Bass Cama^r 04' 
AG-X {!) 
AG ft@oorda it) 

A dm Cir No 45 

22 Jul 1943 


"CK T' ^aiUMION OF RATION STATUS s It Adminis trative Circular No 51, this head* 
quarters* 7 Jun 1943, as amended by Section IV, Adminis/taratim £ircju] 
32, 14 Jun 1943, is further amended in the following p\ 
a* paragraph t> thereof is amended to read as 
n 6. Each individual in possession of a ra^ 

resides in a licensed catering establishment for five days 
or more in a week or takes substantially all his meals at 
such an establishment]' is required to surrender his ration 
card to the proprietor or manager thereof in order that the 
appropriate coupons may be detached or cancelled. n 
b»2Stib-paragraph d of paragraph 7 thereof is amended to read as 

follows t 

"d. RB6X registry card* A folder containing spaces on its 
~ tfront for the name, grade and serial number of the holder 
(the organization of *h© individual will not be shown) and 
certain other drt&lls regarding its issue. Page 2 and the 
tap of page 5 thereof contains £pac*>s for the holder to fill • 
in the names of the retailers from whom he elects to • 
purchase rationed comma di ties, The remainder of page 
5 contains supplementary meat coupons for use by personnel 
bllieto'd with subsistence* This card is for use in con- 
junction with RB3R and I8d€U* 
c* Subparagraph e of paragraph 7 tttereof is rescinded* 
d* Sub-paragraph 3f of paragraph 7 thereof is re lettered as sub- 
paragraph e. • - 

eT A new paragraph 13, '.reading as follows, is inserted immediately 
following paragraph 12 the roof j 

tt l3# Issuing officers are responsible that upon cessation of -fee 
conditions prescribed in paragraph 1* above.* food rationing 
documents are disposed of as follows i 
w a* Unused portions of RB3A and RB12 'will be returned to the 
"~ issuing officer and destroyed by him* 

"b. The RB8X and unused portions of the RB8R will be returned 
~" to the appropriate Base Section Commander » who will, in turn, 
forward them to the Rationing Documents Branch, Ministry of 
Food, Haddon Lodge, Colwyn Bay, for cancellation* w 
f* The former paragraph 13 thereof is renumbered as paragraph 14. 

By order of the Theater Commander* 


s/ C. R # LANDON 
t/ C. R. IANDON, 
Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General* 


Major General, USA,' 

II* J« S a 

hq sos mo USA 

MM* dr. No« 43 

16 Jul 1943 


!♦ Tha following will govern the marking of supplies 
wit bin "the UK; — *> 

a. Shipping ©refers Directing the shipment of si 
and units will be classified as GQ^IOTTJAI, when the nJ 
the unit or • depot ••' and' ^ogf^M^al '' location appear together* 

b* A shipment by "r#I to or from m organization: 

(1) y&ll be addressed to the crgluiization by the utilisation of the 
unit serial number «taign«4 in this theater, or the W shipment 
number (obtaiimble fr (to 

the order moving the orgisnismtion'to the theater, plus the 
addition of the Words "US Forces"* The address of the shipment 
will' include the actual geo|praphical locatioh of the 'organisa- 
tion, the railhead at which de&very is to be taken, if differ^ 
ent from the geographical location, and the nan# of the railway 
making the de livery* For examples 
(a) Vlhen geographical location ^ 
- ■ ■ ■ ' . '"US Forcoa, ' • 

165-I-B, ' ' • 

Ti<^c5rth Barracks, Wilts, GWR # " . 
(J>) Whon geographical location offers frm rai 
' "US Forces,; ' p ■ 

• " v 48HT-CS, ■ < 

Chelveston, Northants, 

% Higham Forrers, Northants, IMS," 

(2) In the event a subordinate unit" or detachment is separated from 
its parent unit, the: code number of the parent organization will 
be modified by the inclusion of the words "Det A", "Dot B n , etc, 
as the case may be depending on the "order in which suo h detach- 
ments are shown in the station list* For example! 

(a) When geographical location and railhead are identical: 
~ "US Forces, ' 

1651-B (J>e% A), ' ' ' 

Tidworth BarraeJts, lilts, GWR*« 

(b) When geographical location, differs f rem railhead; 

"US Forces, ' 
4&L1-C (Det A), 5 - 
Chelveston, Northants, ' 
^ Hi^am Ferrers, Northants, IMS"* 
Ci A shipment by rail to a depot of installation located inland or at 
a por¥, will bear the words "US Army Depot",, indication of the servioe section 
of the dopot to which the shipment is consigned, the geographical location* and 
the name of the ^Iway m 

: ' **X?S Army Depot, , . 

CM Section, * ; . 

Ashohurch, Glos£ IMS*" 
£ f Shipments by civilian trucks, British government trucks and US Array 
motor vehicles (except by the Truck Transport Service of the Eighth Air Force) 
to or from? " ■ 

(Adm, Cir, No 43 HqiSOS 16 Jul 1943 Cent id,) 

(1) Organizations, except of the Eightff Mr* Force, will' be marked 
' as 1 in sub-paragraphe b (1) and (2), above, dnittingy however, 

" the - name 'of the ' railway* 

(2) Organizations df the* Ki^th Air' Force will be marked as in sub- 
paragraphs b (1) and (2)> above, except that shipments of SECHBT 
and GC^TOE!?£lAi ^ be marked and wrapped as follows: 

' (a) T&en ^ 

/ ~ , X. The outer wrapper wilV^^ ^ : ; 

■ ' • ; f ■ ^ Officer, "US Forces^ and will include ' 1>he geb^aphical, ■ w 

* location. For examples 

"Commanding Officer^ ' • 

US Forces, v 
* - High Wycombe^ Bucks," 
2. The inner wrapper will. bear the. name of the unit'to which . 
the package is - being shipped* • 
(b) When'^pac)m^sy)sa?e;.too ' large" to be wrapped, the Bystem of mark-* 
ing prescribed in sub-paragraphs d (2) (a) 1 and 2, above, will 
be used except 'that? — — — 

1, The name of the unit to which -the package is being shipped' 
"" will be placed, in a sealed envelope secured to the package, 

.and will be used 'in lieu of , an inner wrapper, ■ ' ' >' 

2, A label bearing markings as prescribed in subparagraph d 

" (2) (a) 1, above, will be placed oyer the sealed' envelope in 
. t lieu of an outer wrapper » 

(3) Depoie and installations located inland or at ports, including 
depots of . the Eighth Air Force, will be marked as prescribed in 
subparagraph c, above, excluding the name of the railway, 

«• Shipments by the Truck "Transport Service of the Eighth 4ir Force need 
not te marked, but ! the ^T^ the station 

number and particular officer consignee, 

2 t A choice of any of the methods of shipment set forth in paragraph 1, 
above, may be made in any particular" case> depending upon which ty^e ? of trans- 
portation is available, v 

3» In preparing requisitions, organizations will include therein their* 
shipment or serial number, geographical location,, railhead designation : and 
telephone number, ' ^ 1 ./.■<• <■■■->" 

4, The procedures outlined- above are authorized, but not' required, in the 
marking of supplies received l at sports 'of debarkation or air intransit depots 
within the UK by the VIII Air Force Service Command, 

By order of the Theater Commander r 
OFFICIAL - ' - . 

*/ 0, R. XiANDON'' ' v *• - gr^ c, H. £ES, ' 

-y" "-.r> ,C* R« LANDON, " ..Major General," U,S* A., 

; . Colonel, A, O.D,,'' • > ' " ' C.G., S,0.S, 1 

Adjutant General^ ,. 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS 31 December ^ 1943 1 ' - ■ - DISTRIBUTION "G» 


Cir. Vo+ 54 . . 14 july 1943 

• E-X-T-R-A-C-T 

I— SIfEGWJmi m OF CRASHED AIRCR AFT*- Ftors la and 2d, Cir 48, Hq ETOUSA, 
Td May 1^4*3, are amended to read as follows j~" 
.la* The first individual to reach, the crashed 
European Theater of Operations will act as tei 
Army personnel, other than air forces,, acting as temporary guards in the" United 
Kingdom vdll notify the nearest Royal Air Force* or United States Air Force 
Station of their action*- 

2d* If there are no units as defined above within a io~mile radius of the 
clrash, the responsibility of providing the guard vdll rest with the nearest 
unit, either United States, British Army, &oyal Marine Detachment, or 
Royal Air Force* Any United States ^rray guard otl^er than air force, so estab- 
lished, will normally remain at the *eem* . apt longer than 9£ hours after they 
have notified the Royal Air Foroe or United States Amy Air Force of their 
action as provided in paragraph la above/* If ©ne of the units listed in para* 
graph 2a* b, or b has not tak#n over the guard at the end of 72 hours* this 
headquar^eFs willT. be notified d# ^at approprifktd action may be taken to Insure 
continuous guarding of the wrfefehed airoraft* (AG 452 MGC) 

By oommand of |A&utaaan|; d*Dn©ral Dll/ERSt 


, • J^jor ®*ner&% $ GSGj Chief of Staff • '■■ 


Colonel # ixGDp Adjutant General* 
REB&C0OGEP HQ 80S > 20 0ECEMSR 1943* 

21* J* S • ' 

HUttOFE^I r TKE/.ITli Ox 0K2(A?IQ1<S 


APO 871 

AG U3.2 (30 Juno 43)|fNIZI 11 ^.Mf If T J f ? July 1943 

SUBJECT i Fire lighting Preparedness of SOS Installations 

TO s Base Section Commend era, 
CO, Jiq. Conmand, SOS ETO. 

l f In order that this headquarters m&y determine the stpte of-' 
preparedness of SOS units and installations for £ire fight inr, it is 
desired that information rs follows pevtinent to each SOS unit and 
installation in your conmrnd be furnished to this headquarters. 

The unit or instcllntion fire plan and order, 

ignmant of personnel to fire, details, including 
f tour ? and brief description of duties. 

5. Nuwbor of trriler fire* pipps assigned to the instt llaticn. 

• By command of iviajor General LEE? 

Jj. Flsn of ass 
size of detail, length of 

G. H. iiKDi<E : /S, 
Captain, A.G f D. 
Ass't Adjutant General. 


(less Distribution "B» and non SOS) 
(plus Hq Commandant - 24) 


AG 467 ICC 7 July 1943 

SUMSCT: Cajnouflage* of Static Installations. 

4 ' t 

TO • : Contending* General, SOS, ETOUSA*' . - " - , . , 
* Coii^iidLnjg General/ Eighth Air 'gfarp* ' *" * 
< Confessing <3^heral^ ; V Corps ,V v/ ti 

" ' ' :Cdtoandih'g "Officer , European "Wing Air Transport Command 
' *° "Coinfiiafltding .Officer, 24th Airways Conminicsition Squadron . • *. 
\ '* • Coromandant, US- Assault ^raining" Center , ,w - - , < 

'* ■ ' k Commandant," Apericaii School Center . • : j 

'i; €an#uflage of Static 'IjfttffUiat &>nff following provisions will govern 

static cekouflaga on aot'-iVitiSJ' of thii cotM*}* i» lieu -of instructions " * 
cdnMihed 'iJi Sefe.'I', Cir-42, Hif ISK^,- ^ • " -' ^ ■ ■ ,u . 

• "24'" ;Sc^ / This letter ap£li$* t« tJw> $*j»«i*n*ge of all types, of ..static 
ihstallatioris in tfce United K3JS|$8tti ttNMttffl «w&*tin« installations) additions 
fchwtoi ; new \ construction , M mto&*$m$A fefe*rao£ f , , 

gp^jC^r'"^ general ptttar iff t$ . gr*>y$4a- camouflage sufficient .for ,th« - 
adequate protection of static i&s$*l3M4«»3 t «m^y air operations. The 

^icyl'hferein described i$: itt gmrai <^f4$fti*f ?»&h current British* practices » 
¥bs fbXk&iting vill • gowrfi th» «f mmmfi%%® undertaken for' any particular 
fttAt!^'-inB%ftllati.ott3; '{fie* attached mp.J ■ - - ■ . t . v 

,f ^a NoV' • For instal TtobX&m lo^e4 in the araa south and . east of a 
" line^t * David'«5 s Head (S* V.ales) l - Bletchlejr ~ Goole (3.II incaasive), thea?a will 
be'na chanjge in tne.- present camouflage, policies,' i;^. ; sufficient camouflage will 
be provi^e^.' fox pro^ectiw against rtigli tits* or ha^r daytime eneisy air ope rations f 
This implies siting and layout with t-ho l^ast pa©«ibl© disturb an^o pif the . surroixnd* 
ing ground pattern and raaximuss use of rmtural conc^al-i^t* Additional B»asur©s 
; 'jaay/ -ii^u4e"toiiin.g ^&m%r- too&itig u|» ' tlie ' vjUl|l>iiity of bright or smooth aurfaoes' 
b- 'use of ;.- t»??tur ; ing and ^paint >tiat^r4ai#,' • a&k y *om_; wiie;, netting, -if . ^eo^saary*,,, ; 

' by^ ^rea No,- 2. Installations r located east -of a -Urn -Q00I©. 'W--F«3Js4**fr **-- -•'•..^ 
, flj^l^ati^ J *fea1ifcy ; Poiftt' : (Ka^tirn Se-otlali^) . Call ^incl^sive ex<^opt.'^lQole^' , be 
"treated fo^' :i nighfe; r coheealmoht jpniy $ bright surf aoes jja&y be tonod down mith. - 
plentiful raateriali ; T«xturiltg mf be u«ed if. absolirtfciy :neces»ar^ i ;, > bui. no., 
wire ue tting . 

0, Area Ko«J ?« Installations situated' in th^ remainder of' th«. Waited JCicgdcan 
^ying North and' . est' of line St; David 1 ^ 'Head - Bletchley - Goole ~ r Falkirk - 
Dingwall - Strathy Point (all exclusive), will not be camouflaged except as 
indicated ia 3 d below, * ' 

dp The policy set forth in paragraphs 3 a, b, and c will govern the type 
ot camouflage praetioed except in cases where th^' l«^r 4 tance, location, conspic- 
ubusness or vulnerability 0f 'tha in stallatio n * r^iiir4s ■ that a highor degree of 
£>rot^ction ^bc- proviided', ■ ; For ipst alia t ions 1 ;;such -as ahd-aaaaunition •dopots* r 
comnvind j^sts.'and'othor' con*troi centers', ^vofti^lo* parks -cl«e« to impor tant • heaoV 
quartcrs, and for local construction •thJat revo^ls*'th"fci location of important 
installations! complete concealment nay bo desirable. Camouflage requirements for 
these installatib ns ' Vi-^L be ^etexmine^ by -^^CUjgafjlpding General, SOS, 3IO0SA. 

4# Fundamental Fact org, The following factors will govern camouflage in 
construction. & applying these factors, due consideration vdll be given to 
economy of construction, nature of the installation, and the area in which the 
construction is located, i 

I a. Sjtin^ ?he most effective eemcuf lags? $s 1 previd ed by siting for |f| 
concealment* Proper site selection will permit adequate dispersion and provide 
considerable camouflage by merely merging with the natural surroundings^ Natural 
cover such as trees and brush, contribute to concealment* Regions defined by 
- landmarks easily visible fro& the air are not desirable* 

b. Lavout ^ (1) Stereotyped layouts for installations will be avoided. 
Buildings will be dispersed a? widafcy as possible With £ull advantage/ being taken 
of all tocistin^ trt»es, hedges and othar foliage, roads, paths, fences, wooded 
areas, and similar .terrain features. Dispersal of buildings by groups arranged 
to resU.ble local communities is desirable whenever such a layout will be in 
keeping with the buildings in th^ vicinity. 

(2) Large or conspicuous parking areas are undesirable, Parking -areas 
should be s small and separated from buildings to permit planting adjacent to them. 
Utilities should bo remote fro&; conspicuous p^rks or prominent landmarks. 

(3) For tha construction and design of air stations ^ the pattern of. taxi- 
ways and roads in general wi^l conforr to the existing terrain and ground pattern 
wherever practicable. Dispvrsed hard standings for parking plants will be sited 
so as to utilise natural concealment to the utmost. 

c« Construction., Clearing, grubbing, and grading will be limited to that 
absolut oly necsssary for the* actual construction required. The identify of the 
torraih pattern will be disturbed as little as possible. Storage of construct!*** 
mturials and equipment will be dispersed, lifted as inconspicuous as praciie- 
able /'taking full advantage of %%X natural fdljU$o, and draped wherever, necessary 
with camouflage nets. Construction vehicles trip, bu limited wherever possible 
to existing or planned roads, in cases where excavations reveal the location of 
an important installation under construction/ th© spoil should bo oovorod by 
camouflage nets wherever possible and removed as soon as practicable* 

i* Responsibility* a. The Commanding General, SOS , ETOUSa (Chief Engineer}, 
is responsible for adapting inherent concealment into thu siting and layout of 
static installations, for the preparation of adequate camouflage plans for both 
existing and new static installations, and for carrying out the plans. He is . 
responsible for camouflage discipline prior, to the completion of a static 
installation to assure that construction will be accomplished with the least 
possible alteration of the existing terrain ^nd ground pattern. After construction 
he is responsible for camouflage inspections to assure that the camouflage plan 
is boing maintained for installations under his control* 

b« The commanding officer of an installation is responsible for maintaining 
th^ camouflage plan, enforcing camouflage discipline, proper instruction of 
p^rsonn^l, effective 'operation of d coys if they have been provided, and for 
periodic inspections » ■ 

^ ^ntenance^ \ aintaining the camouflage p3jan includes repair 
of periodic deterioration and damage due %o .^nemy action, liainten&nco also 
includes any minor changes in the camouflage scheme that may be deemed necessary 
or desirable, fat^rials arid lo>or, wheru Required, will bu obtained through 
the normal channels. 

(2) Discipline. Camouflage discipl^,© ^eludes adherence to a pred- 
etermined road net and traffic plan; pTmj$j$£%]$ £ ^V^^tY^W' 
preservation of tho yxiating caapufiaga Naj&g ^^^^^o^lg^lAdL jslulation* 

wiring off roads and paths; initiation QMMmm^S^ |% • i ti l&lJl aimou '~ 
flage where d^Biod nec^esar^; training end discipline ofpcftg 6nne3r liff r j. fc 
affects the concealment of the installation; effective operation of decoys ; 
tfid all other factors involving ^rsonnol th$i eontributa to tho effectivena&s 
of thQ aono^alpsnt*. ' 

6. .^piotion^: Feriodft* l^tfftfcft* of ttMMKtf&gt?' of static i*i§ial&* 

of S 


/&/ &iisted £% %skj 
4#«i#t^n| AfiJ^mani 'ftyfttroX* 

Cir No, 42 

6 Jul 1943 

Per D$em and Monetary Allowances 

Travel Order s*~~**™^~~-^--*™- -w*n~~ 
Leaves and Furloughs upon Return to U 

I«^BSR DIfcfo /AND : KQNBffflRY ALLOWANCES ? (Rescin< 
25 August 1943). ' 

II^Tuifif£X QIDBRS.; (Rescinded by SOS Cir, No. 50, 2£ August 1943)* 

III^LEAVBS AMD FUR LOUGH a UPON RgTUBi TO US , 1. The War Oepartaent has 
advised that under pre sent cpnditi one the ma^mum leave or furlough .whicsh 
oan be granted to an individual upon his return to the US is fifteen days 
plus travel time j except iShsre m$i<S9£ reasons require othe^dse^ 

2-<t The f$£<Q going mil be -jgreugfrt t© attention of* all personnel 
returning to the US # 

By oonsnand cf 

General LEE: 

Chief of Staff, 


«/ Q. R. IANBCN 

C, R. LANDON, j 
Colon®^ A.CMV, 
Adjutant Gener^i* 

REfHODUGKD H4 SOB ?• September 1943. 


Cir No, 51 


24 June 1943 

Laxi ty Has Been noted in the safokeeping of important 
and narcotics* 

2* Although formal accounting for property is not required, officers are not 
relieved from personal and official responsiblility therefor, and the lack -of 
normal safekeeping facilities such as strong rooms, arms racks* or arms look- 
ers does not relieve them of the obligation adequately to safeguard such prop- 
erty at all times, making the best use of available facilities and personnel* 
5* a* The following partially quoted regulations are pertinentr 
. (1) Far 16, AR 46-80* <i Aug 1938, as amended by Changes No* 2, 20 Jan 1943* 
"Officers will not be relieved from the responsibility for lost and stolen 
small arms unless it is clearly shown that every reasonable precaution was 
taken to prevent the loss* In the absence of arm racks, lo ckers, or chests, 
improvised facilities may be used, such as barf over windows of storage room* 
and locally constructed racks*** 11 ♦ 

(2) Par 1, Sec 1, Cir 59, Hq KTOSSJt., 9 Oct W42t "Unit dommanders, will be 
held strictly responsible for the security .-$f the arms and ammunition in the 
possession of the personnel***" 

(3) par 6c, aR 40-1705, 2 Nov XHZt w ^nd®na tared alcohol, alcoholic liquors* 
opium* and^the salts* derivatives* and preparations of opium of cocoa leaves 
and other haoit ^forming drugs will be l£ept securely, and issued only as may. 
be required upon written order of proper authority***" 

b* The words "will be kept securely" in the Quotation set forth in sub- 
paragraph 3a(3) above will be interpreted to require reasonable efforts to 
"safeguard, i"£ems mentioned with the best available facilities and personnel* 

(AG 311.5 M) 

By command of Lieutenant General DEVOIRS t 

Major General, GSC# Chief of Staff * 


Colonel* ^is-D* Adjutant General* 


4#a. Qir, Ko. 35 


20 Jim 1943 

Replacement of Identification Tags ...I 
Gas Warning Signs ......... ♦ ...,....♦♦..11 

iv wiao&smt of mm mmim tags .- i, on ana after, i j»i xm^cmBats for 

the embossing of identification tags, containing a±|Mp^r#^*^ il ^ l,L) * ,l,,Blk 
forwarded as indicated beiowi .|J|^M 

To Commanding General, Central Base Sectioll-,%1 
located within the geographical limits of the Central Base Section. 

Jb, To Commanding Officer, Sopot Q»3£2» APO 634; All personnel located 
within the geographical l^nita of the Eastern Base Section* 

£» To Commanding Officer, Southern Ba*e Section, APO 519 * All personnel 
located within the geographical lights of the Southern J3ase^ Section, except 
personnel assigned or atta^Nl to &. apt, 4P® $71. 

§.» To Commanding Officer, $tego# GHfcp. AJPO All personnel Seated with* 

in the g^g$a#hlcal limits of hm%%$mu laws Section, except personnel of the 

(1) H6rth Ireland Vitfsxgffbj, WBS 

2) 4th Pspla cedent ?S3S$ 
(3) 12th Replacenent C&ftg^ ftfrpo* 
To Gpmaianding Officer, mpmb? #pt> 815? All personnel located 
within the - geographical limits of tbfc Ireland District, WBS. 

£. To Commanding Officer, 4tfo 
assigned, thereto or tomporari3y 

it Pepot, APO 87-4? All personnel 

To Commanding Officer, 22t& 
personnel assigned thereto or tempo* 1 
To Commanding Officer, 91s* 

cement Control Depot, APO 635. All 
locate l&ereat, 

Sz& flt&oorda Unit, APQ 871* 411 person*' 

nol assigned or attached to Hq. SOS, #PQ t^CL. 

IIy^A8 mENDKj S XGB65: l.-The British Oas Earning Sign has been adopted as a 
standard $&m for all forces in the 13& t Issue is authorial to all units ' 
on the basis of five (5) signs per each 100 men, or fraction thereof (I/O Strength). 
In addition, the issue of 100 signs to each post, camp and station (including 
eacfe fi^sd SOS installation) is authorial 

2. The sign is a metal triangle, 9* X fy* x &>, yellow on one side and whito 
on the other r bearing the w^ord *GAif in black letters on each side* It is intend* 
ed for use in indicating ^ presence and extent of contaminated ground and in 
mrking contaminated supplies and ina J ooriol. 

3» litem 'contamination is detected aasd the gas identified as a persistent 
agent, such as ; ^^r<l or lewisite, sentinel Jfiil bo ported to warn personnel, 
ill accordance^ outlined in paragraph 40, t& Zl«AQ, "Dsafonso 

Against fSfoj^&X'*^ c$gns will bo placed about twenty yards- ffcom the 

outside edge-ojf i^^*f«4P*^ aacea with the yellow side towawj the contamination, 
the, date and ^ur when each sign is installed will be clearly, marked thereon in 
crayon or* pencil, v ': '. ,. , t 

Jj f The signs if/ill be recovered when their removal from a theretofore contaai* 
nated area has been authorised by a Chemical or Gas Officer* 

4. The signs will be procured from the Cbe«idal Warfare Service through 
normal supply channels} • 

(Adm. Cir. No, 35 SOS 20 JuJiH^^WPBB 

By order of the tbeater feon^ 

Csftonel, -A. GUI). , 
A<^ uta#§ Cs^eralv 

^aj#r General, f 
C.G, , S,0«S. 

Is u " 

% 'V ^* 

Cir No, 50 

15 Jttne 1943 


Ci"FTS>8" June 1 943 , is amended to read* 1. See IV, Cir 29, Hq ETOUSA* 
14 Mar 1943, and Seo VII, Cir 40, 24 Apr 1943 , are rescinded* (AG 31U5P ) 

By command of Lieutenant General DEVERg 


Colonels AGJ>, adjutant General. 


Major General, GSC, Chief df Staff, 


Adm Clr No 32 

14 Jun 1043 


OR COMMUTATION OF RATION STAT% » Paragraph 12, Adonis tratiw Circular No » 
51, this headquarters, 7 Jun 1943, is amended to read as follows t 

Yihen personnel using cards RB8C and &BBR are filleted with sub- 
sistence on private householders (i.e., taking their meals at the householder's 
table), the words "without subsistence* on the meat ooianterfoil of RB8C will 
be deleted by the issuing officer, lfl/heh such personnel are billeted without 
subsistence on private householders (i*e«> not taking their meals at the house* 
holders taole), the words "with subsistence 1 * on the meJat counterfoil of RB8C 
will be deleted by the issuing officer and the extra meat coupons on page 3 of 
RB8X will be cancelled before the card is issued* 1 * 

By order of the Theater Commander: 


s/ C. R. L/iNDON 
Goloneli A»G«D#/ Adjutant General* 


Major General, U.S.A., 

C.G., SrO.S. 

M» J» S» ♦ 



Cir 49 


8 June 1943 

0ir"2^7irq ETOU&Ai 14 Mar 1943, and fc>ec II I, Cir 40,^2¥13?r 1943, are re- 

2 » From a security point of view, stations and unit de^ ana turns of organ* 
tzations of this command are classified as CONFIDENTIAL! IJ»^ \f? 
sis tent with the prompt dispatch of official business, 4J||®io«f n«^a%e en- * 
joined to prevent this information being disclosed in &M&MFMAi$* ^ 'J^ 
lower classification. From an administrative point of view* it is imprac- 
ticable to maintain this classification at all times,, but ©very effort will 
be made to safeguard the documents concern© d. 

3, No document containing a fairly, complete troop unit list will be published 
with a classification lower than GOMFIDMITIAL* 

4„ A document showing both 'the station and designation of any headquarters 
will be classified as COJiFIDEBtl^L. fhis ean be avoided by omitting either 
the location or the designation of the organisation* {For example* an order 
for an individual to proceed to Glasgow find report to the Commanding General, 
J& Corps, should be read, "proceed to Glasgow and carry out verbal orders 1 *, etc* 
Such an order can b© classified as RESj&SCTOO . 

Sm Care will be exercised tfoat stations «©d deaignatigna are not inadverV 
ently linkejd, (For example, tt document should not be* published with cladsiv 
fioation less than OTPIDENf tAI» listing* ' ""Cftpt&in John Jones, Headquarters 
99th Division, Telephone G|A8gow l2S4# tt ) 

£• The distribution of documents indicating units or stations associated 
with our forces will be restricted to the minimum, irrespective of classifi- 
cation* Ihis minimum refers to th*? number of individuals and offices to 
which distributed and the number of copies supplied to one individual or 

7# The addresses of envelopes and packages sent to offices or organizations 
should not include the location* 

8« General and station hospitals are not located with reference to any par- 
ticular troop unit* Their geographical locations* numerical designation, 
and APO numbers will accordingly hot be classified, (AG 311#5 MGD) 

By command of 14. eutenant General DEH/ERSs 

t» H# EDtfARDS, 
Ma|or General, GSC, ChieLf of Staff, 


Colonel, AGD> adjutant General, 



Adnu Cir. No, 31 

7 Jun 1943 


/ iJ^vET^ttruyy^, rok^mc^ op' flSffroff states . 

1#.AX1 personnel,' of ^ha US Army foress ia. the UK who are or may be. - 
on coimutation of ratipft 3teti*f , ,or who raajf depart from their normal stations 
on furlough or leave for &; period of '24. T bpiirs dr/'*o,rV, and who trill desire 
to purchase , items, pit foo4 designated -as rationed' % the .firitishjflj * 
Food, will be provided in jftdvanpe with British Sqa&elbtiltoAtt '* 
respective organization- <H«Bwandef»... " * ' * "*'.* 

"2. Organisation cowaanders ulU* also . ^oyid# necessary -ration cards 
to 1$ service, ;paj^pnnel, not members of their commands , who are entitled to 
such cards and through the ©^s^aneies of the service are permanently or 
temporarily o# ctait^ or resident 4$ area or vicinity and cannot con-*.; 

tenienWy qh"$&;in » y%tio» : ear^ joejrmjMient headquarters , ^ 

3* US *$2viee person***?. &t$SW$w*& $q-a Saltish unit <and entitled to, 
ration cards o]bt©4j| f r$» such mfc*^ . 7\ ; 

' A, dependents . of *&^^p&w0m*t till obtain civilian f oocP ration : 
doouaejits fr<Dia. the Xocal Office m t^e $&nietry of Food by personal appli- 
cation. , . Identity cards isost fee p?3$»6ad in support of each applications, 

. . . 5. Givil4an* personnel eigilogned on pro ^ acta under t&© control of Head* 
quarters,, JEtOOSA, who are not mtl&&& in $3 service meases , as t?ell as ''their 
depende&ttS who are citizens of the Are required to obtain civilian -flood 
ration dooJumeats/ following fcfee p£t*ee^ure prescribed iia paragraph 4, a-bib^e, 
for dependents of VS service personnel* t Civilians who are rationed in US 
service meases^- and. who -are*, ^eref^e^; tbi in possession of civilian fotxj 
ration books, may, be issu&l pk^X*^ P^^^tx r Jo^hik ^6'ooyev any period of 
leave or detacher aervioe dj»i^. .T^ch^it Ak* usees sary for- them to: obtain 
rationed foods*' m : + h \ fc ........ . . . *. . , ^ 

6 f Military, personnel, .ssfco. -reside, individuals $n a hotel or other 
registered catering establishment for, a period of 5 -days 'or more and partake 
of their meals at Buich as iabliahment , are required to siorrender their ration 
cards to .the proprietor or manager of the establishment in order that the 
appropriate coupons aaj^ be detached or cancelled, 

are I (revised 

RB8R 4 A card containing f pur weekly sets of coupons to be furnished 
by unit eoaraandeare to tho^e "entitled- to them, under the previsions of para- 
graph 1, abote^ for ^periods greater "than 28 days, *dtb an additional form 
being furnished foil* eac$i ensuijsg 28-day period yjsder the siame conditions. 

<|. RBS^ registry card, g«od' until, 1 Jut £%3, unless sooner withdrawn 
by cessation of the conditions cited in paragraph 1, above, in which ease 
it vtill be returned through channels from which supplied, the initial "issuing 
agency returning it to the Rationing Documents Branch, Ministry of Food, 
Haddon Lodge, (kilTa^njiiy^'lfer^h ^les, for cancellation* 

$4 tJnused poriiohs *<$m$k iriil'be retWuad to the issuing , 

of fleer , upon eessatioii of t!*» conditione prescrib* " 
and destroyed by him, , 

\ : , RB8C. jit-* shee&r o£ counterfoils issued with. RB$U The holder Will f 
fill in„ the^co^terfoils'land haiid them to the., respective, retailers v/ith c whom 
he renters* ti&fer* form* T®3X.- ' ' - * -* ; > < : ~ v 

Tfeers of'^ortts RBBB/and RB12 ; are- not required to register with re-, 
takers ^WtTus£rs 'of Stan IBSft kr© required' to register - with. fjae- retailers 
from T'hbm *#hey make** jpureliases,* trsing ferm >f©r that purpose^ F-orms fj 
will be s'upplledf; to those entitled 1 " to.' cards fear periods; greater th,W 
28 days h t , If* a ho ( 16T£r of "forms RBSXyR-end 15 permanently dharges.his'/^r » 
dress and ^/ts^es ,io change""" frfs"* retailers' -in 4 consequence, he should go to the 
local Foi>d Qffic©; , ahd 'as*k' f&£ £ arms' &B8C or RG13A, which will enable him to 
effect the 'new' registration/ ' * r , • -* 

' Tor variqu^ periods of ,le«Lve or duty between 24 hours and 28 days 
ration "Qar'cfe $B8A. 'arid RB12 will be issued as follows^ v r * 
,\ ' * ' " ' . • 1 Over 2£* hbutrs said "up to 72- Koura . ^.,1 RB8& * „ - . 

** ' ' \ V4T^ -7 Baa^T • * •* »^RB13 ' 
: ^ V <• "10 w . ,7* . .J* .v 3"- RB12 .plus .1 

y. - U 4aye, r*.^«.X RB12 

, V " '15 * 17 da^s v ^ t i ♦ <,...l RB12 plus 1 KB8A. 

1& «• 21'x^sys ^•^••^♦♦•♦♦♦•♦♦♦♦•'•♦••••♦t»lz" S^l^ - ■ 
\ _ s f '.'\J& '^^^/^.♦^^••^•r»i.r..*;4.iBBl^ pita 

*' /' , / '25 •* '28'dajrs V * * • » »*• i*«y * ♦ ,«•• * i *• » »2 IIB12 f - c , 

RBI2 oonWins t \sa& i#mt|%a$ sets ' of coupons. , ' each-, set ^otre.r4!nf , a period oi? ( 
one" week and "having spaces 1 ' f dr -tKfe -Insertion 6fiM$i* hc/ldar?3'.name,. serial, ; 
numbed 'd'nd unit stamp. ' ' " the <&a*d is-so* designed.' that-., it- may. be cut in half 
and eac^i half -issuei: to f ^if f ersnt . iudiVidus^* : . -* 1$ tbe 'h&fres-ir^lbam >. % 
issued separately, the serial number in the h#lf should be -copied ovi t Jae " 
"3" ha^f before the document is cut. Vhen a complete RB12 is issued to one 
Individual,* only 'one of^ the • spaces calling fot particulars ,<?f name, serial 
number, t e^,\need be* commie ted.- r> * .* s 

. 10* The cards {except RB8C) are nunbered serially t Unit commanders will 
maintain, a record of re*ceipt^ end Issues. ; When cards are issued, particulars 
of the* personnel^ t6 Vrhom such issue is made yrtll* be recorde4 in the space pro- 
vided on the, card, , Ration cards will be kept under lock and key, and will be 
in the, custody of \the'"6fft4eV responsible for iss&ae. - Unit '^efmnanders will 
'take ne^^a'ry a'ction to feistlr% Aat in no s ciroumStanced-. are, British Service 
Ration. Cards' R^12f or ;RB$L issued to military per&bnnel already in possession of 
Service, 1 J&tiqa Cardl r RB'8X and RB-8R-. ~ • ^' ■ . rflS A- , . . - f \ x . ^ 

ll i# . Powers of PSX^ R and G (i,e., personnel fli |b| r^|^|W 
retailer sj absejo* fic^p" ^tofr'ttormal places of resWm&^^^md^M^MtT 
: perAod§" excee^^ *5„ <6#s, and" reb^f 3%i# Hio ^purchase;' rationed foods in- the .area 
to TwHich 'prddeeoti^, ^ftould 'go-^ a^^©^ , Office ask^for a iaaaporary. 
rationing' docume^f ; to^ cbvef the^ipemcJd in^uestlon*. This will be supplied 
on pro4uc^ion d P f the -RB8X ; ^B8ft, ft|^j?opri&te cnupQas ,oa BB8R and any 
relative : cxkipon^ on ^B^$ ee^l'cltewlle«S. i 4y 'feod, pff ice and the temporary 
document inserted.. i^th&JU&R* For periods of absence of 5 days or Jess, 
holders of RE8X, R an437k*^t^ ^ catering esta- 

blishments, or of taking . suoii"t|u¥nt_it|lfs'lof ^tflened foodstuffs , as they may 
retire, from their normal place of residence. 

(Adnu Cir* No* 31 Hq SOS t Jim 1943 Cont'd.) 

12, Wien persona®! n«ing cards RB$5 and FB 
fei£&IS£2" on private householders (i.e., takir-g 
holder's table), the words "without subsistence' 

of RB6C will be deleted hQr 1&e issuing; ®££tmr* When such personnel are 
billeted without subsislpacs on private jhou#^aolders (i.e., not taking 
their meals at the hQWfa&ZMrfa table) the words "without subsistence" 
on the meat counterfoil off BB30 will be deleted by the issuing officer 
and the extra meat cou$©$fc o» p&ge 3 ot will be cancelled before the 
card is issued. 

13. The CG, SOS, procure and issue a&l food ration cards. Be- 
^aiBitions for supplied of 1#m osrde submitted by conjs&nding officers 
of posts, camps and statuses i& 4pp^^ft# $$*e Section Quartermaster. 

By. oydar-^f ^Nfr $tf^tag? #pppdpler: 

Brig. Gen. <KS ¥ G* 
Chier of Staff. 

Adjutant Ge^3fal. 
ftl^BIEIOi; n Q 9 plu# 

Eighth Air Fortie ..... VTCt Air Forca Compoeito Coioinand.. 40 

VI.H Ux Support GoHSiand *.25 Air transport ComiRand .................20 

Till Boiober Conssiand ..••••«.*.•.*• 51$ S^dESA. * • •*.,•'•.«••••. •••••#•••••40 

VIII Fighter Cojsaand .*•«••*..•«. ..1^5 V" Gorps • ••••«*•-••.••*•. ••••.••••••.••150 

TIJX ilr Forofe taPrtUw poisp^d. • . . ^3th Mantry- Miris^n ...... JBD 

AmricGn School C^tor 12 

4^#&t f**ti^^ 


AG 352,11 

SUBJECT* Continuous %?ies of Courses at Oxford University. 

APO 831 
31 May 1943 


Qemmftn^ing Generals ? 

Western, ^ase Section, kQS 3 BTWA, 
Central Base Section, §Q$ f ETOUSA,. 

Coimmn$lz*g Officers? 

Saltern £a^e'' .^eetion^ SOS,, |j¥QUSA* 
Soutbteam Base, Section, SOS, ^OUSi^. 
Hq C%me3d/S^ r ETOUSA, ""' v '' 

1^ A series of pi\e^eek courses for -American M^li^ary Personnel ?411 
b© g3,ven at Psfc-rd University beginning on Mondays, 5, 12, 19 and 26 July, 
9 August and on each Monday thereafter until further announcement. Courses 
will open for- registration and assignment to billets and mess at 1800 hours 
on j^bn^ays an4 continue- though 3-200 hours the following Saturdays, 

iiach course will' survey a wide range of problems including govern*- 
ment| pQlitlcej history, social science, economics, religion, the arts, 
sciences and post-war reconstruction, Outstanding men from the University 
faculties and from public life will lecture and lead discussions. 

Only a limiteci number ca*i be accommodated in the course. App«* 
lications will be forwarded, in triplicate, through channels, to this hoadr 
quarters. *ersonnel v;ho are eligible for normal leaves or furloughs may 
submit applications, but personnel who are not so eligible vill not be granted 
leave or furlough solely to enable them to attend the course , 

b. Successful applicants v73.ll be notified by the Chief of Special 
Service, this headquarters, and v/ill be given specific instructions and 
directions at that time. £11 persons selected for a course must attend un<r 
loss military necessity prevents, ' A successful applicant finding himself 
unable to attend will immediately notify the Chief of Special Service, this 
headquarters, by telegram or telephone (Regent 84.84.? Ext. 1726). 

c. . The cost of each of tho above courses will' be »3 &2.S0 for 
Officers and 3*1; 12:0 for Enlisted Men, for billeting and messing ; there wilj. 
be no tuition charge for the course 

By pponand -of I A3 or General EEEf ■ 

Copies furnished: 

Chiefs, Adi:v 1 Services 
Chiefs of Staff Sections 
and Services 
AG - Personnel Division 
AG - Officers Branch 
AG - Enlisted Branch 
AG Records 

y/U lAM* , 

Txtwm Af com 

Col., AGP . // 
As-st, A^utan-t; General^ 


Kq moUSk , / 30 May 1943 


Sec IIj Cir A3, Hq ETQUBA, la Sept 1942, is rescinded and the following sub- 
stituted therefor: 

In order that technical information- of value may not ho lost through the stripp- 
ing of crashed aircraft by souvenir seekers or other individuals, it is de- 
sired that all United States military personnel be instructed as follows: 
1* a. The first individuals to reach any crashed aircraft anywhere within the 
European Theater of Operations will act as temporary „^uardis fc and injghg, 
Kingdom will, arrange f or notification of the proper 
guarding crashed aircraft a as indicated in Par 2, 

I/hen acting as temporary guard of a crashed aire 
personnel will not consider themselves relieved until the arrival of personnel 
specifically authorized to guard the crashed aia?orai't f In the event of ab- 
sence or shortage of this personnel, commanding officers of United States troops 
will cooperate with the' British military and civil authorities by furnishing 
guards or otherwise safeguarding crashed material until such time as it can be 
removed, • - ; - •• ; <v f ^ ■ - v - • - •• 

2, Effective 3,5 Jung 1943, tha rtaponsibility for the provision of a guard for 
all crashed aircraft, whether lfritii&> Allied, or enemy will lie as follows; 

f # Witft the neareat -fc^i''^^;^ro^ 'fti^i^3.4 or establishment, or Ministry of 
iraraft Production airfiol3 f&eraa detaejime>t of the Royal Air Foroe Regiment 
is located, within a lO^miit ra4iua of the crash* 

£ # In; the case ef oivil-manjied ^0^1 Air Force airfields and establishments, 
the nearest sarv^ce^niied Hoyal Air force unit is to provide the guard ♦ 

fhe Admiralty^ provided that a Royal Marine Detachment is. available at the 
Naval Station concerned, and the Eighth Air Force nave agreed to act on be- 
half of the Royal Air force wnfcre the airfields are within the 10-mile radius 
and are the nearest to the crash, 

d. If there is no unit as defined above within a 10-mile radius of a crash, 
tne responsibility for providing the guard will rest with the nearest army unit* 
Any anny guard so provided will remain at the s**ne of the crash for a maximum 
of 96 hours, 

3* ji. The arrest of eneray airmen and their guarding until an escort arrives 
will be tl*e responsibility of the service providing the guard for the aircraft, 
ll* Any of t^ie crew of crashed enemy aircraft retraining alive will be talcen 
prisoner, guarded* and prevented ftxm destroying the plane or any of its eon- 
tents* Seriously wounded prisoners will be delivered to the nearest hospital. 
Prisoners will be prevented from destroying papers; or personal effects and will 
not be permitted to communicate with eaoh other. Prisoners will be surrendere4 
to British civil police, or to specifically detailed military guards, , 
c American military personnel will not, during the time of their temporary 
guard duty, go within one hundred feet of the crashed aircraft, nor will they 
permit atiyone else to do so, other than to assist the injured or to extirguish 
fire, except under the conditions described in Par 3 fei above, or unless terrain 
ma&es a closer guard necessary, #xpeption to tbe above will be made in the 
case of Royal Air Force interrogating or inspecting officers who, upon exhibit- 
ing a proper pass from the Air Ministry, will b Q permitted to secure any ♦ 
information desired** (AG 452 M) 

5y command of Lieutenant General PPER8 s 

I f H* EpV/ABDS, 

miGU-U Major General, QJiief of tya£S 


V ralph pui^ipr, ^^^^SIV'&^^M; 

AGP, Adjutant General* 1111.1 
HQ sol 1 June 1943 


The Adjutant General 1 a Office 

AG 3fiO,Cl (5~18-43)CB-S-M . ' !'ay 29, 1943* 

SUB^BC?: Violations of Security. 

TO : Commanding Generals, 

Amur Ground Forces; 

Army Air Forces* 

Arniy Service Forces, 
Ccrnmander~in-Chief , Southwest Pacific Area. 
Coiamanding Generals, 
, Theater of Operations 5 

Defense Commands $ . * . ' 

Departments j ' 
' ' . * Service CosuEandSj 

Northwest Service pojBpand, , 

Base Coiran4s5 

Porta of 4«barkatii?Bi ' 
Kilitarv District of Washington, 
Cc^anding pfficers,. 
Base Qoiaiaandsj 

AX1 Posts, Camps and 3tatlon«. 

1,. The following list of security violations which have actually 
occurred is published for the inforiination and ^guidance of all concerned, 

a# Dispatches sent which contained both the Ocde nar« of an area and the 
geographical nar es of places located in the .area. 

Dispatches sent which contained the code word' f or a pro ejected operation 
although th<r: addressee : had- n& : &*ow3£dge of the word or its significance. 

; 1 : Important data:- .bearing-^'-. projected, operations sent from , one Department 
to the- other by enlisted messengiar ihstea4 of by secret M^fi^.%%xl G ^ m ^M^.. 

dv papers improperly classified, in sorce instances papers were over-' 
classified .which dealt with natters th^t should have been. .handled as. routine 
business, thus inviting special attention ^tiere it should Jriave.bejn avoided, 
'In 'others, papers-were given lower plassificat ion than their contents warranted, 
thus widening the circle of ^ information instead of restricting it to the few who 
needed to !<now # : . >; I.. ■■■ -.- -;v r - > - 

' e f . Fenci! m^or^ and care- 

lessly thrown outside, the $<m$fxw^iXom*Z: : :- r .^-- : r 

f Careless :^lk''at^'9'^j^^4^^^? ! i^< s a ,9^n projected operations and mover 
me nts^of forces, ' . '-.i'. •:•••->. ■ , 

Efforts of officers* to convey- to their families in private code 
classified information as to prospective movements and places in a target area. 

h. Conjectures and surmises on probable prospective operations, expressed 
in casual conversation in the presence of' civilians, \ hether based on purs 

AG 3 30 „ OX (-5-a^3)QB-a^M- .. . r r (Cont'd.). Hay 29, 1%3, 

conjecture or based however unconsciously on classified infprmatipn in, the 
possession of the: speaker, the. cfcg&gggv- ^hejfsnt .in . snp-b . e3{pre^s.4.ons is- self-, v 
evident . ; ■ ' . ' 

. i, Classified official orders which have been issued to an officer 
rcpsStad. by -him- to friends. and a c^u&i^tanees . 

• +. Discussion with a nsws -epjto&tet by .an officer concerning his assign- 
ment to a special operation and the ^ pron^nfent of ficers corrected with the 
oy® rations. Such discussion wade tbs officers mentioned and the speaker him- 
svlf liable to surveillance by on-easy agents desirous* of further inforrflation 
as to xoov^oits ai^dates. of £Vp&rture> , , 

".' 2, ,-lt is believed that the publication of the above list will have an 
■-effective influence toward tfca . : T.^ventica of further of fences pf the sarau.. 

, 3* It is desired that the content a -of this letter h~ brought to thevatten- 
tion of all a^uiicitJS authorised to prepare or handle classified correspondence, 
with a viww that each agency concerned tajkv appropriate action to prevent ; 
similar occurrences in th^futw^* 

By order of the Spcrytfiry of Tfor: * 

/V *T, A, l T iiP, 

• . , .- : . . J, A, UIXO, . , { i 

} -v^ipr Ck-neroi, a 
The Adjutant &v.n^ral. 




12 Hay 1943. 


& 291.2 KGC 

TO ■ : CoOTiianding General, SOS, ETOUSA. 

Comanding General, Eighth £ir Force. 

Commanding General, ? Corps* 

Coi&sui ding General, Iceland Base Cocaqand. 

Coaasauding : 0£|icer. # Jaropean V^iig.Ai? Transport .Cipjasaand* 

The Coit^anding General desired, that the inclosed memorandum be given , 
general and special st&££ <iiskribution in your headquarters that all 
of t ic ere assigned t o duty ydth colored units of your coisraand fce required t o 
read the inclosed j^moranduia ai^ re$^r% 1?Q their battalion or corresponding 
cojaa&ndeps that they have.- done 30. 

By command of yj^^mv^k ®$mv&l VtWzMSt 

XSml; Gpy W temo, $ F# 

Assistant Adjutant General, 

/a/ Richard F. Fisfc, 
/t/ itXGHimP P., FI8K, 
Lt, Colonel, A£0> r 


; y/y\|| r |^,pepjLrtaiiont General Staff ' ■ 

■ ' J% ' "^f ; ' ' 0pe^t^i|^)jLvision 

'^f|y, ■ ■ ■ , 

• ' February 8, 1943* 

I aXE.JIDUK FOR ■ .'. ' ' , r r 

Subject: Leadership of Negro Troops* 

The remarks quoted below were extracted from a personal letter to an 
officer in the. T'ar Department,' from the Commanding Officer of a negro unit 
Serving overseas, dated February 2, 1943* % believe they express eloquently 
a fresh viewpoint which has not been properly exploited to date > and which I- 
believe should be diligently pursued. The blank piece of paper attached is 
for any comments you might like to mate** 

Xt # Col M General Staff f , 
• Rm 3B-879, B&cb. 5363. 

w You speak of the Negro problem, what an opening you give mo, I could 
write a book not on the Nugrp problem but on the use of tlogro trpops, First, 
I "am surprised that you, as so many others do, call it a problem* It snould 
never be looked at that v/ay. The colored represent about ten percent of our 
man power and they must be usedwiot as labor battalions and such but as 
combat troops* Now, of course* I have not had nor seen them in battle but X 
have Jiad some experience 'with them and 1 am sincere; in. p& belief that fehesQ 
'. ; troop© will putio the best i£^,*and it is a logical if that. fqw. people realize 
if they are properly led. That is true of any class of troops but those of the 
colored race have certain characteristics so different from other races, 
especially the white, that makes it. more especially true of them. They are 
without a doubt the roost responsive .of any people, ., They respond sp readily 
to any type of leadership/ The thing to do is to appeal to th\t responsiveness 
by thosp things, that . fcfoe.r^.. ca$* understand. Pride of the individual, a deep 
: religious, consciousness,/ continual changing ; of interests^ ^oi^inual- ^pagsing 
out of (x>m43|iments. and- the, good gJy^^^^cpJ^r^^-al^^ .showing an 
;putward humaness, : These are_ some.of the many "ways' -to,' .'roach ,the" man and the 
biggest of -these.: is pure unadulterat^^ ijjink that, such 

way's also apply to the white soldier and they do but not in the degree or 
sense that is needed with colored troops. -Let me give you a few examples of 
what I zaejtti, some, of r the things that. X do that you never would have to do with 
white troops Accept them *s bragging be ecus* it is the spirit in which they 
are giv^n* I have an outfit that. I am intensely proud of and can bo because 
I was suit here, .with the specific, instruction* to straighten it out and I am 
completely satisfied in my own mnd^and- the rajiks here agree with me so much 
that it is ombarassing at ticies to receive all their compliments) that 1 
h-.vv, each and, very man w£th me now. But.. fpr some examples". 

mail but we^ere 
nies by royself / 
cotch but we had 
Then I have given 

" Pri^de pf tt^o individual . . This is by far thu easiest 'opening that 
you have arid I try not to nplss' a. trick. I encourage Battery Commanders to 
buy .good' garrison caps all around,. Also the good woven neckties. Names of 
drivers are painted r on the windshields of all vehicles; Vehicles have a nice 
big "Safe Driver" iJhen the nan. drives, the' J truck' six laonths without an 
accident Cl a w going to chaage .the* ante on that to make it harder to got). 
But the be.§t way I have t$ IppAjT^ 'thliir' ^prlds-- ^.fti^^rvice Kibbons. 
I got the jaundice ribbon Jbjti^^^^it— Had to or$e'^.tf * 
the. first to. have [then. %t&$W%3 SW4^J t tJ > 4M®9 r ^ e3 
Then I .got the first .American Area ribbon' 
them and awarded them three weeks before anyone else did), 

out the Good Conduct ribbons freely — if a man had just stayed out of the guard 
house for years he gOt. one ? , Had a big ceremony for that, 1 The nen eat 
ur, the wearing of ribbpns-*-pr|de in the col,or and every chance I get I keep 
pounding at th^s. "If "you. stick with m 9 you will wear a lot wor©' 1 . I am now 
trying to get the authorities here, (foreign country not mentioned) to award', 
theJCr ribbon for siaq jyp'nths 'service. Officers are required to wear ribbons to 
6et the example, lou ought to see. a big buck with his ribbdns* You can imagine 
wjrsat a big shot he is with ti>e.v;o^n----tn^lr weak point. I harp on that too* 
Encourage battery danoos well run so now we are getting the very highest strata 
ofHhe.naHvb pppulat.lfrn a£ pur friends, .Pride every human has that instinct and 
h'ow T I cultivate it." - ; ' - 

' V£gio£. t do not /to an black or white but th n t intangibly that #abe Ruth, 
had and iou Gehrig did not. I dross the band up vith whitu spats. , I finally 
found thg'aan I Wanted for a drum-inajor — big, tough, coijranding, with the 
ability to almost prance. He is a colorful character. At ceremonies I hike 
the be^t 4p to 133 instead of the usual 120 per n:\ nut e» I carry the biggest 
cane* 'It encourage .all grades, one, two, and throe,, to carry swagger sticks' 
(bought from battery funds). All required to Vear their garrison cap cocked 
clear tp the right— -w^H forward.' - Th~ bust ox-jnple is ir^y baseball team* 1 I will 
riot lot thUa on the field unless they arc completely uniformed as a "baseball 
Warn.' , All othwr twans* play in the usual conglomeration of soldier clothes; 
ly teon looks .like a baseball outfit. It rr.kos a fine impression on all and . 
makes the individual soldier unconsciously proud of his team* It cost O&OO 
postage on each pair of shoos sent dov;n but I am ready to pay, J All- of these 
things tend to make each ruort arid the r^gipunt colorful, bringing out the real 
leaders, In the saeiw way I will -do everything possible to bring out the color- 
ful in each officer.' i*.'f€er all, it is only a hunin trait that mkes colorful 
ch^acters leaders .and looked up to. I have found that by applying' showman- 
ship tactics an£less of the stern unyielding f ,r ost Point discipline that you' and 
I l-now, the very best turns up. It is a proven fact th \t good showmanship gets 
th>m with you. Then you can. load them any place." 

" Compliments » iy own actions and Conduct- 4 are funny + I do things, that, 
when talked about, teally sound si3.1y^-but they work. ; I feot that, I have the' 
softest job, in the world«^-hpw a sense of hunpr hb3.pst- One of thv thing's that I 
pay. a great deal. of attention to is to always' " find something always let 

thu nqn know- that' I like. it % .' great^ stress ,cn this. I will stop my car " 
way place to get out, and .c£Egpflfc§% a can on, his salut-o or on his dress* 

■ ^ rm - m ^ ~ * 


I find something good every place I go. It is so much easier to get things 
done by t! Soldier, you have got one of the finest searchlight positions I have 
evor seen but if you woujd clean .that mess hall up it would bo perfect* 1 rather 
than ("reprimanding him" - $d) far/jb^ving a dirty kitchen. This is only sound 
logic* I have as yet failed to j^gtthe ^usjan being who doesn*Vlike to be 
coinplimented. Vith these .mn it viorlfe v*b Another thing I j&lways attest . 

to do is to know the name of the non-com whefe^w^Jlnspecting, #Tp>n when I 
return his salute and' say good morning V/altocr or-Jonesy*"! 4iaa& i jg^fe hin oho of 
ray mn* Fyo^i that tinse on he is with m 9 npt neutrai or/ against/ but wi$K m+ 
It is and de Kunnel" or "de Junnel say to me". This is only a small point 
but, is well worth cultivating." 

" Guayd hous,fa> >" Do hot gat the idea that all is love and kisses in a colored 
outfit . I havo troubles and lots of %hm. There is never a dull moment* In 
puch a group of men thy re ars bound to be many morons, thugs, and irresponsible 
non-thinking individuals* I have' my share. lou will- havo you* share in any 
ou,i£it bu^ the little things I handlo so that men are kept out of the guard 
house when possible. Shorty afWr.'* here, at a meeting of the senior non- 
co.*iSj I told then that 1 would r of use to handle "disrespect to non^eoms" court 
martial cases, ' These -and simi34r cases they would have to handle out behind 
barracks by- thejaselves f I ticked them up' of course. • Me had on^ of these of a 
broken ^aw but as you readily know the nan att^ck^d the Sergeant and the Sergeant 
was only acting in self defense, I have kept pounding on the fact that the guard 
house is no substitute for leadership . , 

" Officers , Here is the cru£ of the whole discussion, You can put it down 
as factual that when you hoar of trouble in a colored outfit it can be layed 
to the unit corxiander. This is southing X know, not think, is true because 
I have seen it so often, Fpr this reason the greatest possible care should be 
exercised in picking regirenl^al commanders for such units, I cannot emphasise 
this strong enough. It is bragging again but as before X have an outfit % can 
brag about. As exanples of the typ# needed^ 1 would give (nar.e deleted) a 
regiment right not/. Also (Name deleted), (name delated) a (fete deleted), and 
probably (none deleted). The type must have a grand flair for the dramatic, 
jauat b$ a showman,, must have. a real sense of humor' ind'raust have, least' of all> 
abili&v as an AA technician « 'Brains are the cheapest conraedity* real leaderehip 
ihe most .expensive and rarest # Because even good officers cannot make the grade 
With colored troops, ,1- believe t,hat eacia rcgifiiental consoander should have some 
out available to him to get rid of those Wit for such dut^ without prejudice 
to the officer concerned* There are so many who are just incapable of handling 
such outfits. But ehcaigh of this. I could go on and on— you know hew easy 
I can drool off at the mouth when I know a little of southing." 

"It is funny I have' been thinking over what is in this letter and it applies, 
all of it, to white troops as well as colored, I guess it is merely the details 
that count * Nevertheless, I am sincere in my admiration for these troops and I ' 
say that with full knowledge, that if I get a chance to take them into battle 
my own lifrfta^all that I have, to live for will depend on them, 'l am 
supremely confident of thoir ability r There is not one lota of doubt in my 
mind that "^ou >]-eople. in Hashlngfc>fl are building a mountain out of a mole hill 
when you speak of l, The x Ne^ro Pr obl^'iji the. Army", ly God, these men are human 
and only waiting tc b> ltd. They ? are ;&ft^Ll;. r eager to do ?;hat is right* 'That 
sounds as thcugh I am a negro*pM&e < where 7 I am not, I ^m only a realist 
wanting to see the army make full uso'cftlus vast reservoir of man power. It 
roust be used." 

The comments below are captions submitted by the author of the above 

letter to accompany photographs as indicated: 

A n&m*$ soldier.^ helmeted, If-feil «^W|r-eyBd, with bayonet ion ♦ "An iuSlICAN SOLDIER . w Tough, well trained, knows his weapons 
and knows .'how to use them, his loyalty a heritage of gener- 
ations . Morale? Brass hats worry over that, no bother to 
him* Problem? Absolute]^- none except leadership/' 

Photograph Turkey dinner being prepared by battery personnel wearing 
spotless uniforms in an iinmaculate kitchen. 

Caption. H Ve do not have mess sergeants and cooks. He have caterers 
and chefs. The v are tops. Morale? "brutum fulroen" (latin ^ 
for B. S,). u 

photograp h. Fifteen negro soldiers, in line, firing Garand rifles from a 
hasty kneeling position at & towed sleeve, Many negro 
soldiers and white officers in background, all obviously 
engrossed in the action » 

Caption, "These imn are actually firing at a towed sleeve, Every 
officer and Iran in this outfit does this, including the 
Chaplain, and i» flfflt results , Mo wonder j when all men can 
run and taJteo ■ position in such a uniform manner, as is shown 

Photograph ; a four gun AA battery (fd$it) f in line on the beach, in action. 

A perfect stiidy.p^ jiglta well toainqd, coordinated battery 
should fire* 

Caption. "An incoming course. Do you see any confusion, any man out 
of posit ion i any man h*ot doing his- job? These men make the 
perfect aA crew." 

Photograph Closoup of an AA gun in full recoil, showing a cqJm and 
unperturbed crew performing its combat cdssion. 

"Here the gun has been fired and is in full recoil, DO you 
see any man excited over the shock of discharge? Note the 
elevation setter. He has not moved or flinched on*, single 
bit, Hote the gunner, and the sand flying off of the front 
spider* Show raa any other crew who can stand and take the 
shock of firing in such an unconcerned manner. No excitement . 
No fHnchingr«.getting the job done. Do you wonder that I an 
proud of then? Those are the finest drilled gun crews I have 
ever ^en* 11 ■ . . 

A nugrcbasefoa^ team., all in* -uniform, in action against a 
white toam.Y&ftdtt Wk nondescript clothing. In the background 


a group of white officers, seated, surrounded by their.:. ^ m 
negro regiment. A | : ^ I | a 

"Note the 4if£er.ence~^which .LQ OIC^ lifoa . a^t^JJH' Id aJ&o J" 
we have lost WOKE . One thing tha€ few see in such a * 
picture is that every man there is out of trouble and 

4 ¥ 

EtEOFJ&!| Sf&fcstf OP O^^tofc, ft L E " RJ 

fe§ SjL* TES Afc&t ^ | I k £ /J 
J Is Bus u -. „, ttlw i 1 mm mr . ■ 

AG 313.6 MGB \- ' - 29 April 1943 

SUBJECT : Instruction of Classified Matter in Emergencies on Land, Sea, 
and in the Air ♦ ■ ' 

',.0 'a Commanding General, I &'QS-, W$Q1&&. ' 

Commanding General, V Carps, v 
tjommanding general, Eighth A54^For«e» 

. QaBB«^ing- -Cf^i^er , . |^op§an. Jftng, Air Transport Command, 

War Department letter JIG 386.1 U"l>43) 0B~S^M, dated 15 April 1943, 
subject, as above, is polished for your information and compliance, 

n l« There exists a necessity- for a d«firiite procediare applicable to • 
destruction ; of , classified matter " particularly.' in areas ' frfeer© ' there is -a 
possibility that such material 'i?lil be subjected to loss or capture by 
the e^iemyi; V ." ' '. ' : 

2, JBf fective immediately:, it if desired that the attached procedure 
^ove^^n^ t% : destruct^ in emergencies on land, 

sea, ; sa*d/i$;the .a^ 

By<joiW^ , 

■ ■' 7 :"- ' ' /s/ 7 Rt«!mr4-f #'Tis]c.' ; 

" : ^ ' /t/ RICKABP P. FISK, 

.I,.'.-... . &t. Oolonel, A,G.p«,' 

1 Ineli - .'. . , ; ^ . Ad^uta^t General, 

3p$l? 1/ &r&v $©Btr» : «fc / .'"^ /-'■•■ ■ 

"' : C|a^s^ -Maltgr :iB;'E|sfer^^ ' " ' '''' '' '.- 

pssTRi'crio?; eg ■ ^ssl^t e) t'Arrsa • 

si^mmm 5 , °« ws*. vug* g m 

It shall be the direct responsibility of any person charged i.'ith 
transmission or supervision of classified matter to take all steps 
necessary to keep such i.iatter out of the hands of the enemy, 

^or the iUi,d$nc© of such persons, the procedures outlined 
v herein prescribe genera,! means of destruction applicable to tfce 
various, ela sail' led documents arid ec^uippent subject to capture or 
abandonment* ' , 

'&* Cl^i s^if ■l e d _ documents + • '.Attention . sfcoul^ be Qp$QQntipa,ted on 
■secret <?r registered dccuinentsv In general, when destruction of 
such itesr is assured^ reKSinfng 'Classified' iqaterial will be 
destroyed in order of decreasing importance f Destruction of all 
copied ;;? of- "one document is ^re- irg)Qrtaht than destruction of 
. p^i^ions'of s^erai/^ocunents. . .. ■ 

b. Materi el. -* (l) Restricted equipment -will be destroyed beyond 
possibility cf repair or reolaLcbicn of parts. (2) 3eoret and 
confidential equipment will be destroyed boyond recognition* Such 
destruction r.ay bu liriited to thoso porticis of a secret or conf in- 
dent ~al device \;hich shorj socret principles or design. Other com- , 
poncnts will be doatroyed to an extent that Tjould prevent future 
use or reclamation. 

£• all cases , ^octir.onts or devicos not 'yet in fj or^g are con,- 

. * sidorod of _ greatest ffiportanQQ.- 

d„ The f o||^||%|pr^e||ip |f de^^ion: 

2. General purpose cryptographic sys^ens: 

(a) Cipher r;a chinos and key lists 

(b) Strip alphabets and key lists 

(c) Joint reciphoring and rocodir-g- tables 

Adm. Cir* No, 21 


11 May 1943 

^LETTE RS CF QCffiOIENCE t ' Paragraph 2-d, Section^ Adnri^istratlY© Circular 
No, 12, this headquarters, 26 Apr 1943, ""iai ii^iH<^|bo}|*<s^l-^^^^^|:V 

f "d # Security and censorship regulatiw* lom*%# Sfl^ES^ft^oiS! 

'i Information as to grave location, disposal of remains and effects, etc, 
J vdll not be included, and photographs of graves will not be inclosed, " 

<. By order of the Theater Compander: 



I s/ c, r, umw- 

\' C, R. UNDOf, 

^Colonel, A,G.D> Adjutant General, 

IbHPRCDUCRP HQ SOS 13 December 1943 

willing, mmm, 

Colonel, G.S.c; 
Chief of Staff, 

I Li.- J* 

3* Secret, conmunicaticnn, fft^^fSift^jfftlal orders 
4, Special ^M^3sri| o^rat io^rW^'f Cer. .3 

(a) SigHjl -^^ners • ••, 

(b) Contact code3 and ciphers 

(c) Authenticator systems , 

3* Gall sign ciphers and key lists' ' 
6, Other code and signal publications 

Ola ss if iod nstoriol vi highest iu^ortajaijc . should • fys . ciarked in a 
clearly distinctive panner** ifO„ : , ?^ith rod marking' in an obvious 
place* . This should be done locally in pursuance of the destruction 
planj gnd will bo Jyj addition to the regular pla ^ifv54ig atanp eg. . 

The Doiniiianding officer of- ■ oa ah station, ■■ ship f or plane, is responsible 
for issuing a fraction! emergency destruction scheme which should . 
include allocation' of 1 responsibility to specific officers and other 

Because of possibility of oiior^r action by day or night, such 
ailoestipn of responsibility at stations phouJLd be fcy duty rather 
then by name, 'Alternatas should be designated in every capo, 

1?rainirig period^ should be ; designated for instruction of •. 
person:- ul 'in 'oj^ocut ion oC destruction duties'. The commanding off icel? 
my repair's reports stating such training procedure has been observe!. 

Author jfoff f or ; ore* r ency do gf ruction. Whore tiniG does not permit 
coriinui'iica tio.n \i t+; the corjoanding' off ioer ? every individual' con-* . 
corned must act on his bun' initiit*yo. The importance a? beginning 
the destruction scheme s uff ici^n tfe cr:r3-y cannot be over piaphasi^ed* 
destruction of any iten is of sir^li irnportnnc^^ff^ared with its 
possible capture,, ■■ 

S^glfe ™ g^f^^Mi Awwilfc? infpj^^mn%wrcorn^ng- extent of . 
0$OJ?genqy destruction is c^^errf^^»?4 in irpertance only %o 
the degtructiofi of th^^to^.$l W&F f Such reports shall be n$4e 
to higher ' authority ^./^^^^^cxicjt^lo r ■ 

Cypnoya l ,Pcl.lov. Peat^p^on- l$r f iro if prof erred to any other type. 
Tests ind*;;^ to "destruction c£ radio equipment by fire is more conplote 
then destruction explosives* 

Dostruction of Glassif $t \$n& ^Installations 

A. Post, Carp or Station • ,y - < - :< "| 1 1, ^ ^ 

!• lAosv-jon^ib lli tv. ' It shall be- the responsibility -of oac/h 
cryptographic officer or security officer to >put into force tho 
destruction scheme ' is cued by tho Cojicisnding Officer, and to train 
p^rseiwol ±a it 3 execution. ■ • 

2, P o pt ir* 3%j.op. , $ rh, pne , "Tho ccmranding: < ?f iccr, in establishing the 
scheme in ptu-sa^nco of 3oction I, Paragraph 3, will bo guided by the 
following cans id ere t ion 9! 

n\ Scheno must be practicable end simple. Avoid use of 
jneinprnters in open ■ space 3 \ 'hero personnel uight be 
/. erased to onor^/ r fire, ifcr uxaiupio, oxtreno crses, it 
i:ny bo nocossvry.* in order to' avoid droning onery fire at 
nigh 4 y to GceevpHsh the meat corpl^to dostruction possible 
by whatever tieans are at hand. 

Jj; ' Secret and confidential documents should be sorted for easy 
access, A list should be kept of oxact locations where such 
documents arc' hold elsewhere on the station. 

£ # Duplicate keys and other neons of access rr„y under proper 
security arrangements be kept in -elected petitions. The 
security effiror \r~±l prepare dup^icnto lists cf locations • 
of" c*t"^f c If led documents, poi'cone rustk-nsibl^ for various 
duties in the destruction schema, anu the recommended place 
T.1 i method of destruction. Those duplicates are for use in 
r.bsoncc of custodial personnel, and vill be destroyed along 
'with classified material* 

3, ; Mctlv •» - ^ ; •' ." - ' \ 

g^j^, l Kerc i s^e , ' * • 

_IU ■ Materials, 

Each destruction unit '.-'ill consist of a five gallon 
can of kerosone cr rasoline, tvro braziers, two snail 
pieces cf \:iro netting and two petal rods or pipes. A 
sufficient number of units should be supplied to a ccora- 
'plish destruction of all classified matter within a 
4 * t ro^S' nablo tine ? These units will be kept near tho 
- , ' stcrrge place of the classified materials* 

She* iS S« -V S't Bs P- 

ugnxy Qii.i ir, li3d ej n fire hazard, 
Containers filled with ^erosqrao cr gasoline 
should bo 2icpb a;wy frosa influnoblo raterial 
c. id 'nob csqposod to rifle fire, 

. Eraaiers can be nade by piercing sides' (not 
bottom) of mot pi drws or containers* A con«? 
voniont sizo is about one end one-half foot in 
diameter and tuo foot in height, 

, Wire netting will bo shaped for uosy placing 
over brssior nhen papers are boing burned. 
Any nctal rod or pipe chn be vV'i which is 
sm,t.;bls for stirring the firr and allies. 

2, ^coe&$!$, 

. jt, T&ar/ colors off . back's* '^Tea? or crii _ 

obniojits", ' separating pagos/ aa nmch 'as , possible, 

... Sctite papers ^|th-Jc^resone ; ojt gasoline on time to 

\" -'tioo'ae thoy.'ar© .placed &nto .bra^ieiV' Flea^e ?vi£r© 

■/nettirig , oirer .top to . prevent, .paper bIow:thg : atfciy 4«rr 
'ing "burning, : ; - ■ ■ ■ ■ / 

»b, '..JgnSte* ., JTpr safety, : a., lifted match mp? be tossed 

: |nto -the, bvmiqr fron"arr : l gth.._ Sti3?,'^^en near- 
'.; \ .%rj;iod, to'; insure ..that yl£ papers': ayo 's^l#rfre4,- 
' EajnerAbor that papers pre ?'3Q&.' tog ether are^^e-t ;b«4r^e4 
. ' oven in a ' big f.iro, ' . ' 

. &s an. alternative jnothoc 1 . of bqrning, ■ Spdjjjp" Jiitrat^ 
V (ife'NQg) .;majr, bo usofl if sya&alpSU, A' s^pjy of 
■\ .. NA . NQ3 ocuaj in weight to - .onp*kalf that of the m%?> ~' 
.. . t grinl. to be destroyed shcf-ld be kept available nea# 
: the inqineratoy to 5 bo mixed : with the material to bo 

. 3,, Matey^Xa? ■ A^e, ' Sledge ; ^m^-^S^M.^^j-' T < 
llbrib and othe& ■^ittoli^icM-ilK'' 

2, Gmam> 

wpoden and meta^ 
ring.. and taring; off knobs, 

dials or vjiTes, '. r n> ".-zing puio^s and otherwise virecking 
the material l^ortd -^csiirj. Li'c/ of repair. Piece 
peeked items ii a pi'lo -nu _< with, kerosene or 
gasoliae,. tiion >^*n# If lino pwrniits, bury burnt 
• .renins of socrrf ard r-obt'idouL'al oquip&ent in 
secluded or bod of -stream, 

.' 3. .'Attention- ia- iiivitocl tp.the fact' that. many typos of 
devices such as-GS?.**S9 (SIOABA.j and M209 A (Hogelin) 
- carry special destruction instructions,, 

B f Field Conditions 

J, r X'ho requisite . characteristics for a device for destroying 
ciosaif led matter in the f ield are;* Light woijrht. f or easy trans-* 
portationj speed in . obstruct ion wider field emergency, conditions; 
fhb British ^eskrcyable Correspond ei;.'; ; se parrior" complies those 
features in a metal tulio lined with rj?mjbustlbiQ mteriais. It 
■sieigh^ 4-^ ppt$ftda ' and • has a capacity of |6 pounds of classified 
matter.* Ignited either electrically pr v mechanically, combust ion 
is complete in four or ; f ive minutes, at imish time a shotgun shell / 
explodes and breaks, .up the a shaft An adapt est ion of this^deyiee; 
wp^34 serve f or use % & ie^d coTOnAers, . 

|5ecbsnicai. <s;lphor devices should, bo rash-d. beyond reoegniti$& 
and. f If. $SP-B89 (^AM};''ia ; pr'Q^qiit., completely destroyed by • ' 
thermit© bomtis/^ 

. Z f In circumatanoes ^hore ether, means of destru&tioa. r,re w 5 ^ 
ijvailo'blo,' resort to the genural instructions set forth here in f 
making' us»., cf • gupf ire, rocks/' etc, / 

G , Rent ino In struct ions. 

The volume; c-f classified mato-rial. i&Ssh would require destruction 
in event of emergencies, should be kept .at the niinimum/ Th&s- it is 
jiipcrtant that all routine destruction be completed promptly* following 
existing in struct ions T ■ 

a. It shall be the duty of the s.o.cu3?ity off iser. to\ chock' 
1 periodically an routine destruction of obsolete classified 
material, message files , and othe^ cerr ©spondbneo t All 
personnel shall be cautioned against tendency of permitting 
papers, to ' a(JQ^^Il^^^t^.^i^'.^i3,^s, r ' 

Destruction of Classified Liottcr in Aircraft 

J)o©un©pts. ■ s. If plane is forced down at sea, all classic 
fied'' material will be sunk" by most practical method. J£ weighted 
pouches are net provided* use musette, bags or other containers. 
|. tieight usually oan be found in the, plane, and holes can be §ut 
easily through the bag with a pocket knife, Tfoe&over availably 
plsnes flying over water will be provided with cryptographic aids 
printed qj* destructible paper or on paper coated with a special 
gelatinous substance which dissolves in water taking the printing 
with it. . ^ .' 

b, Jf plane is forced dewn .in enemy or neutral territory all 
classified documents and cryptographic material will be destroyed 
by burning. The magnesium in Very pistol cartridges provides a 
good incendiary medium for burning documents on the ground, 

IFF Equipment . ' For pilots of aircraft equipped with IFF insta3.1ationsj 
in case of forced landing in onory cr neutral territory, or abandoning 
ship in any circumstances whore the enoiry nighc gain access to the 
aircraft , the pilot will destroy the internal portion of the equip- 
ment by simultaneous, depression' of the two destructor switched. 

Other spools l..|iquir»mon^ * Attention is balled tc the fact that many 
typos of aircraft will carry ether special secret cr cenf idontial 
oquipmont, such a BJ\DJX& units, ASV, AX f and the like, requiring the 
greatest effort in accomplishing destruction under distress conditions 
for which there is as yet no specially d r es: 6 'nci r.;oan3 of destruction* 
Personnel will give priority, utilizing all moans which Ingenuity may 
suggest, for carrying cut the destruction of such communications 
equipment and prevention of ,its falling into enemy hands. 

po . . . . 

with paragraph 2 and 3 of Section I, 

D o struct jgplfcl ffffi 1- 1 flt^lllljfc'lr' Tfi W^rfr^ t Sea,. 

'r ■ devices^ should b© thrown overboard when in 
In ..shaliow -water, the wiring ahouicV be punched out, an4 

the wheels, wiring 
repair before beia. 

thyin over beard-, . ,; *' 

it ion or 


All alphabet strips, key lists, and other printed cryptographic 
aids issued to ships! assigned to hazardous duty should bo' printed - 
on paper -coated with a Relantinous substance \jhicsh \;ill toko printing 
ink satisfactorily, but which will dissolve in ^ater, trking the ink 
with-it*- Message blanks for ship's use should also bo supplied using % 
this special ^eating. 

In circumstances vmore time does net periait burning in the usual 
Earner, vhuthor in doop or shallow net or, all classified printed 
rotter "and ■■'ispotchos should be thr/:ivn ev^r'^r.ard in weighted bags 
■with holes in there to inrure sifting . Be eke should bo opened up 
^before, insertion 'in the bags. .Howjvi,r, until sad"; time as all . 
publications carried on board are pri'nted cn the specially prepared 
papery arrongoncrats'' should, bo undo to burn those publications not so 
prepared,, in -oasO of emergency, 

Implements trace ssarys slod^o harrier* weighted bag 3 "with holes 
in them, . •« 

' 'Xn closure ; 1 .to Itr # * 
386,1 U ? 13^)0S-S«3-4ii 

Adm. Cir» No, 14 


28 April 1943 

No, 27, War DepaH»etifc/'3 Mar 1943,, in this theater will be classified "Resrr 
trieted" and will be so marked by the holders thereof, 

By order of the Theater Coipander? 


a/ C« R« LANDCN- 
Colonel, A«G«D, Adjutant General. 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS 10 December 1943 


WiWma mm*wwi . 36 Apr 1943 

HQ* • t #•+•*•• f •<*•« #6 

Bo cisgioo of Tinning Bfemoranda~ Paragraph }, lyaining flfeiBoran<5um 
Nbt 1> this hs&dquayteya ? 6 Mul 1942, as amended by Section Tyaining 
Ifen&yanduni No* 6, this haadquayteys, 24 Aug 1943? and ffcyagyaph 1, Section 
I> Training Me$oyanciura Jfc> T 4, this headquarters, 11 Way 1943 /are yesoindeo%. > 

.2 «, Training ( Pro^rraroa . Unit training pyogyaraa, following, in general, th® 
13 week form in Appendix III, It! 21*5 , will be submitted, thyough channels ? 
to the appropriate* Base Section Coraniandey fpy approval ♦ 

?♦ pefeng^ pians^ The Base Section Oommandeys aye responsible fpy ths 
oooydjr^ tion of the Defense Plans of all SOS units within the teryitorial 
limits' of their respective ooTOands. Unit and station Defense Plans will 
'be submitted, through cha mels t to the appyopyiate Base Section Commander 
for approval and eooydination. 

4* Tya3ning and B^fense Biyec^iveg^ Oooies of all directives, lueuioyanda, 
ordeys, circulays and instructions pertaining to the training cf SOS tyoops oy 
the defense of SOS insolations, published by the : Chiefs, of Services 5 the 
Base Section Pomanders j the. OoiTOnding General, |ohdon Base Command $ 'the, Head* 
quarters Commandant, SOS, ETO; or the Commandant, African School Center, will 
be fuynished this headquarters. 

By oomiaand of J&joy Geneyal ISEi 

omOBL: p|^^^^^ r ^J^ Colonel, C5^ f Chief of i^aff. 

Colonel, AGP ^ Adjutant %neyaX^N j DIsmiBIJTXCiif s "CP 

Adm, Cir, No. 12 


26 Apr 1943 


III— LETTERS OF i CONDOLENCE). , 1*. Letter 3 of condolence j referred to in para- 
graph 56a, ' Sect ion" VIII ; and paragraph 92> Section XII, Technical Manual 
No. 16^205, 21 Apr 1941* my be written by chaplains only in special cases 
and only "when directed by the chaplain* s Commanding Officer. 

2 f In preparing eetQh such letter, strict compliance will be had with 
the following: ' 

a* In the case of letter reporting a battle casualty, particular care 
will Ue taken to see that the letter contains the same categorical des^ 
cription of the casualty's condition as does the official report. These 
categories are: 

(1) Killed in action 

(2) Seriously wounded in action 

(3) Slightly wounded in action 
th) Missing in action 

( 5 ) Capt ur e by t he enemy 

This 'information will be obtained from the j^ersonnel Officer of the casualty* 9 
unit* v , * 

b; The letter will -clearly atete the subject *s f ull nto* and serial 

c# Care will be taken in a mm «icltn©ers or injury not to magnify 
the subject* s condition $nd not to that there is not the possir- 

bility ' of return 1 duty* ' 

d. ' Security and densorsMp Regulations will be strictly observed, - 
Information as to grave locations ^ disposal or Terrains and effects, etc., will 
not be 'included* 

e. In order to insure' that the letter does not precede the official 
War Department' notification, it will be ^t^dtted to this headquarters, in 
triplicate, for reyic?/ and dispatch. One of the two carbon copies will be 
marked "Casualty Branch, AGO" and the other, '* Casualty Branch, fty $05".* 
No letter of transit tai or indorseiwfc is required in forwarding the letter 
to this headquarters. 

Indication that the fetter is written pi^suant to the* direction of 
t ho chaplain *s Otoanding- Officer i413, be indorsed on the carbon copy marked 
"Casualty Branch, Hq. SOS" ♦ 


3/ C. B. LANDON 

?/ c, e; urn®!-, 

Colonel, A,G f D#, " 
Adjutant General, 


By order of tip 'Theater CojMnderi 

Colonel^ G f S,c;, 
Chief of Staff. 

4dm Cir tfo. 8 


19 April X943 

: III^^K1^1?3M,<i^^lT3 OF RECEIPT o Except in special cases and as required 
oy existing regute tions and instruct! on s concerning the handling of classified 
correspondence j the practioe cf reo/aesting acknowledgement of receipt o£ certain 
foras such as eniistpient and enrollment records, military fingerprint Q< 
service records, individual pay records, etc,, V&J.1 £e idltpitf|i.fcuef 

By order of the Theater Coraimn 

miHl*M G. figUVER, 
Colonel, G«S»0«, 
Chief of Staff* 


s/ 0.- R. UiTDOH 
Colonel, JUG.D* , 

Adjutant General* 



4 April 1943 

Sl'BJ$CT* Parfles of C&piyr@4 m Interned i^litar^r personnel. 


TO ■: Gopmanding ■fsner^l, SOS, ' 

. Corramnding Qtnerip.j V Corps 

Gossuandin^ General, Ei#&fc Air" Fbr^ • 

Coi^mud ing General^ Iceland Base Conanand 

CQipAnxiins O^lcer, feopean Wlnf;, 

/itt©ntion is invited to. "ration D©|^rtm<3nt Gi£oular No, 

dated 1Q Deceit© r- \%Z 9 ufidsfe 'wlXX. r*&4 . ' 6^Xaihe4 '■%$ • al| . 
military personnel in the tfteaker at tlm fir 3$ fo^ition after receipt 
of thip lett^, 4 

By copaand of lieutenant funeral ^HSWS: 

/ss/ Etchard F t Fi&k, 

Lt. Colonel, AGO* 
ifcstnfc Adj^tioit. Q^r&l. . 


hq sos im vm 

Cir # 25 

1 April 1943 


1. Code and ciphor texts of all incoming and outgoing messages will bo 
retained; on file in the message cento*? for a period of three (3) months from 
the date of reception or transmission* after which they will he destroyed by 
burning unless required for accounting purposes. The burning will bo accom- 
plished th© first day of each mCnth and will include the file for the fourth 
preceding month with the exception of such texts as jmy be furthor required 
for accounting purposes. 

2, Thus, on 1 Apr 1943, th® code and, cipher texts for December, 1945 , wil! 
bo burned £ on ,1 May 1943 , th# codo and ciphor texts for January, 1943 ? ; w ill bo 
burned. This action will be th© responsibility of tho Cryptographic §ocurity 
Officer who upon receipt of these, instructions will bum, eap&epi as provided 
above, all coda and ciphor texts on filo dated prior to 1 Jan 1943, and there- 
after Vfi.ll accomplish tho monthly burning as prescribed above , 

By command of Major General £EEt 

Colonel, G.S.C. 
Chief of S.taff . 

Adjutant General. 


II— BEGGING OK STREETS IN LO NDON, 1. It has como to the attention of this 
headquarters in a t a large number of beggars are haunting certain areas of 
London whore numbers of American troops are located* In view of the fact 
that British welfare organizations provide for the care of the few unemployed, 
donations should not "bo made to those encountered* 

2. Any difficulties encountered in refusing to give i4g|&t §^i u ^llf^5^1l£- ! 

reported to the nearest policeman* (AG 55 MPlf 

IX--H0KA1E ' MP COI-OTCT ♦ 1. Reference GO 37, Hq ETOUSA, 9 Sept 1942, this oomand 
is responsible for adrainis taring justice (in substitution for its adminis tration 
by the courts of the" United Kingdom) among those forces charged with conduct 
violation of loc;l law. In keeping with this responsibility and that of proper 
discipline, attention is directed to the fact that under United Kingdom law 
it is unlawful for a person under 14 years of ;ig© to enter the bar of licensed 
premises when open for sale of liqufcrs. - s 

2. ftio sale, gift, or serving of ' intoxioutl^ liquors to a person under 18 
years of age for consumption in lioone^d prej3is#s, such as public housos, 
hotels, and restaurants, is prohibited. Such prohibition docs not extend to 
furnishing beer, cider, porter, or p&rry to persons under 16 years of age for 
consumption with a meal in a part of tfe<* liccmsod premises set aside for the 
service o^f meals, provided^ suc^t part of a e, id premises is not a bar. 

3. The provisions of this ©iroular will bo brought to. the attention of all 
members of this ooimm^ for the ir guidance ♦ (^G 250.1 ICPMG)' 

By omxmtr^ of lAeu tenant General ii'DRKES 


Colonel, A»G«D. , 
Adjutant General, 


' Colonel, G8C, Chief of Staff. 

The Adjutant General ; a Office 

AG 312 ell (3*23^43 }CB^S<*B~M March 27, 1943 

SIBJSQTt Correspondence with Prisoners of War 

TO % The Commanding Generals, 

Army Ground Forces 

Army Air forces 

Army Ssrviee Forces 
The CoBiinaY'dor-in-Gldef , 

Southwest Pacific .Area x 
The Conmai'ding Gen.fe.rals, 

Def e-jie Commands , 


Theaters of Opera bions 
Service Commands 
Base Ccsn^ands 
The Commanding Officer, 
Base Commands 

•<U All members of the military forces, regardless of ran^, wiM. exercise 
great care in writi-n^ tQ-fi*feMs or relating who are held m prisoners of war, 
to the end that no information of valii© %b. ..given to the enemy. 

3, The provisions of graining circular No. "15, dated ?ebri;ary 16, 1943, 
will be Strictly complied with. Par ticnias* reference is directed to paragraph 
19 b, which reads as follows: 

**b* The usual ni^itary return address wili net be used en any comrsuaica* 
tion intended for onony or enemy occupied countries* Mail from military personnel 
to friend^ $p relates held as prisoners of war in enemy occupied countries must 
be seht thrp\*gh $ f riend or relative residing in the co^fc^enii,}. United States. 
The friend or relative i$ay forward such ©ail; using a domestic civilian return 

This provision applies to comigunicatioiis sent by pilitaTy personnel located* within 
as we2,l as without the United Spates. 

3, In addition tp complying wit*t the provisions of Training Circular No, %5 9 
no mention will be made in the text of the communication i^ntif^lfig %\m sender pr 
anyone else ae being a member of the military service. 

By etder of tfce Secretary p£ War: 



fiajor General 
The Adjutant General 

Combined Chiefs of Staff 

Divisions of the War Department 
General Staff, 


AG 383.6 MGB 7 March 1943 

SUBJECT: U. S. Military Personnel Stranded, Detained^rlflBBe 
by Neutral power. 

TO 3 Commanding General, SOS, ETOUSA. 

Coaamnding General, Eighth Air Force . 

Commanding General, V Corp3 (Reinf). 

Commanding General, Iceland Base Command.' , 

Commanding Officer, London Base Command. 

- * 

1. Tho following paraphrase of a cable received from the Vfer Department 
is quoted for your information! 

f, £, l&litary Attaches, in neutral countries have been designated as 
Commanding Officers of all U.3, military'' personnel, who may be stranded, de*- 
tained or interned by a neutral power. 

Mb. Military Attiaches are thus enabled to issue any necessary orders and 
to any noees^ary disciplinary action under Army Expiations 6l5*-5 and the 
lOkth Article pt ^i' :wJitQh l?ay be deemed advisable, in 'view ' of international 
coc^piications and loo^l situations. They are also authorised to administer to 
the financial needr ©f this ..personnel. 

It is desired that- personnel of your command be informed of these 
facts and 1 instructed to contact the Military Attache as soon as possible after 
arrival in a neutral country, to sign ng papers whatsoever, give no information 
without permission ot the Mi3~Ltary Attache.," 

2. The above cable is construed to mean that all personnel stranded, de T 
tained or interned in neutral countries will report, as soon as possible to the 
Military Attache for instruct ions $ that such personnel are to sign no papers 
other than the security certificate presented to them, by the J£tlitary Attache. 
Personnel who are returning from Axis or occupied countries will not discuss 
their experiences with anyone, regardless of rank, except with an officer desig- 
nated by the' AfC* of S v Q~2, ETOUSA , The oi'ficer designated by the A. C T of S>> 
G-2, E,TOUSA, will be provided with an identification card, stating that he is 
authorized to question such personnel. 

3. Any military information which may have been secured by such personnel 
will be divulged only to the Military Attache to whom this personnel reports 
and to the interrogation officers designated in the preceding paragraph* it 
should be stressed that the liilitary Attaohe will be given information only of 

a military nature* 

By command of Lieutenant General ATOEWSi 

/s/ B, T. SCHANTZ, 

Lt. Col., A.G.Z),, 
istant Adjutant General. 

~1~ " ' 


General to the, Base Section Coim^nders , < the ;Headquarters >raniandant and the,. 
Deputy Commander, tondon Echelon, under date of, 22. Jan 1943* 'with reference 
to the accosting of British women by our troops. Attention is 'also directed 
to letter, this headquarters, 3,0 Jan 1943, file AG 220.711(10 Jan 1943)Misc, 
subject; *Vq&& System foa? Bnlist-eel Personnel , a «opy of, \uhich is inclosed, 

2. The problem refarr&i" to in the i^moxandum of* Z2 Jan. 1943 is one 
requiring tl>e constant attention of the commanders of all echelons. It is 
beli4veq that the remedy .for the situation lies in. the education of all ranks 
and in the adoptipi* and active enforcement' of appropriate restrictions and 

. 3« imk*%Q.&l$%%Q'# of £0 Jan' 1943 outiiqss the system, which 
i9 f&. Qffaot in the vicinity of this headquarters, and from which sKoeHent 
results have already beej obtained^ * It is appreciated that the, install- 
ations an<J prganisations of this command are operating under varying con- 
ditions and situations and that, the, problems of each must be dealt vdth in 
the iigfct of *h® particular local conditions, However, it is folt, in 
general, that a curfew 'hour (2300 hours .at this headquarters) vrould be 
extremely beneficial in practically any situation and that its effect in 
preventing bad feeling touard our troops cannot be over-emphas ieed . 

4. Educationally | each and every officer ip. the command should, by 
TTord and conduct, continually, actively and spiritedly impress upon his 
subordinates ? \both officers, and enlisted men, the important part which 
proper conduct on our part "plays in Anglo-Amoriean relationships , points 
ing out to then thr.t, conversely, improper conduct on our part, by creat- 
ing bad feeling tovjards us in the British, plays directly into the hands 
of the Axis nations • $his educational program, wherever possible, should 
be supplemented by intelligent end carefully prepared talks by officers 
from higher headquarters . 

5. The Provost T<fcrsha;t f this headquarters , is fuiJy informed v/itti 
respect ts this problem and ^rill po -operate in every way possible. 

By command ,of Mc\jor General IEE: 

G. R. IAN&0N # * a / C 
Colonel, A,M>. a 
Adjutant General. 


AG 220^711 (0^,J^-i543>,.m?O,;: v 10 Jan 1943 

■ Sul^eet-; V' " System for. jSnlisted Personnel* . 
To $ Commanding Of fiber, Southern Base Section/ S08 APQ £19. - 

1, This headquarters has thi3 date instituted a pass system for 
the enlisted personnel of the Headquarters Command, this headquarters, 
and effective throughout the territorial jurisdiction of the Headquarters 

2. .Its essential features include the following provisions:. • 

a,. All TO-po^apnjaei under th& jurisdiction t>t the Headquarters 
Commandant will be provided, with passe© -authorising'* the holders thereof to 
bo absent 0n pa^s from qf$ov supper to 23QQ hours. These passes may be 
withdrawn at any time, for' tha ijSffraetioja of any existing regulations, 

h. Enlisted pQ#»Qti$p). nprmapy fee exported to eat their 
evening, meal at their billat, ' • 

c. Spopdal overnight $n%m$ wfeicft will fepm^t the individual to 
remain in the qror. until ; dlippojr of ijn© foilowipg day be issued 
to enlisted personnel' in the fjctyire pf a, .reward for exemplary conduct* 
It is desired that not" w>fa thr4 10$ of the total enlisted personnel 
present fqr duty bo authorised ^n overnight pass a% one time, 

£ # Normal furloughs -/ill bo granted in accordance with existing 
$T0 instructions. 

3» Military police of tho Headquarters OomraAnd have b§on instruct- 
ed to scrutinize enlisted personnel found fr$n time to time within tho 
environs of their jurisdiction and to apprehend all personnel not in 
possession of an appropriate paps. 

4-f It is desired that you direct tfto commanding officers of all 
SOS units 7 organisations, and installations in the. vicinity of this head-r 
quarters to adopt for all personnel desiring to visit the vicinity of 
this headquarter 3 > Q P ass , system not inconsistent with the system out- 
lined in paragraph 2 above and advise thorn that no SOS personnel will bo 
permitted in such area contrary to tliosfo instructions. 

By coiamand of I&joy General p$: 

,c # c. |%.domdt ; •.. - : V r ' J-' '■""■*. 

y Xfneil, 

■v • A . G#D . 


Disposition &f Service Records . 

^ $4. Fobym-ry. 1943 . 

Gonoanding Officers, all general and station hospitals, 3QS, 

Xf IJtpprous servico yoqQr$3 and allied papers of enlisted won. ¥/ho 
novo boon evacuated fron- the North African Jheat^T of Operations for 
Hpspitaliigation in the United! Kingdom^ are being received at this headquarter s v 

2 f %e to the lacls: in^qrE}at;ipn contained in' those recor4s ? 
necessitated by security reasons, and due to the fact that patients upon their 
arrival in tue United Kiyig^ioia, are forwarded to various hospitals according 
to the treatment required, th<3' disposition of these records is render od 
extrepely difficult, 


3» A^^rdingly, it is desired that an inuediato report, bo nade to 
this headquarters upon the hospitalization of any enlisted ncn rcho have been 
evacuated fron tnc Ntf1ftfeJf?$$QBi ^oaie^-of- (^^a^<Mti3 , and are not 

l^* v&om r V; v % % fit II 

acconpaniud by their 
By cornand 

ig^dicri General 


1 1 JM [\.y < l«i,. 1 H« i lli »f 1 1 ,1 1. 1 , 1 1 11 ! , . . ii 111. 

As addressed 
AG-Snl Br, ■ 

Colonel, k,G,D.£zi,\ 
adjutant General. 


APO 871 

AG 381 (3,7 Feb 1943) CGC 17 Feb 1943 

SISJSG?; Defense Plans (POL Facilities and Supplies). 

TO , $ Commanding Officers, all organizations and installations, 306, ETO. 

1, Detailed provisions for taking the following action with respect to 
POL facilities and supplies will b© included in all unit defense plans? 

a« Defense against fire, chemical,- aj.iv and ground attack* . 

Jj, Per&al of ua$. %o ^ enemy (short of destruction pr ©vacation), 
(Action, to be ta^ei* onj^.-oa' px&$t& £pQm- higher headquarters.) 

c. . U.vaQua.tipn, ^.nclu4.|.ng ' priorities and complete plans for labor, 
T©hic ; 3,^$| . cc^ordi^tion ~an4 control t (Action to-be -taken only on specific 
orders f^oHi J^eadquarliers, , 

. pestruction, including: p^iorii^es. and methods ♦ (Action to' be 
taken only on specif %q orders from this -headquarters*) 

By conraand of Brigadier General UTTIBJOHNf 

(Less Non-SOS) 

c ^ 


The Adjutant^ General 1 s Office 
Washington - 

AG 400 ,112 ( 2-15-43) OB-S-B-M " Febrwy 17, 1943 

SUBJECT: Publicity on Classified Projects, 

Armament and Equipment, , 

TO; The Commanding Generals, 

. Army Ground Forces 
Army Air Forces 
Services of Supply 
Defense Commands 
Theaters of Operations 
Service Gonunanda 
Base Commands 
Forts of Embarkation 
the Qommcmder^£n^Ghi# f , 
Southwest Pacific jboa 
' The Commanding. Of? leers* ■ 

• Base Commands ' '' ' ' 
Ports of Embarkation 
Posts-, C&mps and stations 
The Chiefs of all Services^. 
Services of supply 

f$q publicity whatever, ^itto&* oral, or p|.ptqrial r siiAll h,0 given 
to any m,i|itary or naval project, items of armament or equipment, which 
are ^ the e^er j^ental or deve+opment stage. 

]By order of the Secretary of War? 

s/J, A, m»io 
, ' A, VfclQ, 

C0OT$ j^HR1^SHEI3; Major Gpnetfal " 

The §taff Pivisio*is of The A#u$ant SenefaJU 

Services of Supply • ■ ' ■ " 

Joint Security Control 
f he Inspector General 
The Divisions of The War 

Deportment General Staff,. 

BBPIOTUCE© HQ BQ& 11 Jmy 1943 
H, H. E. 

Classification of ''Confidential" changed 
to ^unclassified* by letter, TAG, AG 400.112 
(4~14*43)03^SrB-*M, Ejects Ph^nge in 
Classification, dated AprU 19^3. 

AG 311.5 MG3 

STJBJBOf s British $escwity Reports. 


CG, 3ighth Air Force, 
C&, V Corps (Eeinf ) , 
CG, Iceland Goipaand, 
00, London Base Command . 

1, Letter head^rters, ' b& 311.5 MGB, dated 2 February 1943, subject, 

ai above, is amended a<3d the following? 

*X8, :$be. provisions of this letter sha.ll not tie construe^ as applying to 
British Qiv^laiee^o^ed T?y the BrtMeh fititnoiities on behalf of the American 
authorities wdey c©,t^oyie9 and subparagraphs a. end b, respect! rely, 
para^faph 3» Section I| s CirawLar 31, STOCS'A, §1 *Tuly 1Q43. The necessary 
aeowity Ohacjcs on these ^ndividuais are obtained by the British. * f 

By coapand of:-I,i©utenaiit General 0ff&t$i 

/&/ Hi chard f\ Flak 
Ma^or, AG2, 
Assistjant Adjutant General. 

AG 2*0,61 (12 Fob 43) f 
SUBJECT Intelligence Of f iqers t 

12 February 194-3 

Commanding Officers, cill organizations fe&||^(|[4-afd|wi^ 
SOS, ETO USA, • " 

1, ?he organization of the CS System within the SOS, ETO, has been 
greatly handicapped by the high percentage of turnover among unit intelligence 
of floors f Dirring the period 2 Oct 194-2 to 26 Jan 1943, approximately 75% of 
unit intelligence officers have boon replaced, 

Z n Substantial effort is ^required by the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2 
i>QQ 9 ETQ, and Assistant Chiefs of Staff, G~2, Base Sections, to instruct unit 
iatffllligeiice offipors in the intricate operation of the CS System, Whenever 
these offipors aro relieved of their assignment, considerable additional time 
is consumed in necessary instruction, for their replacements, and the CS System 
puffers therefor. 

3 # Command 
«f unit intellig 

W c 

irected to restrict to a minimum the turnover 

C. Ii . LAi' T DON, n 
Colonel, A. 3.3?. lUt^p 
Adjutant General. 


IG 311,5 MB H ^ ^ " ^ ^^ E ^ rusry 

Subject: British Security Beports, v 3 \ - * V , ; V" |: J 

To : CG, SOS, ETOUSAj CO. Ei&hth Air Force; CG, V Corns XHeinf ) GG, Iceland 
Base Command). CO, London Base Command. ,/ 

1. Letter thia feead quarters gated if August 192*2, subject as above, is re- 
scinded. . ' \ ^ ■ .. V 

2. The British Security Service hafe undertaken to render a security invest! 
Ration on certain civilian apyll©$B^s, £er er§pl©ynjent \ ith the ^erican Forces in 
Greet 'Britain {t&e 4 investigation of $»*ch eppXiewats in Northern Ireland is the re- 
sponsibility of- 'the eassmandei* of tropin tfesef^i^. stationed, and in Iceland Car 
mend -Of the-'Cc«inantli.n^ Genera thereof), investigation is. celled "vetting" 
end ordinarily constitutes an exw4.fc*tioa ®i security records compiled over - a'-co'ur. 
of'. many year's'*; •'• - ' - ; ■' ' ■ .. . 

3» Etfery applicant fo* appipijatus&t to toy position 'in f.-hich the 'applicant 
foU be ens,a f #d jLn jsecrft or q ^lp^fc l ^ wrfo 05; rill have access ' to secret o£ 
confidently ' "lyg^rr^t.ip fit doyfoffintgry frr otherwise # should be vetted through the 
•British Security £fcrvic#. In i.eneiral, applicants c«-n be placed in one of the tvo 
fo).lov/in£ cate&priest 

* - - a; ' Tfoose -' normally tc b|. buU^ittcd for vfrttin/.,: , Clerks, stenographers,, tele- 
phone operators { ^rad^s of foreman and *bov«, t civilian security guards', drivers of 
staff 'Q^rsi. i: • ••, . ■'> : <■■'.; * 

"b* • Those ■ not aojratlly be submitted for vet t for; : Laborers, skilled' or un- 
skilled » v checkers,, storenen; 'ordinary drivers, cleaners, messengers. 

4» Exception to division into the above categories may be made depending 
upon 'the individual fects in a.icli case. Duties of certain applicants in group a M 
above, ii^ay net involve access -c secret information; in such cases no submission 
for" vettinfc : need $e made . Qn the ctrer hand, there 'may be certain armlicants in 
g,roup b.,' &bovcY for vhon a r« guest for vetting should be submitted, e.£. , mes- 
senders who carry secret documents. Then requests for vetting of arrdicurfc^ nor- 
mally in'frcup,^."' are subirittec T the special circumstances reeuirin£ such vetting 
will *he stated In the request. In ell cases the ^sition to be occupied by the 
applicant a. ill -be stated on the vet tine for:;.. 

5* £s far as practicable, the 'investigation should be cGcnleted before the 
candidate is eefcepted,. If this "is not practicable, end circumstances ere such that 
the security of the applicant' is reasonably established, .the applicant nay be em- 
ployed, but the application ; fcrr? should be clearly "narked "Appointed". i»n in- 
vest igati'on prdinarily tafces about 15 days. ' . 

6, To secure the ve't^in^ of Br-iti^h civilians, all \o^cr echelons of the 
Eighth Mr ?oroe and SQ9, ETGL'Safc, "Kill " apply to 'their respective C.G.'s who are 
authorized to make direct call uj^X^tW .British .Security ^eryice for security re- 
ports. Bequests should *ȣ ^ ^A&jd^d ^'j ^l^P^ ^jL^r- Bzooh? $ex #W, G.P.O*, 
Oxford. Not more than tvC'-t^BKKKKt^ be authorised 

to sign these requests. The names of the : t^o off leers from each of these head- 
quarters have been sulamitted to the Briiis| A«^4flUerv£oe, Any ehsnge in the 
designation of these J3££J-V#1 l ho ^ <3 ^ E W^lwWS^lA i ' fciri ^ * ^ Col, Bacon, 

7. All other fcM^to®ra^^^d%s% fe<pes5ts for vetting throu&h this 
headquarters. > The vAfel^flsna rcill be prep&red in tripiic^toi two copies being 
sent to the i„, C* of S., £-2, Headquarters, STOPSA, and one being retained for 
file. The heac^uarters of origin will be advised of the ^e^urity Service action. 

, 8, [Examination of the British Security Service will be made against exist- 
ing records only, and a guarantee cannot be £iven of the suitability for employ- 
ment. These records do not necessarily contain criminal record of the person in 
question. Security is the \pxijaary basis of these records. 

9. In unusual circumstances v/hert- an applicant is to be employed upon un~ 
usually secret vqrk, or vhcr$ there are other cogent reasons, the Security' Service 
will cause a special investigation to be conducted. Such requests in letter form 
should be addressed to Lt, Col. B&eon v;i$h an es^lanation of the reasons therefor* 

10 . V. hen there is no security record against an individual « the formula usee 
by the Security Service on the approved form \-ill be "Nothing recorded against" ♦ 
In such cases it beans only that the individual has not come to notice from the 
security point of view* In positive cages the form will be entered as w Aclvise 
against acceptance' 1 and *Not to b§ placed in e. departmental file"* All reports 
frcm British Security Service should be filed in the Intelligence Section of your 
headquarters as a. confidential document and not incorporated in the 201 or other 
personnel filesw 

11 • The follow in£ instructions will be compiled i ith; 

a-. Under no circumstances^ill the applicant be permitted to have knowledge 
of the fact that his n«me has been submitted to the British Security Service nor 
will the applicant be caused to fill in the form* 

]?• No person should be informed that he has been turned down by the British 
Security Service; 

The contents of a report of investigation must not be disclosed to a 
candidate, to a person ^ ho sponsors him* or to- onv unauthorized person. 

12 • The British Security Service will ^be notified of the dismissal of civil- 
%m ea^loyees for breach of confidence or for any other security reasons. 

By order of the Theater Counanders 

/s/ Richard P. Fis& 
Major* ^GSD, 
assist ant adjutant General 



. , APO 871 

AO 004.5 (12 Dec 1942) COB 26 Jan 1943« 

Processing and Censorship of Amateur Film. 

Commanding Officers, all organizations and installations, 30$* STO. 

1, Reference is made" to letter, this headquarters, 12 Dec 1942, file 
AG 004.5 (12 Deo 1942) Mlsc; subject as above?' to parag^aph^ia, Circular. - 
W> 88, Headquarters, -ETOUSA, £Q Deo 1942* and to paragraph 9, Circular No 89, 
Headquarters r 3$0USA, 30 Dec 1942. 

2. personnel taking photographs for private use will, familiar^ them~ - f 
aeiv^*i«ith the' provision* -o|.^i^:rapha X and-' Z> Circular No 11, Headquarters, 
tJSAFBI, 3 Mar 19^ ^ which authorises ilie taking of •photographs pS mibject*- hav- 
ing no military signif icanes and indicate®, in general, the types of subjects 
which will not be photographed. 

3, All undeveloped amateur fi}m will be forwarded directly to the 
Theater Censor, ^eadquart^! $T(^A, A?0 887 f for processing .and censorship. 

T^§^it.ito^.^$X,-. , b9 : - ife^^plfi.^ eor4i4e&tiai @nd will be seivt through the Army 
Fosi' Office in double envelope, $ach roll will be plainly marked with the . 
name, ASM, unit and APO number of the person submitting it, Where it is de^ 
sired that the Theater Censor forward -the- proc^s-edvfiift direct^ and not 
return it to the person submitting it, instructions will be added: ' "Forward 

to . M » pointing the name and address. All film taken 

for ''of I'lcia^ Tju^pose^ 1 '' ^'11 "be marked "Official Film", ' ' 

4. Film not passed by the Theater Censor - will be held under two cate** 
gories ; film impounded temporarily, to be returned whsi* the subject is no 
l^iger censorable, and film impounded for the duration, to be returned after 
the war. . '" 

5# One print will W made from each negative for censorship purposes, 
for which ther$ will be no charge.' VTien practical, censored film will boar 
the censor la stamp on^ the negative so as to reproduce on each print* "In - 
other cases the censor f s stamp- will be' placed on the back of the print, and 
tfie submission of th^ print to the unit censor wilibe authority fpr him to 
atf ix *his unit censorship stamp to any additional prints which may be made 
by commercial facilities^ There are no restrictions on the reproduction of 
film passed by the Theater Censor, 

6, lkdividuai$ hav^ if they, :• 

»o desire, retain it in thai? posses^io^ undeveloped* However, action will 
be taken by unit -c^mma,nd erf to ensure "that ^s^Qh, doeskin f^bct, remain 
undavp.lapacL and put of civilian hands, .. • - 

To 5 

7# Where individuals have developed film in their possession and wish 
to mail prints made, prior to 12 Dec 1942, the unit censor will deal with them 
as her et of ore, placing his stamp on the oack of each appt^ved print, 

8, It is hot possible -to give a definite -estimate' as /to the time re- 
quired for .the processing, of films by the Theater Censor, but it is expected 
that ' personnel and equipment will be made available to deal with the work in 
the most expeditious manner possible. ' • - 

: 9» In the case of CameraClubs where the . developing of film is an 
integral part of a training and', educational program, consideration will be 
&iven ; to requests for, exempt ion, on the condition that an officer be responsi- 
ble for the" forwarding of all' film and prints to the Theater Censor for cen- ' 
sorship. . Such requests should' desiribo the personnel of the club,, its organiza- 
tion, meetings and sponsorship, ana will be submitted, through channels, to 
' this headqua?rt era . 

, By commaadl- of U*}or Qeneral XE^T 

' ; > i ; . ^ ^autejaant Colonel, AGP, 

.. )\*-: Assistant Adjutant General, 

DISTRIBUTION W ' v f. " v '/; x ' 
. • (^a^' ; nonr4<B^ 

Cir # 


13 Jan 1943 

I~*ESCAPE OF FERSOIfflEL * 1* It is directed that fill personnel who escape 
Iron energy torri tory~"or enemy controlled territory, and return to tho United 
Kingdom, place themselves irauediately in the custody of tha n 
Security Officer or Movement Control Officer, and folloi 
implicitly until such tirae as they are tttr.ned over to 
2, Personnel vdll not *§,scuss mtk anyone but an. off ic( 
Missis tant Chief of Staffs G~2, E1\) t JS4j ' a &y of their experiences while returning 
to this ohimtry. (AG- 333 o 6 MGB) 

IV— SECRET DOCUMENTS , 1. Sec V, Cir 67, Hq ETOUSA, 26 Oct 1942, is rescinded* 
2. a. In this theater otters nay be classified as tt se crest" only by authority 
of a~general officer, the ca^mndirj^ officer of a, depot, po-st, canp or station, 
and the Military attache? • (See Par. S c, A& 330-5.) Sele/cted officers in 
each headquarters my be delegated t .tigHiuthority* All secret documents will 
show the .authority for t*ie class if ictvfcion t&o.dato affixed, (geo Par 17 c, 
AR 380-5.) ; - 

b. Secret docunonts my bo reproduced in. tiis tha&t^r only by authority of an 
officer authorized to lanko an original clstssifi option of "so-cret"* (AG 311*5) 

yiI--E^TTLS Ol Sm^t KKP0RTS. i'nr 10 £, See. Ill, Cir 37, Hq ETOUSA, 28 Doc 
1942, is amendoH' 1 to roacf~as follows* **" 

f# Classification of reports* All casualty reports will bo classified as 

' By order of tho The<;tQr Cozamndor* 

Brigadier General, G*S*C*> 
Doputy Chief of Staff* 


s/ T. J* DAVIS 

t/ T. J* Di.VIS, , N 

Brigadier General, AGD,- 
I Adjutant General* 


M* J» S. 

Cir No, 4 

14 Jan. 1945 

Collection of victory tax 

Personnel on detached service with British units 
liarriagge *•-- -••«— 

Instructions «<-*-»-.-.-.-.«--»«-m------.--~«.«.-.. 

— — — in 

t-~COLLF.CTION W VICTORY TAX , ( Rescinded ETO Cir. 


command attached to a unit of the £i"itisli Army are directed upon the termi*r 
nation of such attachment to ascertain their freedom from financial obliga- 
tions, In the event an exact account can not he rendered by the British 
unit at the time of departure, the personnel concerned will leave forwarding 
address and will make direct and immediate arrangements fpr liquidation of 
the account when presented* 

2. The foregoing instructions will be brought to the attention of all U.S. 
Army personnel detailed f or duty with any units of the British Army, (AG 1f>8E) 

Xll^immjm . So moh o.t 2 and Par §, Sec I, ETO Cir 66, 22 Oct 1942, as 
reads "Sec 1, wD Cir. No, 1?9 (1942)" is ammended to read' "Sec II, WD Cir 305 
(1942)." .'. " (AG 291*1) 

I^^lfflG INBTlRUOyiONS . The following instructions reference the dispatch 
of mail ^oa^ and to t&e continental United Stfttes h&*e >een "deceived from the 
War Department s 4 • ; ; 

Effective 15 January 1<?43* parcels exceeding five (5) pounds in weight , 
or fifteen (15) inchies in length or thirty six (36)'incnes in length and 
girth combined will not be accepted at points in continental United States 
for dispatch to APO's outside continental United States addressed to individ- 

2. Parcels meeting restrictions referred t© in Per 1 above will be accepted 
only when they contain articles sent at written request of addressee- .ajaparowd ^ 
by battalion or similar unit cojnmander# Company commanders are not authorise 
ed to approve requests* Requests for articles available to addressee by 
purchase or issue will not be approvdcU . 

3» Individual issues of newspapers or maj|a#ines will not be accepted except* 
from publishers &*id for su^sori^t^Lons how in effect or those requested in 
writing by addressee* 

k* No third class circular matter will be dispatched, 

5, V-mail will be transported by air, either microfilmed or in original form. 
No assurance ckn be given that ai** mail ydll l>e dispatched }py air to areas 
overseas now having V-mail service, " 

6, Insured, COD, and registered mail will be discontinued except for 
registration of valuable papers, 

7* These restrictions do not appiy to: mail from APQ's to' points in continent 
tal United States nor to official mailings and mailings $0: military agencies* 

■ ' ' ■. • -v.,. - ■ . (a& 31m h) ; ■ ■ . , 

Brigadier- .J&tf&evX* GSC, Deputy Chief of Staff , 
' ^ -l&IsmiBUTIONs W S M 


(s) t.j* bavxs distbotjtion; u a u um 

T.J, DAVIS, The Adjutant General, Washington, D.C, 

Brigadier General, A£D, Adjutant General. The CG,aOS, Washington, 

m&mEMitiiwm mmmm^im^^ cg* m ousa, 1 .<■■; 



AG 426 M 


Carrying of Towels, 

12 January 1943 


Piirs-oaiit to recent orders i&stted ty? the Board of Trade to hotels, 
liostels, boarding houses, am! simi}** 1 establishintnts, all personnel proceeds 
ing on leave , pass or furlough are q$?&* x 9d to take the if om towels , unless 
it is certain they nili he avaiXabi^ at tlieir destination. 

$y order of the Theater topander: 

/s/ Richard P. Fisk 

fy mmm> f> fisk, . 

Ma^or, A,G.D. 
Assistant Adjutant General, 




AG 370,03 MQO 

SUBJECT? Operation Instructions for Defense of tho tf.K f 


: All Concerned* 

1. The folloTsing letter *as jniblished by British GHQ Homo Forces to all 
Commands, and is quo.tid herewith for the guidance of all U.S. Forces stationed 
in tho U.K. 

•*1 # Church Bells will in future be used as a local alArm signal for raids 
or any other form of attack by enemy seaborne or airborne troops. The use of 
tho airon for this purpose. has b®cn considered, but for technical reasons has 
been found- ikjjrac^icable* 

■ -.\2.In order that tho rising of Church Bolls in on^ village shall not be 
taken up arid repeated from village to village vfithout reason, the following 
principles will fc>o observed;- ... . y 

(a) Churoh Bells uiil no* be rung except on the orders •of'- the senior 

, Regular Army or Home Guard officer present in- tho, town* or* village 
at the time who vi3X only so order - ,v/ 

(i) •£?• ho has -received reliable first hand information of tho 
■, r . . presence of enemy troops in the immediate neighbourhood, 

or (iil'If'he .nr. s -been varnod by superior military authority that 

' \ ' -Qn^my troops are approaching and that he should prepare : 
J ; x. vfqr . .'imminent attack v. • -v \ 

(b) •■There no commissioned officer is available, A o f g; in the caso of an ^ . 
'qutlyinfg. detachment, authority to give the order may be delegated to 

i - t .\[ the , senior N.c.b. ' • ; , . . 

■>,l ! la)' Church Bells may al^e be rung in the orders of a Police Officer .pr6vflds4 
^hat'ho haV received reliable first hand information of the presence . 
a. ( v „ p^.onsny troops- in the immediate neighbourhood. 
•' (*o , )/tn'no\ circumstances vill Church Bells be rung merely because those in 
t .»&%adjQii4Bg village are heard to ring. 
3. v &fctru$tiona have been issued to loc-f.l Civil Defence authorities and 
to the: Police that the - presence of enemy troops should be reported. by the Quick- 
est channel to' tho jie'arost Regular Army or Home Guard Commander , Similar 
instructions axe. being issued by the Admiralty and tho Air Ministry, 

^rn^v.Cor^andors villi issue instructions to ensure that- in t K e event of 
attack Military 'Commanders at, P>w^ Jovel warn the appropriate Naw.l, ,B#A*F # | . 
Police ^ndj' C -'jvil Defence authorities' 9i ^JA'ajL tW> 'garrisqns *>f any Vulnerable 
Points 'thr.frjiacty be directly threatened/ ' *| %* f% t $*a mm 

\$, On the 'sound of church bblia aj.1 Hqne%}3fc* In jfej^-JBfcinity will 
report vdth, their vpapons to prearranged alarm 7 ^c^^\mMm^3be considered 
as mustered, if no tf already sx* # * ;This. vihX -apply to i4.ft£itJs woll as to 
List 1 Heme Guards butj in 'the 'qase 'men in key positions alarm posts 
should be fixed' in relation 'to their normal placcsr 3f-Y/oxk in- consultation 

(Cont - Ltr, ETQUSA, 9 
the U.K.) 


e of 

with the authorities concerned, so that vital services , such as ra^^fc**, 
will not he prematurely affected*. The mustering of the Home Guard in one 
locality in i>he event of imminent or actual attach on that locality, as 
envisaged above, should not be confused with the more deliberate procedure 
laid down in Home Guard Regulations, Para 8, for the. general mustering of the 
Hoa^e Gmrd ^ihen invasion- is anticipated * 

6. Local Military Commanders will be reminded that it is their responsir 
bility to ensure, so far as may be practicable and necessary, that Church Bella 
are in proper workJgig order and that they can be rung at any time, lr/horo ] 
Church Bells are not available the question of an alternative signal should be 
discussed with the Regional Commissioner concerned ? 

7 # As the public already regard Church Bells as a warning of enemy 
attack it is not proposed to make any special axinouncQ.ment of their extended 
significance through tho Proas *or the B»B.C*, but an appropriate amendment 
will bo mad$ to the Control of Noise Ord^r (19AQ) • 

8, At the present tino different, code words are used by^oach Command 

to give warning of raids. In' ardor to avoid confusion with other services, it 
}ias been decided to introduce a common code t*crd throughout Home Forces* This 
word will he BflGBE&R axi# will if pcss&fc3e be followed by the area or locality ' 
likely to be af footed, e.g^BQ(&M JTC^OH. 

9, Q»H.Q. Standing Operation Iiistrtfciiona will bo amended in due course?! 
2. Provisions and instructions contained in the above quoted lottor 

will appjy to ail utiit® of the BTOUSA stationed in the tJ,K* Special attention 
is 'invited to Paragraphs 1, 2, 4*' 6, and 8 of the letter* 

I$y order of tho Theater Commanders 


"■ J&ss C-in-C, Allied Force 
CG, icoland Base Command 

W Richard P. Fisk 
/ <''• Major* A(2), . 
Assistant Adjutant fonerfci. 

APO 871 

V4ES- 311.2 (50 &ec 1942)2asc, 7 Jan 1%3. 

Subject: Pirect Technical Teleprinter Coimmication* 

To ; Cojnmanding Officers # All organisations and 
installations, SOS, ET0* 5 

1. Direct tfS^operated teleprinter service is now available to the 
following installations! 


Hq 30S (/JuWm^TE - omMX) 

CIOT3€E X&POT 0-646 
QHmOTE JKQT 0-660 


May "be included in "book" (toultiple address) messages* The Chief Signal 
Officer will issue detailed instructions as to 'the filing of such messages* 
For each addressee of a bock message indicfc&ite. should be made as to 
sfaether the jaessage is "For Action" or "For" Information"* 

Z* £». In order to facilitate comnronication on technical matters, .direct 
teleprinter communication is authorised as follows: 

(1) Betsrcen all branches and organisations of the SOS, ETO, dU 
technical matters or for .the purpose of abtaining information, 

(2) Between Chiefs of Divisions and Services, this headquarters 
and corresponding British offices on matters pertaining to, t" ". 
their particular activities* 

(3) Between Cftiefs of Services and members of their services 
in organisations not in the SOS, ETO, on purely technical . 
matters* . , 

J?. Such direct tblepr^j^| ^J^^^^^^^^^^^^^ V^der the 

(1) Messages of this category originating at this headquarters 
may be delivered direct to the Signal Center, except t$at 
SECRET messages \dll be cleared through the Cable Section, AGO. 

(2) At this headquarters the standard outgoing message form 
t4.11 be i^g^^th the vords "Vie. Teleprinter" typed at the top 
of the f <KPcm render:!* iaess^e number inserted in the 
H Nc." space*-. 

' Tne or iginal*4in4^ one copy\ o£ /th£ &ecsi$tatiy£L be submitted "by 
the, originating office to the Signal Center, whichj when 
transmission has "been' completed,, will return- one copy of. the. 
transmitted message to the originator , marked with the Signal 
...... . iU ; . Center Message number. 

i.'; ' ""' T :'\' i T'.!'.." • (3) -'.Itassagea, will W addressed as usual -with the. addition of 
• •■ ' - inMcition 'of ^ partiouiar office or person 
, addressed; for example: "For Smithers G~4"« 

pr of' lie Chief of "<fche originating ^ 
Vsi^ed^Stai ^iers , 1 -' GH^'. 
(5) 2&e o^^tnator of the m^sage will .lbe responsi-hle f or its ^ 
proper cla^ its de^yery'^tov^e- f^epr^ter 

*'s^a^6»,f^ v W.-v\ ..*-• 

(fi) Bei#eeai 0899 hours and. 1 63P hours each , day, . the Signal , 
Service At this headquarters, and the C-HQ lie ssenger Service 
: at the othar SOS 4 installations, ^ill deliver incoming messages 
. < ':0^99% 'to .•'^®.^%sf5'as^.\^i«NT of thead^essed of £ ice. Messages 
: received at teleprinter ' stations at other times will he held 
for delivery the ^pllowing accept that in the case of * 
';'; •' "* ]r S e £"k M ' apd 'l&Xo&py* 'i^e.-.adiressee.'.will^ Iter 

. ' t ..'. :"' ' toaedltateiy ,nc^i<!id';^W^iiho^. orV their receipt, - • - . v 

•• '3»'^^Tig'- contain^ "&8a^n > "is- intended in 'ci^yway'' 'to modify 'or alter- 
the existing instructions as to COItJIOT caolea and teleprinter messages. 

gjr command of laa^or general 

Piatribution "8 M 

(less $ %ashir*gton ,/- ' v 
CO, \D0S, )/asl^n£ton)V 

s/ C. K. JUalWH, 
: • Cv ^''l&tfl&W, 
'Colonel, J>GD, 
Adjutant General, 

HQ SOS 20 May 1945 

SPSS'' ¥• %4?S$< : J' *i »* ' 

•I * 


AO 080 (5 Jan 1943) Miec 

Subject; Aporican Red Cross Club at Manchester. 

To .:. Corwanding General, Eighth Air Faroe, 
Base Section Commanders, SOS, ETOUSA, 
Cornrinnding Officer, London Base fjcinrariid, 
Headquarters Commandant, SOS, ET0U3A, 

1, The American Led Cross has opened a service club for enlisted men 
at 36 St isne Street, Manchester, This club hrs sleeping accommodations for 
one hundred twenty six (126) men per night. 

2, Until 18 Jan 1943 bods r;ill be furnished to any soldiers on over- 
night pass or furlough as long as there arc erapty bods available. Beginning 
18 Jnn 194-3, beds will be reserved until 2200 hours nightly in accordance 
with the provisions of Paragraph 5 a (2), Section III, Circular No 69, Hq 
ETOUSA, 30 Opt 1942. 

3, Allotment of bo-Is in this club in compliance with Paragraph 5 a (l), 
Section III, Circular No 69, Hq ETOUSA, 30 Oct 1942, effective 18 Jan 1943, 

is node a? follows: 

Eastern Base Section 10 

Southern Baso Section 6 

Western Base Section 95 

Eighth Air Force . 10 

London Base C errand 2 

Headquarters Gomnrnd, SOS 2 

4-t Allotments to Baso Soctions are fcr use by all' troops in the areas 
of the Base Sections except troops of the Eichth Air Force, London Base Conmnnd, 
qnd Hoadquarters, SOS. 

For the Commanding General: 


Each addressee - 20 
Sp Serv SOS ETO - 6 
AG Records - 2 

Colonel, A.G.D., 
Adjutant General. " ' 

- 1 - 

.... . m wmm 

The Adjutant General's Office 

AG 311.1 ( 12-27-42) 

January.^, 1943 


Safeguarding Military Inf oriEation 


The Ccti*mandeya-in-€biaf 

S outhwast Pacify Area 
• Allied Pieces 
The Cocmandiag Generals, 

Defense Cosmnds 


Base Commands 
The CoiBsaading 0££iem$j 

Ba3e C onjnmnds 

1. It has been brought to the. a4*1&entio& of the War Department that Aray 
Post Office numbers and Arisy IxGfeajige m&x&tt &j*e. frequently* oaspa^isdd *y cheeks 
uhich are made out ox the exchange. $| sys&er m& then cleared through local banks 
where they receive local ca&ce&l&&3$^ * * 

2. Since the Arsay Post 0£3E&Ce .aiastosr aad the Exchange number in any 
specific area oorxespond, it is. d&s4r,e4 hierfcafter, Exchanges accept 
checks made payable to the Exchange by lp<sa3* name only, as for example, * 
n Sm Juan Exchange" or "Honolulu Exchange number 3", The checks clear iag 
through local banks and local post offices will not reveal the location of . 
the Aray Post Office. 

3» However, Exchanges will accept united States Postal Money orders 
only t&en addressed to them by number, as for ex&iapl©, ^Exchange 861-1", 
on H Exchange 325-7 !t « Mo reference to geographical location will be included 
on money orders payable to Exchanges or&side the Bhited States . 

4. It is desired that in the few instances v/here the presence of 
troops in certain areas is regarded as classified inf onaatien by the War 
Department only United States Postal loney Orders tiill be accepted by 
Exchanges in those areas, and troops and .finance officers intended fas 
those areas #iH be notified to protrido themselves with sufficient cash 
to meet normal needs. . 1 

The Chiefs of Supply Services 

Services of Supply 
Army Exchange Service 
Arny Postal Service 
The Bivisionsof the Wajp -''f)$|ijgp^tti 

By order of the Secretary of Wars 


The Commanding Generals, 
Army Ground Forces 
Army Air Forces 

Major General 
The Adjutant General, 

/a/ J*4, ULIO 
J*A» tH.10 

General Staffy 


APO 871, 

AG Q0Q (X? Bee 1942)l&sc, 19 J3ec X942. 

SIBJEOT : American Red Cross Service Club at Stratf ord-on-Avon. 

TO ? Commanding General , 8th Air Jorce. 
All Base Section Commanders. 
Commanding Officer, London Base Sommand. 
Headquarters Commandant, HQ,. SOS. 

1, The American &ed Cross will open a service club for enlisted men 
^t the "White Swan Hotel, Stratf ordT-en-Avon, on Wednesday, 33 j)e,c ember , 194? • 
The Qlub will have initial), sleeping; accommodations for 50 men per night. 
This figure will be increased eventually to 150,' 

2. Until 4 January, 1943 beds will be furnished to any soldiers on 
overnight pass op furlough as long as there are empty bed# available. 

3, 4 January, 1943 beds will be reserved until 2200 hours 
nightly in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph 5a{2), Circular # 69, 
ETOUSA dated 30 October, 1942, 

4. Allotment of be£s in this club in compliance with Paragraph 5a., 
Circular # 69 is made as follows effective 4 {January 194$, 

Eastern Base Section IP beds daily 

Southern Base Section 10 " M 

Western Base Section 10 " " 

8 th Air Jforce 10 V " 

/ London Base Command 5 M 

Seadtua^ters Poisman^ i 150$. $ 

(?. Allotments to Base Sections are all troops in the Base Secti 
areas except 8th Air Force , London Base Command and Headquarters , SOS. 

' . .-' 

for. the Commanding General,. 

G. R, 1AND0N, 
Colonel, A CD, f(k 
Adjutant General. 

Training Memo # 11 

l!q f TOUSA" 
X^ Phalitengln^ , by Sentri es 

X2 Dec 1942 

l f Attention is invited to par* £7 j. FM 26-5, Interior Guard Duty,, Instruct 
tions relating to the 11th General Order are not sufficiently clear as to the 
procedure to bo taken in the event the person or peri 

2* The sentry will be instructed as follows; If thel _ _ 

not hait after the first warning "flALTP 1 "Who is therTTF' " He wxll again be 
challenged by "HALT I or I firei" If the person does not halt after thia 
second warning, he will be challenged once again in the same manner. If no 
other means of stopping him are available^ the sentry w^il fire upon 'any person 
failing to halt afte*? the third challenge , The sentry must, however, challenge 
so vigorously that there qan be no doubt that the person challenged has heard 
the challenge and has deliberately failed to o$ey it, (AG 353.5) 

By order of the Theater Commander: 

s/ T, J, DAVIS Brigadier General, GSC, Acting Chief of Staff, 


Colonel, AGP, Adjutant General 
REPRODUCED HQ SOS 11 December 1943 • . . 

J. S, 


Circular No. 58 1 Beeember 1942 



I— Em ergency Procurement in the Field. Circular No. 42 » this headquarters^ 
1 Nov 1942, is amended so that the term "British Supply Off icer", wherever it 
appears therein, shall read "British Supply or Ordnance Officer," 

IX-fPrevention of Pilferag e. 1. Although efforts have already been cade to 
reduce losses 1 of stores and equipment by pilferage and ckmage, the results have 
not been satisfactory and these losses continue on an alarmingly high level. 

Z* This problem has been carefully studied by a Board of Officers, and, 
based on the conclusions reached by the Board, it is directed that; 

4£-« ; ; - . 'pforsonnel is available, f Hilary guards will be stationed at 
each hatch of all vessels loading and discharging Array cargo, and in the quay 
sheds. Where a Jlitary personnel is not available, f or this purpose, Port 
GoiarAanders will tepure civilian watchman through the jnediu^of the Fort Agents 
appointed to handle the vessel. .; ' : • 

J> t .A legible, accurate and itemised tally will rmde when the eargp 
is placed in 'the .quay sh©#> or. at. the time of delivery to railway car> lorry 
or barge if discharge is effected directly from vessel to railway car, lorry 
or barge. t ^hla tsrlly v/ill be checked against vessel's manifest to determine 
o%ds*a|es", shortages and damages, all of vMch promptly reported to 
the Chief cfr ^rans^rtation, 30$, ETO. ; '. 1 : 

o. If the cargo is first placed in the quay sheet an<^ "S^sequontly 
delivered to railway car., lorry or bargo, a second tally will be taken at 
time of delivery which Wil3, .form the .basis for the/- r agon Waybill and for Army 
Forms Gf996 and G«-9S0, All differences which may be established between the 
tally taken upon outturn froia vessel and the tally taken at time of- delivery 
|q railyay car, , lorry or barge, K3.ll be promptly reported to the .Chief of 
franspprtation and the Chiefs of Supply, Services, SOS, ETO ' /' '; 

3« r '''j?argd Susceptible, to weather damage or. tp pilferage will, whenever " 
possible, £e .'forwarded in _ q!osq4 v&ilmy cars,, and' Fort. Oc^aandorr will ' talc© 1 
the hecQssary action to discourage and prevent' the use of open cars for th£s 
class of cargo ♦ '/{''.. . ' 

• A copy of the .Wagon Waybill will be placed inside of closed pars or, 

if, open cars, are utilised, ih an envelope attached to one of the p a ckages' on 
top, ,ahd near .the, center, of the load ♦ 

|, _(1) Copy Ho. 4 of Oonsign^ 

^4/0-^96 (War)) which is ported by sh+ippers to consigrfoi will be 
indorsed body ^ ^f necessary, an rovers^ side 

to indicate overage, shortage or damage to supplies noted dh receipt. 
(2) £ens^nment No^ 

' Fece&pt. of supplies ^^.^aO^^/Jedj^Q^' hy signature in sp^ce provided 
■ . .'and ^doTSemeitt. ; as' to v^oJg^i^sV; 9$ ^ei'$yery, ■ ! Shippers' • will -copy 
, cpnsigneg to copy 

'.\'. ... " . • .HpV % whiph has...b^ then be forr 

' ' warded ■ ; tp Qfft^ 

Office, ildQrstot^ on& copy'lfe; tp Chief of Transportation, 80S, 
00 ^Tfi attdntion fiscal Branch, ' ;: * A; ■ • ■ 
g, h Becoopgrago and Salvage Section will be established at each port 

and principal depot. It is imperative that this section be suitably enclosed 
or be in a- separate room to -which' only authorised persons are admitted. All 
packages found to be damaged or pilfered, at time of delivery will he promptly 
transferred to this' section- for necessary recooperage op salvage, 

h. !3ftie; practice of utilizing broken paclcage lots to augment the ration 
will cease and broken packages will be recoopered or, if that is not possible 
the contents will- be issued locally as a part of the ration issue, 

3. When vehicles, loaded with organizational equipment are shipped 

from U.K. ports unaccompanied by personnel, the responsibility for the guarding 
of equipment . and vehicles after they reach port lies with* the port Comr.ande*% A 

b. Organization commanders Mill designate personnel of their units as 
Military fo^ice, uho v/ill accompany, the vehicle convoy. Upon reaching port. 
?the senior officer or non commissioned officer v.dll be instructed to report 
to the port Commander and will remain under his orders until vehicles are 
loaded, unless sooner relieved by the Port Commander. / 

o. When vehicles loaded with £8A eqiUpm^nt are stowed on II^S ships, a 
number of mechanics, usually not more than ten, accompany the ships. •' • Unit 
coiBmandcrS, concerned will designate '-'tli^s personnel as Military Folieq to guard 
vehicles against theft, in addition to their other duties', for the duration of 
the voyage, ■■ .■' 

By epj^iand of^Maaoi' .0$nera3t l$E: 

Colonel, Inf., 

feting Chief of Staff, 


Cplonel, A,G.$. , tl <£< i 
Acting Adjutant General . 



Cir No. 53 

2U Nov 1942 , 


Section II, Circular Nq 4 52, this headquarters , 
following substituted therefor 

1. Except for correspondence pertaining s 

ical operation 

of a service, all communications placed in the mail intended for this head- 

quarters will be addressed to the CtoMaan&iag General, SOS, APD 871. The 
excepted communications may be addressed to the chief of a particular service 
as heretofore . 

2, Official coirtmunications pertaining to the business of this head- 
quarters will not be addressed to an individual by name. Where it is desired 
to bring the communication to the attrition of a particular officer this may b& 
indicated as follows in the address *fatta*ptlont (rank name))" 

3. In the exceptional case vb&re mail is addressed to an 
individual personnally, it will $#$r ■ fJm natation ft flot Personal " on the outer 
wrapper in order that it my M ^pcnsd and 'ox&minad by an officer in the 
possible- absence of tlie aMress&e. 

By command of Tfejor (fejtaal IK. 


Colonel, Inf., 
Acting Chief of Staff, 

C. R. LANDOI, ..^am. 

Colonel , A . G-.D , 

Acting Adjutant General. 



The Adjutant General ! s Office 

Washington ^ 

AG 3^3.6 (ll~5-42)03-S-.B~M • November 7, 1942, 

SUBJECT; Instructions Concerning Publicity £n 

Connection with Escaped Prisoners of War. 

TO: The Commsr.ding General,^ 

Army Ground forces; 
Ar&y- Ajue ferc^sj- 
Services of $ apply | - 
All Defense Commands; 
. All Theats?.^ of Operations; . 
•All Base Ccr^andss 
- |)irm;tpr ? Bureau of Public Relations^;. 

X-,' Personnel will not, unless authorized by the Assistant Chief 
of Staff, G^2,'Waj* Department General St>aff, publish in any form whatever, 
or communicate, either directly or indirectly, to the press or radio any 
account of an escape from enemy or enemy-occupied territory or e:qperience 
prior to repatriation. They will be held responsible for all statements ■ 
contained in cpmuni cations to friends which may subsequently be published 
in the press or otherwise. 

2, l^perienpe has shown that publicity of this character furnishes 
valuable information to the enemy and will jeopardize future escapes of 
.American prisoners c". war f 

oidcr of the Secretary of War* 

/s/ J. A. Ulio 

/t/ 3;, A,i UlIO,-' 
Ma.jor General, • 
The Adjutant General. 

Assistant Chisf of Staff, (h-1; W,D*G,S. 
Assistant Chief q£ Staff > G~2> W.D«.G,S, 

^ssi^tant Chief of Staff j C— 3^ W.D.G.S. ; : 

Assistant Chief of Staff, GW^ W,Q,G.S. 
Assistant Chief of Staff, Q.P.S), f| W r D.G,8, 

HQ 30S STO 10 Dec 1942, 



y iii l i, i i y.m i M . i'li i.n.j^ ili jj ii n^ i u i j i .^i. I , 1 1 

Cir, No* 43 

2 November 1942 


"Section II * * * * 

4» The AX? p3a i issued by and for Hq SOS provides t 
."During an 4ir Raio Earning at Hq. SOS, the senior officer or 
enlisted man present in eaeh ving, will be responsible that all 
classified doourMmts are secured find locked in receptacles as 
required by par^gra^h Z, g«ctaoa IV* below". 

Section IV * * • * * 

2% Safe guar dir:.g ^it^l* J^lf JI^^ ft^ other SOS offices * ( Classifi$< 
doearients^wiir be tafe^ufei^oi greatest eare. Secret papers 

will b» Xccked in the p&M% ftaeqro r#c^|jt&clo available, a combination 
aafe if feasible., in 6 ro#tft t laelfcid or adequately guarded. 
Confidential papers will -fee- l&Qm& l& n safe or filing case in a room 
kept 1o ike d or a4f quc-;tf ly ^si3:%d« tt 

By Co£srft£fc|^ of .Ifcijor S*^rai LSSt 

Brigadiwr General, 
Acting Chief of Staff « 


»/ c, r* jjjtfxm, 

t/ C , H. 

Colonel, />.»<j«D«, 

Acting adjutant Oqmr&lm 



united states mm ■ 

AG 353*» , . . 29 October 1942 

SUBJECT: Letter 6t Transmittal # 
TO : CG 5 SOS, ET0US4. 

1. Inclosed herewith %& & dcqgjST aaad inclosure, "Instructions 
to Military Personnel tfitl#a ' tfes ' Q&it«d giaggtem", sent to TaG that is self 

2. It is dosirod that iS&yam Instructions be reproduced hy your head* 
quarters and distributed upon srriml in this theater until such 
tijne as information is reoojnmsl %|fca& tfa& M$ 5 .*£ant General that these In- 
structions crs being distrjSnvftfet %o ^pn departure from the t T nit®d 
3t&tos f 

By coranand q$ tS00m^ Qmm^.^W^^i 

/ /s/ Richard f>, Fisk 

/t/RIffittb P. PISK, 
Major, A.G.D. 
: . ' i^sistant /4j^tajat General. • 

2 Incls. 

#1 r Ltr to S# fr this Bq 
dtd ^ Qctobosa? 1942* 
#3 - Instructions to Military . " ' 
IPoraw*©! vithin United 


AG 353-^iGA 29 October 1942 ♦ 

SUBJECT: Orientation Guide for Troops to United Kingdom. 

TO : The Adjutant ■ General, "Washington, D.C. 

1. Experience during the past six months indicates that troops ar- 
riving in this theater are unfamiliar vdth elementary regulations concern- 
ing security, censorship, mail and cable procedure, use of cameras, exchange 
of currency, rationing and a number of other miscellaneous items, lack of 
information of these important matters has seriously increased the diffi- 
culty of rapidly assimilating new troops and has frequently embarrassed the 
individuals involved. 

2. The attached instructions have been prepared and are being dis- 
tributed together vdth a number of other directives as a temporary expedi- 
ent. It is believed that better results would be obtained by distributing 
these on shipboard just after departure from the United States. This would 
allow adequate time to digest the contents and prepare the way for the re- 
ception of a second set of instructions which will b 3 distributed upon de- 

3. It is requested that distribution of these instructions upon de- 
parture of troops be commenced as soon as practicable and that the Command- 
ing General, Services of Supply, ETOUSA be advised as to start of such dis- 
tribution in order to avoid duplication of issue in this theater. 

For the Commanding Goner alt 

3L Xnc jL ^ 

Instructions for Military 
Personnel within United 


ha j or ? 


Assistant Adjutant General. 


. FORMC^D* 1Ebu will, sodii arrive in "country which has been at war since Sep* 
tentoerl939. ' You- will find conditions are - and must be..- different .than in 
.America, • It will be necessary to observe many new' personal restrictions and 
limitations, and many precautions will become a normal' part of your lives. 

Great Britain consists of England, Scotland and Wales, .while the 
United Kingdom consists of Groat Britain and Northern Ireland. ' 

• Please observe closely and be guided by the following general information: 

.1— SECURITY - Do not /discuss with strangers or in public, nor include in. letters 
;• matters of possible military information. Undor^ no circumstances, divulge 
information regarding number of personnel, type of transport, names of vessels, 
tipes -of voyages, ports of embarkation an4, debarkation, or names or identity- of 
military units involved in any convoy, type of convoy, or any other information 
that might be. of value to the enemy. 

II- -MffirrARY COURtESX - ? Military .courtesy among all ranks must be observed 
at all times. When officers and men appear on the streets of any British 

C^ty.orXtb£mi- it-ii^e8aai*fcii$ .tJhat they present the smartest possible mili- 
tary c^pearaws^. Learn the insignia, of the British Army and Navy officers 
as well as those of the other united Nations, and see that there is no fail- 
ure' to rencter proper* courtesies as officers and men of the U. S. Army, 

II I- CARRYMG; GftS JjfUSK -» Unless directed otherwise by local orders , the gas 
mask need not be carried except in simulated or actual field conditions, of 
while on furlough. 

IV- «.lfiEARING OF INSIGNIA * Shoulder patches and other unit insignia will not 
be worn until arrival at final destination, and then only when authorized by 
the Theater Commander. Other authorized insignia will be worn in the manner 
prescribed by, array. regulations. 

men will be 'censored by company officers or othor officers designated for that 
purpose. Fail written aboard, ship will be collected prior to arrival at- ■ 
port of debarkation and -disposed .of as instructed by- the boarding " off lcar>~; . 

2, An of f icer- will censor and seal his own mail. . His signature (not 
printed or"' typed name")'*, together with APO address on upper left -hand corner 
of the envelope^ is his t certificate that he has complied with the censorship 
regulations * Officers' mail is however, subject to, base censorship. 

>. 3* Letters in foreign languages will not be unit censored. The unit 
^■censer will" indicate the language used and. forward such letters to the Chief 
Field Censor^ through, regular Ar^ry. -postal channels, 

- 4»: Detailed instructions covering censorship will be issued upon arrival 
at permanent station*; ..." . . "■ 

. . . 5.' either in or outside 
•the United Kingdom must be mailed in an Army Post" Office. ' The APO address is 
the only address of the writer which will be shown on the communication or 


envelope. Names* of places, private addresses, hotels, houses, clubs, etc, , 
will not be used* 

6 # Mail from outside the United Kingdom for U.S. Army personnel must : 
include in the address the rank,. name, unit, APO No.,. "New lork, N.Y." for 
example i ■ ' - . ... 

"Sgt; John Smith, ' "Capt. W. H* Jones, . 

Co, K 999th Infantry . Hq., SOS, 

■ A.p.o. ■■ ; ' • A.P.O, , : 

New York, N. Y." ' * New York, ; N.- Y. r n from U. S. Army personnel for points o utside the United Kingdom 
will .bear a return address showing only name, rank, organization, APO . . 
New York, N. Y., as above . 

■ ' 7. Mail from within' the United Kingdom for U.S T Amy personnel - must • 
be addressed as follows: ■ ' 

' "Pvt ^Tohri Jones, : I "tieut, J. G. Doe, 

Co A - 10th Engineers . ' , Hq., SOS, 

" A.P.O, ; .. A.P.O . 

U. S; Army" U. s/ Army" ■ 

-Mail from U» S. Army personnel for Points within the United Kingdom 
will bear a returft address showing only name, rank, organization, .uPO ' 
U. S. Army as above. 

8y Indication, of the geographical location of units or individuals must 
not be shown on any communication*. 

9. Host of the Army Post Offices. now established in the United Kingdom 
are -prepared to furnish U. S. postal money orders at the same rate as charged 
in the United States, 

VI>-~?ER30NAI, GABLES AND. TSLEGRAIOS . 1. Personnel of the U. S. tey may send and 
receive personal, cables and tolegrons of thoir ovm composition. 1 Cables and 
telegrams may be sent from any British Post Office or commercial telegraph 
office, but must contain no .reference to location, or any other- information 
of possible military, interest. Cables announcing safe arrival may be hold up 
by censors until security requirements are satisfied. The codo word for the 
senders APO and the words "U. S. Army" must be included in the preamble. 
Messages wiH be marked "Sans Origin"* 

2 f Cables known •, as Expeditionary Force Messages' (EFM), consisting of 
numbered fixed text messages inay be sent to the United States through British 
Post Offices. The cost of these messages is two shillings, sixpence (about 
fifty cents). Such. messages will be unit censored in the same manner as 
personal letters and will be filed only by unit censors who will identify them- 
selves at the most convenient British Post Office, The unit . censor will 
receive the two shillings, sixpence from iho senders and once each" day deliver 
all the messages ho ha n hand to the Post Of f ice . I* " T ill maintain a system 


of receipts so that the senders may have evidence of acceptance of the cable 
by the Post Office . .The code word for the sender's APO must appear in the 

3, These messages nay also be sent from the United States to members of 
' this command for 60 cents plus Federal tax. 

4« In EFM 'to- the United States the name of the- addressee must contain 
only two words . Example : 

"Mary Jones, 
1215 W. Smith St., 
" / Chicago, 111," 

Likewise, the signature in such cables must contain only two words « -Example: 

"John Jones." 

' 5o lour cable address in the United Kingdom will consist of grade (one 
word only) V name .'(two words only) and Army Serial Number followed by two code 
words to designate Army -''Peat Office Number* Examples: 

"Pvt. John Jones, 1234567 AMEilAM PLATFORM" 
; n 0apt. rJ©o Brown 056789 AMEBOI CHaRMING" 

You wiH learn the code v;ojcds describing your location when you arrive at "" 
your destiiaatidn* Ho address other .than the Code" Gable Address of the sender 
%7ill bo included in any telegram. ; 

VII- -PHOTOGRAPHS: .- Ho photographs of any secret or classified military infermatior 
may bo taken at any time. No photograph oia&y' be. '■ taken showing secret or 
specialized military equipment, form of military training, factory, dockyard, 
harbor,- naval vessel, damage caused by air attack, or any other- object which 
could possibly give aid or information to the enemy. More specific instructions 
regarding this important quostion will be issued by the unit commander in the 
hear future." - _ . , 

exchanged tor British money "by of fleers, and .enlisted men at' the first opportunity • 
after arrival in the United Kingdom. This exchange of money will be made at U.S. 
Army disbursing offices' and at local. British banking institutions. It is illegal 
for stores, tradesmen and other, individuals to make this exchange-. Local, 
commanding Officers will provide such, facilities for . exchanging money shortly 
after arrival in , the British Isles.- 

2, The majority -of British banking institutions, will cooperate in exchang- 
ing American money for British money 1 when requested. 

a. The following banks outside London are U« S f Depositories: 

(1) Barclay T s Bank Ltd.-, - England and Wales 

(2) , pritish : Linen Bonk - Scotland 

•;.'-f (3) Northern Bank ef Ireland Ltd. > - North Ireland 


b. The following American banks have branches in London: 

(1) Guaranty Trust Co., of Hew York 

(2) Chase "National Bank 

; (3) National City Bank , ; . . ; 

3 m The official rate \of exchange at this time is one pound sterling (&&}•<. 
for four dollars, three and one-half cents (4-035) or four shillings eleven 
pence (4slld) for one dollar (1). This official rate is used by U, S. hrrny 
<|isbur3ing, officers, and by banks provided an officer representing the com-- , 
laan^ing , t of f ioor makes the exchange* If individuals, as such* present American 
money tq banks for exchange, it is stressed that the rate allowed will be less ; 
tHt ^ficial rate. • - 

ffiffitfjjfflh IMPORT - Afip' EXPORT -OF CtffffiEINCY . 1. No individual is permitted to import 
more" than" KLO •0,0, (ten pounds) in British currency into the United Kingdom, 
3foP0}Ttatipn of more than 3al0.0.0. by any individual should be report ed immediately 
t^^litary- channels . 

; J .' . Present . laws expressly . forbid any individual to import or. have trans- 
mitted tp him by any moans, British currency from abroad. - If any member of 
tfctese forces receives British- currency' from,, abroad by mail or. other moans , such 
r^et~ should be .promptly reported thru military .channels, 

3+ There are strict laws governing the export of ourroncy. No member of 
^eso forces may engage in financial, transactions with residents, of the United 
Kingdom which involves the transfer of funds, securities or. holdings of any 
nature' to persons or agencies outside the United Kingdom. Such a transaction 
would enable , a' resident of -the United Kingdom to send money or valuables outside' 
the country violation of. existing laws, 

. 4*. Money acquired as pay and, expenses' may bo forvrarded to the United 
States in accordance with the present laws, Procedure, for such transfers; 
has been established, • Details regarding such transfers may be obtained from 
TJ. S, Army Finance Officers, Army Post Offices, and most of the larger banks 
and their branches. • 

X— -TRAFFIC - All traffic in .Great Britain keeps" to the left of, the road. In 
crossing streets, be careful to look to the right before stepping off the curb . 

XI— AIR RAID PRECAUTIONS . 1. Familiarize yourself, promptly with local A.R.P, rules 
and regulations , 

2 # Learn location of immediately available air raid shelters. 

3 9 Blackout regulations must be observed strictly. The blackout times 
are usually published .in. local newspapers. Any attempt to disregard or evade 
the blackout regul^tiP.ns will lead to serious trouble. with local 4, R. P. and . 
military authorities. Any such disregard or evasion is dangerous for your- 
self, and the community whore you are located. 

XII— MtIONING . ^Rationing of food, is! effective in the United Kingdom.,, .Care 
must be taken not to divert food supplies from local Civilians by improper" or 
umece^staejr. pui^cl&ses;-' \; ■ Fop estaJSple , should not purchase candy except thru 
Army Exchanges. Romer^r the British supply is primarily intended for children. 



2. In small towns and villages, cigarettes, candy, chocolate, biscuits 
and other foodstuffs, even when unrationed, are delivered only in quantities 
sufficient to take care of the needs of the local population. For that reason 
the purchase of such -commodities by members of the U, S. Forces while 
passing thru small towns and villages in convoy on march or maneuvers, is 
strictly prohibited. 

3* Practically all military and civilian clothing, boots and shoes are 
rationed. Such articles can only be obtained from shops and stores with 
clothing coupons T/hich are issued by the British Government and which can be 
procured in book form, if necessary, thru the local TJ. S. Army authorities. 
As enlisted men are issued necessary items of clothing, they ere not expected 
to purchase these items, and the shoes and clothing coupons are issued only to 

XIII- ~BCQNQEff . — It will be necessary to practice rigid economy with foodstuffs, 
oil, gasoline, autos, munitions, supplies, clothing, building supplies, and all 
raw materials and semi- finished materials. Everything cf salvage value should be 
saved and as far as possible every material or article should be used as long 

as possible before its disposal or transfer salvage. 



Oir No. 34 


20 October 1942 


Paragraph 3 h (4) of Section V, Circular No. 30, this headquarters , 
9 Dot 1942, insofar as it relates to the s^wbol assigned to the General 
Purchasing Agent, is amended to read: ^SOSPA" ♦ 

By ©onpand of Major General XSSBi 


Colonel, A,G,fi'» 
Acting Adjutant General, 

Brigadier General, 
Acting Ohiaf of Staff, 


musssi u? obsessions 

AG 220*711 (20 Sep 19^2) Mieo* y 1$ Oct 1942* 

Subject; Furlough O^ansportation ^rangejaents* 

T®? Coi^nding Officers, all organisations and installations, ET0# 

1* letters, this headquarters, AG 220«7H (20 Sip 191$) Mi'sc» 
subjects ^xrlough transportation Arrangements, 1 * dated 26- Sejp and 28 Sep 
1942, -are rescinded and the foD Jewing substituted therefor* 

2t In accordance v.*ith ins true fcions contained in paragraph 5. dj 
Section I, Circular No * ^ Hq,, BTO, US&| 25.. Aug 1942» ^'wrrangeroents for 
transportation of enlisted hen on furlough will be sia<3e "by unit colanders, 
or special service o£ficerS| -direct .with' IccaX'llaii IJransx^rtation Officers* 
Inforsiation will T?e furnished the latter. conc^r^aig the number of men going 
on furlough, their destimtionj and the dates of their leaving and return* 

3f In crder to jaaintain a sjijopth flpvr of traffic, furloughs involving 
rail trajaspprtation should "be spread, over* available weel£ days as indicated 
in paragraph 2, Section X|\Circula? 34 f Hq, E£0, USa, 25 Aug 194£» ' 

4» The cost of r,ny transportation ^urnishe^ under the above instruct 
tions Jnust be borne by the- individual concerned* 

For the Cowaixdng General 5. 

s/ c, h. umm 

' W C. R. yiDON, 
. Colonel, A^D*, 

Ae$in$ Mjtfte*^ 'General* 

REPROWOED HQ SOS 7 July 1943. ' / 

' ' ' ' • * . R 'E'.'S T ft I C T E D - ' - " •: ' ' 

/; ~kq sas Ito usl ~ ' • • 

Cir tfo. 30, . : 9 October 1942 

compilation of sTATrrc. :r -stiujc 

vG^-ai - - v - - - - - -v> - v - - - - - -•yiiSgS tkx& w I i 

lUErpor^ibility for Security - - - - - " - .- - -> M W9» # 9 CM*/ 

Security of Information - - - - - - - : - - - - >- •ill 

Security of Documents -TV 

Preparation of Official Publicaiiions - - - -V 

fJlaasification of 'Documents - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -VI 

Alv Raid l?rotob'tion - - - - - - VII 

Photographic activities - - - - - - - - - - - -------- -VIII 

Entrance *to Buildinf-s - - - - -. - - * - - . — - - -IX ; ' 

PEIOTERY and Removal of ' Pactaiges, etc., - - - - - - - - - - - X 

S^teWitif -'Training cf Troops - - - - - - - - -. - - - -XI 

Saffc Combinations - - - - - -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- - XII 

^ItQj&tftS on Breaches of Security' and Suspicious Activities - - - - -XJII 

ft«~ffiNj^ li: 1, It is tha primary purpose of this manual: a. To codify all 
pr^ri'otis directives on the subject of Security which have, been isued by SOS 
ari$ Which aye generally applicable to all units' of SOS wherever situated 1 and, 
t>, to codify particular directives applicable only to Hq SCS, 

2 t It is the secondary purpose of this compilation, in the interest of 
convenience and clarity, to include in appropriate places regulations issued 
by HQ ETO and HQ USAFBI which are applicable to SOS . These regulations, 
issued by higher authority, are. not modified or amended by this circular. 
It should b© understood' that 'this circular, 'does not rescind any publication 
or j^eguOatidn issued by VVP, HQ ETO or HQ te'.FBI. 

3,» Thp fallowing publications of this headquarters are rescinde d 
'tfead gv'.ar te rs Memorandums : 
'• ' ,v - - •; No.> 5; No. 10; No. 11; Pars. 1 Sr. 2, No. 16; Oec. V, No. 19; Sec. Ill 
\ ' . No. 21; Sees. I and II, No. 28- Sec. VIII, No. 32; Sac. IV, No. 34; 
■ • Pur. 2, Sec II, No, 37; Sec V, No. 4-9; Sec IV, No. 52; Sec. Ill, No. ' 

" " 67; Sec II, No. 74; Soc.II/ No. 76: Sec. V, No, 85. " 

• 4» The following publications, issued by higher authority, and pertinent 
hereto, are in, fu^X. for** and effect t 

AR 3^5*5 - •• 

ETO Circulars: 

Seo. T, No, 8; No. 10; S«c. V, No, 13' r Sec. II, No. 24; See. I, No. 28; 
&*c, I, No, 41; Sec. Ill, No, 43. 

• • • USAFBI Circulars: ■ 
. ': No a. * 10, 14, • 

5 The provisions of thi£ compilation apply equally to all persons subject 
to ftilitaiy law-, to. include all civilians accompanying or serv-Jjy; y;ith this 
coinfrpand I4 the field (Article of War No , 2). Unit commanders .and Chiefs of 
StajFf Section and Service cf, this headquarters/ will take necessary action to 
•insure that all personnel aro conversant with the provisions of this .compilation 

that bgth tha letter -.u':d spirit of tlp.ese instructions are chi-'-.'.Tved, The. 
lives ©f trccT.55 and the suooesa of operations may "be* ^rji^a^^her^ed. fe^^llass^^s 4^ 

6, The word "officer" , when used in _ 
include warrant officers, unless' tlie term 'Romaic sionied' 


7, The provisions of this compilation will apply to all posts , camps ? 
stations or installations under SOS jurisdiction, unj.ess- the context clearly 
indicates ' that, as to any part, they are inapplicable , 

II- : ^ FCoPONSIBIUTY FOR INTERNAL SECURITY: 1, Commanding officers of all SOS 
Ct*\ff Sections and Services, installations, camps, posts or stations , and 
cc-.randiri.'j officers of all SOS troops, are responsible for tho 3ecurit:/ of 
svjh classified information^, documert3, and material as pertains to their 

At Hq. SOS the AC of S, G-2 is responsible for supervision of the 

execution of all regulations pertaining to the security of classified docu- 
ment and material and for such purpose he will designate a Security Officer, 

3. At Hq. SOS, the officer of the day will, outside of regular office 
hours, and in addition to his other duties, function as an associate Security 
Officer. So much of his reports to tho Adjutant General, as pertain to the 
security of information, documents and material, will be turned ovep to the 
AQ of S, G-2. 

4># The AW plan issued by and for Hq 30S provides; 

"During an Air Rai4 Y'arning &% Hq* S03 ? the senior officer or 
enlisted man present in each wing, "-will be responsible that all 
classified documents are secured and assigned to individuals for 
evacuation and that all personnel, including those carrying 

• classified documents, walk quietly and in an orderly manner to 
the shelter designated in the Block ART Plan", 

5, Breach of security or compromise of classified information is a 
serious military offense and will bo punished accordingly. See Sec XIII 
of this Circular relative to reports on broaches of security. 

II INSECURITY OF INFORMATION, 1 . Attention is directed to Section I, E^TO 
r-Circular Ho. 10, 1942 on this subject. Portions of this Section are 
reproduced below: 

"The important rule is never to discuss official military 
or nvrnl matters in public. ---Be careful not to get in 
arguments in public places or with strangers on those subjects.*: 
No member of this command will disclose or discuss any official 
subject containing any information that might bo useful to the 
oncny or that might affect the security of pur good relations with 
the British or other Allies.-*— 11 * a u k i 

2 C Strangers or acquaintances who show special in^ 
military and political matters, or ask. your opinion on tn 
viewed with suspicion and will be reported to your commanding officer. 

3 f Discussion o^ military ra 
movements j location ^f troops or o 
which armed par jc nucl are engaged; 
of ships or convoys; or any other 
service, in any public place such 
streets, with anyone » A " strictly 
abovo will be dlscnsse ml*, r when 

tters affecting any phase of troop 
stabll^hrnonbs of any nature? -activities in 
location or movement of supplies? movement} 
information having to do with the military ( 
as conveyance s, restaurants, hotels or 
prohibited. Matters of the, nature described 
officially necoasarj ind then only in 

(Civ No. 30, HQ SOS 9 C " 1942 Cent* 

locations of adequate security. Sublets of this type will not be dismissed 
within 'the hearing of persons not entitled to the 'information (whether .officers, 
enxiairsd, Ben or civilians). ■ This .'specif ieally pro': dibits conversations on 
3t;bje' : : t3 of tin* a nature, in, v officers 1 besaes, : , of flours *; bills vS or hostels and 
if, Mobiles driven by enlisted or civilinn ; ' e ^#|| l {|i[| 3 I'M% If^l^ 
fcuj .is tents .to the passe5&ers being trsmspqrtedt 1|M|«| f| \^$!LI§* I .. 

4» No Taatter of ' a secret or' confidential naiSr J itfkC&nHJf. 

tc^is. over the telephone, ' the * scrambler' 1 does no t insure sfdurity/ Kaoli 
effi^r, using a telephone wil3,' v b« ; ' *eaponsible for .p* eventing the conversation 
from revealing secret or confidential subject n&tter. Before using the tela*- 
phono for a Gonvorsation relating to scatters of this nature, each officer will 
eo^oider carefully all references be ©ad# thereto^ with, a view to keeping 
such referenoes .to- a roinlmura and to assure "that thoy will not identify or reveaJl 
any secret; or confidential. information- if. Intercepted,' •• 

5\ Oare will be exorcised in talking before gj*m windows or where visitors 
may ov3rhear, So;t:o voices carry unttr^v-l distances* 

6, See Sec IV ETO Circular No, 10, relative, t<- information which may 
not be inentioned in personal letters, • ' 

Classified documents or 

■m of mgwsttf _ 

correspondence will not be taken or 'gent outside the office of 'SOS organizations 
and installations except as necessary in the transaction of official business* 
Officers will not carry classified documents with the? on inspection or other 
trips unless actually required " Classified documents will not be left" in bags 
or brief cases -in hotel rooms or billets. * 

b t Secret' doou*ne*t'fcr> for transmittal outside th*s Hq, will, unless 
delivered by authorised officer courier, be prepared as follows: (Par, 18a (3) 
AH 380,-5) .they will be inclosed in an inner and an .'tor cover, Typewritten 
matter in the document will be protected by a cover 3heo*, or by folding, from 
direct" contact with the 'inner cover. The Inner cover- will be a soaled enve- 
lope or wrapper addressed in the usual way, but plainly aarkad "Secret" so that 
the marking will be soon when the outer cov^r 5 s removed and will contain a * ' 
receipt form which will identify the addresser, the * ddrosseo and the document,. 
The outer coyer will be sealed and addressed in the -isual meaner vith no 
notation to. indicate its secret (jlassif icatioa, j inner cover marked 
"Secret*, will be opened only by the ad'-^nsson or b\ an officer specifically 
designated by the- Chief of the Staff Section or Ser-ioo to which the addressed 
is assigned. Prior to opening, the seals and vrranpera will be carefully 
examined f or ' cvidone i of tampering; if si;eh jvideuoo is noted, iejjediate report 
will be made -to the _ Adjutant General, who will direct an investigation without 
delay, ■ - ■ - - ' • ■ > 

c, Confidential documents will be transmitted in the same manner as are 
secret do-.'uraontsy except that when soaled for transmittal, the inner covir will 
contain a receipt enly when the sender desires it ; "ind may bo opened by any 
responsible person authorized by tho Chief, of Staff .Potior; or Service concerned, 

2, ^ffiPJ&i^IZiJto^ Classified 
documents will oe eaf-gufrd- d with the ^roat.^t car-. Secret payors will 
be locked in t.r, most f*cure receptacle avail^nle, a ooidbioation safe if 
possiblo, in a rooci kypt looked when not in use,'' - Cot if Mential' papers will 
be stored. in a ipokbet" safe or locked in a filing ' case in' a room fcept looked 
when' not in .use. - "• .. : r . \ .. " ' ' ■ 1 

3, Zvm?yj£?AQP.JLi J &tei 

within this Hq and also between offices vrith 1 

dooum juts will "be transmitted by officers , varrant officers' or" 3V5ec! 
designated non- commissioned officers « (Documents of highly secret nature, 
troop movements, plans of operations ete % , wiiJ bo receipted for by officers,) 

4„> Secret and coxifidential documents nc 3onror needed bv staff divisions 
or aorvioos will be returned for file to the Adjutant General at the earliest 
practicable time* 

5» Por^raph 20d # Sec II, AR 380-5 directs that "at every headquarters 
an inspection will be made ciach day immediately before tho close of business 
to inspire- that all secret and confidential documents and cryptographic devices 
have boon properly put* away 1 *. Bach division and service chief will ensure 
that this directive is complied with insofar as his office is concerned, 

6, Faragraph 22a, Sec XI, AR '360- ,5 directs that preliminary .drafts , carbon 
sheets, &Qt@$* work sheets, etc., dealing with classified subjects be safeguarded 
in' tho same manner as any other classified material. All imsto paper contain* 
ing classified information .w"iU4 be burned in the 'presence, of the responsible 
officer or one of his dfficer assistants* ^ ' ■ 

a f At Headquarters iho^eratp^'-Il^^^ftd* the vicinity of each block 
(except Block 12) are amilabl© |or us© by officer's who have classified paper 
to be burn©4*, " : ' ' ; '" ' 

b* Mt$T. having been burn%C* the ^r©sidu£ will, be stirred- in .order: 'to break 
the ash' 'inW. small' pieces and thus qffc® 'it'; impossible'' to. read the material by 
chemical or ray treatment* , 

£« attention is invited . to ' $ec ; I, WHO 0iroi;lar %$, 1942, Par 5 of whieh 
provides 'that .'"waste paper will /bo s^ved for ref-prccossing, unless destruction 
is required for security reasons", 

7, At Headquarters SOS, periodical and unannc -mead "spot chocks" v/ill be 
made after T'crkln? by personnel of the Counter Intelligence Branch, G»2 
Section, to dotermir? T/hotbor or not classified military information (or i?it9E$r 
alfloflv-ha^ should be.) is buin,; properly safeguarded, 
These checks will bo made in all offices of this hc r iquarters, wherever located. 
Any classified documents found by the Security Officer concerned to be impro-* 
perly saf oguardod , vrill be token up by him; a receipt will be left in the office 
concerned, identifying the document and giving information as to tho method by 
which it may be obtained, 

a* The security chock r:ill determine whether compliance is being given 
the provisions of this directive relative to security of information and 
documents, It vri.ll include an inspection of desk drawers, desk baskets and 
wastepaper baskets for documents, notes and carbon paper containing classified 

b* Similar checks m,y be made during office hours and documents removed in 
tho event rooms are found vioant or are not under the direct supervision of 
personnel authorized to aot as custodians of the classified -material c£noorne4* 

^ Personnel authorized to make the inspections! wM!f it "in lih^p^WlW"^ 
of special passes issued by the Adjutant General* f 

• " ■ • • I v. ■ ■ ..• ■ . , • -. .. • 

8« Inne.r,,, y^n nojjr Jostrcyed , . In tho event secret or confidential ^^Susnent*--' 
are received in such manner that the typewritten r*at rial mp.y bn\o been in contact 
v:ith the inner wrapper, the inner vr'ipr.r' v/ill bo d.?..troyod by burning, 


Cir. No. 32 

October 1942 


X'. An apparent feeling of |hlse security 011 the part of United States 
troops in the §0$ has saanif ested itsolf in ?<3g$rd to defense measures against 
.enemy air attack. Tfcie ia. particularly noticeable y/lth regard to dispersal, 
concealment of materiel and a&ninistrative installations, and can ouf lage 

the present' air defense, The approach of more severe weather and longer aijgfcjte 
inevitably iaeans a resumption of air raids in this theater with United States 
' forces and installations, constituting objectives for enemy attack f 

3. Prompt and aggressive measures will bo instituted at once by each 
unit, er installation epimander to be certain that all necessary precautions 
are : taJ?en agaii^t hostix® air' attack,' &e%sures will include an effi^ 

cient waging system, concwalineTitj .dispersion- and camouflage of all disposi* 
tions., and the necessary offensive measures by fire when appropriate * More 
routine measures will not be adopted as un expedient against hostile air atfcack. 

By command of Ma^qr General LEE? 

C.ft, hAWPON, t .>cxu. 
Colonel! Ji.G.D., 
Acting Adjutant General 


(Cir No, 30. HQ SOS 9 t . 3.9a G*i4 

•9. He-^o of envelopes . Notwithstanding existing directives that 
arvolopes be rG~tis$d, new funtuSed). envelopes will % utilized for the inner 
cqtqt of secret and confidential do^tnnents^ in crdei' t-^at the addressee ~^ 
e&7 bo able to determine whether or mV V&i^o&pQT has bevft subject- -to : x • 

tampering^ 1 ' : 

o.: UtfA/BJt -Circular Nq.%Lq, : 1942> which contains gen 
Ti^^ation of official publications, is quoted bel 

f Mi From a security point o-f , view, station? and xjnit designations 
organizations of tfiis command are classified as OO^TIBEN'rJAL, As ; 
far as is consistent with the prompt, despatch of official business, 
. a^l concerned arc enjoined to prevent this info* ma tion -being disclosed 
in do^vmu'nts bearing a lov/or classification. From an administrative 
point of vi3\v, it 3s impracticable to maintain this classification at 
all times but evory effort will bo made to safeguard the documents 
■ ; concerned. 

"2, No documents will be published containing a fafr.ty completo troop 
unit list with a classification lo-,\or thru CONFIDENTIAL, 
§t. Documents giving the number and branch of more than three 
v\ * organizations, except companies of the same regiment, will be 

". classified as CONFIDENTIAL, (An example is an order sending several 
men from different organizations to a school.) 

• b, .A document giving the number and branch of three or less 
organizations may be classified as RESTRICTED. 

"3# A document ' showing "both the station and designation of any head?* 
quarters or organization will be classified as CONFIDENTIAL. This 
aan be Avoided by omitting cither the location or the designation of 
the organization, 1 (For- example, an order for an individual to - 
pru^eod to Glas^o^ and report -to the Conr.anding Gonera-l , < }La Corps, 
should road "Procjed to Glasgdw and carry out verbal orders, etc,, 11 ") 
•Such- an order can be clarified as RESTRICTED, . ;• 

!, 4» Care will be exorcised that' stations and designations are not 
inadvertently linked. {For example, a document should not be 
published witfr classification less than COi SILENT IAL listdtigJ 
ft U»:ptain John Jones, Headquarters, 99th Division, telephone GJAsgorr 
l2Vr. n ) , ■ 

M 5* The distribution of dooumenta indicating units or stations 
associated with our forces will be restricted to the. minimum ^ 
' ' iri c3peoti'-*e of class if ig&ticn. This minimum refers to tHo 

nuiiib^r cf individuals and offices to which distributed and the 
number of, copies supplied to one individual or office-. >■ 

"6. The addresses cf envelopes and packages sent to offices or , 
organizations should- not include the. location,'' ' 

3* Pyarc/^c fti- eg flableflramas a* General instruci ^ 
contai^bd in Vf $ All 38a?5,. but for .convenience -a pe^%¥" s pk?, quo tod: 

_ , j4* . v. * r A- • > ■ . 

n Standardization of the content and form o 

.fiold orders and operation instructions is necessary, but whan" 
fixed expressions are reported in a me s sago the results are 
exceeding ly dangerous to c:ryjrbcgra^rd.a eee^&tgrv Ken-i*} stereo* . 
typed', pl&aseology^sad . set -form- of.' •egression-, especially at the 
beginning or end of a message, will not be used* Examples of 
stereotyped beg 5.nning are as follows: ''Reference youi'," "RsoracV* 
"Reference my," etc. Necessary references will be placed in the 
body of the message # n 
he SIP Circular 43, 1942, quotes the following letter from the Chief 
Si^ai Officer, 4a ted 23 July 1942, for the information and guidance of all 
©o;?eernsdi ' .. 

"With the great volume of traffic being handled at present, it 
becomes increasingly important, in the drafting of messages, to 
avoid the use of stereotyped words or phrases. 

."^h© continued use of stereo typsd expressions to begin or e*:d 
cryptographod messages is a. definite hazard to cartographic .-. 
security. Though no word is inherently- stereotyped, an/ wprcj or 
phrase may become so > by ropetited uso in the same ooimeetjujn* 

w This presents a situation, which r^aires that ntanost c?re 90 
exercised by cryptographic personnel in c:yptogmphic message^ 
The need for contif^uoui scin^i^ by supervising off 
evident, . ' .. ■'.O--'- - •• \ »■.:.■''■ 

'fisted, below are ^ertai* wor^fr which, through general use, bar© 
become stereotyped, The use of these Expressions for beginnings 
or endings of messages is to be avoided. Personnel should bear 
in mind, howovet, that any list of this nature varies from day to ,, ; 
i clay, and by no means aye all stereotyped words and plirases included 
in this list," 


















h # Endr.ngs. 

J^kHo^ledSs reply ^ 

advise • , referenc 

confirm \ requeste 

end titles 

end of message stop 


NDMBEI"3 ! 1V f 2 T , EXC. 



u mes^r?e L s as to felme of transmission * Compliance r/ith the folio 
icg provisions of AR* 105 -^3> (paragraphs 11a and lib) is |e|^|e<^ ui$lpi&$> $ 
ooneernech: •'• . "* . I |p*8 A* 

"Urgent."- This classification is restricted toMUL 
. ut-e o&ly and is used only in combat or when combat, r?sl -:r simulated 
is imminent* Urgent messages are sent immediately upon receipt, or 
immediately after urgent messages previously received , hare been 
transmit oed They are given right of way over all messages of lower 
classification. "Urgent' 1 ciacc-'Ulc-tion has no cpuntprporr. in 

. dome- atlc coiL^eroial message o^assi/xoatioas , :> 

(Cir Ho. 30 HQ SOS 9 0c" 1 942 fontTJ 

"x^-iority" w This classification is used to designated massages 
which must he given precedence over all routine and deferred 
messages waiting to be sent or delivered, should, 
however, he confined to extremely urgent mai oor 3' requiring 
. expeditious action, fl iai 
Or H'epar ation of Secret and Cinf identlal coh ?.^ sm i Ml4}p8flct 
will prepare the original and one carbon copy of the ifftr^ J^ty^-, ''^k- 
'or^iaal will be' -transmitted to the Gable Section, d&d?*m& v 4W*3iiibfca& *Q®f 
rail be retained ah a temporary' check by the office of origin. Paraphrased 
'copies for record purposes will be prepared in the Cable Secbion, AGO, and 
after dispatch of the original literal text, the Cable Section will ret jrn 
one paraphrased copy to the office of origin with dinpatch number n<~te*d 
thereon, and the off ice of origin will immediately destroy the retained 
duplicate of the original plain text, : 

e, B e s trict ed ^nd un^I as sif i efl me ^ag p s. An original and four carbon 
copies will be prepared by the originating office. All copies will be 
delivered to the Cable Section, Adjutant General' s ?ffio<.% [:^c.cti cular 
section of the AGO should be determined and includes.) for dispatch* After 
dispatch, one copy will be returnee to the originating office with the dispatch 
number of the cable entered thereon, 

f. Incom i ng messa&es, t The "Action" copy will be transmitted by the 
Adjutant General to other interested 0ta££co£f leers, 

g» A master file of cablegrams sent and received will be maintained 
by •. the Adjutant General* 

h* P ^epar.ation Qjf C ablegrams at Hq SQS, 

*~ (1 ) Cablegrams will be prepared on forms supplied by tha Adjutant 
■■ Genial* 

\2) All messages* will be typed entirely in upper case (Capital) 
letters and will be double spaced, la -nerals appearing in the 
body of the message will be spelled ouu 

(3) I\ear '-'Section" on the message form will appear the initials of 
the responsible officer in the section in v/hich the message is 
prepsred. The classifier .tion of the ir.;ssa,;e and transmission 
prior ity mil be determined in that sec bion, 

(a) The folio 1 . dng officers only in thi: headquarters ate authorized 
to classify a uessago as "Urgent"; Com..; ar ding General; Chief 

of Staff; Deputy Chief of Staff; 4 -. Chief of Staff, G-2; 
Asst. Chief of Staff, G-*3; Adjutant General, Staff Duty Officer, 

(b) Chief of Section in addition to the officers listed above 
are authorised to classify a message "Priority" . if such 
message relates to "oxteuel y urr.::-r -t matte rs re Q uiring 
exp editio us acti on. " 

(if) Coble^^s will have included in the body thereof five -letter 

identifying symbols. Such symbols will include "SOS", designating 
the Service of Supply, followed by two letters to identify tho office 
of origin. Symbols are assigned as fallows: 

SOSCS* (Commanding General 

(Chiof of :ttff 

SOSCB: Control Brr.ich 

SOSGA: G~1 • : 

SO^E: G-2 

S0S3C: G~3 

S08GD: G«4 

SCb '.,G ? 

Goneral Purchasing Agent 
Adjutant; General 
Chief Finance Officer 
Inspector General 
Transportation Service 
Chemical . Warfare Service 




Ordnance Service 
Quartermaster Service 
SignaJ Service 



cine sc.* . 

Air Force Division 
Judge Advocate 
.Prove at March all 
Bpbd5,-9.1 Service 
Special Urcoops 

The foregoing .s^bols wi3.1 be burled in the body of 
classif led' messages* ■ ■ " 
Messages, will be terminated ' by the name . of: - .the • commander 
of .the SQS, . ■ ' ' ■ 

^* ^araplyaai n^ o^ ssified messages. In connection with the paraphrasing 
©£ N 9leu»e&f£otf me g ? a^s^lfe- .'f ailq>ing" reajAirements of paragraph 38, -AR 38(>S 
are repeated for ready reference : •" \i 

a* £6 paraphrase a message is to rewrite it so that '%t® meaning is the 
seme but its "phraseology is different. ■ 

b. In paraphrasing, it is not sufficient to paraphrase only i^e beginning 
or ending of t&e message;, the entire;-!^ s sage - will -be; subjected to the process. 

Op Paraphrasing consists in applying all the following processes to the 

phanginjg :the sequence of the paralpraphs; 
Changing^ 'the sequence of ■ tbe - sentences in each psr^agrapiv , 
Shifting the positions g$ the subject, - predicate, \m& modifiers 
in each sentence, - - '■ 

(4) Changing t rom active to passive voice or v£ce- versa 

(5) Si^s^'tuting synonyms or ^^u^yaXent >3prossions 

d« When paraphrasing must be' resorted to in correction with messages 
haying" Identical .-;p£onnafcly-< idej^dal '.plain, textj/.sff ort -rrill-be' ma^e to '-change 
the lengths of the par.aphrased version so that the cryp^to^cmk will not re- 
semble each .other eve^n in that respect, 

• V .-'ej, . A paraphrase -of , a message \7ill be accorded the same classification -as 
the'' original;. me 3 sage,.- . ',- 

(1 ) A ppiraphras^ 1 should 'not •-•;$$: a; second- code,- butt must be in sucb 
■ fom and phrAeeolo^y that it can be read ax$,- understood \7ithout 
, diffiQulty, ' 5Ph© : -purpose oif the paraphrase is to. provide a copjr 
- that can be worked without undue difficulty, at the same time , 
-preventing' a successful 'comparison .with the' -coded -message, . 

Vl^X^SXl^QATION OF DQCTT!,Ci|^DS : 1. Responsibility for, ola^sf-f^eatja^ ^ 
^igina't-or^oi 1 a -message^cr ' doeuiient is'- responsible for"-' the proper narking; of 
suqh items as "Secret", Confidential" or "restricted"* Documents ; will be given 
the; lowest classification- conEi stent with the safety of- the subject matter, 
Saph Chief of. this headquarters will, make, every effort to reduce 
the number -of secret and cor^iaentir4 : doouments- emanating from bis Section* 
This may often be done by avoiding: reference^;- 1^ ( ^ffJ^f^W%** Q5r " ("^oop .. : 
locations, map coordinates, -etc, *£M-f|{ta^fflra The 
Adjutant General, may lo^s? .9^ 4fc 
justif iable .'cases* 

' '2» Q3-ass^f ic^rt&o ns^ defined^ AR---5.60y& -provides : : that' .qrlassif;icati0ns will 
be. assigned- as. ihdiStS§rSe5bwV^ • 

S^CHjBil 1 .<? When disclosure .' of the; information ®? feafcires .contained therein 
• ■. might; er danger national security,- cause serious ; - injury to the 
. ■ irvtersst .or '^restige--:ci-f vttie- nation.;- or -ony' £p T .-whmental activity, 
or wofeld; he..oi\ gre^v.a^an.1jage to a fpreign nat'ion f .. . 

"™ ii ,~ \ 'S5J 

(Gir No.3Q 9 Oct. 1942 , 4 SOS Cont.) 


VJhoh disclosure of the information contained there in, 
although not endangering Vim nf.tio.34! security, might be 
prejudicial to the inters ' ox* prestige of the United 
Stages, a governmental activity f or an individual, or 
ntage to a foreign nation. 

tion contained therein is for official use 
"when its disclosure .should be limited for reasons 
of administrative privacy 'or denied the general public, 

3., Anth^ nt^ R atio n of fiecre-fr pocumcntff « When documents bear the "Seereb" 
classification, it is required by AH 380~t> that thu author?. by for the' classi- 
fication appear thereon as well as the date of . the classification* This 
requirement is commonly met by placing the following data above and to the 
right of the deie^Hn© of the documents 

r example) 

• Authj CCi, t>Q'J 

Data? 2? Sepb 1942 

(Notei All copies: must bear t£e above dai^as each copy must be Initialed) 

A* '§?im^m, Q f :ff^S g - and; P|^^^^"jQiiftPBi^^^ffla » The .following, are.' the 
United States, and Brimsh Security classifications which most nearly oorre©* 
pond: ■ 





No counterpart - SECURITY 
' ■ . Kc counterpart NOT TO BE PUBLISIM) 

(Not© 1 The British classification "Security" covers data which may be classi- 
fied by the U*S. designations "Secret" , "Confidential" or "Restricted" and each 
doctonent must be separately considered in that light, "Not to bo published* 
usually corresponds to.'. the,'-u%$. d©sigi^,tioii : - ,i jiostrict,od")- 

5 » l^ar ki^, ( of ^lagsified' documents 1 ' a . Classified books or pamphlets, the 
pages of which are permanently and securely fastened together, will be plainly 
and conspicuously marked or stamped in rqfl "Secret", "Confidential", or "Restricts 
on the cover, title page, and first page, 

b j Classified communications and other material not -^pcrmantrntl^ and 
seeurej;/ faefconod together, except as indicated "below, will be marked or stamped 
with thr; appropriate classification at the top and bottom of -each puge,- The 
marking at the top will be so placed that it will not be hidden from view when 
the p!agci : > are ' clipped or stapled together ♦ 

£0 Classified photographic negatives, drawings, or tracings will oarry 
a legend of the proper classification in such position th^t it will be repro~ 
dueod on all copies made therefrom. Photographs made from negatives not 
so inscribed will be maiV d at the top and on the back with che proper classi- 

-Classified. informti-sion which .appears on well maps, or is otborrine 
exposed to vJ-.t m a room, will be marked Secret, ifid-.ntial or KejtTiotod, 
aa the oa^e may be* in letters at least one inch hign;f 

shoot <^HR§^* "fr^Hi ^^iSi^fr ffherv/iso securely fastened to the map, or 

object/ _ 

eT Office routing slips will" bo stomped v;ith the highest class if ication 
of any"paper attached. All' shoots of drafhr, notes, storc<?raphers notes, 
etc., will have tho classification clearly s^aiiijcd i* pi'-Intod thereon, 
nroforably in rod • 

- V I T — " IR I^AH) PROTECTION/ . 1. General instructions relative to Air Raid 
i"rl>toction at this headquarters are contained in the Air Raid Protection Plan, 

ft. See paragraph I Sec XX of this Circular relative to security of 
classified material during alarms* 

b. Air Raid Shelters will not be used for any. other purpose than that for 
which thoy wore cone tinted, ■' 

c fc Tho following procedure to prevent light leaks during blackout hours 
will bo observed t 

(a) Carefully draw both curtains to the limit of tho curtain rod, and 
secure lovrqr corners with ties and hooks provided, 

(b) Tuck curtain behind radi? tors' and other obstacles 

(c) Check to . insure complete contact of curtain and- wall, and 
complete lapping of curtains in eunter* 

VI^-**pl9T0GFAPp.ip ACTIVITIES . 1, Regulations concerning photographic activities 
are covered in part by STO Cjir^ular 48, 18 September 1942. Circular No, 9, 
USAFBI 17 February 1942, is rescinded, 

2 f Ariry, fflcjtjorial Sorri.ce . a f The Signal Corps .is charged with the duty 
of obtaining still and motion pictures f except aerial photographs, of military 
activities for training, identifieation, publicity ? and hiftoriaal record. This 
service is performed by official photographers, still and motion picture, of the 
Army .Pietorial Service, Signal Corps. (See Chapter 6, FK 11«5). 

J>« Facilities will bo furnished on request for war correspondent photo- 
graphers as provided in Circular No, 16, this headquarters, 20 July 1942, 
"Public Relations Policies and Procedures" . It is desired that full use bo 
made 'of official Signal. Corps photographers. Requcnta for Signal Corps photo 
service other than. that provided subordinate commands will lpo made to the Chief 
Signal Officer, Hq SOS, 

It is expected that all major subordinate epmnr.nds will eventually bo 
provided with photographic personnel, ' In tho meanwhjLo, available personnel will 
be used wherever possible to visot those commands hvl^g none, for the purpose of 
wsfcinji permanent photographic record of their activities, When a unit commander 
has reason to believe that an expected event will p?»ovido good photographic 
material for training, publicity, or historical record, he. will direct his. Public 
s Relations Cffiaer to employ the 'photographic personnel availah.le in his unit to 
cover oti.3 eveivfe* If no such personnel is available in his unit, he will notify - 
the Aruiy Corps Public Relations Officer, or this headqu* .rters , of this fact. The 
decision as to whether or not i^ is possible to photograph the projected event will 
be made a,.: tho hoadqinrtors notified* • ■ 

tfhen "Signal Corps motion picture cameraman cover S j 
operate In coXJ^boration with newsroel cameramen, if prcseirj 
scenes to auginont". coverage by the latter. Thus the covered w-^aip^^, 
with a variety of picture angles. This will make a complete and well rounded 
picture- story* Us-oally coverage by more than one cameraman results in a better 

£ c OrJLy o-fJ 11 picture negatives of a specific local" nature should ba 
processed l$r vmts having developing and printing equipment. Such negatives 


_ » 

(Cir No. 30 HQ SlbS 9 Ocy~1942 Cent, 

■ • .. • \, ,. .- - . ■ ,^ 

ard four prints -of each will be transmitted to this headquarters as soon as 
practicable for censorship. Accurate captious u±\l "be. inserted in eccordnnce 
with the instructions contained in paragraph "j7. K -! ll'-5. ' Until censorship 
ia completed, all ner n tives, and a>,y prints r-ia. -. -y.\ iVo-i, ?/i21 be classified 
as rJEST^CTJSP, CONTlJ '".NT'IAL or $EQH£T~, accord ii'- to" the subject involved. ,AH 
other nof?-.tives, both still and potion, vdll be forwand|& W^l^tf^SST 
proconaijif; and censorship to the Ar/ny Pictorial Seivi*I^|^|er'J^wl'P^ 
thy most oxpodifcious means available. This applier ASf^S^ 
proas distribution, . wa tUUrflu£j| 

£ r J;cri^lly, negatives and prints of still photographs v/lll be distributed 
by the- S.'-'.aal Officer, Hq ETO, as follows after censorship: 

(1) TVu negative and three prints, separately, to the Chief Signal Officer ington , B.C, through &-2 -War Department 

(2) Ono or more points, ajj desired, to the headquarters of hho unit to 
which the photograph pertains, 

(3) A duplicate negative and such prints as may be necessary vUl be 
rotained in the files of the krtsy Pictorial Service, this head- 
quarters . 

g # lotion picture- negatives and prints will be distributed as follows: 
/ (!) The original negative of all faction pictures to the Qhief Signal 

6ffieor, Washington, D,C« through *>-2 , "Jar Department, 
; , (2) One duplicating positive will be made and retained by the Army 
Pictorial St-rvlce,' this headquarters , 
(3) Whon advisable, on© or acre I6rm prints v/ill be rnado for 
instruction .purposes, 

3» Ot^jp^togpap^o ^^gAWUSuSSa^^ *• 
other officio 1 tj # &, Amy photographic ©fancies, oxe pt tV\so of the Air Force, 
rill fellow the procMuro indicated above, lining Sijnal Curjs processing 
facilities insofar as is practicable* 

b c Go»w:eroial photographers, propwly accredit -d cr pornit+ed to make 
photographs, will be ro.inonsiblo f f «r the devolapronnt, printing and security of 
all photographs taken by them. Four prints of all at 5 11 photographs. and one, 
black .°nd white positive of all motion plc+uros will bo delivered to the U,S, 
Army Censor without cost to the UTS. Govornment, Hone will be released for 
other purposes without authority of this huadqivirtur.'-i . When directed by this 
headquarters to do so, negatives and" all prints thci ■ from will b^ turned over 
to this headquarters. This action will b_> directed only yhen security 
considerations demand. it • 

4* ^XVXifc The action of photographing military activities is in itself 
no violation of security so long as the release? 'of the material for public 
consumption is controll3d t All photographs taken in this theater rro subject 
to oonsrr^nip by prrjs cersor3 under the control of this hjadquartors . . 
Consequently, tho. material released publicly is completol;/- protected. Tt is 
expected that .the majority of photographs taken under this directive v;ill not 
•be released for publication, but rather that they will be used for training and 
historical reoo^cU- '■• •• • * •• 

5* Wnvn practicable, all secret negatives and prints misr, be kept in a 
fireproof, 3 -combination safe. / "A 

6* All fSlas should be safeguarded from fire *h ? .■fsarda '-aad? 1 - ; plnce4'' in, fire- 
proof safus if available. 

Ilative to photography by private individuals are 
-obtained in USAFBI Circular Ho, 11, 1942, 

7T~1 £&?M(& TO miWW O§ 3.,. P^s ; - require^,, Alb persons entering or leaving 
Va|lclin£s occupied by ,the arjny It* navj^ inhere ariry or navy guards ere maintained 
for security^ will, habitually show their passes. (£!TQ Circular No, S, 1942) 

2« Special pass, ' A Special pass vvill be provide 4 by the AG- of a port, camp 
or station' for officers and civilian personnel regularly assigned to that port^ 
Qsmp. or station, At Headq_ua'rt,0rs F>Q3 regularly assigned enlisted personnel vdll 
be is sue ci special 'passes by the Cormtandihg Officer, Special Troops, 

3« t J ^&JQ.°£.J?J ^ s r^sponsibilixy 'of the head of each Staff 

Section and 'the dliltfs of the Supply and .'.dirinistrative Services, to secure the 
return of building passes of all civilian enplo^feos who are disiris'sed, resign, or 
for any ■other rent-on are no longer employed by this headquarters, Fasses 
recalled under such conditions -"'ill bo returned to.tb-i Adjutant General 's office 
for cancellation, 

4» Persons vlthovt p ass. All persons, or-her than Members of U,5, Array, bear- 
ing #G0 ident if IcaTlon cards, ~"who seek acteission to ar.y buildings or grounds 
under the control of SOS, U,*?, Arnr/, vr%ll be requested to ,";ive the name of the 
person with \:hoji. the have, or d.sirc, an appointment, The >~uard.will then 
ascertain if the desired person is in his office and vill cause the visitor to 
be conducted thereto. He -/ill dve th** visitor a numbered card which vrill be 
taken up at tiro of cbpai'turo fron the headquarters, 

5', All persons ftntcrin~ or lea '/in ; a 'Hullln^ r<t recd^uarters 30S will 
do so b~ the entrance provided and vill display pass to ; ^n&rd on duty at 
•oho £oor. Guards have been directed to require all ; ,ycso\p<'l bo show parses, 
and carefully to check then* Opening oLhor doors frov IU>. .u/jir'u ;>r,d l^vin/? 
or entering b-*-'ck,hcr than the si^'lo eriraneo .provider' ''ejects th*? purpose of 
posting jurr'ds* The ,enl exception- to thin order rill v e "s dc to enable 
fatigue dobails to ^sc side c'::t e vhere concrete drives are available for 
placing property in tho various blocks (See 3oc ?0 

X— gl^HY A^m IffHffiAL ffi PAfiKAqeS,. Z?C. \nen bull- items are to be delivered " 
to various blocks at Headquarters SOS, side entrances r : & ■ be used for the purpose* 
Side entrances vail not be opened, however, until Mio permission of the building 
entrance ."uard has been obtained aud a lessen -or dispatched by Mir to stand by 
until delivery is completed, .-. . •••• • ■• 

XI— q.^ CU?!'^: T?kV^(] OF T^.OOP.S; In serial, security training of troops under 
SOS jivrV.d Lotion is covered by~30S Training Koxorandums, Sec III, STO Circular 
No, 24, '-/*&, reports on a rwnor current in Augur t concrrnin;/, alleged knowledge 
of location of Allied headquarters and states: 

"It "appears certain that the circulation oi such 

starred by eneiny agents in order to cause our t] 
security precautions and tall: freely ay to locai 
• headquarters and units. 
Unit conaandera vill e^iain these facts to their units and 
er..paasibo the importance of ne^er disclosing jrilitarv information 
in conversation in nubile." 



CQ_3IftJATIff[C; 1, Responsible colanders yall insure that a copy of 
each safe combination ir* use at a- head garters is on filx in a central location, 
to insure that safes isa v jq entered v/hen necessary e-\or :Oiip,h the nominal' ■ 


(&r 30, HQ SOS 9 October 1942 Cant) 

custodian. is abgent. 

2, At headquarters SOS, custodians of' all UH WlwI.lWl^ll^PP*' 

will list the combinations of such safeej. place the i ■ combinations in sealed, 
opaque envelopes classified as "secret" and will deliver one such envelope 
to the Adjutant General for safe-keeping and emergency use,' and one to the 
AG of s, G~2 for similar purpose, Vfliere more than one safe is in use in a 
particular section^ or office, each safe will be suitably numbered, for 
identification' jniypca«s. 

a, fn addition to the "secret" classification, each envelope will bear 
notation on the face as follows* 

1) Name, rank and arm or service of safe's- custodian* 

2) Office in vAiSch safe is located (including room and block number), 

3) Nmnerical designation of safe (if mce than one safe in office)* 

4) Date combination was placed in envelope., ' 

b, When subsequent changes in safe combinations are, new envelope* 
will be prepared and delivered as indicated above and the old combinations 
taken \ip by the custodians of the safes, 

c" f There will be pasted on the inside' of -each safe a list indicating 
the names, residence addresses and residence telephone numbers of all persons 
who possess the combination to the particular safe, 

suspicious activities or breachee' of s e purity wil.l" or din arlly be made to the 
fr*2 of the SOS unit to which it pertains, but if the information or breach 
pertains to more than one unit or installation, or' if the unit or installation 
la unknown, report may be made direct^ t o AC of S, G~?, SOS, If urgency 
warrants informal report may be made direct to AG of S,~G-2 SOS, The identity 
of the person or office making a report is kept in the confidential files of 


s/ C. R, LANDON' 
Colonel, A,G t D,, Acting Adjutant General, 


REPRODUCED HQ' SOS. 4 January 1944 

Gr»2 f 

By comnand of Major General IEE; 

Colonel, G.S,C, 
Acting Chief of Staff, 



AG 311.7 (3 Oct 1942) Misc, 

6 Oct 1942. 


Faulty Unit Censorship, 


Consaancling Officers, all organizations and installations, SOS, 

1. The examination of outgoing mail of military personnel in this 
theater reveals repeated violations of the provisions of M 30-25 and 
Circular No, 10, Hq, ETO, USA, 7 Jul 1942, The f ollowing are seme of the 
more common of these violations: v 

a. Use, in the letterhead and return address, of such initials 
as ET07 BTOUSA, USANIF, etc. , 

J>, Use of hotel stationery bearing the hotel name and address or 
other Indications of its location, thus divulging by inference the locati 
of the APO, ! 

c. "Use by censoring officer of his initials rather than his 

d. Signature of censoring officer in pencil rather than ink, 

e. Use of unauthorized rubber stamp bearing the word "Censored", 

2, It is desired that appropriate corrective action be taken* 

By command of Major General LEE: 


s/ C, R, LANDON' 
Colonel, A. G. D«, 
Acting Adjutant General, 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS 30 November 1943 

K. J. S. 



AG 430V2 (2; dat«If42) Mi$c^ 6 Oct 1942 

Subject: "Scarcity of .food*-. '*, - " 

To : Coman^nf Officers all Organisations and Installations/ 
SOS, #0, 

,.. ' ■ «" ' * 

. >,. . - '.. •. ■ .... .' -. .,v- • * ■ !• . : ■ ■/. ..... 

v ' ■ -. . - - _ , v v ^ .. , - .. . 

It is. desired that the 'following be read to all military 
personnel at the first " fmmtion afte^' receipt of this* letter and 
a copy kept posted on etcfe organization bulletin board: 

Britain is a m&tt QWf$*& 9 le#$ than orient hirtieth of 
the siae of the United 9fcate«« &?l£n6t m*i Wales toother are 
about equal in area to tHf . s^ste of Illinois but contain within 
that area more than fi«v# ti$e& its popail^ion. Britain is essen- 
tially 'an industrial ftftgAfp $tfd in pe^se-time finds it ir.prac~ 
ticable to ircw ■ mftXoimt f$e& host &*eople. Instead she buys 
food from abroad ir^exeMivg* Jtaf *iarivfaoti*res which she sella 
in foreign markets* - ' ■ 

_ • In normal ti&e* twd t>i?&l$ out 'of every three eaten on 

the British dinner table eajsfc fros* overseas* This food was drawn 
from all 'part3..of th^- '^lobe' -< wheat from Canada, Australia and the 
Argentine,, meat from *So'<Jth Ajsn&rica/ Australia and-'New Zealand, 
fru.1t from the United States, Canada^ South Africa, the Mediter- 
ranean and Australia, Britain was in fact the biggest narket in 
the "World* for fdo$ exporters** 

. \ t All t^is depended upon efficient shipping system* 

S&e ten -6r fifteen ships of various, Kinds and el&es, all laden • 
with fo*cx£, -entered British "ports dal'ly* There \*$re* fast refrig- 
erated ships f^t»"carryin^ nieat or frtiit, <l'ar?e gral w ships spec-* 
ially ' equipped for har;dli#* this 1 eargo, as well as the ; ordinary v 
trarsps wi^h' their assorted csrgoee* jShips .arrived punctually. 
Merchants could predict when their supplies would arrive as ac~ 
curateiy as if they we t*V l arranging rail ydelivery from the ne3ct 
function* ' ' • . ' j . ' v 

' * ■ In -wir-time there is an immediate de$6nd for ships to 
carry" troopny munitions and aH the complicated equtpfrient nec§s-.~ 
sary for modern' warfare*. "The number of ships &vcvllrble" td carry '- 
food is less* Those ships that are available have to travel in 
convoy by. devious routes to syofd U-boats and boirbers. Moreover, 
the occup;cti"on' by -Oerrr^.ny'-of s RurofteKn /eOuntriesj parti eularly 'Hol~ 
l&tid and 'Oennjsrk, mefnf the' 1 loss to', Britain of -'her nearest ^nd main 
sources, of supply 'of bason,"' e^s,'. byt-ter :ln& cfoeese. Britain was - 
therefore fr.efcwL with" the need to increase hoi;se production, of food 

and bring in the essential supplies* from abroa4 with minimum demand 
on tonnage* 

British farmers have responded well. The acreage unddr crops 
has increased by 50 per cent in three years*. 'Farmers are not only pro- 
ducing more food for men to eat but also fodderfor their animals which 
was previously ir:ported from abroad, Roughly* two mtJLs out of three 
are now raised on the home farms* 

The remaining one third of the necessary food supply still 
has to be imported, and to3ess«© the ^demand on shipping it is planned 
scientifically*; This means that foods are imported not just because 
people would like to buy them in the shops but because they are nee**; 
ess-ry to provide a diet which will keep the j>o$ulation fighting fit*. 
Wherever possible cmc^ntrated foo^s are substituted for more bulky 
foods of the same type. Meat for- instance instead of travelling in 
complete frossen carcases., is first *boned ! in the producing country - 
and "then packed in the closest possible manner 5 the dried egg powder 
whieh- tire U«S», •CriBv.e^r^enb is sending %P t Britain in place of 'shell 
eggs occupies fcnly one fifth of the original ajjaee; separated milk 
pwrder similarly, takes up less roon than canned milk "nd l^ter it 
may be possible to ship- meat in dehydrated form with a saving of space 
of 70 per cent f Fruit imports teve been cut out altogether apart frojn 
a few oranges for children* • 

.But " with all this ' increased production ??nd careful planning 
the supplies of meat, augar, butter and ' other .' staple foods are well 
below normal* Rationing bad to be introduced early in 1940 to make 
certain that the redq|ed supplies we're tehared out fairly* ,' Today one 
week's rations for an adult consist of 

l/2d* worth of meat ' (about 1 lb) 

4 oas*. bacon or ham* 

8 oa%* cheese. ' 

8 osa* sugar J 

2 oafs* butter* 

4 pss* margarine 

2 oas* cooking fats* >• , 
■ Z QZB* tea* "• 
; . 4 Q$s* jam* 

1 "A y$lfr' liMied ^usnlty of ^points rationed"- 
foods, lb of dried beans and 3 o*s. of 

canned ham; or 4 ota* of dates and a packet of 
breakfast tJereais* 

The se' '^atiohsj,. with as mu"ch bread, potatoes and. vegetables 
as the house*wi£e. lijkea t6> buy,, have to provide 21 meals* It means 
plain feeding and careful : planning and does not leave much margin for 
occasional hospitality*. In fact,. nowadays, the really welcome visitor 
is one who regards h^S w£efc*end as a n Dutch treat" and brings his ra- 
tions with him* > 

Meals if - ** en In cafes, restaurants, aant ns and pubs are 
all "off the rattfeifc% This at first lodes like ifte solution of the 
housewife f s rationing problem, but those who b*,va to take some of 
their ineais awa^r from home soon find that there are drawbacks ♦ To 
begin with the amount of meat and other rationed foods allowed to the 
restaurant are very lin&ted* They are be*ed on the manber of raeal f s 
that the propietor servfceeend with Ha at, for example, he crets one 
penny worth j that is just about en ounce not counting, the bone, for 
each dinner, lunch or supper* Thi* mm* tfcat on average joscst res- 
taurant dishes consist ^gfrly <rf v*m%M*$ with* slight flavour*- 
ing of neet^ Tii» fcaif fewtf of ateafc is <«ly a tmtty. £ut there are 
also other diffieuttitt in ref^ur*#a> Host of them have lost some 
of their staff to the Htm* or aae of the toamts Services. 

There are fewer cook* sad ' i&m waiter** tw swat, serve yourself or 
wait yew turn patient^ ln« a» 4 iA tattta at any rate, most cafea 
and restaurants are c*erore*4»d §fe tiiwfi and you ja&y have to 
stand in a queue to get * «ea*u 

Minor luxuries *j« ill* J*Wk#*k M find or non-existent* - 
Fruit, as asntioned ab«*# f t* t* SBiall homegrown supplies, 

Chocolate and other candle* %m f«fel«B#d the rate of 3 oes, per 
person per week* .Fancy eafcse art not v&at they were, since the bakers 
Supplies of sugar and fat* ttaM ft*' *r«#tically> Jen-cream is no 
longer made a s it is waitefai Sit Ufcour mi transport , Wines* are nat* 
uraiiy in short supply sine*. .i**>«firt# prai&ictlly »ii# The manu- 
facture of whiskey a#d other «brit# h»i bee* reduced although liar 
ited azaorgnts are still availaw*. Beey i* weaker than before the war 
and supplies have a habit of gMftff m ^ every now and again in some 

You will therefore sp& that you will not lie able to get 
many of the foods you like and are used te f The British have already 
experienced this far so roe tim and have accepted it without much gruia* 
bling as one of their contributions %* the war effort. They know that 
the food supplies arc being shared o*t# f ai*iy end wisely* with special 
prevision for the health of thsir cfclidren* ^e. too, iiajet *edept the 
aaiM situation in the same 4 spirit * reeo#*ieing that it is all part of 
ouJ? jpte of winding i^he war# 

% eoarond of sta^or General M5* 

. s/ P!®D A,|flEYJB& 

Colonel* A # G»D t# 
. Assistant Mutant General* 

HEPHODUCRD HQ SqB Id August 1943* ' 

%$? : 

a.c 22o, /,.aa 

Hi^AD'-'JjA^T^:^ m 

i Date; 29 Sep 1942 
29 • September 3,942 

Subject; Kepladem^nts and Bnlisted Men on Furlough, 


Companding Officer, each Bass Section, Port, Depot 
and General Hospital, SOS, ETGUSA. 

1, BnUated iwn ". ; hc l i£vo yvsrve'' in units in j£igl-:nd, Scotland, 
or /.rJLos, except replL'conionts ikj^Ij - c'lrivtd H'orn the United States, ./ill 
not be sent to ^.Lohern Ireland. Thirj ^roh:) bit ion includes personnel 
assigned to units in Northern Irfcl\ncJ, .'.ho be v.-; >oon on detached service, 
in hospital?, or in co^finci^-nt in .elrvil* aa, Scotland, or V&lcs. 

2, Until further notice * onlifited mxi will not be granted fur- 
loughs to visit Northern Iceland. 

3y ^fr-anarvi of Wx$ov. General L3E: 

J - 

Colonel, A f G, D. , 
^ci^^^djutant General* 

Cir. No, 2A 

HQ Si 



Sled a 

Auth.^U oUo ETO USA 
Date, IS -9*4-2. 

18 September 194-2 


1. Arrangements have been made with the Director of Works , Ministry 
of Works and Flanning, for U.S. officers to visit officially construction^ 
projects that are being executed by this agency'. 

2. Officers visiting such projects will contact the Clerk of Works 
of the Ministry of Works and Planning, on "he site, and will identify 
themselves by means of their Officers' Identification Card, W.D, A.G.Q. 
Fori: Ho. 65-1. 


3. This personal contact will onabl~ accurate information to be 
obtained and will ensure that re_.ort3 are framed on a knowledge of the local 
situation, Requests for information concerning progress, criticisms , com- 
plaints, or suggestions as to the designs or i, its rial used or the method of 
carrying out the work will be transmitted to .the U.S. Area Engineer Officer 
of the Engineer District in which the project is located. If -there is no 
Area Engineer assigned to the project 9 the comments will be forwarded to the 
District Engineer, The Area or district Engineer will take up the matter 
with the appropriate British Works Service official designated by the War 
Office to effect liaison with the Ministry of Tories and Planning , In no 
case will a U.S. officer transmit orders or attempt to make changes in the 
work by direct transactions v/ith the fi.p„W.P. representative. 

4. Information regarding the location of the District or Area Engineer 
officers may be obtained by calling tao Office of the Engineer at the Base 
Section in which the project is located or the Office of the Chief Engineer, 
Headquarters SOS, Telephone numbers to be used are; 

Eastern Base Section - Watford 6646 

Western Base Section _ Chester 3655 

Southern Base Section Salisbury 224.1 

North Ireland Beso Section Belfast 2774-5-6 Extn. 15 

Engineer Section, HQ SOS Thackeray 8186 

5. Visits of inspection to L,OJ/,F. projects will be restricted to 
those necessary. 

By command of Major General LEE; 


^ f 

C*R. LAi'JD01-j , 
Colonel, A„G.D„, 
Acting Adjutant General 

Colonel, G.S.C, 
feting Chief of Staff, 


Cir, No, 41 - _ — 7.'Sp|tomber 1942 

officer or enlisted nan of this com .an; trill participate in any radio, stag©, 
or motion picturo performance originating in the United Kingdom unless the 
arrangements therefor have bo en made by the Public Relations Officer of this 
headquarters, cr of one of the principal subordinate commands thereof* All 
broadcast scripts and notion picturo films must bo passed by the United States 
Army Censors » 

2« Ho officer or enlisted nan participating in such an activity will receive 
payment therefor, Such performances arc considered to be incidental to the 
military service in this theater and in line of duty* By direct agreement 
between this headquarters and tl\e British and United States broadcasting 
companies operating in the United Kingdom, any fees due* based upon standard 
rates will be paid by the broadcasting company in question directly to the 
American Red Cross f Similarly any fee paid for stage or motion picture appear- 
ances will be paid directly to the -amorican Rod Cross. (AG 353*8) 

3y conmnd of lieutenant General EISENHOT$jgt 


Brigadier General, General Sta^f Corps, 
Acting Chief of Staff, 
s/ T. J. DAVIS 
t/ T. J. DAVIS, 
Colo/iel, A.G«D., 

Adjutant General. | ~q A ij /*, ^ ^ />»> ^ ^ « ^ 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS, 20 DECEMBER 1943. |J j £ ^ ^ | I $ f J % ^ 

H. J. S. 

The Adjutant General's Office 

AG 311.5 ( 9-1-42 )i:S-B-M September 5, 1942. 

SUBJECT; Cryptographic Security and Safe- 
guarding Military Information,, 

TO: The Commanding Generals, 

Army Ground Forces; 
Army Air Forces; 
Services of Supply; 
All Armies; 
All Air Forces; 
All Corps; 

AH Service Commands; 
The. Chiefs of All Services* 

1* a Analysis of radio and telegraph communications has revealed 
in startling fashion the immediate necessity for thorough understanding; 
on the part of all personnel, of what constitutes important information, 
and the exercising of the utmost diligence in safeguarding this information, 

b, All personnel, who prepare or are responsible for the pre- 
paration or classification of messages) will immediately acquaint them- 
selves with the provisions of AR 380-5, dated June 18, 1941, and partic- 
ularly of paragraphs 8 and 9 of Section 1 for instructions as to classi- 
fication. Paragraph 3-b of AR. 380-5 contains examples of items classified 
as SECRET and paragraph 9-b contains examples of items classified as 
CONFIDENTIAL, These lists are by no means to be considered as all inr» 
elusive, dnd it- shall be , the duty of all persons concerned, where any doubt 
exists, to assign a sufficient classification. Brevity in text and economy 
in transmission are provided by crypt ographing messages classified RESTRICTED 
but from a military standpoint, the RESTRICTED classification is considered 
to provide little security, 

■ c. With reference to paragraph 9-b (7) of AR 380-5,. all orders, 
reports, or instructions pertaining to units or individuals who are in or 
enroute to staging areas or to overseas stations or on special assignments 
in the United States, or questions concerning them, and all' references to • 
shipments of materiel which might disclose type, quantity;' or eventual 
overseas destination, shall be classified as CONFIDENTIAL, or SECRET, 
whichever may be appropriate. Exception is made with respect to messages 
bearing on the apprehension, surrender, or disposition of stragglers and 
deserters in the United States provided no indication is shown in the address 
body, or signature of the message ?tfuch: might, reveal the individual's organi- 
zation and its location if tactically disposed; these messages will not be 
classified when so prepared, Exception is also made in the cases of messages 
which relate to materiel shipments the destination of which is marked in the 
<g$ar; .whieh|^essages will not be classifier; to transmitted by means other 

than radio, With reference to paragraph 9Vb (9), it will be 'noted that 
strength reports,- designations of -units, movements of troops, numbers of 
troops, -'dates or movement numbers when used together with the names of 
indjviduais or places^ constitute important inf ormation, and should be 
appropriately classified. . • " ' . . 

2« It is foreseen that these instructions will result in a con- 
siderable increase . in the '.cryptographic' work •' of the Army, "In this connec- 
tion, it is directed that particular attention- be given to the means of trans- 
mission of each communication and that ordinary, air, and .registered mail 
services be used whenever possible, 'Routine reports upon which immediate 
action is not necessary or communications' which will not require. attention 
until the following day, should be sent by mail when their transmission by 
such moans will not ; materially delay delivery*' this is particularly appli- 
cable to communications' -ird-thin the United States* . 

3» a« In order to clarify the position that each t^^pe of communi- - 
cation service holds in the Army ' Communication System, the following rules 
are set forth. as a guide for the personnel concerned^. • . 

b, The following services -are unclassified whether within or 
outside the" continental limits of the United States:' 

(1) Radio ' ' • .. 

■ : ■ (2)' Telephone ■ • - 

(3) Telegraph and Cable (when operated by other 

: than military personnel) --' - 1 

" o, ' The following services are classified as RESTRICTED- within 
the continental limits of the United States and outside the continental 
limits of the United States where the services are under the control or 
supervision of American I.;ilitary personnel, and wire facilities are em*- 
ployed exclusively. If messages are classified .as RESTRICTED, they may 
be transmitted in the clear by one of the means listed below:' 

(1) Teletypewriter Exchange Service 

(2) Private teletypewriter service 
(including both Government and 

. : privately owned facilities) 

(3) -Facsimile service (excluding telephone 
■ ■.. conversations in relation to facsimile 

t r ansmi s si ohs ) 

(4) Telegraph and Cable Services (when, trafg^c , t s f V 
functions at both ends are handled 1^7^; | ^\ tl > \ t 

military, personnel exclusively.)- v | JUiHi •* Je £ fl 8* 

(5) Telephone (when equipped with a scrambling 
device classified by the Chief Signal Officer 

. ' as RESTRICTED) ' • • 

SECRET and CONFIDENTIAL messages may be- transmitted in the clear' through 
these means provided appropriately classified scrambling devices, the de- 
sign and the completion of the ; installation ; of , which; have been approved 
by the Chief Signal Officer, are installed on all facilities used in trans- 
mitting these„SECRE^ tid CONFIDENTIAL messages. 

$ 1 

d. lies sages classified as SECRET and CONF'ilMlTTAL, whatever their 
destination, may be transmitted by the following services provided they are 
crypt ographed in the appropriate manner: "" 

;1) ; . Teletypewriter Exchange Service 
rte Teletypewriter ' 
|i.p.i. I.^I?Pii^t|r a P^ arid. cables ' ■ ' ■■. 

c simile Service 

■ e» ■ Private teletypewriter service, teletype writer exchange service, 
telegraph service, and the various cable services have a definite privacy 
feature that is not obtainable by radio propagation, Messages' that are. trans- 
mitted by electrical comunintion service will bear' a normal telegraphic 
heading and signature as prescribed in paragraph 12, AR 105-25 # Except for 
the- address and signature, all cryptographic messages transmitted via these 
services will follow the -authorized message form and will, therefore, carry 
no reference in clear as to the cryptographic system -or classification of the 
, message* " ' ' ■ ' 

4# The cryptographic systems in use by War Department today are 

the result^of nnny years of experience* and careful study > and are considered ' 
to be crypt ographiccl?^ 1 - secure. Their security?- cannot be maintained, however, 
if continued violas 1-ns of cryptographic principles are permitted in the 
'waiting of" classified messages.' These individuals who "draft messages will 
give particular' -attention - 1 o - paragraph .36 of -AH 380-5* • 

. b. ' The reply to a. classified message will not be classified lower 
"than the me's-sage to which the reply is made, but it- nay be higher if the v 
subject matter in the reply warrants such an increase in classification. 

lies sages- ?/ili be as concise as possible consistent with clarity. 
'Commonly used conjunctions, prepositions, and articles such as "and", '"for", 
»'but ; ", «inv,. "on", etc,, will be eliminated 'whenever possible vdthout con- 
fusing the meaning to be conveyed by the message, 

dj.. ' stereotyped phraseology will' be avoided at all times 'It must 
. be kept in mind that any standardized phraseology tends to become stereotyped 

and the habitual use' of ar^r particular words as beginnings and endings must ' 
L be avoided. The following is a list of words and phrases which, through use, 

have become .stereotyped, "and must not be -used at the beginning or ending' of 

classified messages: ' ' 



com-TR]: .. 

DEPART "• ' "'; . 

v' ^\ 

















NUUSERS "1", "2", ETC 











e, In the use of punctuation, do not habitually abbreviate, On 
the. other hand, donot habitually spell it out. When abbreviated, "period" 
vn.ll be witt en PD, "comma" CMA, The use of the word "stop" to mean period 
is not encouraged because of the possibilities of confusion in the message 
arrising from its use. In general, the use of punctuation will be kept to 
a mininum, Punctuation is the most stereotyped part of any language. 

f. Abbreviations used will adhere to AR 850-150, dated February 
1, 1933, with Change No, 2, dated llarch 21, 1939, and War Department Cir- 
cular # 59, dated March 2, 1942. Abbreviations such as t/0 will be written 
T slant 0* AR 380-5 mil be written as AR three eight zero dash five. 
Spelling out letter sounds in the writing of abbreviations will not ordinarily 
be done; Examples I yd-ll be written as Y, not as WYE, When necessary to 
clarify certain abbreviations, use the official phonetic word list, paragraph 
181, EL'- 24-5 • 

Numbers will be written as cardinal numbers; Example: 
1270 will be written as one two seven zero; July 17 will be written as 
July one seven, , . ' 

h. Direct quotations from classified messages will not be Ift- 
cluded in subsequent classified messages. Direct quotations from, press 
releases, or other unclassified documents will not be included in classi- 
fied messages. Before including information from unclassified sources 

in a classified message, or before disseminating information included in 
classified messages, the information will be paraphrased. All' paraphrases 
will be made in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 38, AR 3^0-5 # 

i, Literal and paraphrased versions of classified messages 
will be safeguarded with the same degree of security as the cryptographed 

5* It is desired that the commanding' generals of ,^|"vi^e^%^^nSs ? \ J^' 
notify the commanding officers of all posts, camps'^ y ftnft l-st^ti^Jv^i^pl^^ 1 ;! '{} 
installations under the' jurisdiction of the Coirjuanfii^ 

Forces, Army Air Forces, and the Chiefs of Aa>dnis%j^i l vVafr# Supply Services, 
Services of Supply, located within the territorial limits of their respective 
service commands of the above. 

By order of the Secretary of War: 

/s/ J, A. ULIO' 
/t/ J, A, ULIO, 
I'lajr General 
The Adj ^ant Genera*! 



The Under' Secretary of War 5 
Secretary, General Staff; 
Chief Statistics Branch, 

War Department General Staff; 
The Divisions of the War Department 
General Staff* 

EUROPEAN &? ^* p f 8 1% 

AG g91*2-B ' l 5 September, 1942. 

Major General John 0, H, Led, 
Headquarters, S.O.S., 
A, P.O. 887, 

Dear General Loo; 

1. Enclosed arc the following: 

a. A copy of instructions which the Homo Office 3,3 issuing 
to all Chiof Constables and the acknowledgement made by this head-* 
quarters, (End. 1.) 

b, A copy of the Uar Departmenr directive on treatment of 
Negroes dated 14 February, 1942, (End, 2.) 

2* With reference to Enclosure 1, attention is again invited 
to the fetter from this headquarters 16 July, subject "policy on 
Negroes" (AG-Misc . 291 .2 -A ) , a copy of which is attached as End. 3* 
The presence of Negro troops in this theater creates a problem in 
inter-racial relationships much different from that existing in the 
United States, " There is practically no coloured population in the 
British Isles. Undoubtedly a considerable association of colored 
troops with British white population, both men and women, will take 
place on a basis mutually acceptable to the individuals concerned. 
Any attempt to curtail such association by official orders or restric- 
tions is unjustified and must not be attempted. Furthermore, it must 
be realized by all ranks that it is absolutely essential that American 
officers and soldiers carefully avoid making any public or private 
statements of a derogatory nature concerning racial groups in the 
United States Army, The spreading of derogatory statements concerning 
the character of any group of Unite d Stat es troops , either white or 
colored, must be considered as conduct prejudicial to goo d order and 
military discipline and offenders must bo promptly p u nished . In the 
interest of military efficiency, if for no other reason, isolated 
incidents of friction must be eliminated. 

3» The War Department directive Referred to above is being re* 
published and issued to all elements in this theater. In at least one 
instance, discipline and morale have already suffered In this theater 
as a result of disregard of the provisions of paragraph 3, AR 600-10, 
quoted therein* 

* - / '.*/ /: 
- — •■ m 

' . ■ 4» . ' There must be continuing attention on the port of all concerned to 
this. probleia if we .are .t avpid' digtrf-i-^ing: s ituations ♦ ■ 1 fW taking' ; *fchis/raeans 
q£ bringing the; master - again tb ; v-our avt'ohti'bn because .1 feel it' 'must.- .nojf be 
handled -in. a routine, or pe^functoi^-mB^nrie^'v- • It _ is my d - eire;; ttovfc'-.rbhfl.a.- be 
b rought to* the : attent ion eyory- off la --tJ-ig -t/ ica tcv,, ffe ' -that. '©nfe, I 
suggest that you personally talk this over wi th your ner . t senior coiarnanders and 
iristruct thorn to.' follow up * tile sli5'ject ; tS-'ousrh command channel s . 

■ 'W' ■ y .■ ' \ Yours sincerely, 

" > '^.; - . . ' ' '(aigriod) Dwight I)., Eisonhowor, 

:•. ' ' ; : •> ' • '." Lieutenant Goner&l, tf. S, Army, 

? / ■■■ , .Coramnding;;' 

vl v Cpy .of - Instructions fr-.j' > ••• .' ; : - : - ( . - , 

Homo ; Of fleers^ and aGknov/ledgonidn^b. •' ' v 
v-a>. Cpy of..W directive' dated 14 19£2, • v ? >". > , * 

3. - Cpy Ltr, AG-Mise. 291. 2-A, 16 : Ju3#> 1942/ : 

To General Little Ichn, Deputy. BOS 'ObjariiandQr^ 

Hqtrs SQP ETO 
11 Sop, 1942 9 

. 'v . . ;. 1.,' For full compliance, to. be certain -that every officer in "our SOS 
organization has this letter and? its inclp'sforos read, to and - discus sod with him, 
by his iianediatu superior, ,■ . , : • , •,. ■ * , -.. 

-.„• i Z* .Similarly -each white solder nus-t' bo appro prua to ly instructed and 
warned that General Eisenhower Tn.eans exactly what he says in par,' 2 underlined 
above . 

. V •" (Signed) John C, H. Lee, 

:■■ ■{■ - * - ; Maj or General, \J,SJi f , 

. . > . Connanding • . 

AG 291,2 


1. I am' directed by the Seeret-iry .iM.-.te to *say tfat, 'a9~?eur 

are no doubt aware, the American "creeps who 2 re now coming to this 
country in increasing numbers include a cor tain proportion of coloured 
troops , 

2. From reports which the Secretary of State has received from 
various parts of the country it appears that there is ground for 
thinking that difficulties may be caused by the presence among the 
civil population of coloured troops, end by their association both 
with other troops and with British women. 

3« It is not the policy of His Majesty's Government that any 
discrimination as regards the troatmer. b of coloured troops should be 
made by the British authorities, Tne Secretary of State therefore 
would be glad if you would be {-rood cr.0u.7h to take step*? to ensure 
that the police do not make any approach to the proprietors of public 
houses, restaurants , cinemas or other place of entertainment with a 
view to discriminating against coloured troops. 

U. If the American Service authorities decide to put certain 
places, out of bounds for their coloured troops, such prohibition can 
be. effected only by means of an Order issued by the appropriate 
American .Army and' Naval authorities. The police should not make 
themselves in any ".-ay responsible for the enforcement of such orders, 

I am, 


lour obedient Servant., 

Circular Letter British Home Office to all Chief Constables. Sept 42* 
End- 1. 

3 September, 194-2, 

Vjc, F. A, Nev/som, fcfc-.V • 

Home Office, ^mmsS!?:^ .- : 

Whitehall, S.W.I. 

i, ;? : - > '■ 

Deai- Mr, Newsom, /« [ \ \ • ' «. ^ 

' ' ' Receipt of your letter of - 31 August to General- Eisenhower 
inclosing the copy of a circular letter which the Home Office propos 
to issue to chief constables concerning the non-discriminatory 
attitude to be adopted toward United States soldiers is acknowledged. 

The Comr.and.lng General is in complete accord with the ins- 
tractions the Homo Office proposes to issue. This policy of non- 
discrimination is exactly the policy which has always been followed 
by the United Stated Army. Subordinate United States Army commanders 
in the European Theater of Operations are being informed of the 
proposed action of the Home Office, 

With. reference to the question of placing certain places out 
of bounds, we do not make any restrictions of that kind on the basis of 
color. The policy followed by United States Amy authorities is that 
places put out of bounds for United States soldiers are out of bounds 
to all United States Army personnel. 

Sincerely yours, 

Brigadier Gonoral, General Staff Corps, 
Acting Chief of Staff. 


AG 322,97 (2-ll-427lSC^i 

SUBJECT: Treatment of Negro Soldiers, 

TO i The Commanding General, 

Field Forces, 


5 m w 

AS/fjc - 1705 
February 14, 19^.2, 

1. ■Organization commanders of Negro troops- ha ve found that, emphasis on 
the substance of the following provisions of paragraph 3, Army Regulations 
600-10, is especially helpful in sustaining end improving morale, 

"Superiors are forbidden to injxr~e those under their authority 
by tyrannical or capricious conduct or by abusive language. While 
maintaining discipline and the thorough and prompt performance of 
military duty, all officers, in dealing with enlisted men, MiXl "bear 
in mind the absolute necessity of so treating them as to preserve 
-' their self-respect. A grave duty rests on all officers and particu- 
larly upon organization compandors in this respect J f 

2. In this connection the use of any epithet deemed insulting to a 
racial group should be carefully avoided. Similarly, commanders should 
avoid, all practices tending to give the colored soldier cause to feel that 
the Army makes any differentiation between him and any oxher soldier. 

3. As the Army expands and now and relatively inexperienced officers 
assume and share functions of command, it will be increasingly important 
that all officers have a full realization of the significance of such factors 
as are discussed herein for the maintenance of discipline and high morale. 

'4-« Xt is desired that you cormmicate the foregoing to the Commanding 
Generals of the Eastern Theater of Operations, Western Defense Command and 
Carribbcan Defense Command; and the commanders of all bases under your con- 

By order of the Secretary of War:. 

Encl. 2» 

/s/ R.. G. • Hersoy 

Adjutant General, 


16 July, 1942 


Policy on Negroes*. 



1. The presence of Negro troops in this Theater will present a 
_ variety of problems that can only be solved by constant and close 
' supervision of Commanding Of ficers . It is the -desire of this- Head*™ 
; quarters that discrimination against the Negro troops bo {sedulously 
avoided. / So far as -London and other cities and leave areas where both 
Negro and White soldiers will come on pass and furlough, it would bo-- 
, a practical impossibility to arrange for segregation so far as welfare 
; and recreation facilities are concerned* The Red Cross has been - r 
' notified that Negro soldiers v;i : 1 be: accorded the same leave and fur- 
lough- privileges as ether soldiers and consequently they can expect . , 
them -to come into- their clubs. The l\vd Cross has been informed thai 
wherever it is not possible to provide separate accommodations, the. 
Negro soldiers will be given accommodations in' the clubs on the same 
basis'- os- 'white soldiers 

more difficult problem will exist in the vicinity of camps 
whore both White and Negro soldiers ."are stationed, particularly with 
reference to dances and other social activities. This Headquarters 
will not attempt to' issue any detailed instructions. .local Commanding 
Officers will be expected to use their own best judgement in avoiding 
• discrimination due to race, but at the same time,, minimising causes of 
friction between -White and Coloured troops. Rotation- of pass privil- 
eges and 'similar methods suggest themselves for, use; always with the 
guiding principle that any restriction imposed by commanding officers 
applies with equal force to both races. 

By command of Lieutenant General EISENHOWER: 

Encl. 3# 

Lt, Colonel, A,G.D«, 
Assistant Adjutant General. 


Cir. No. 18 28 Aug 1942 


1 1— OV ERSEAS RADIO AHD CaBUB MESSAGES _ (jB^ «>M» ) - Reference is made to para- 
graph" 19, Section TIT, Circular $10/ Headquarters , EIPU3A 7 July 1942 and 
paragraph I, Section II, Circular ifl, this headquarters, 17 July, 1942* The 
following additional code and cable addressee, and routing '.fords for newly estabf- 
lishod Army Post Offices, now operating in this theater, are published for the 
infornation and guidance of all concerned. 

APO Number; 


By cojunand of 14a jor (ksnor al USE} 

Colonel, G..d.C. , 
Acting Chief of Staff. 


s/ C. R. MBOH 
t/ C, L LuID&T, 
Colonel, ^.O.D*, 
Acting Adjutant General* 

APO Cable Add: 







'• .TECFfjSD STATES rR-ii . . :' 

28 August 1242 

MKN^HDGtf. Security I n s; 

TO: Jill military personnel arriving- "by- air . in the United Kingdom* 

1, united States Army personnel arriving by air in the United 
Kingdom vail realise that they are now wi thin the theater cf operations* 
It is vital that, they -exercise every precaution tq ; safeguard the military 
information with which they are particularly ■■ . possessed*- Circular 10, this 
headquarters, 7 *^uiy 19^, subject; "Security Ins tr' ctionSn 11 contains. . 
detailed instructions for the security cf information and documents and 
for proper posting and censorship Of personal mail. Immediately upon 
arrival all personnel (to include ferry pilots) will acquaint themselves 
with the provisions of this circular, -which is posted on all "bulletin 
boards, including one- at this station, ' Garry out carefully the .. instructions 
contained therein,. 

2* Among other things, it is absolutely forbidden to disclose, 
either- in conversation or in personal mail, any. information of your - 
journey by air*' ' -'.This includes routes taken, eates of departiire and 
.arrival, .'location. and .condition -of aerodromes, particulars of aircraft 
and personnel, '. armament and equipment, -movements of supplies,-; surface 
craft sighted,- actic.ns-T.lth : the enemy .or-. re. suits -thereof, casualties and 
losses or ''security measures in connecticVr with transport of. supplies or 
personnel. In short, do NOT discuss or vrite anytiiing about your tri$> 
by air or the fact thr.t you cr.rle . tfi at 7/ay» 

3f Guard your conversation carefully and constantly, particularly 
with casual acuaintences r-.ncl; strangers* The best policy. . is; to refrain • 
from talking: a Lout military sublets. Remember 'that a person in uniform 
may not always be what ho; ■■or she, appears to . be, 

4« -S r fe arrival cr-bxes t'ill not be sent .untill after reporting 
at your station, or' at Headquarters, ETOUSA, vMchever -is -earlier* 

.. 3* Instructions for a censorship rnd posting of personal mail 
are contained in Circular 10, rnd these will be strictly xollowedc This 
circular will be -read and fully e:>qplained; within 4£ hours, af ter arrival 
to all troop? arriving by aircraft* The fc Homing ? re some of the most . • 
impcrtent instructions. .contcdned in Circular 10, - f . 

a, Porscnal mail will be transmitted only tla*ough the Army Postal 
• Service* • Ordinary letters and postal ;car&3 require no postage, but will 
have the wox-d "FREE 11 written in the upper 'right hand corner of ■ the envelope* 
Air mail letters require a six cent straup for J - ounce. \ ', , . 

t address is your rriik> n, nc, organization, APQ 
New York City. For exanrple : 
lit* John Doe, * -Pv U 'irark Smith, 

1st Pursuit Squadron, iTu., ixaibarclment Squadron, 

APO No* New Y03& City* '.APO Kp,__, N$w York Clty„ 

This address Yd 11 be written in the upper left hand corner of the envelope* 
No other return address, such as an air station, town, or city, etc, , \ all 
De need, 

e„ A\l mail must "be. censored* An officer v.dll censor his ov/n 
mail and certify ta this fact .by signing his name as part, of the address oa... 
the ur^er lex' t band corner of the envelope. Mail of troops v/ill be censored 
by squadron or detachment officers. All mail is subject to further base 

&. Tiie cable address of a member of this co-am? nd vrill consist 
of his grade (one word only need £>e used), riwie, and Army Serial Number* 
followed by tivo code words to designate the Aimy Po,.t Office number c The 
first word. is the code cablfe address consisting of a six letter code v/ord^ 
the first two letters of which are always r AI!i~~-~*" » The second cede v/ord 
is the routing word of eight letters. Examples of correct addresses are: 

'PV? JOHN JONES 3.23456 .iMASGD 

capt joe mom 056739 ^mm gkowlehg- 

e. The code words for Army Poet Offices then organized were 
published in Circular No. 1?8, War bepartment, 3 June 19' f 2 e They will 
also be filed in each telegrap-h, erbl.c, and radio office in the United 
States authorised to receive theae messages and can there be obtained 
by sendee's. Regimen tcl n-id other cjimTianders will publish correct cable 
•code words to their commands. Only code cable adcr esses vdll be used. 

6. Immedi ! ely upon arrival each person will deliver all 

. personal mail in his possession, v bother written by. himself or others, 
to the station Gommnrdei, as personnel will net ret as messengers to 
deliver 'letters to third parties. The station commander will post such 
mail in the- A r my P c st Office after necessary examination. 

7. Military personal arriving by .air from outside the 
United Kingdom rd.ll stand the proscribed examination to check compliance 
with customs arad censorship* rc gul, tiohs. A reasoned -le amount nt 
cigarettes and similar articles for personal use will be admitted- 
Circular 17," UgA'S'BI, limits the amount of British currency thai*, ©a 
brought into the United ICingdom to ten British Bounty j 
British currency in ss of ten pounds so brought' 1 
reported to this headquarters through ■ militai-y chanJ 

urrency tliat em W . 

8. Memorandum US^PBl, dated 2 June 1942, this subject is 

Byjcommend of Lieutenant General EISEMiOuERj 

2/ Tc J. DAVIS 
T. J. £A\aIS, 

pmamcm m m 7 July 1943 Colcnei, A.G.I),, 

;•, x adjutant General, 


26 Aug 1942 

* ■ Section 

'^f • m *•«•*«« • »«»»•»»•••••••»•»••••♦«••»•»•»»••• ••••I 

, • ' Kilitary^COur^^^ .II 

Carrying Gas Mask. . * Ill 

.' Wearing, of- Insignia. •♦IV 

, ' ■.. < Censorship, Receipt, and iiaillng of Personal .Mail. . . * . .V ; 

Personal Cables and Telegrams .".VI 

v > /. 'photography ~. VII . 

,i . •. GwrencTr /Exchange.. . V. .......... .-.VIII • • 

■-. Illegal Export and Import of Currency. ,IX ' - .'. 

Traffic.. . ».X 

* 'Air. Raid Precautions (A,R.P. ).,...*......» f ........ .XI 

•; ' ■ 'Rationing, .XII 

Eaonomy* iXIII 

; Safe Arrival. ...... *Xiy ; . < 

PCREvVORD: You vdll arrive in a country which has been at war since 
pei3t©K4»r;-i939i'" \You-will find conditions are - and must be - different 
than in -America:*. .It -vdll be. n?c©^sary to observe many ney; 4 personal/;, • . . 
restrictions and limitations, and many precautions vdll become a normal 
■■: • ipsqpt of your lives , ' 

>• v % ..-Great Britain .'consists afv$ngland,t /Scotland and ?0jL$3y;yft&l& the 
United Kingdom consists of Groat Britain, and Northern Ireland. 

; *y Please 'observe closoly and be guided by the-f611owin'*''"'gelieral 
information:. •:• . > ^ • k * : , 

I — SECURITY . Do not discuss any questions of possible military interest with 
strangers or in public. Under no circumstances divulge information regarding • 
number: of i personnel, type of transport, riamo e of vessels ; time s of. voyage j por|s 
of embarkation^; .debarkation or names , or identity of ".milit ary;".5-3nit s;-, inyo£vo£ : ,in 
any convoy, type of convoy, or any other similar information. 

IlrrlSLITART- COURTESY, .military courtesy .among all yanks must be observed^ all 
times;" YJ&efc of ficpm and; mon-jappoar' on ,stroet.& of any British city or. t-ovm^it is 
essential that they present tho smartest possible rdlitary appearance. Learn 
insignia; of British Army and* Mavy officers as wail as those of tho other United 
Nations, 'and-s®e; ; that there, is no failure /to render proper courtesies to, such 
officers. They are entitled to the same military courtesies as are officers of 
the U.S.>.'Arm5sr. / ... ' ".\"- ■' ■■/-.■• ; . ; ... . . ■ .■ ,<:. : ■ ■ -v. 

Ill — ^CMRXINft GAS IJAifc •• Unl.e as. directed ctbein/ise by- local ^•d#rs 4 . gas mask need 
not be ?>rorn. 

— YEaRIKG OF .INSIGNIA. 1. * Shoulder patches and other - unit insignia ?dll not be 
worn unless/ specifically authorised; by. the- Goamanc&Ag,-; General, STOv ... 

■2 4 ;: Other authorized insignia will be worn in ihe manner prescribed by 
army regulations, . ■ . , - --^ - r ,: • . - r 

V—CSNSOrtSHIP,, 'RECEIPT, AND KAILING C F HKSSaML KAIL. 1 # All mail of enlisted men 
for forwarding, to x>ountrie;s,' out^Me; the: ^;iit<ed. Kingdom vdll ' be censored by, com- 
pany officers or other officers designated for that purpose. 

2f . letters from troops in Great Britain to points in Great Britain will 
not "be '•censored." ,' .' . . • • • * . -i 

f ' ' " " i; 

• 3. Letters f rom troops in Northern Ireland to points in Northern* Ireland 

will not be console d> , 

, ^ ..... . ^ 

4. Letters in foreign, languages will not be tmit censored, 'The jjnlt censor 
vd.Il. indicate the ; language **used" and f orward suqb latter s to the Chief ipie Id Censor 
through regular postal channels, ' 1 " 

5. " An of f ice r .will censor and seal his own mail. His signatu re . (not 
printed or typed name), together with A, P.O. address on upper left-hand corner 

of the envelope is his certificate that he has complied with censorship regulations, 

6. Detailed instructions regarding censorship will be issued as soon as 
permanent station is reached, 

7. " All mail from U.C, Army personnel to addresses within or out side. -the 
United Eingdom must be mailed in- an Army Post Office, Private addresses such as 
street addr*sses, hotels, houses, clubs, etc,, will not be used, 

8. Mail from outside of the United Kingdom for U.S; Army personnel must 
include in. the address the rank, name, unit,, A. P.O. No,, "New York, ..N,Y." - for 
example : 

"Sgt John Smith ' "Capt, W.H; Jones," 

Co K 999th Infantry, Hq;, SOS, 

A,P,0. A.P,0. • . - . 

New York, N*Y; n . New York*- N.Y." 

Mail from U.S» Army personnel for points outside the United K ingdom 
will bear a return address showing only name, rank, organization, A.P.0,'_ 
New York, M.Y., as above, 

9. Mail or .telegrams from within the 'Uni ted . Kin gdom for U.S. Army personnel 
must be addressed as follows; 

"Pvt John Jones, - "Lieut, J; G. Doe, 

Co A - 10t.h Engineers, * .Ha., SOS, 

A.P.Q. A.P.O. t ' " 

U,S. Armyi" • " : , • U.S. Array." 

Hail. from.: U : *S* Army personnel for points witjan the United Kingdom will 

bear a ret urn "address, showing only name, 'raritr, orgSTizationj A.P,0,__ U.S. 

Army as above , ...>.. . *■ • - • •■ * * • ■■ .• .• % . . ...... """" 

10, Indication? of: the- geographical. location of unit s -;or ; individuals must not 
be shown on any^iunications.' ' >' •' * • * • j ■ . , , . 

11, Most of t he Army - Post/Offices -now -e stablished -have necessary . supplies 
and are- prepared to furnish U.S . * postal -money orders at the • same rates as charged 
in the United States. 

VI~- PERSONAL CABLES AND TELECmAMS , 1, ' Personnel of the U.S. Army ma 7 send and 
receive personal cables and telegrams. Cables and telegrams must not contain 
any reference to location, me arts of travel or any other information of possible 
n&litary interest. -Cablegrams' announcing safe arrival may be held up by tele- 
graph censors until security requirements are satisfied, 

2. In addition to standard full rate ' sn d ' ni ght let t ex* cables, Expeditionary 
Force messages- (EFI.1) maybe- obtained at/ and sent thru British Post Offices to 
the United States only. Such messages consist of up to three numbered fixed 

text messages and the charge for each mes sage is 2/6d (two. shillings and. 'sixpence) 
EE.' must not contain fixed texts 125-130 incl and 142 and 143, 

3, EFK may be "sent from the .United States to members of this ■ command for 
60/ plus federal tax. Cable messages of all kinds to the United- .States may be 
filed in any British '•post Office in- the United Kingdom. 

J " 4.. "In EFM to the United States the name of the addressee must contain only 
two "words . Example: "' * " 

"" "Itary Jones, • ' " 

iaa.5 ir.'Sttdtii st, - : 

'■ - Chicago, III," - ■ 

Likewise, the signature in such cables must contain only two words,, 
Example: - • - - . 

'Mohri -Jones. t! - " 

Your cable address in the Urdted Kingdom will consist of grade (one v 
word only need be used), name (two words only) and Army Serial Number followed 
by two code words to designate Army post Office Humber* 

»Pvt John Jones 123456? ACTW'I PIATFQlC 
- ' ' '- "Capt Joe Brown 056?89 ALiEBOY CHARMING" . • • ' ' 

T» ■ ■ ■ 

You will learn the code words describing your location when you arrive 
a£ your destination* ' - 

VII — PH OTOQI APHX . No phot ograph of any secret cr classi f led military information 
may be taken at 'any time* No photograph may be taken shaving secret or specialized 
military • equipment , form of military training, factory, dock-yard, harbor, naval 
vessel, damage caused by air attack or any other object which regarding this 
important question will be issued by the unit commander in the near future, 

VIII- ^CURBSNCY EXCHANGE . The British pound (h) is equivalent to -approximately 
$4>00, The Bank of England has authorized the sale of pounds thru banks in the 
United Kingdom at a rate of $4,03i per pound when the bank purchases checks 

or money orders, I-f you buy pounds with American! dollars (currency or silver) 
thru banks in the United Kingdom the rate is higher due to higher insurance 
rate against possible loss of the American currency Vnich must be "shipped *by the 
British bank to the TJ,S, At present this rate ' is about $4,10 -i.e., 'for 
cash ,(U.S> currency or. silver) $4.10 must be paid to obtain one pound. For 
$1.00 you will receive approximately 4/lD. (four, shillings 'and. tenpence) T if you 
purchase thru- 'a bank-.. However,- at present, finance of ficers of the U.S# Army 

are authorized to sell you pounds for U.-S. currency or silyer at the- official.. ... 

rate for checks, "Currency can only' be exchanged' thru "a"'|bjfllk; or""a'"f'injmce . x 
office of the- U.S.. Arm^. Traveler * s or banker 1 s checks may be 'exchanged ... 
at hotels and; other institutions , but- .usually, at a rate much higher than . 

charged at banks, • • . : . . 

IX^~ILLSGAL - EXPORT AND; IMPORT- OF, CURRENCY, 1. Not. more than felO-0-0 (Ten ^ 
pounds), in:- British currency may be '.brought into the United Kingdom with any 
individual. .Any importation of more than jblO-0-0 by any, individual should , 
be. reported i mmediately t hru military channels ,, 

2, Present laws expressly forbid any individual to import, or have 
transmitted, to him by any -means, British .currency from, abr oad. If any member 
of these forces receives British currency from abroad by or other means,, , 
such fact should bo promptly, reported thru military, channels. 

3* .There are strict laws governing the export of. cur rones'* .No member of 
these forces may engage in financial transact ions with residents, of the United 
Kingdom which involve the transfer of, funds j securities or holdings of any'' 
nature to persons or agencies in any place outside the united Kingdom. Such a 
transaction would enable a resident of the. United Kingdom to" send money or 
valuables outside this country in violation of existing laws* 

4» Honey acquired as pay and expenses may be forwarded to the U.S.A. ■ 
in accordance with the present lawp. Procedure for such transfers has been" 
established. Details regarding such transfers may be obtained from U.S. Army 
Finance Officers.,, Army Post Offices, and. most of the larger, banks and their 
branches. • : . • .- ... "... ■ ....... 

X— TRAFFIC . All' traffic in Great Britain keeps to -the lift of the road. Jn ' 
crossing streets, be careful to look to the right b uf ore stepping off the curb . 

XI — AIR RAID PR ECAUTIONS (A.R.P) I. Familiarize yourself promptly with local 
A.R.P. rules and regulations, 

' - . 

2, Learn location of immediately available air raid shelters./ .. ... . \ , 

3. Blackout regulations must be observed strictly. .The blackout times 
are usually, published in local newspapers. Any attempt to disregard or evade ' ' 
the blackout, regulations "will lead to serious trouble with the local i^.R.R. . , 
and military authorities,, '.Any. such disregard or' evasion is dangerous for - 
yourself arid, the community where you are located. 

XII — RATIONING . 1. Rationing of food is effective in the United Kingdom, Care. . 
must be taken not to divert food supplies from local civilians -by improper^ or 
unnecessary purchases, You should not purchase candy except thru Army. Exchanges, 
Remember the British supply is primarily intended for children, , , .. 

2* In small towns and villages, " cigarettes*- candy, chocolate, biscuits and 
other foodstuffs,- even when unrationed., are delivered only in quantities suffix 
cient to take 'care of the needs of the local population. For that reaso n, the . .. 
purchase of such commoditie s by members o f the U.3. Forces"l$niJij5 passing "thru v 
small towns and villages, in convoy, on march or maneuvers, is str ictly p rohibited . 

3. Practically all clothing, boots and shoes are rationed . Such articles 
can only be obtained .from, shops and stores rath clothing coupons which are issued 
by the British Government and which can be procured in book form if necessary, 
thru the local U.S. Army authorities, 

XI 1 1 — ECQNdlY; It will be necessary to practice rigid economy with foodstuffs; 
pil, gasoline, autos, trucks, munitions, supplies, clothing, building supplies, 
and all raw and semi-finished materials. Everything of salvage value should 
be saved and as far as possible every material or article should be used as long 
as possible before its disposal or transfer to salvage, 

X IV — SAFE ARRIVAL . Safe arrival reports will be made by proper authority without 
action on the part of individuals or organisations. 

By command of Uajor General USE: 

s/ Op R» LAND ON' 
G, R, LANDON, ' 
Colonel, A.G.D., 
Acting Adjutant General, 


REPRODUCED HQ SOS 2 December 1943* 


25 August, 1942. 

Dear General Lee ; 

^Encsio^ an. example of. tfre 4^^^%pM#a§sS5aa the Axis is putting 
out in England in an effort to Mstroy the growth of a partnership 
feeling between the British and American forces. It purports to be' 
an actual British broadcast, and is obviously intended to co©e to the. 
ears of people with very little opportunity for learning the true 
•facts. Of course, this particular example is so exaggerated in tone 
..- thai.-no\^^o^ghtful. person will give it any credence, but this fact 
does noi conceal t^e, risk to which, w© and the British' are constantly 
exposed,- ; ,,.We must ta&e effective- steps to see that this and other types 
of -propaganda -will not injure the Allied; war effort. 

It la my conception that negative measures are of little value." Our 
task is to assure such a thorough ui$«rstanding by American soldiers 
of current problems . and conditions th&t, on our side' at least, the 
enemy: will s not be able to discover ' jniaor incidents on which to develop 
his propaganda. In this particular broadcast afc least two - instances 
are cited which had a slight basis in fact. ' ... 

I desire that all commanders immediately initiate, as part of their 
training programs,, thorough and interesting instruction along appro- 
priate lines . The endurance that the, British nation has shovm through 
three years of war should be stressedj s>he strictness of food ration- 
ing, : including the rationing of British soldiers, shor.ld .be brought 
out, and the great services that are being performed by the British 
"Army, Navy and Air Force in-assisting, us:, to establish ourselves in . 
these Islands should be particularly dwelt upon,. In addition, and 
mbst liflportant", we wast, constantly drive home, in such a day. that it 
reaches the last man in the. ranks, the ,f apt that in allowing any type 
of individual. or coiiective friction to develop between ourselves and 
bur Allies we are playing comnletly into the hands . , of our enemie s, , 
Success in this: field :4eiaands leadership, from the highest •commander 
extending' successivelv- do.i^ward through each, echelon of coitoand,- -taitil 
tho whole army is keenly aware of the basic facts and implications 
involved,: ' Accomplishment will not be difficult provided officers are, 
in every case, properly instructed &nd directed by their next senior 
commanders ♦ . 1 • •■ ■■■.t-y. l -- ^ ; " < ,--;. . : . 

It is always necessary to - remember that the v British soldiers and the 
British public, on their sidey have inany. logical reasons for feeling 
that the American soldier" is rec^i , yii^*-fa^ior^i- taea£ .Our scale 
of pay' is much highsr; our ration is more elaborate; the amount de- 
voted by the TRed dross and (k^«i0irirf or "recreation ;and amuse- 
ment is far greater than is the # ease in the. British Army; and our 

iwmef .TOT our'^homes; have suffered few of ibhe privations that are 
common- here ^ We have duty of preventing ' tr ; piib3ie 'because of 
these ^..things. , --Do this end t we, should constatl'y "stress courtesy «* ' 
and this applies with -part 4cular force to the .drivers 'of American 
vehicles military smartness-^ including an ^variable habit of 
sajuting officers ofr/the 4Il£ed armies, whenever they are encountered. 
Above all, ?re must avoid giving offense through lavish display or use! 
of -money or of types of food ordinarily unobtainable in England, even 
for- the sick and the very young . . 

All officers should be cautioned against the" introduction, into the' 
requ^edrinstruc^ional system, of any false sentimentality or makkish 
claptrap v The American soldier. can be trusted to act with considera- 
tion , and . courtesy If • he wider standing of the; facts; .'.in the .case"-" 
and..: of* t4^.^plic^ationfe-,-pf mistakes, Oistr 'primary"' purpose is hot to** 
create - friendships but to win a war$ and it must always be emphasized 
tha;t v ^e,-i4^naing > of .-the war depend*? markedly upon the growth between 
ourselves ^nd-ptir Allies , of mutual feelings of respect and confidence, 

I have previously .stressed tho necessity for carrying on intensive" 
types of: field and .physical -training, .which has as, one of its objects 
the physical 'hardening and toughening of our mon. There must be no 
relaxation. iu y this regard. Moreover,, no matter 'how strenuous ' the- 
physical-, side, of our training program may be> - ample 4 opportunity must 
be afforded to the lower commanders for platoon, company aM battalion 
exercises with his entire unit, Mile a good of fic or can v always 1 find 
time, for. instructing his r.;on in the type of thing I have outlined in 
this , letter, it seems. to ma that these periods of individual training 
and minor exercises are the most opportune times for continuing and 
emphasizing the importance of this subject, 

I should - like, "for you to bring to my attention, --at any time, with a 
.view "to his' promotion, 'the name of any 'officer that you find to be 
particularly skillful in this field, I am convicned that any officer 
who can produce a notable success in Hatters requiring constructive 
effort,-, particularly -w£eh '• they -d"ie outside 'the realm of th«s bitten 
regulation, is 'posses sod of the qualities of the leal leader*. . . , . ' 

Very sincerely, 

S / j^Ktffi\j$ap 

Major ^General John C . H. Lee, » 
Headquarters , ' '$ . ,S * , * • 

ETOUSA. ' ' : ' v ' 

1 encl. - Example* of 

Nazi Propaganda, 


I7;30 20,30 21.30 16 .8.42. 

mmMmmmmi _ :j ^ ^ _ • , ■„■_ _ _ M .j „„,,,„„ \ ^ if?*^ 







AG 291.-, 2 

~ - . , _ - . U .1 i* '1 I' « * 

Subject: Polrcy on iJegroes* *j J 'j r= 

To: Section Cr/jmanders and all 6oirioandl^ J 

7 Aug 1942 

1» There is transmitted for your information and guidance the at- 
tached letter from the Commanding General, STQ, Pile No* AG-Misc-, 291*2"-A> 
dated 16 July 1942, Subject, "Policy on Negroes*" This letter sets forth 
clearly and unmistakebls? the basic 'which ir.ust guide every 
commanding officer in the exercise of hi3 responsibilities of command, 
rhese fiindaraental principles, enunciated by the Theoter Commander fj are 
founded on fairness, justice, and common seree* They permit of no de- 
viation of compromise* 

#• !the resourceful colander ' can utilise various methods in 
minimising friction between v.hitc and colored troops. 4 ±s suggested in 
the attached letter, the rotation of pt.<ss privileges is one method* Atten**- 
dance at dances or other social functions may be equitably regulated on an 

organisational pasis. e,g* a dance can be given for the _J;h B n gr#. H e gt a 

(Gen* Serv, ) exclusively Ti^ese and ot'hor carefully considered measures, ■ 
designed to foster organizational;, pride, coupled with a Bound educational 
and recreational ■ program, vill prove effective* Material assistance in 
the control .and administration of units can be obtained by organisation 
commanders through ; roper delegation of authority and the placing of 
responsibility on jporicemmisiohed officers* 

3, Base Section ^oinmanders and other Commanding Officers vill 
take appropriate .measures to assure that these communications are brought 
to the personal attention of every officer of their commands f 

By command of ifaior General Xifc3? : 

&/ C» ii* IiAxDON 

Colonel, .i.c.G-e I). , 
Acting adjutant General* 


oooy Qj. Jjo.l»^ 

"Policy on Negroes" • 



tooted states armi 

■~•■c~ , o ■■> 

"■ J_f <u— 

SI&yaCT: ' -'Policy, on 2-TegrOes. 


1. 'The prer-ence of Necjuo troops in this Theater trill present a 
variety of problems tii? t can only "be solved "by constant and'. -close super-? 
vision cf Co^iaiidin_r; Officers*. It is the desire of this Headquarters that 
discrimination against the Negro "troops be ^ sedulously avoided. So far as 
London and ether cities and leave .areas where he th Ifegro and HVhite so3.diers 
will come on pass and furlough, it i-onld 'he a practical impossibility to 
arrange t or. E^gr^'gatieia so far as welfare and recreation facilities are con- 
cerned. The lied' C^oss" has "been notified that Kegrc soldiers v;ill' be ' accorded 
the same leave and furlough privileges it a, other soldiers and consequently 
they can expect, then to come inao their clues. The xied Cross has been in- 
formed, ."that . V/hereever it is not possible to "provide separate- -accommodations. 

the Ifcgro -soldiers v /ill he given accommodations in the clubs on'' the tsanie 
"basis, as V/hite soldiers* . '." ' 

Z*. A more difficult problem \rill - exist' in '-the vicinity of camps- v/here 
both v/hite and Negro soldiers are stationed, per ticuicrly vrith reference' .'to 
dances and other social activities, ; ' This' h-adquartc rs will not actempt to 
issue any. detailed instructions, Local Commanding Officers he; ejected 

to "use" their own best judgement in avoiding discrimination due • to race, but 
at the E£une t&pe:ij jniniiuizing causes of friction •botsrer.-n 'White and Colored 
Troops. Rotation, of p>ass privileges and similar methods suggest themselves 
for iB®; always r/itK' tb^ guiding principle that any restriction imposed by 
Commanding Off icex's applies ..dth equal force to both races. ' 

1 By. command of 'Lieutenant (kuicral EISBMK)\vEIl: 

. ^ Km ■imm, ■ - 

.. . .. lit. Colonel, AcCfwD*,. 

'.-'■"'" Assistant Adjutant G-eneral. 

KEPHDDUOSX) HQ SSS 7 ' July 1%3. ".'""''" 

16 July 1942 


si £ 

Dear General IEE, 

July 20, 1942* 

In discussions betv/een us vj© have already spoken of the subjects I want to 
discuss in this letter * Because of their special importance to us all, I am 
writing this as sort of record of those conversations* 'Among the matters 
that are causing rre constant, concern are the great difference between the pay 
scale of cur men and of the .British J considerations involving the quality and 
quantity of rations; methods for promoting proper relationships between onx 
men and the British Army and tire .British public; standards of discipline, 
including .-military courtesy, and training programs. 

There is no need to recite again the risks we run, collectively and individually 
of creating ill-feeling through, what the British will consider, lavish ex- 
penditure of money. Sustained and vigorous campaigns to induce our officers 
and men to allot or deposit large por J io: s of their pay or to bu£ bonds and 
war savings stamps should be instituted promptly in every unit I am con- 
vinced, from our experience of the World War, that if the se things are 'properly 
explained to Bur personnel, the response will be highly gratifying, I should 
like a description of any methods found articularly effective, as well as 
copies of your plans and programs that might have sore application to the whole 
theater. This iratter is not only a serious one for us but has caused the 
British officials a great deal of cortoern, Consequently, I should like to be 
able to 3ay before them at the earliest possible date not only a plan of action 
but a report of concrete results. 

In the matter of food, it appears f pom, reports already made to me that fcery 
little -trouble should occur due to differences in the British and American 
rations. However, I want to point out again that avoidance of waste must be 
made a command -responsibility, Inspection of kitchens and mess halls before 
and after every meal would seem to be the only sure way of makings certain that 
this policy is rigidly enforced* 

Tho problem of developing and maintaining satisfactory relationships with the 
crowded population of Grea$ Britain includes^ of course, the tw^ subjects dis- 
cussed in previous paragraphs; however, it is much broader than this*- Con- 
stant educational programs, designed to make cere ful explanation to our people 
of British conditions, customs and more especially the trials and tribulations 
through whicji Great Britain has passedfor the last couple of years, will do 
much to prevent friction and trouble, British officials are eager to co-op- 
erate with us in developing a ground work of rutual admiration end esteem emong 
the soldiers of the two armies. In such an atmosphere, real friendship and . 
effective co-operation cen develop » 

hy own belief is that educational programs should start as a» incident of 
training in the United States, and- I intend to make suitable recommendation 
to the War Department, But regardless of the results achieved in the United , 
States, our program should be so designed. that it begins working from the ! • 
moment the soldier gets off the boat and continues to operate thereafter. 
This is a^potrially- important as our first increments arrive in Great Britain, 

<~l<"*r' SftH l^H ess. 

^A^^^^.fe established a' standard of induct, habit and attitude, 
theM ^lfefc$ J&$g&£r copied and adopted 'by units -arriving later. 

v ,niw ^ <• ' .... 

I have had sor,e discussions with the Red Gross and with British officials 
regarding a program for inviting our enlisted men and officers as occasional 
visitors into the average English home. The Red Cross has promised to 
instruct their field directors , each of whom will be a quasi-staff officer to 
the appropriate station commander, to assist us in selecting the men each 
day for such visits and to act as thecmtact with appropriate British organisa- 
tions, ^hc ' latter will undertake to secure and itemize the, invitations 
received. Needless to say, each man before going on such a visit should be 
carefully inspected as to appearance and cleanliness, and should be carefully 
instructed that he is going into a home to enjoy the hospitality of a British 
family 'during the period, of his pass- which I' assume, would ordinarily be for 
24. hours. Because of the strictness of food rationing in the United Kingdom, 
I believe that each man going on such a pass should 'carry with him* a day.^s 
ration in kind, which ration should be as largo as possible in components 
difficult to obtain here, #h excess in meat, fats and sweets would seem to be 
indicated. Company commanders and moss sergeants could so arrange that the man 
going on pass got Somewhat more than his proportion of these items, and the 
whole matter would present little difficulty if handled skilfully. This is 
important. It' would go far in promoting friendly relations and understanding 
between the men in our forces and British civilians in their homes. There 
should no.t be any .compulsion about such visits, but I am convinced that in tho 
outljdng regions, where "normal recreational facilities are --few, greater good 
can be accomplished through intelligent application of this general idea than 
in any other way. As the days become shorter and weather less favourable, I 
think this will be ' oven more true. 

There are many other wa.3 r s in which commanders can take positive action toward 
achieving the general purpose in view. Respect for British law, restraint in 
the use of motor vehicles, rospact for customs and ways of life that may 
appear strange tc our men, and ether' efforts along these general lines will 
be successful, provided unit commanders exert real leadership* 

Tied in with this general subject is that of discipline. The tactical problems 
lying ahead of this army may call at any moment for troops of the highest order 
of discipline and training. We cannot afford any slackness or carelessness 
' in this " regard . J " By arrangements with the British authorities, offences com*- 
mitted by our men are to be turned over to the American Army for punishment, 
and where such instances occur, punishment should be adequate and swift, and 
tho British authorities should be notified of the sentence imposed. This 
appeals to mo, however,. as a negative method only. We should strive to deve- 
lop the type of discipline that minimizes the commission of serious offences 
demanding trial. It is trite, indeed, to say that this is a matter of leader- 

similar commanders in this theater should bo to 'prddUcB e" an army that will 
be a model in this respect. 

The normal indices of satisfactory discipline should be carefully watched 5 

such as standards of military courtesy, bear * ng and carriage of soldiers, and 

neatness in clothing and appearance. On my recent visit to Ireland I tiras more 

than pleased with the standards 'attained' there in this general respect. In 

London I have be disappogg^^. Moreover, the reatest slackness I have 

noted in this re fe ,*rd applill^ : Wfi6e'ri: 6t " the > ado of Maibr, and below. 

- 2 - *" 

We mat insist that every officer, regardless of rank, sets a constant example 
to enlisted men. If he fails to do so and does not immediately show improvement 
upon correction, more drastic action is indicated . Soldierly conduct on the 
part of all will do as much as any other one thing not only to improve our own 
chances in any tactical operation we may be called upon to perform, but in con- 
vincing the British that we are here not as muddling amateurs, but as' earnest, 
competent soldiers who know whet we are about. 

Training in all its phases must be intensive. This is true, first, because 
time is short; second, because the problems we have demand the ultimate in 
trained personnel j and, third, because our men must be toughened and hardened 
physically to stand the most rigorous operations. Vigorous, training will 
eliminate the cause of much avoidable difficulty, which usually comes about 
merely because of idleness. It must be intelligently directed so that every 
individual, including the last private in the ranks, can mndarstand the reasons 
for the exertions he is called upon to make. Constant explanations during fiel 
exercises to insure this understanding are always in order? an4 any commander 
should be summarily relieved who neglects this important phase of training 
intelligent, patriotic Americans. Morale, of course, is the most highly impor- 
tant of any military attribute, but we must produce the type of morale that 
results from self-respect, thorough discipline,' intensive training and adequate 
leadership - we should not make the mistake of believing that morale can be 
produced by pampering and by the lowering of standards to- permit greater ease 
of living. I do not mean to decry the effect of proper recreational facilities, 
reasonable pass privileges and so on. These are important and must be developed 
and used accordingly, but they themselves are not the answer to the problem. 

I am quite well aware that you are as fully acquainted with these matters as I 
am. My only thought is to assure that your own understanding of these things 
will not blind you to the fact that many of our officers and men have had little 
opportunit}'' to learn and practice thorn. Consequently, I felt that through the 
writing of this letter I might possibly bring to your attention things that you 
would then^ wish to emphasise within your own command, . 

Please do not hesitate to communicate to ne at any time any thoughts you may 
have along these or related linos. I should like to act as a clearing house 
to pass along to all sendr commanders any suggestions as to -effective methods, 
particularly where these are peculiar to our present conditions, and to pass on 
warniqgsas to dangers and pitfalls that have come to your attention in attemp- 
ting to attain the results we are seeking. I cannot over-emphasize the concern 
I feel about ail those things - not that I fear we will not give a good account 
of ourselves - Bat because of my deep conviction that we must form, here, the 
best army that the United States has ever put into the field if we are to per- 
form our future tasks successfully. 

YJith cordial personal regards, 

Major-General John C,H. Lee, 
Headquarters, S. O S., 

20 Jul. A2. 

This inspiring directive gives us a challenging missions to lead our S r o S o 
officers and men to the', highest standard of performance, of conduct and of 
morale. We shall fairly be rated by the results: of our leadership. 

General EisenhoTCr% policies- herein 1 so convincingly stated must be transmitted 
through the /chain of command, in the most appropriate manner to all of our men. 
From the men and from all KCOs and officers are desired -suggestions, or, better 
still, successfully proven methods of achieving the objectives given us by our 
Gommander^infGhief . ; - ^- ' - •-• 

JOHN O.'H. LEE, ' • 

BJIa' j or-General , U S. Army, 


(so lai) 





_ r -— - 




17 July 1942 


oxer unco is r.iaoo to Soction II Paragraph 19, Ciroulur ]'o 
Koadqtaartors European Theater of Operations, d&t»d 7 Jul 1942* For the 
information uid guidance of all c once mod theru is being listed bo low. Code 
and CAblo addresses and Routing Words for all Amy Post Offices now operating 
in this Theater* 






;.: aaya 







i -j-nrnro 



£y coi^uuad of M r jor General LESs 


s/ C. R. LA1ID0N 

t/ C, If, LAiTDOH, 
Lt. Col., A*G»D»> Acting Adj. Gen. 

Brign&wr General, General Staff Corps 
Chiof of Staff. 

smizw OF SUPPLY 
Europe thebsr 0? ofes^tiohs 


OSO ARC (9Jul 194,2) 13 Jul 1942 

SUBJECT: American Red Cross Services Clubs in Scotland 

TO; See distribution below: 

1. a. The American Red Cross has established Services Clubs for 
enlisted men in the following cities of Scotland, .Accommodation 
includes facilities for recreation^ canteen, sleeping quarters , baths, 
and meals together with periodic arrangements for dancing, 

(1) EDINBURGH The R oyajHotQ" 1 . , 5.3 * Prirces Street 
ftt present - J 50 beds 
15 Jul ~ 300 beds 
1 Aug - 450 bods 


Grand Hotels •? auch i ^b all Street 
15 Jul « 150 bcc 3 
1 Aug 
. 15 Aug 

- 400 beds 

b. Heals at both establishments are one shilling each. 

c. Bed ana bath, including breakfast, two shillings and sixpenc* 

2. It is desired that the foregoing be brought to the attention 
of all enlisted men in your command ;/ith a visu to their taking advantage 
of these facilities > r heii on furlou&h or pass in Scotland, If large • 
parties of anliste4 men ':ako advantage' of these facilities, arrangements 
should be made prior to departure to ensure availability .of accommodation. 

By command of Ha J or General LSS? 

Distribution "C tt plusj- 
Copies to 
CG £th A? 

CG USAa'IF & V Army Corps 
CG II Army Corps 

A ;- _*■ i_ _ . 1 . - _ * 


Tng. Memo* No, 2 

8 July 1942 


e*T"f troop movements $ 

1, Discussion of military matters affecting 
location of troops or establishments of any nature; activities in which armed 
personnel are engaged; location and movement of supplies j or any other inform 
mation having to do with military matters between persons in the military 
service in any public place such as conveyances, restaurants, hotels., streets, 
or with, civilians or with anyone else is strictly prohibited? 

2„ No matter of a secret or confidential nature vd.ll be discussed in open 
terms over the telephone* The "scrambler" does not insure security© 

3* Strangers or acquaintances who show special interest in American 
military and political matters, or aslc your opinion on these matters must be 
viewed with suspicion and will be reported to your commanding officer. 

By command of Major General LEB? 

Briga&iep General, General, Staff Qorps, 
Chief of Staff* 


. Colonel, AtG»D# , 
Adjutant General* 


Tng. Memo. No. 1 



6 July 1942 
ft I 

: I— "S ECURITY J11EASURB3 , a, ^11 personnel of Services of Supply Organizations vdll 
be armed and trained in the us 3 of the weapons proscribed by Tables of Baric 
Allowances, and such ether weapons as are authorized by these headquarters • 
Units not having the full c sine nt of rifles, sub-machine guns, or machine 
guns authorized by Tables of Basic allowances, or to provide reasonable security, 
will submit their requirements to this headquarters* 

b. Each installation and organization compandor is responsible for 
air and ground defense, 

c. A detailed defense plan with specific assignments of units or 
individuals to locations and tasks, will be prepared by each installation or 
organisation commander to include protection agednst fires as well as defense 
of the area against ground and air attack; plans will be rehearsed to insure 
that every man is thoroughly cognizant of the auties ho is to perform in any 

d» Inspection ' Officers will call up m Local commanders to demon- 
strate their defense plans* 

By command qf Major Oonoral .LEEi 

T. 5. UJdOT, 
3rlg« General, General Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff, 


s/ victor v. Taylor 

Colons 1 , A. G • D# > 
Adjutant General* 




M» J* S, 


iikapquarters ' 


AFO 387 

AO 704 x 319.1 (IS Jan 1944)MP . --\§ffl|3 jfcqflMjWf 

SUBJECT: Report of Investigation (WD, AGO Form 51) |J {i |^^fl^5^i 

TO : Commanders , All Units and Installations, European Theater of 

1. Letter, this headquarters 25 Nov 1943. file AG 704 x 319.1 (25 Nnv 1943 )MP 
subject: H Non-Battle Casualty Reports (Report of Investigating Officer, WD, AGO 
Form No 51)", is rescinded* 

2. Information from the War Department indicates that misunderstanding exists 
with regard to paragraph 8g(I), Circular 195, WD, 1943, relative to line of duty, 
misconduct and duty status, 

3. In all death cases requiring investigation to determine line of duty, 
misconduct and duty status, it is eecential that information as to the following 
be included in the report of -the investigating officer: 

a. Xine of duty: 

1) In line of duty. 

2) Hot in line of duty, 

b. Misconduct: 

(1) Not result of own misconduct. 
2) Result of own misconduct . 


c. Duty status: 

(1) In duty status (including absence from organisation on duty). 

(2) Not in duty status (absent without leave). 

{3) In authorised absence status (leave, pass, furlough, V0C0, etc). 

4* An individual al>««at from his organization on duty is still in a duty 
status and is not in authorised absence atatus. Individuals sbsent on leave, 
pass or furloughTare in authorised absence status* 

5. Reports of investigation (WD, AGO, Form 51) when accomplished in cases 
of death will be submitted to this headquarters, addressed as follows t 

Commanding General, SOS, ETCUSA, 

APO 871, US Army, 

(Attention: Casualty Branch* AGO) 

AG 704 x 319.1 (1C Jan 1944)hP 16 Jan 19V;- cont'd 

6. Reports of investigation when accomplished, in cases of injury not 
resulting in death will be submitted by the appointing authority direct to 
The Adjutant General, Washington, DC, in accordance with the provisions of 
par 1c (4) (e)l(b), AK 34-5-4-15, as amended by Changes Ho 2, dated 13 Feb 1943. 

7. In this connection attention is invited to the fact that under the 
provisions of paragraph 8g(l), Circular 195, hD, 1943, reports of investigation 
incases of death are subject to final determination of line of duty and 
misconduct by this headquarters (for the Theater Commander) , whereas - under the 
provisions of All 345-415, Changes ho 2, IS Feb 1943 in onsos of injury not 
resulting in death, the reports arc subject to final action by The Adjutant General 

For the Contending General: ,o 

A- ,-^^>A 
... B. LD\TKTT,1^ 
Brigadier General, USA, 
DISTRIBUTION; G, plus: Adjutant General. 

AG Casualty Branch, Are 871 
AG Officers Branch, APO 887 
AG Enlisted Branch, APO 871 
AG Military Per son a el Div, APO 837 

- 2 - 



AG 322 KGC 

4 January 1944 

SUBJECT: Letter of Instruction, 


Commanding General, SOS, ETOUSA. 

Letter, this headquarters, dated 21 March 1943, file AG 371 MX, subject as 
above, is amended to add Paragraph 3b (4) as follows: 

"Issue instructions or orders to effect movements out 6f 
the theater incident to the evacuation of sick and wounded, to, 
include patients and medical attendants, without reference to 
this headquarters." 

By corxiand- of Lieutenant General DEVERS: 


Lt, Colonel, A.G,D. , 
Assistant Adjutant General. 



USA/iF, 'UK 

Iceland Base Command 
Each Staff Section, Hq ET 
Each AG Div 


APO 371 

AG 320,22(17 Dec 43)MAG A Jan 1944, 

SUBJECT: Change in Tables of Organizations and Squipnent. 

TO ; Commanding Officers All Orgriii5.zat5.on8 and Installations, 

Letter, this headquarters, file and subject as above, dated 17 Dec 1943 
is amended to add the following to par .1, (l); 

"g,, Platoon Guide (651) increased from Sergeant to 
Staff" Sergeant," 

for tho •Co^anundtn^.ag^ral.s. u-L; 

c "j3FF3^R3QN E, KIDD, 
DISTRIBUTION: "G if Colonel, AGD, 

Assistant Adjutant General, 

HSAD-m-aT-ES. 3H r ;via:s of suppix - 

APO 671., U S, ATST 

2 January 1944- 

/'LIT,. R NO, 2 

1, Officers in the ETC may now enroll in the United States "Armed Forces 
Institute for both Institute and University Extension Courses, 

2, The following procedure for officers' fees is effective from this date; 

a. USAFI Correspondence Courses processed in this theater (the 
64 offerings now available and air/ others that are to be 
added in the future.), including all lesson service and the 
issuance of a proficiency Certificate - Tv:o dollars for each 
course • 

b, USAFI Self-Teaching Courses ' including end~?of~eourse test ~ 
Tito dollars for each ccurce, 

jc. University Extension Correspondence Courses processed by- 
colleges and universities in the States - full cost for each 
course as determined by fees set by the colleges and univer- 
sities determined through the registration procedure out- 
lined in the catalog, 

3. Officers who desire accreditation service, that is, the submission of • 
their records by the Institute to some secondary school, college, university, or 
employer at some future time, will pay an additional fee of two dollars at the 
time of their request for such services „ 

4# The fees indicated in paragraph 2 a b and c must be submitted with the 
registration form' and vali be paid at the' time of enrollment for each course 
* that may be taken, 

For the Commandant: 

Ensign, U, S, N. R, , ' 
A s s i s t ant C ommanda nt , 


REPRODUCED HQ SOS 4 January 1944 


AG 320,22 17 Docoriber 1043 

SUBJECT: Change in Tables of Organisation, and Equipment. 

: Gomrjanding Officers all Gr2ardzp.tJ.on3 and Installations ETOUSA 

* jdie following extract of cable fron the War Do par trie nt 

dated 1_ Decenber i:.K.3, in quoted for your information, ' 
guidance and conpl lance, 

1 1. Section C, Ciroular 323 WD 13 Decenber 43 published this 
date authorizes effective 13 Decenber 4-3 follov/ine changes 
in :on-Co:' missioned Officers and Privates First Clans for' 
individual in Tables of Organisation and Equipment as listed 
below € Desired all concerned under your jurisdiction be 
so inf r :rned, 

. (1). Individuals: 

a/ Platoon Serjeant (031) increased fron Staff 
Serjeant to Technical Sergeant 

b* Section Leader ( C-52 ) increased fron Serjeant to 
Staff Serjeant " . 

. £• Squad Leader (053) increased fron- Corporal 
or Seryeant to Soiy-oant or Staff Serjeant 

d. batted, ion Scry-eit E'ajor increased from Staff 
Serf;-.; ant to Technical Serjeant 

e. Squad Leader Assistant (653). increased fron 
Corporal to Serjeant 

f. One-half of Privates increased to Privates 
First Class 

2. Tables of Organization and Eeuiom nt 

a. Infantry Cannon. Coirrany, T./O - E */~14 

b»-(l), headquarters and headquarters Conn any 
Infantry battalion T/0 b E 7-10 : 

(2), Headquarters and Headquarters and Service 
Ooripany Infantry Battalion Seoa^ate, 
T/O b E 7-jO " • 

e^.. ..Infantry Rifle Conyaey, l/o • E 7-17 

d. Infantry Heavy V/e aeons Corrpany, T/0 E 7-10 

e. Infantry Ant i- tan!: Company 57-1 y;un T/Q H, E 7-13 




!• • 

. m. 

o . 

p . 

Headquarter?! and Headquarters- Company 
Armored' Inf aritry Battalion r i7o and if 7-26 

Rifle Company Armored Infantry. Battalion 
T/0 H 7-27 

Headquarters and Headquarters Company 
Hiqht Infantry Battalion T/0 ,": H 7-76 

Light Infantry Rifle Company T/0'' H S 7-7^ 

Headquarters and Headquarters Company 
Glider Infantry Battalion T/0 7-56 

Glider Infantry Company l/O 7-57 

Headquarters and Headauartera- Detachment 
Mountain Infantry Battalion l/o 7-136 

Mountain Infantry Rifle Company l/O 7-137 

Mountain Infantry Heavy We anons Conn any 
T/0 7-13B ' ' "" * 

Headquarter? and Headquarters Conn any 
Ranker Battalion T/D 7-1036 

Ranqer Company T/D 7-1037 ,f 

For the Commanding General: 

Colonel. A'.G.D, / 
Acst Adj General 

sWuU ^ i.U'Ccb 1-L Ut. i. Xil 
Kdlc01"lu4> r Xji^liJI.. 1* .vw/JI,, lO 

AC 300.3 (II Ice 43)P 

16 Dec 1943 

SU3J2GT: Change Mo 21, mi 345-12-5, elated 1 February 1932. 

TO; Go^inding Officers all org4iniacii an^ Ins tellationa, 

Euroj/oan Theater of Operations . 

Letter, this fccsi&qu£.rt&r*, 4G 300.3 (2J. Dec 43) P, 14 Doc 1943 # Swject: 
Change Ko 21^1 345-12$, dated 1 7%U--vu;rr 193 ~, distributed to all organ!- 
z&tio&s in iho Europacn Theater of Opera tier.?*, ic roe-cie&ad* 

For the C onmaiidlm;; General: 


APO 371, J. 3, ;'+Ri . x . 

15 December 1943. 

LoFTF R NO. 1 

1, POLICY AI T D 10 FO ■ LiAT I ON LETTERS - -'"hi s is the first of a series of Policy 
and Information Letters designed to infom Special Service' and ■Edacation Officers 
about the USaFI. .Bach item of information and each letter will be numbered 
for -easy reference. It is suggested- that cooies of this series be filed for 
future use* 

2m; fli'IfiOHil^FT £Sai8 FOR i^LI^T ;£ PO a3 OsTS^L — Undo r present regulations the 
fee for USAFI courses, listed on 9 and 10 of the- ETO Edition of the 

Catalog, is &2.0Q* According to Army Regulation 31^-3100, ,50 July 1943, "En- 
listed personnel will pay-. -a uniform registration fee of ^2 S ;00 for the first 
enrollment in the United States Armed p oraes Institute correspondence and self- 
teaching courses as evidence of serious intent. $o additional fee will be 
required for courses in addition to the first while satisfactory, progress is 
maintained. " Ho part of the «i?2. 00 registration fee will be refunded in the 
event of dis enrollment. 

3, F:;iR0LL4 FFT FE03 FOR Oj^FL— ^.oc or ding to AH 350-3100, 30 July 
1943, "Officer personnel /ill pay fees covering the- costs of tne different 
types of co urn as and services." As soon as definite information is received, 
specific details about officers' fees and enrollment procedure will- 'be announced. 
Until that time applica tions from offic ers cannot 'be acc epted . 

4, ..■^i'L'u.j. T OF F^jiS— It is suggested that each registrant submit his ovm fee 
for the exact amount of $2, 00* Fees must accompany applications, and .must - be 
paid by United States Postal - Sioney Order on the Postmaster, Hew York, 3J.Y., 
payable to the Treas urer of the United States , money Orders not in the exact 
amount, personal checks, and United Syates or English currency cannot be accented. 

a.. A Money Order covering several applications may be submitted, but 
until the institute's stock of materials is complete, such a procedure may 
result in the return of all applications because of -the inability ov the .Branch 
to fill one of the requests * A complete stock of materials, expected on or 
about 1- January 1944, should" elimin -'te this, situation. 

b« -J...,?.-^,'^ pF- AFFL.I CAT I - Fl'S - -App I i cat i o n . forms should be filled in care- 
fully on ooth sides'. The registrant should be sure to fill in his name and 
address • legibly, and should, obtain- >.he appro 7&1- of his Commanding Officer in the 
space provided in the lower right-: .and corri..;r of the back of the ''or' a. -app- 
lications not bearing the approval of an Organisation Co- zander cannot be 
accepted, and 7m.ll"-ee returned.. .".-.. ' 

- 1 - 

6« T r. l 3 FjJR .QF .KlilGISTRiiTX'ON — Registrants who enrolled for courses with the 
US.jJ'I at Madison, Wisconsin, may transfer their registrations to the J5T0 
Branch, and have their lessons corrected in thi s Theater. Requests for suoh 
transfers should be made in writing to the C;:;amandant,. • USAFI, Madison (3), •■ 
Wisconsin* Until approval is received from-- thy Institute at Madison, lesson 
materials cannot- be furnished to registrants originally enrolled there 

7, 3a^*TgAC -ING MvTJRL XS — Self -teaching texts will bo distributed by 
the, BTO Branch' USAFI in accordance with the following policy: 

a. Distrib ution ■for individual study * 

' •- (l) ttelf-teacniri's texts, which " ar« not to bo confuted with corres-* 
pondenco courses, may be obtained by an individual enlisted man or woman -who 
fills in the 'regular application and pays the usual fee. These materiils, • 
are", designed lor personn-vi' ./ho may be.; located in isolated places from which 
it is difficult to submit lessons for correction uh ler the correspondence 
course plan*. , No lesson, 3 ;rvice is -provided for so If -teaching texts, but 
individual enrolloes may h a record m vie of their achievement in a course 
by applying for and , taking under the direction of an officer an "End-of -Course 
Examination," Subsequent applications -for self- teaching materials after the 
initial enrollment will not be favor Ably considered unless the applicant has 
shown evidence of: satisfactory progress by taking an "End-of-Course Exam- 
ination," ■ 

£.* P^s^ ^bution for o ff -duty %roup classes . 

' ; . (l) Sw If -teaching ' tbxts -for off-duty group classes will be 
furnished by the -Branch upon receipt of . a requisition i viC Form Ho„400), ■• 
properly signed by the- appropriate officer . of the using unit and accompanied 
■by the following statement':" "These textbooks are to be used for off-duty 
group instruction of enlisted personnel," The requisition should preferably 
be accompanied- 'also by a list bearing the name, serial number, rank, and or- 
ganization of tne individuals who will be in the class* 

(2) iAember3 of group classes are not required to enroll with 
the Institute, If, however, individual members desire to have a record made 
of their accomplisnment they' will have to enroll, apply for thi "End- of -Course 
iixaiai nation, and pay the required registration fee of $2,00." 

c. Distribu tion to Special Service .and Educat ion Off icer s, 

(l) A sample set of self -teaching texts will bo distributed to 
Special Service and Education Officers for display purposes upon receipt 
of a requisition' {-pC Form No*. 400), together -with the following .statement: 
"These texts are to be us.;d for display md publicity purposes," 

S * ^ebF-TF>aG;i I NG TITL ES N0,r. ^,11^,315- — The following OUtFI self- 
teaching titles are now available" in limited quantities from this Branch: 



a. Military Correspondence 356*1 — - 

Review Jlritbmotic, Book 1 510*1 510,3 

c. Review Arithmetic, Book 2 510*2 510,4 

"d# A First Course in Algebra, part I 512«1 - — 

e\ A First Course? in algebra, part II 512*2 

f, Fundamentals of Typowx j ting 652*1 

g, Shorthand (Gregg) 653*1 653,2 
h» Bookkeeping and Accounting* Fun- 657 .1 657*2 
"~* damental Principles 

a* In ordering self- teaching materials, it is desired that tho foregoing 
titles" and numbers bo specif led on requisitions, if/here workbooks are in* 
dicated, the same quantity of that item should be ordered as of the textbooks* 

9 P DRAWI NG IHS T RUMEN TS -.-Drawing instruments are specifically required for 
Institute CeTTrsus ~$os« '7x1* 7x2., 7x3 » and 7x4* Instruments are not supplied 
by tho Institute* Unless a registrant has access to drawing instruments or can 
purchase them, he should be advised against enrolling for drawing courses* Tho 
following minimum instruments are required.' drawing board* compass, dividers , 
T-square, triangles, ruling pen protractor'-. French curve , pencils * 



10, LESS ON SERVICE Lessons for Institute courses, i.e. courses listed on 
pngos ¥*llnd 10 of the Branch Catalog, are corrected by cooperating civilian 
agencies in this Theater. As a result, enrollees get more effective service 
than heretofore- when lessons had to be sent to the States*- The enrolles sub- 
mits his assignments to the ETO Branch; these are recorded, and sent on by 
courier to the cooperating civilian institution for correction, after which 
the/ come back to the Branch* The Branch records the grades and sends the 
corrected lessons back to the student, together with a new lesson. 

a. Los sons- for University Extension Courses are not sc ored in. this Theater* 
They are submitted by the student directly to the col legos or universities in 
the States* 

U * CATALOGS^ A PPLICATIONS , ASP POSTERS-* The current- supply of these mat- 
erials 1 is "nearly exhausted. Reprintings of all items have boon ordered, and are 
expected within the next several weeks, Application Vlanks can still be 
furnished in limited quantities., but catalog and poster requests cannot be 
filled immediately* 

t/ TilEODCRE I, e SIEDLE- , 
jyiaior., Air Corps, 
Comment t, 

ETO Branch US..PI. • / V 



> / ■ saMse taaa. 

AG 344 MGA .6 December 1943 

SUBJECT: Soldier's Deposits, Purchase of War Bo! 
Transmission of Fui:.ds. 

TO: See distribution. 

1. With a viev* to affording enlisted personnel added opportunities for 
saving, to further reduce the ameuht of cash fund 3 available for expenditure in 
1fce United Kingdom, and to assist in the British Government collage conser- 
vation program, the following procedure will be instituted to er^ourage person- 
nel to effect savings from their pay by making a Soldiers Deposit, by purchas? 
ing a War Bond for cash and/or making a personal transmission of funds to the 
United States. 

A company, unit or detachment sign-up list will be made available 
to enlisted personnel at all tijnes for indication of individual desire to make 
a Soldiers Deposit, to purchase a War Bond for cash, or to make a personal 
transmission of funds to anyone in the United States, ' 

Such sign-up list will be used by personnel officers as the rasis 
ffyr effecting the individuals desire tgr pay-roll deduction * with remarks there- 
on as follow sj 

(1) "Due US - Soldiers Deposit "$10.00"; or 

(2) "Due US - Purchase one $25,00 War Bond - $18,75 * 
mail to Mrs John Doe, 510 Fifth Ave,, New York 
City. (Indicate co-o-vmer or beneficiary)* 5 or 

(3) *Due US - PTA - $25.00 for Mrs John Doe, 510 
Fifth Ave., New York City". 

2. All company, unit, or detachnent personnel officers will coordinate 
with their local finance officer, who will assist them in putting this system 
into effect. 

3. Supplies of sign-up sheets may bo secured from any finance disbursing" 

By command of Lieutenant General DEVEBS: 


v., if" i% 

/s/t/ RICHARD P. HSK, 
Lt, Colonel, A.G.D., 
Assistant Adjutants General* 

1 - 


APO 371 

AG 350 (15 Nov 1943 )M&G 4 Doc 1943 

SUBJECT? ETC Branch of the United States Armed Forces Institute (USAFI) 

TO s See "Bijrtiibuiion". 

Paragraph 1, letter, AG 350 (15 Nov 1943 ) u'iiG, this headquarters, subject: 
"STO Branch of the United Statos Arracd Forces Institute (UGAFl)" , dated 1: ; Nov 
1943, is amended to road as I'ollovjo: 

"Pursuant to letter, AG 352 (3 Nov 1943 ) > Vfar Department, The Adjutant 
General J s Office, subject; 'Autnoi izaticn for Establishment of the European 
Branch, United States Armed Forces Institute % dated 15 Nov 1°43> the F/IO Branch 
of the USAFI is established in this theater • of foe civo 15 Nov 1943," 

For the Cov:m:anding General: 

FIITCD A. imm^ 3 

DIS TRIBUT ION; "G" Colonel, AGD,* 

Acting Adjutant Gerural. 


APO 871 

AG 350. ( 15 Nov 1943)MAG 15 Nov 1943, 

SUBJECT* ETO Branch of the United States Armed Forces Institute (USAFI). 
TO j See Distribution. 

1. BEPERENC5E par. 1, AR 350-3100 , 30 Ju* 1943, a Branch of the United 
States Armed Forces Institute (USAFI) is established in this Theater, effective 
10 Nov 194-3. It is to be known as the ETO Branch USAFI. Headquarters are at 
APO 871; telephone, Thackeray S285. 

2. PURPOSE j It is the purpose of the ETO Branch USAFI to facilitate 
individual correspondence study and group instruction and to provide self- 
teaching materials for military personnel in subjects of value to the Armed 

' a, A total of sixty- four (64) courses are novj offered by the ETO 
Branch USAFI. These .will be completely processed in this Theater* eliminating 
the tranaoission of lesson papers and materials to and from the United States. - 
Additional courses will be available in n for; months, at which time appropriate 
announcement will be made, 

b # A total of six-hundred (600) courses are offered by colleges and 
universities of the United States, through the ETO Branch USAFI, -but require 
correspondence with and transmission of lesson papers to the respective insti- 
tutions » 

3. ELIGIBILITY* Officer and Enlisted personnel, both men and women, of 
tho Army, Navy, and Marines are eligible for correspondence courses and self- 
teaching materials through the ETO Branch USAFI. 

4. APPLIGAtl-CWSi Procedures in making application for correspondence 
courses and self -teaching -materials are a$ follows: 

a. Applications from Enlisted personnel muyt bc-ay the approval of 
unit commanders in ,the spsce provided en the back of application forms. 

b. Applications from Officers must bear the approval of the immedi- 
ate superior commanding officer in the space provided, on the .pack of the forms. 

c. To facilitate processing of applications, tho forms must be filled 
out completely on both sides. 

d. On approval of unit commanders (for EM), as indicated in par, 4 a, 
above, and immediate superior commanding officers -(for OFF), as indicated in 
par. 4 b above, applications will be mailed directly to the Commandant, ETO 
Branch USAFI, Hq SOS, APO 871. 

- 1 - 

g. Direct communication between Officers or Enlisted "Men and the 
Commandant of tho ETC Branch USAFI is authorized for question© pertaining to 
the educational services bf the Branch, for the processing of lesson papers 
and the handling of instructional materials , and for information about cours 
and other activities of ' the Institute. tboGotjaaanda^t should be addressed as 
indicated in par. U d above, 

5. FEES? United States money orders, made payable to the Treasurer 

of tfre United State 3, must accompany applications for- correspondence courses 
and self -teaching- materials as follows: 

a. Enlisted personnel are entitled to tho educational services of 
tho ETO Branch USAFI upon the payment of a registration fee of two dollars 
($2 # 0p). 'After, the payment of the initial registration foe of two dollars 
($2,00), no additional foes will be required for subsequent correspondence 
courses or self-teaching materials so long as satisfactory progress is main- 
tained or serious intent is evidenced, 

b. Authorisation of fees for Officers has not yet been announced 
by the War Department. Information may bo obtained by written or telephoned 
communication with the Commandant, ETO Branch USAFI, as soon as available, 

6. APPLICATION FORMS , CATALOGS, AND POSTERS s - Application forms, oatai* 
logs, and posters will be obtained by Special Servico and Education Officers 
on direct request to the Commandant, ETO Branch USAFI, APO 871, 

7. PUBLICITY; Commanding Officers are directed to publicize the •• 
establishment of theJBTO Branch of tho 'USAFI by distribution of this letter, 
application blanks, catalogs, and posters to each unit in their commands. 

For the Commanding Generals 

PEED A. MMl, " 
COL. AGD,-**!^ 
Actg. Adj. Gen^ • . 


0.-Z - 


AG 352 Per-GA 

11 Nov 194-3 


Officer Candidates. 



)i.u.ianding General, SOS, STOUSA, A?Q oB7. 

1. Letter this headquarters , file; AG 352 E-GA, subject: Gjfficor Candidc 
dated 25 Sept 19 43, is rescinded. 


2. A Theater Officer Candidate Selection Board has been established at 
the American School Center, ETOUSA, to interview and examine all Officer Candi- 
date School Applicants vrho have been recommended by Field Officer Candidate 
Selection Boards, 

3. A monthly quota will be allotted to your command by this headquarter: 
. giving "the number of applications, nhich have been approved by a Field Officer 

Candidate Selection Board, that you are authorized to forward to the . Theater 
Officer Candidate Selection Board for further consideration. Applications 
submitted to the Theater Board under this quota ' \dll not be br oken down into 
Arm and Service, but vdll represent * the' most outstanding applicants avail- 
able v/ithiH your command v;hich have ^een approved by a Field Board. Those 
applications selected villbe forwarded direct to the President, Officer' Candi 
date Selection • Boards American School Center, APO 645, Report of physical 
examination, proceedings of a Field Officer- Candidate Selection Board, and the 
Unit Intelligence Officer's clearance, vrili accompany the applications. The 
board has been authorized to contact organisations of candidates direct to 
arrange for an exar:dnation and Interviov' . /over 

AG 353 Por-GA 

A.. Upon final action by ths Thee ter Officer Gr.ndiclate Selection Board, 
all approved applications villi be fcrrc.rc^d to this headquarters by the Theater 
Board where they uill he held pending a q-.-.ota fron the VJar Department. Those 
applications not approved vili he rotiu'ncd by the hoard direct to your head- 

5. Applications of personnel wider the commands of American School Center 
and Special Troops , STOUSA v/ill be forwarded to your headquarters for processing 
before a Field Board. If approved by a Field Board under your command, they 
uill he considered for f orr/arding to the Theater Board, under the quota allotted 
to you. 

6. Effective in December, the monthly report to this headquarters of the 
number of approved Officer Candidate's applications in your command^ v/ill be 

By command of Lioutnnant General DETERS: 

s/ A.:.', PALIi-i, Jr. 

A. 17. PALIII, Jr. 

i.Iajor P AGD ? 
As st Adj General. 

AG 352(11 Nov 43)Enl. 1st Ind. 

Hq SOS, ET0U5A, APO £71, 20 Dec 1943. 

To: Cc%iandia^ Officers, All iQ^cjiisatiGbo^qnd ^stcJldti»ons, SOS, ETOUSA 
For your infornation and guidance. 

By command of major General LEE: >n y_yL , wo y^'v 

OTTIo L. LIGOiT, (f 
DISTRIBUTION: C less 1st Lt, AGD, 

Non-SOS "* s't Adj Gen. 

- 2 - 

Washington <25/ D. 0* 

SPX 471 (5 jjov 43) 9 November 19^3, 


SUBJECT i Changes to AR 775-10. 

TO : C onman din:.; generals, all service commands and Military 
pi a trie t of V/ashington, 
Chief's of technical services • 
provost Marshal General, 

pending publication of revision of AR 775«*10, 30 July 1943, para- 
graphs 61, 63 j ^2, and 103 are amended as follows s 

61, Grenades, 

d. Rifle, AT, m 1 

~~ J'&f co mpany, ' b att-ry or tr oo u am-:d wit h a launcher - - - 4 
63, Chemical warfare aminunition. * * * 

V^2 « Grena do, co lored s-.-iok;:-, 2118 Rounds 

(1) Re r 100 aTtneri ^d trenght of >*H 

tactical' \Tnl~tS' - ----- T*"T 4 

(2) oSnanoTng Gene r ri 1 , i.rry Forces - - - - £5, OP T)- 

(3) CQ:^i f :;idi;i:, i; ^:-r:.l. 'Cro^m^T Foro-'ta - ~ 25,000 

92. Ohenioal warfare annunitlon. * * * 

* # , * 'He }{c * ^ * $ sjc 

u ' (i^) Grenade # , ■colo re d smoko , H1B 3. 
tL (2%) -Cren^a^ color- d sinoke, rT§" 1 

108, warfare uj;i»unxtion« * * * 

-<* . . ' 

.(ib) ■ Grenade oalprre d smoke. Hi 8 1 
' - ! ?y .coi^and . of ^eutfen^nt General SOifcRVRLk: 

Brigadier General, 
Adjutant General* 

- 1 - 


BVX ATI (5 Nov ^3)0B-P-SPTR0-!a-A 
9 November 1943 furnished t 

Assistant Chiof of Staff, G«3 # 

Commanding Generals: 

Army Ground Fore@s« 

toy Air Forces* 

Defense Comn&n&r* 

Oversea leases* 

Theaters of Operations, . 
Deputy Chiof of Stai*f -fov Service CajjsaancUu 
Fiscal Director, 
Director of Supply* 
Director of I&teriel* 
Director of Adminiutr -tion, 


HSioosmama mm mcnm ram 

Washington 25, D» C* 

SPX 471 (30 Oct 43) "6 November 1943 • 


SUBJjSCT: Qhanges to AE 775-10 . 

50: Commanding generals, all service commands and Military 

District of Washington. 
Quartermaster General* 

Fending revision of AE 775-10, 30 July 1943 , the Wax Department has 
authorised the following changes therein: 

46. Cartridge, blank, caliber ,.30. 

a. Per active weapon in tactical unit: Roufffla 

(1} Rifle, caliber . 30 ~- ~~ — -- ~- 1 — -~ 75 

(2; Machine £pn, light, cal:.oer .30 ~— — ~ 300 

(3) Machine gun, caliber .30, other than light, 

antiaircraft, or aircraft mounted — ~-.-^«*.- 500" 

b. Per war dog: 

(1) Tactical dogs in training at reception and train- 

(2) pack and sledge dogs la training at reception 

and training centers — ~ — — r ^ M » M » w) .^.> w >>,i W ,. 25 

(3) Per dog attached to tactical unit ( annual 

allowance) » — •.^^ 25 

a. For each cavrlry troop, horse, for use in training 

b. For each dog in training at do£ reception and training 
centers — 100 

c. For each dog attached to a unit or installation for 

duty (annual alloY/ancc) —- ■ • — .«•-»-•«- 1Q0 

By coranand of Lieutenant General S0I:Mi7ELL: 
Copier, furnished: 
Assistant Chief of Staff. G-3, WIGS. 
Commanding Generals; • 

Army Ground Forces, 

Army Air Forges. 

Defense CcFinands. 

Oversea Bases. 

Theaters of Operations. 
Director of Military Training, 
Provost Marshal QoruOTlji 
Chief * of Ordnance 

s/ J, A, TOO 

■J. A. UI.1Q, 
Uajor General, 
Adjutant General, 


Washington 25, D. C. 

A3- 019.11 (4 Nov 43) 4 November 1943, 


SUBJECT: Evidence of good health in connection, with applications for 
National Service Li fa Insuraxace in oversea stations, 

TO : Commander-in-Chief, Southwsat Pacific Area. 
Commanding Generals: 

Theaters of Operations. 

Caribbean Defense Command* 

Alaskan Department. 
Commanding Officers, Base Commands. • 

1, The Administrator of Veterans 1 Affairs has .authorized the acceptance 
of modified evidence required to show incurability in connection with applica- 
tions for National Service Life Insurance submitted by military personnel who 
have been on active* duty more than 120 days and who are serving outside of the 
United States proper and where it is neither practicable nor feasible to have 
an examination conducted by a medical officer. 

2. Military personnel included within the category described by paragraph 
1 may secure National Life Insurance by 

a, Completing page one of Veterans' Administration Insurance Form 
350a (pink application). 

b, Completing the reverse side of the application form referred to 
in 2 a above. 

c, Securely attaching in lieu of a detailed medioal examination a 
certificate of his commanding officer as indicated below: 

Nemo, rank, or grade of applicant A 3H ^ ^ _ 

I certify that this applicant for insurance is a member 
of my conmrAnd and on duty outside of the United States proper; 
that it is neither practicable nor feasible for a medical 
officer to examine him; that he is now performing full and un- 
restricted duty, and that I have this day personally inspected 
said applicant and believe him to ho free from diseat-o^ defect 
•or infirmity, excett as noted below; 

Signed at APO No on the day of 194 

Signature, rank, and serial number of commanding officer 

•3« The modification of the evidentiary requirements as to good health 
herein authorized is of such vital nature as to make it mandatory that all 
officers executing the above sot forth certificate exercise the utmost care 
personally in assuring themselves that the prescribed conditions are speci- 
fically net. " 

-1- 36-00225 

AG 019.11 (4 Nov 43 )OB-L-SPICY-MB~A 
9 November 1943' 

4, The commanders concerned will acquaint all eligible personnel who do 
not already have $30,000 National Service Life Insurance and /or United Stato- 
Government Life Insuccnco with the privilege granted by this communication. 
This applies only to National Service Life 'Insurance. 

By order of the Secretary of War: 

a/ 20B"S3T H , DUNLDP, 

t/ sobm h. dui-ilop, 

Brigadi or ^encrai , 
Acting The Adjutant General 




AG 400,34 
x 370.5 M 

3 Sep 1943 

SUBJECT: Rescission of Instructions for Oirerseas Movement. 


Commanding Generals., 


tighth Air ?aro& 

1* The fallowing letters, this headquarters, are rescinded: 

a. 'File AG 400,34 dated 7 December 1942, subject: "T/SA Supplies 
for troop's departing from ti^ United Kingdom*. 

b. File AG 370.5 MOD, dated 5 January 1943, subject: "Administrative 
Instructions for Units Alerted for Overseas Movement". 

c. File AG 370,5/3 TO, dated 1# January 1943, subject: "Administrative^ 
Instructions for Units Alerted for Overseas l£ovefl»nt M , 

2, Current instructions- on this subject are contained in PQM-ETG, Hq, SOS, 
ETOUSA, file AG 370,5(21 Jul 43)FGD, datetf 21 ^uly 1943. 

By command of Lieutenant General DgyBRS: 

Lt. Colonel, A.G.D., 
Assistant Adjutant General. 



AG 370.5/3 MGA 3 July 1943 

SUBJECT: Movement of Individuals or Units into (or out of) ETOUSA. 

TO : Commanding General, SOS, ETOUSA ♦ 
. Commanding General, V Corps. 
Commanding General, Eighth Air Force. 

Particular attention is invited to par 5^, Sec III, GO 16, Hq ETOUSA, 
21 Mar 1943, which reads as follows: 

"All requests for the movement of individuals or units into 
(or out of) ETOUSA will be submitted to this headquarters". 

By command of Lieutenant General DEVERS: 

Lt, Colonel, A.G.D., 
Assistant Adjutant General. 


RPF/ cgp 

AO 335.12 MGA 

27 June 1943 


Rendering of Salutes 





CG, Eighth Air Force 

CG, Iceland Base Command 

CO, European Ming,, A ir transport QocErtand 

CO , 24th Airv;ays Communication Squadron. 

1. It has been brought to the attention oof this headquarters that 
divergent opinions eiist in this theater qjs to whether or not salutes should 
be rendered by .junior officers when overtaking and passing senior officers and 
by enlisted men overtaking officers. 

2 Although no apparent War Department publication specifically states 
that salutes must be rendered in such instances,, customs of the service make 
it appropriate that the general ps'&ctice of saluting at all times upon 
recognition of persons entitled to the salute be followed in this theater. 

3. In this connection the provisions of Training lieiao #9, Hq ETOUSA, 
1 December 1942, subject: Military Discipline, FK 21-50, subject: Military 
Courtesy and Discipline and AR 600-25, dated 1 January 1943, should be brought 
to the attention of all personnel in your command. 

By command of Lieutenant General Dil'VERS : 


,/s/ Richard P , F isk ; 
Lt. Colonel, A.G.D., 
Assistant adjutant General. 

Commandant, American School 'Center, 
CO, Assault Training Center, 


UNITED STATES LR|Y * • ' ^ ?r 

AG 311,5 L: , - ' ; • 13 

Subject: Identification Photographs and Policy with Respect to 

Qualification of Personnel Authorized to Perform Duties 
in Connection vith Secret and Confidential Cryptographic 
Systems of the Arny. 

To : Commanding General, SOS, EB0U3A. 
Commanding General, V Corps. 
Commanding General, Eighth Air Force, 

Commanding Officer, European Vihg, Air Transport Command. 
Commanding Officer, .?4th Airways CoJ^unications Squadron, 

1, Reference is made to letter this headquarters, AG 3 11 #5 HGB, 2B 
February 1943, subject as above. 

2. War Department letter AG 311.5 (5-5-43) 0B-5-B-i,, & Hay 1943, same 
subject, is published for .your information and ccjipiiance, 

"1. Letter this office, A Q 311,5 (2-12-43 )OB-S~-B~?:, February 15, 1943, 
subject as above, is amended 9,3 follows: 

a. Paragraph 4 is amended by adding the following: "Active reserve 
status of Reserve Officers, and Commissioned or Lrilisted status in a 
National Guard unit are not to be construed as constituting continuous 
service in the United States Ar; y" . 

b. Paragraph 5 which reads: "a statement to the effect that *hhh*, 
will be signed****, is changed to read: "a statement to the effect 

that all personnel having access to Secret and Confidential cryptographic 
material have been investigated and found to meet fully -the requirements 
of this letter, will be signed*- # * M . 

c. Paragraph 5 is further amended be adding the following: "An exception 
to the provisions of this paragraph and to paragraph 4, above, is made 
for personnel, in this headquarters below Division or ling, now engaged 
in cryptographic duties that involve their having access only to Air- 
Ground Liaison Code, Division Field Code, Combat Code, 1-94 cipher device, 
and/cr the H209 Converter. 

2', It is desirad that ail concerned T/ithin your command b© inf ormed of 
the above. 

By command of Lieutenant General D2V3E3: 

G-2, Signal, 
AG Records. 

/s/ Richard P.Fisk,- 
Lt. Colonel, A.O.D. 
Assistant Adjutant General, 


£he Ad jut ant • G%peW]i 


£ 461 ( 5-4-43 )QB-S~B~M 

KLS/sr-2B-939 Pentagon 


SUBJECT j Pamphlet .Entitled "Vhat ivery Solidly, 


Sailor .md Civilian Should ki-Q^ 

Commander-in-Chief ,< Southwest Facifio Area. 
The Oonffnandin. 3 GtjnaraX*, 

Hawaiian Department^ 

Theaters of Operation.^ 

Base Coirmandsu 

1. Inclosed is a suraear ' of £rJCoj»aii.oi* concerning a campaign in 
progress to persuade Americea ®c34&*t$$ i& ^aorthodox medical methods, 
particularly in treatment of 3*outlii» 

2. It la directed that: 

' a. In all areas under military control, distribution- of the pamphlet 
mentioned in the attached summary 'O? Inform t ion be forbidden. 

b # All possible steps be taken to counteract propaganda of the group 
distributing this pamphlet . 

c. Report be made to the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, 'far Department 
General Staff, Washington, D.C,, of activities of literature of this group 
in your command. 

By order of the Secretary of War: 

/s/ J. a, Ulio, 
/t/ J. A. ULIO, 
Fajor General, 
The Adjutant General. 

I Jncl: 

Cy of Summary of Information. 


(Ltr, T\'D, AGO, Washington, AG 461 (5-4-43 ) 0B-3-B-F, dated j^:v:/±L2U3* 
subject: "Pamphlet Entitled "What Ev^ry Soldier, Sailor an<HSwiffl&i bti 

hG 461 MGB 

pq ET0U3A - IS May 1943 

1st Ind, 

*> ... 

/ ; x, 4 v 
" 5% ¥ 



GG, V Corps; ' ' M 

GG, Eightli Air Force j ** ~~ ~Jr 

GO, European Wla~ f , Air Transport Ccwpsitf* 

■ 1« For your information :md *i&e#a3*ry Jtclion. 

2. Report required p?r r .r n r>h. £ c will be submitted to this i?es.d- 
qu: rt ^.rs. 

By command of Ideutounfe Qei*#S">l I$£V££3: 

1 In els n/c 

s/ R1 ; ;H4KD p. fisk, • 
RICHARD P. P I3K, ■ • 
Lt. Color.?!, A.G.D,, 
Assiat'-nt Adjutant General, 

Subject: Pamphlet entitled "bhat ^very Soldier, Sailor and 
Civilian should Know" 
Dr. Charles, Henry Duncan 

Dr. Carl 3. Frischhorn. 1 1 1 i tt " ; - 

I fly 1 t «\ , n 

Suiraary of Information: Wl I .-'^ * ' 4 * 

Information has been rec@ived to the ef feet that a pamphlet entitled 
"'.'hat Zvery Soldier, Sailor, and Civilian Should Know", by Dr. Charles Henry 
Duncan, which urges imcrthodox aedical treatment for members of the aimed 
forces , has recently been sent in Red Cross bundles from Hake County, North 
Carolina, to Algeria, Africa, for distribution to troops. Under date of 
November 16, 1942, it Y/as reported that the pamphlet was apparently enjoying 
a large distribution in tho vici^iity of IJorfc-lk, Virginia. 

The pamphlet was published in September \%2, by Lettong Gooch, Norfolk, 
Virginia, and is "dedicated to tfcu Fen and Wra^n serving the USA." Mr. Gooch 
has advised that he printed 2GC0 copies of the pamphlet in. September 1942, and 
subsequently printed an additional 1500, of which '5G0 remain undistributed. 

In the pamphlet, 'Dr. Duncan, Practitioner and Lecturer, 10 East 77th 
St., Kow York City, describes the baling ana curing of infected wounds by 
an unorthodox method not expounded or approved by medical doctors , He . 
especially .recommends his method of treatment for nunb^rs of the armed forces 
who suffer wounds in action. Dr. Duncan is listed in the American Medical 
Directory for 1942, but lie is not a member of any medical associations of 
"national repute » 

The pamphlet includes a picture of Dr. Carl 3. Frishkorn, who, in the 
foreword of the~paflpfrj|^| | laj^. ^^^S^y^l j^<j|y^.phlet and its author, 
*Dr. Duncan. Thg,, picture 'shft|b ^nlm^n- a S 1 , *c3ast Guard uniform, although 
Frischkorn has had no official connection whatsoever vdth the U. S. Coast Guard. 
He is reported to bo an associate member only of Flotilla No. 10, U.S. Coast 

Guard- Auxiliary, a volunteer civilian organization. Frischkom is reportedly 
a Naturopathic physician, and is said to be not in good standing with 
members of the medical profession because of his unethical medical practices. 
He. is not, listed in the 1942 American Medical Directory. Frischkorn has 
bo en reported as having pro-Ifoai sympathies and being active in German 
activities. " He is a former roecabor of the Oentian American Club and reputedly 
still associates with other former ntcburs. 

In November 1942, the Postal O^fieia^U ot iforxelk, Virginia, filed 
a complaint alleging violation of postal Xhk? by Frischkorn, charging him 
with fraudulent use of the k?.XX$.+ ft&QCfttorn allegedly used the mails in an 
attempt to obtain remittances of taojk*y JL'ffon various persons by claiming that 
he is able to diagnose accurately th« disease and condition of health of 
those parsons who file with hid a specimen of blood. It is reported that his 
case is scheduled to be presented to the- Grand Jury in May 1943. 


AG 312.4 MSIG 

6 May 1943. 


Signature on Messages 



CG, V Corns 

CG, Eighth Air Force 

CG, 'Iceland Base Command 

CO, 3urox>ean ^ing, Air TrafMsport Command. 

Letter this headquarters, AG 311.5 M, dated 29 November 1942, subject 
as above, is rescinded and the following substituted therefor: 

"All signatures will be buried in the coded text of cryptographed 
messages. Care will be ta^en that signatures do not appear at the 
beginning or ending of messages. .The word, MOSIG . will be sent in the 
clear at the end of the cryptographed text." 

By command of Major General KW: 

/s/ Richard P. Fisk 


Lt. Colonel, A.G.D. , 
Assistant adjutant General. 


"C" Less non-SOS units. 

The Adjutant Generals' Office 

AG 311.5 (4-27-43) 0B-3-SPSIS-M 

April 28, 1943 

SUBJECT: Fighter Director Vocabulary, 



Commanding Generals, 
Army Ground Forces, 
Arm.;/ - Air Forces, 

Army Service Forces 

Defense Commands, 
Theaters of Operations, 
Service Commands, 
The Commanding Officers, 
Base Commands, 

1. The Combined Communications Board has approved' the attached Fighter 
Director Vocabulary for use in Combined Operations. 

2, The effective date for use in Combined Operations will be supplied later 

3# It is desired that "the necessary steps be taken to disseminate this 
information in your command. 


The Combined Chiefs of Staff, 
The Chief Signal Officer, 

The Divisions of the : ; ar Departs nt General Staff. 

By order of 

the Secretary of War: 

1 Inclosure 

Incl. $l~Fighter Director 

3/ H. 3. LEVJIS, ' 
Brigadier General, 
Acting The adjutant General, 

eu-, v' Corps. 

Jf, .'li .-v , . ii 0# 

OGB? 0123 














Fiomm AMG-^m ..Poet 

Ammo Minus* 
Ammo Plus 
Asm© Zero 








tex OKgft above you, 

J&W than half ammonition left. 

ifcTO SfOTe than half ammunition left. 

Save no arnmunition left. 

4bi orbiting a visible orbit point. 

Bright in thousands of feet. 

Aircraft is flying av^ay from directing 

Identified Enemy aircraft (Number may 
be indicated). 

Home airfield ( Note ; with ship based 
aircraft this means "Carrier") . 

Aircraft below you. 

TJhidentif ied aircraft (Note : implies 
"investigate trith cnutioxu- my bo ^ 

High level bombers. 

Am about to fire H,A. Shells to burst 
at estimated height of and in direct- 
ion of enemy. 

Fly at normal full speed (Note: Indi- 
cated Air Speeds will normally be 
used by shore Controllers). 

Centre of Unit or indicated part of 
Unit (see CLOCK CODE). 

(hm fighters. 




















Freddie* Indict- 




Grand Slam 
Heads Up 
Hey Rube 

Left (PORT) 


... .o 'clock 

PART I. (GontM^ -jfi^^^^ 

R.DJ?. screen is clear 
Keep near 'directing ship. 
Torpedo aircraft. 
Fightor Directing Ship 

As identifying myself as Fighter Directing 
S&3$ by giajciag puffs of smoke and/or some 
otiyga? prearranged signal. 

Aircraft is/are friendly. 

Quantity of fuel remaining (Number of 
gallons «?.g. "Fual forty-two") 

Fly ®% wx&mm possible gp^od (Note : not 

to bo ©aintairi^d for store than five minutes). 

$a»a$y aircraft shot dcwu 

Diyo tjojabtsrs 

Imsiay got through (part or all) 

Rondevoug ov$r directing ship. Report 
whon on station. 

Alt©r courss to left (aircraft normally 
alters course 30°). 

Identify yourself now. 

Fly at economical cruising speed. (Note; 
Indicated Air speeds will normally be used 
by shore controllers) . 

Below cloud. 

Aircraft in clock cod© sector indicated. 

* ui.^'isVfcr^n (Soo. CLOCK CODE). 

• Ji^ h 5- ..3* r 

Orbit Left (Port) 

Orbit Right (Star* 


Pancake ammo 

Circle and search. 
Circle arid search to left (Port). 
Circle and search to right (Starboard) 

Land, refuel and re-arra. 

Returning -short of ammunition. Wish to 

Inclosure 1 

- 2 - 

PART 1,- (Cont'd) 




Pancake Fuel 


Pancake "Hurt 



Pop eye 





PS . 



Re sum© 








IbgIosutg 2 

Request homing 
flight (Starboas*$) 




Seo you 


T ouch 

MEANING ": ;,r 
Returning short of fuel.- Wish to land. 
Returning mounded or damaged. Wish to land. 
Contactor . - « « « ^ * ^ 
In cloud. 
Above cloud. 

X^ntiCi^d enemy fighters, 

Eear of linit or indicated part of Unit 
{m® GZQQ% CODE). 

$&gu8o ptrol. 

SMw#&$$ : «cwrs9 to steoa? f or 'homo 1 . 

Ajtej* fi$iur&o to right {.aircraft normally 

to open S-irs (magnetic bearing 
«9$r ft* i^ice-t'^d) . clear. 

F2y ?-t lotavst ap@od posfsj-blo without losing 

Take off, sot course and climb, (e.g. 
"Scramble a*ro four aero, angels ton). 

Fleot in Sight. 


Low Shadowsr {b#lo$ £000 feet). 

Set course. .. (m&giwtic courses ind:Ust$d) 
for 'hop© ' . ' 

Enw aircraft' sigiftod (MQTE i Number*, 
type and height of eneny aireref t sighted 
should be reported). . . , . . 

In touch on homing beacon. 

Air craft is flying towards directing ship. 

$s$f| &$t$roa chf. 

til H I 

'aiivC'Vi * & Si^V"'* profit of Unit or indicated part, of Unit 
\ 5?V?M <**V; '.{a.e "CLOCK. : 

CODS) . 


Vector left 

Vector right 


Alter course to. . .magnetic course in- 
dicated. (Note; Like SCRAMBLE must be 
used with/ three figure group e.g. 
"Vector zero six zero" NOT "Vector six 
z@ro u nor "Vector Sixty". For homing 
courses "STEER" is used (q.v.y. 

Alter cowso to. . .magnetic ©curse indi- 
Satsd, -turning to LOT (POHf). 

Alter course to. . .magnetic course indi- 
cated, turttiag to RIGHT (STARBOARD). 

What state 

Report fuel and ammunition remaining. 
















C ester .' 




/ Freddie 


• Hawks 
Left (Port) 

: Lights 
# . . o ' clock 

Aircraft is abovlJ^^'W ^^'^ ^ 

Aircraft is flying away froin directing 
Skip . 

Alrsr^ft is belo^ you. . 

Unidentified aircraft (Kotos implies 
^investigate mth caution - maybe friendly"). 

Higfe levpl bombers. 

Am r.foout to fire H.A. Sheila to burst 
$% &pbimto$. height of and in direction 

eC Unit or indicated part of 
(ssc COPE). 

m^F dlx^tisg s! 

Torpedo nircr^ft. 

Fighter Directing Shi$j. 

Am identifying isyself a 9 Fighter Direct- 
ing Ship by soaking pwff s of s^noke or 
some ether pro -arranged signal. 

Aircraft is/or o friendly, 

Bive Berbers. 

Alter course to left (Port) (aircraft 
normally alter s course 30°) • 

Identify yowsalf »o#. 

Belo vi cloud . ' ' 

Aircraft in clock code sector. 

Incl/ #1 

- > - 








Pop eye 



In cloud. 
Above cloud. 


Right (starboard) 






Rear of Unit, or indicated part of Unit 
(see CLOCK CODE), 

Resume patrol. 

Alter course to right (Starboard) 

(Air croft normally alters course 30°) 

Aia about to open fire ( magnetic bearing 
my be indicated). Keep clear. 

Shadov;er . 

Lorn Shado-wor (below 2000 feet) . 

Aircraft is flying towards directing 

Front of Unit or indicated part of Unit 
(see CLOCK CODE) . 

(a) I-F J. 






"docsfeiBL is te 



Switch on your I.F.F. 

Switch off your I.F.F. 
I.F.F. is switched off. 

Adjust your I.F.F. 
(i.e. Cockerel 

(up one ) 
down two) - 

Turn I.F .F. (up 


Inel. #1 

6 - 



The 'following code words and phrai 
addition to those in Part I:- 




"Flash yo«r iSAPON" = "Switch on 
yotar A. I." 

«4y HS^CH is flashing" * "My A. I. 

is switched on* u 
"% WEABDH is bent" = "My A. I. is 

imser-yiconMe . " 

CONTACT » "I bav© «et &dies&iea oo ny A,I. fl 

CONTACT » "The, totoffttoi ©a jsy A.I. has f@d@d«, 





UNCLE ) = 


X0*u -v^ry so$n be obtaining a 

"CWidE^ 11 on tfe® aircraft that is being 

Take over (or "am taking over") the 

Homing Beacons 
Pqtrol Beacons. 

Bess Approach Beacons (old) 
Beam Agprosch Beacon System (nen?) 













"Searchlight beams". 

"Extinguish searchlights". 

"Enemy raiders are in the offing. 
(This is a warning message and is 
followed by the general direction 
of the approach of the raiders, 
©„g. '-Trade South".) 

"$ease orbiting (if "Trade" has 
not been given) and proceed in 
direction indicated." 

"Attack any enemy aircraft with- 
in your 'Box* 

"Attack any enemy aircraft any- 
where without restriction". 

"Abandon chase and return to or- 
bit beacon". 

"Am leaving orbit to attempt an 

"Do not adopt gauntlet proce- 
dure" . 

"Cannot find the raid allotted 
to me". 

• „> V>- t*'; k\ 

Approved and published: by 
authority of the- Combined Com- 
munications Board. 





Inclosure #1 

- 8 - 



AG 400 a 74 20QD 24 April 1943 

SUBJECT: Conservation of Rubber. 

TO s Commanding General, SOS, ETOUSA, 
Commanding General, V Corps „ 
Commanding General, Eighth Air Force. 
Commanding General, Iceland Base Command. 
Commanding Officer, European Wing, ATC. 

1. Immediate steps will be taken to bring to the attention of all mili- 
tary personnel engaged in the operation and maintenance of motorized ^equipment, 
the provisions of ?JD Cir 3S4, 27 Nov 1942, i&hich contains all instructions on 
the conservation of rubber tires and tubes. 

2. Commanding officers will be instructed to take immediate and positive 
measures to conserve rubber in every 'way possible and to subject to disciplin- 
ary action personnel involved in any wastage of rubber on Army equipment through 
failure to observe proper ma intenance. 

3. In accordance with the provisions of Y£D Cir 384, correct air pressure 
will be stenciled in the cabs on the instrument panels of all vehicles and on 
the shields or carriages of artillery pieces, le t te ring to be not less than one 
(1) inch in height . Tire pressure vdll bo checked daily. 

By command of Lieutenant General ANDREWS; 

/s/ Richard P. Fisk, 
/t/ RICfuiPD P. FISK, 
Lt. Colonel, AGD, 
Assistant Adjutant General. 



AG 381 M 23 April 1943 

SUBJECT: Rules of Land Warfare.' 

TO : Commanding General, SOS, ETOUSA. 

Commanding General, Eighth Air Force. 
Commanding General, V Corps. 
Commanding General, Iceland Base Commands, 
Commanding Officer, European Wing, ATC. 

1. Instructions have been received from the War Department inviting at- 
tention to paragraphs ISO, 182, 195, 199, 200 , 34-7, and 357, FM 27-10, "Rules 
of Land Yferfare", and to the fact that immunity from attack or capture is for- 
feited by chaplains and medical and sanitary personnel if they engage in combat 
or commit acts injurious to the enemy. Further, that if they do so while wear- 
ing the Red Cross Brassard, it is a serious misuse of the Red Cross emblem and 
they expose themselves to punishment by the enemy if captured. 

2. Your headquarters will immediately instruct all chaplains and medioal 
and sanitary personnel in your command to refrain from engaging in combat or 
the commission of any act injurious to the enemy. Troop officers will be in- 
structed not to order or permit chaplains and medioal and sanitary personnel 

to engage in such actions. 

3. No citations of such personnel will be fiiblished except for--- service 
in the line of their noncombctant professional duties. 

By command of Lieutenant General ANDREWS: 

/s/ Richard P. Fisk, 
Lt. Colonel, AGD, 
Assistant Adjutant General. 


aG 353 «02 

16 April 1943 


Visits of Observation to Units in the United Kingdom. 


C omma ndi ng Gen eral , SOS , ETOUSA . 

1. It is contemplated having officers on duty in the Office of the 
Inspector General, ETOUSA, make "visits of observation" to units in the field 
throughout the United Kingdom. 

2.. These visits mil have, as their primary purpose, the obtaining for 
the Theater Commander" of a cross-section of .conditions actually existing in 
the field; 'and in addition, to manifest interest in such units, and attempt to 
be helpful. 

3, Although from time to time action will be taken as the result of these 
"visits of observation", they are not to be considered inspections, and it will 
usually be impracticable to give advance notice to your headquarters or 
subordinate units of such visits. 

By command of Lieutenant General AN3REi3: 

/s/ Richard P. Fisk, 
Lt. Colonel, A.G.D., 
Assistant Adjutant General. 



AG 720.3 MGA 

SUBJECT: Immunization of Personnel. 

7 April 1943 

TO : Commanding General, SOS, STOUSA 

Commanding Q^neral, Iceland Basa. Command 
Commanding General,' V Corps 
Commanding Qm®r-$1, Mfpbh Air Fores 

Commanding Officer, Isuropemn Wing, Air Transport Command. 

The 'maintenance of imsjunisjation of crcny personnel is as essential 
as the initial jjsmuni^ation. It %a ^osir-e^ that a periodic check be made 
by all el^fuents in this theater to insttr® congsliance- wit.n Circular 46, Hq 
ETdUSA, 14 September 1942, as oiaende^ bjr (Jlarculir 15, Hq BTOUSA, 16 February 
1943 • The immunization of all j&ttwmtils Including -stimulating doses, in 
this theater will be kept up to 48&ft« 

By command of Liaut^^ Q$mr$l 

Lt, Colonel, AGD, 
Assistant Adjutant General 


AO 311,1 i-iQB 


SUBJECT: Kail of Interned Personnel. 

TO: Demanding General, V Corps 

Commanding General, SOS, MO'CiSA 
Commanding General , Iceland Base Command 
Commanding General, Eighth Air Force, 

By Authority of 
C.G., B.T.O.U.S.A. , 
Initials R.P.F._ 


1. Pursuant to instructions contained in CCITPIDSIITIAL War Department 
(HILaD) cable dated 28 March 1943, and S£ORBT HILID cable dated SO Harch 1943, 
the following is quoted for your informtion, ne-ces^ary action and distribu- 
tion as indicated belov:. 

"Censorship has been directed to delete location, reference to location 
or facts indicating present location in the letters of all interned personnel. 
All internees will be directed to use. only attache pouch for their mail and. to 
refrain from mentioning any of the above that the censor will delete* 

" Only relatives of the interned personnel will be notified by The 
Adjutant General, U.S ¥ Array, that those personnel are interned in a neutral 
country. All nail to internees .vd.ll h® addressed through the Military Intel — 
li/rence Service room and transmitted to the correct destination by pouch in 
accordance vith the following: 

' The letter nil be placed in tvro envelopes. The inner 
envelope fhould heve on it the na<;ie, rank rad serial 
number of the internee and also the statement "Interned 
in ITeutral Countries" ? the outer envelope should be 
# addressed to: 

WASHING •.!, B.C." 

2. This information should be given to ail personnel who may be flying ox 
travelling through or over neutral countries vhere danger of internment may be 
predetermined, provided that attention is called to its security classification. 

By command, of Lieutenant General ALTDHI-wS: 

Hq_ SOS, 
Hq. V Corpl 

29 th |nJ 
Hq Eighth 'Air ForcV-vip? 

(To include T . T ings) 
Hq Iceland Base Command (2) 

s/ RICEAHD ?. 7ISK, ' 
t/ RICHARD ?. nSl, 
Lt. Colonel, AGD, 
Assistant Adjutant General. 

- 1 - 



NG 220,8 E 31 Mar 1943 

SI33JSC": Discharge of EM 33 years of age or over. 

1. A cahle from the VJa.r Department states that Section II, WD 
Gir #39, leb 4, 1943 is being amended and that no new applications for 
discharge under this- authority will oe acted upon after midnight Mar 31- 

' Apr 1, 1943. 

2. All applications now on hand vill he held pending statement of • 
policy from this headquarters. Ho . new applications will he entertained. 

By command of Lieutenant General AEDEB^S: 

/s/ S. E. 

/t/ S. H. 0A3L21, 
Major, A.G-.D. , 
Ass't. Adj. Gen, 

3 -t 



"AG- 371 IvIX 21 March 194-3 
SUBJECT: Letter of Instructions, 
TO: .Commanding General, SOS, *ETOUSA. 

1. ■ Pursuant to instructions contained in War pepartment cable R55S5 
dated 3 February 1943, War Department letter, Office of the Chief of Staff, 
dated 14 May .1,94-2, subject : ; Organization, Services of Supply", is rescinded.. 
The following specific. . instructions • are issued for your guidance under the • 
general mission furnished your headquarters in Par 7a, General Orders No 16, 
Hq ETOUSA, dated 21 March 3943. 

2, The Services of Supply is the CoBui&ndiag General's agency. for the 
administrative service and supply of tUe theater. The Commanding General, 
SOS, ETOUSA, is charged with the following responsibilities : 

a. Receipt and delivery to depots of all supplies from the zone of the 
interior or from- local or foreign sources, 

b. Procurement, storage, maintenance, salvage and basic issue of all 
equipment and supplies, except Air Corps technical supplies, • ' 

c. Preparation of purchasing and contractual policies and procedure for 
the approval of the Theater Commander, and action thereunder, when approved. 

d. Control of all transportation pertaining to the theater excupt that 
specifically assigned to the control of other commands,. 

e. Construction. 

£. Quartering, to include acquiring, by such means as may be" necessary, 
accommodations and facilities for all forces and activities. 

jg. .Technical supervision, of all elements' of the Army postal Service and 
operation of those elements not assigned to other .forces. 

h. Establishment and maintenance of a Central Records Office for all 
army elements of the theater, except operation of the Prisoner of War Informa- 
tion Bureau. 

i. Acquisition, production and distribution of publications, training 
films," film strips and blank forms, - 

j;. . Operation of the Graves Registration Service, 

k. Requisitioning, quartering, training and distribution, under direct- 
ives and policies prescribed by the Theater Commander, of ail replacements for 
units assigned to the SOS, and the quartering and distribution of replacements 
for all units in the United Kingdom (except the Air Force replacements includ- 
ing arms and services therewith). 

1. Establishment and control of all disciplinary barracks, and military 
police control of troops under his command. 

m. Establishment and operation of such training centers and officer 
' candidate^ s-chools as may be .-directed by the Theater Cou^&$$«fc£ f. ^•^*|f k |f*f\ 

^^////^///^/^/^^^^ f t ^ ^ % ^ ?i y 

if 1 -?. • 

(AG 371 MX, ETOUSA, 21 Mar 1943 

n. #stabli&nment and opersticri of centers for t< 
officers to include administration of reelassif icrbic^y|^di3?$# tepfpMTed by the 
Theater Commander. 

o. Evacuation from other coiamands of prisoners of war, and. administration 
and control of all prisoner of war establishments, except those pertaining to 
othir ETC commands . 

jd. Evacuation and hospitalisation of sick and wounded from, other commands. 
Preparation of estimates of funds (except Air Force) required for 
operation of the theater, 

r. .Organisation and operation of recreational activities . 
s. Organization and operation of the Army Exchange Service, 
to Promotion and sale of v;ar bonds and stamps, 

u. Operation of all supply and administrative services which- serve the 
theater as a whole and which are not a part of other subordinate forces of the 

3. Authority, a The Corumar.diLg General, S08, ETOUSA is charged with 
the functions, responsibilities, and authority of command authorized by law. 
Army Regulations, and custom for the commander of a service command, over all 
individuals,' units and installations assigned to the SOS, ETOUSA, 

b. The CG, SOS, ETOUSA, is vested by the Theater Commander with all authority 
necessary to accomplish his mission, including authority to: 

(1) Approve plans and contracts of all kinds required to carry out 
his duties and responsibilities, 

(2) Employ, fix the compensation of, and discharge civilian personnel 
without regard to Civil Service rules, 

(3) Acquire any supplies, equipment, or property including rights in 
real estate practicable of acquirement, required to carry. out his duties 
and responsibilities, 

c. The Commanding General, SOS, ETOUSA^ is authorized to communicate directly 
with the War Department, or British agencies, or appropriate commanders on 
technical or routine administrative matters arising directly from his duties and 
responsibilities prescribed in paragraph 2 above. ^uch communications will have 
as their purpose the facilitating' of administrative service and supply procedure, 
but they will not infringe upon the inherent command responsibilities of other 
commanders , 

(J. -ithin the authority delegated to the CG, SOS, ETOUSA, orders may be issued 
!, By order of the Theater Commander". 

5) i ^vJjL" 

By command of Lieutenant General ANDREWS,; 

DISTRIBUTION : * « ^ a & Pk- £ ?f " 1 1 w 


CG, Eighth Air Force (1 

CG V Corps (15) 


CG, Iceland Base Command Ll 5) 
-CO, London Base Command (5) . . 
Each Staff Sect, Hq ETOUSA (2) 

Each AG Div (1) m 
.REPRODUCED HQ SOS 22 March 194.3 

Colonel, AGD, 
Adjutant General. 

DISmiBUTION: C less 

AG 336.2 GA 


IS Mar 1943 

I1EMORAI3DUM: Surveys of soldier opinion. 


All organizations 

1» The Commanding General has directe-J that c jntinuinj surveys of soldier 
opinion bo made in order to secure information for the development of 
policies which will insure adjustment of American troops to service in 3T0« 
particular attention will be paid to these factors which will insure 
continuance of cordial relations between Amor icon soldiers and British 
civilians and soldiers* 

2, 2nd Lieutenant Robert B. Tfallace, 0455909, Ord Dept, has been assigned to 
conduct these surveys, 

o» It is desired that such assistance and facilities as may be requested by 
this officer from time to tine be extended him in order that he may secure 
inf o-raati m by means of personal interviews and questionnaires obtained from 
a representative ction jf your command. 

(less Ken SOS Units) 

/ s/ Rc! lph pul s i f e r , 
/t/ Ralph Pulsifer, 
Colonel, AGD, 
Adjutant General, 



AG 311.5 (-2-12-43 )0B-S-3-M 

SUBJECT: Identification Photographs and Policy with 

Respect to Qualification of Personnel Autho- 
rized to Perform Dutie.s in .Connection with 
Secret and Cosof i&ential Cryptographic Systems 
of the Array. 

February 15, 1943 

TO: The Coinaanding Generals : 

Army Ground Forces; 

Amy Air Forces; • 

Services of Supply; Departments; 

Theaters of Operations; 

Base Commands; 

Service Commands; 

Ports 'of Embarkation; 
The Commander in Chief: 

Southwest Pacific Area; 
The Chief of the Armored Forces; 
The Commanding Officer: 
- All Posts, Camps, and Stations; 

Ports of Embarkation; 

Bp. so Commands. 

1. Secret letter this office June 5, 1940, AG- 004.5 (6 r J.-40)lMB-M, 
subject: Identification photographc of personnel authorised to perform 
duties in connection with the Secret cryptographic systems of the Army, 
and letter, November 2k, 1942, AG 004.5 (ll-20-42)C3~3-B-M, same subject, 
are hereby revoked. 

2. Letter this office, November 29, 1942, AG 311.5 ( 01-26-42 )0B~S-B-K, 
subject: Policy with respect to qualification of personnel engaged in duties 
connected with the prescribed crypt ographic systems, is hereby revoked. 

3. In order that the proscribed Secret and Confidential crypto- 
graphic systems of the Army may be adequately safeguarded, the following 
policy governing the Selection of comr-dseioned, enlisted, and civilian ' 
personnel for duties in connection therewith is published. Such personnel 
must be individuals: 

a. Of excellent character who arc citizens, preferably native 
born of the United States. 

b, Who have no intimate connection with foreigners in the 
United States or in foreign countries. 

AG 311.5 (2-12-43) OE-S-B-K (Con*t) 

c. Whose loyalty, integrity, discretion, and trustworthi- 
. ness are unquestioned. 

d. Vifhose financial status' and/or habits are such as to 
render unlikely their succumbing to any temptations arising from 
these sources. 

4. All coxuirdssionedj enlisted, and civilian personnel now employed 
in duties connected with the prescribed Secret and Confidential crypto- 
graphic systems, and who are to be assigned thereto, who hare not yet been 
investigated, will be investigated with the view to determining their quali- 
fications with respect to the items cited in paragraph 3 above, except that 
no investigation need be conducted of any officer or enlisted man having 
ten or more years continuous service in the United States Army, unless there 
is adequate reason to doubt his loyalty. 

5. A statement to the effect that full compliance with the provisions 
of this letter has been made with respect to all personnel having access 

to Secret and ' Confidential cryptographic material, will be signed by an 
.officer and forwarded to this office for file. Accompanying this signed 
statement will be the f oilowir^;.. idont.if icaticn photographs '(2 M x2j" in size):. 

a. One front' view; to include face and bust, 

b. One profile view, to include face and shoulder. 

One copy of the above signed statement and one copy each of identification 
photographs will also be filed in the appropriate records of the head- 
quarters to which the personnel are assigned for duty. 

•'.6. If, after investigation, any individuals now employed in crypto- 
graphic duties are found not to meet the above qualifications they will be 
relieved therefrom immediately and assigned to less responsible duties. A 
report of such action. will, be made to this office. 

7. Under exceptional combat conditions, if personnel who have been- 
investigated in accordance with paragraph 4 above are not available, it is 

le for commanders of task forces, overseas bases, service commands, 
ers and/or higher headquarters to appoint personnel to substitute 
injbst-i gated personnel are available. However such substitute 
djsb ^^wrfuJU^ selected for known qualities with respect to 

if 4; '1 

8. So far as pra^tl^bitej^ $N)lographs v'iil be made through the use oj 
such official photographic fac£St*%s as are available. To cover the expense 
of cases in which official photographic facilities and/or funds are not 
available, request will be submitted, for the amount necessary to meet require- 
ments . 

AG 311.5 (2-12-43) OB-S-B-M (Con't) 

" 9« It is desired that all concerned within your command be informed 
of the above. i . 

By order of the .Secretary of War: 

/s/ J, A. ULIO 

Jiajor General 
The Adjutant General 


Chiefs of Services 
Staff Divisions, SOS 
Divisions of the AGO 

The Divisions of the War Departiaani General Staff 

(less Non-SOS ) 

AG 311.5 



Combined Phonetic Alphabet. 

Ccnimanding General, SOS, ETOUSA 
Commanding General, V Corps (Reinf ) 
Commanding General, Eighth Air Force 
Commanding General, Iceland Base Command 
C ommand ing Of f icer , London Bas e C omraand . 

>: 'if Mi* 


6 February 1943 

1, The instructions contained in letter, this headquarters, AG 311.5 
MSIG, dated 27 October 194-2 , subject as above, are rescinded. 

2. In this connection attention of all concerned is invited to Signal 
Operations Instructions 8 - 2, ETOUSA, dated 1 December 1942, which con- 
tains the Phonetic Alphabet now authorized for use in this theater. 

By command of Lieutenant General ANDREWS: 

/s/ Richard P. Fisk 
Major, A.G.D., 
Assistant Adjutant General. 


All General and Staff Sections, 



C-in-C, Allied Force (l) 

Each Command as above (1) 



AG 210.5 M 30 Jan 1943 

SUBJECT: Au-ards and Decorations 
TO All concerned. 

1» The attention of all concerned, is invited to the provisions 
of paragraph 2.g (l) WD Circular No. 391 "dated 3 December 1942. 

2, In forwarding' recommendations for the award of decorations 
for individual acts of heroism for gallantry, recommending officers 
will insure that they are accompanied by affidavits of eye witnesses, 
whose testimony should describe, in their own i.ords, details of the 
act performed. 

By order of the Theater Coisiiander :, 

/s/ RIC!!ARD P. FISK, 
j'.ia j o r , A • G . D • , 
Assistant Adjutant General, 

Distribution "C" 

R^^gUCED Koj, SOS 1 Fob 1943 

DISTRIBUTION : n !l less 
The adjutant General, Washington, D.C. 
CG, SOS, Washington, D.C. 
Non-S,0,S. units. 

WAR DEFARTuEKT (W4-0-2-43) 
The Adjutant General's Office 

MEMORANDUM ) January 19, 194-3. 

No„ W4X3-2-43) 


1. Por a number of months the treatment of individuals with 
uncomplicated gonorrhea on a duty status has been practiced on a 
trial basis at several large Army posts in both tactical and other 
units. A board of officers appointed by the Secretary of War recently 
reviewed the results of those trials ana made the fol!o?/ing recom- 
mendations : 

(1) It is recommended that the policy of treating 
uncomplicated gonorrhea on a duty status^ be_ approved and*" that 

'the adoption of suchjT^Dlicy v/herever feasible "be encouraged. 

(2) Because "this lLotfiocTswy not be. actually practicable 
under all conditions, it is rocona tended that the adoption not 
be cade mandatory. 

2. The recommendations of the reviewing board have been 
approved. The early adoption of duty status treatment of 
uncomplicated gonorrhea wherever feasible is urged in order to 
reduce loss of training time and effect a 'saving' of hospital beds. 

3* Duty status treatment of gonorrhea should be initiated by 
the surgeon with the approval of, the conitano'ihg officer of the 
organization concerned. 

U* The Surgeon General will issue instruction's defining the 
professional standards to be obsarYod J/i the treatment of individuals' 
with gonorrhea on a duty status . 

(AG 726.1 (l-ia-43)3FGAM-Mf-R) . 

By order of the Secretary of War: 

s/ J. A. uli:o 
Liajor General 
The Adjutant General 



V, " 

29 January 194 


The Adjutant General, Washington, D.C, 

CG SOS, Washington, D.C. 

The Adjutant General's Office 

•AG 095 Publishers 1 Fact Service 
( 1-9-43 )0B-S-B-M 

January 12, 1943 


Publishers ' Fact Service 

TO: The Commanding Generals, 

Army Ground Forces 
Army Air Forces 
Services of Supply 
Defense Commands 
Theaters of Operations 
Base Commands 
Service Commands 
The Commanding Officers, 
Base Commands 

Posts, Cunpr. and Stations, including 
All Exempted Stations 

1* Paragraph 3, of letter, AG 095 Publishers* Fact Service (12-10-42) 
OB-S-B-K, December 12, 1942, subject: Publishers' Fact Service, is amended 
to read as follows: 

"3. All such questionnaires emanating from the Publishers* Fact 
Service, or other similar companies will be ignored and all questionnaires 
which may seem suspicious v/ili be transmitted to the Military Intelligence 
Division, 'Jar Department, through normal 3 ntelli genco channels for investi- 

By order of the Secretary of 7/ar: 

(s) J. A. ULIO, 

(t) J. A „ ULIO, 
Mai or General 
The Adjutant General 

Copies Furnished: DISTRIBUTION »C« less non 

The C'?.:ieis of Supply Services g 

Services of Supply 
The Divisions of the 'Jar Department 

General Staff 



The Adjutant General's Office • 

'.Washington / v . , . ' , * r 

095 Publishers* Fa-t Service 'Dece:.iber 12, 1942 

(12-1 0-42 )03-S-B£&i 

SUBJECT: Publishers 1 Pact Service. 

TO: The Commanding General^ , 

Array Ground Forces; 
Array Air Forces; 
Services of Supply; 
Defense Commands ; 
Theater of Operations; 
Base Commands; 
Service Commands ; 
The Corxiar.ding Officers, 
Base Commands; 

Posts, Camps and Stations, including 
All Exempted Stations* 

1 • It has been brought to the- attention of the War Department that the 
Publishers' Fact Service, 38 West 48th Street, Hew York, Nev7 York, is Distri- 
buting a questiennajLretlrroughout the iarcqr requesting specific information 
concerning production of tanks. 

2, It has been determined that the Publishers' Fact Service is a let- 
terhead used by Time and life Magazines to make surveys on various specific 

3« All such que s tie nna&r e s emanating from the Publishers' Fact Service 
or other similar companies -will be ignored and all qi ie s t ionnair e s which may 
seem suspicious vd.ll be transmitted to the Ivalitary Intelligence Division, 
W.D. for investigation* 

By order of the Secretary of Var 

/ s/ J# A. IJLIO 

/%/ > J. .'A,. ULIO 
Kajor General 

'COPIES FURNISHED The Adjutant General 

The Chiefs cf Supply Services, • ; : . <•. ..• 

Services of Supply; . . / „ . . 

The Divisions of the ;>ar Deyai trn^nt General Staff, 

Ltr "WD AGO 095, (12-10-42)0B-S-B-M, Subj: Publishers* Pac* 'Ser^dgri A «j |* 

Hq. ETOUSA, 31 December 19^2. TO: 

1st Ind- ft % v.t.- !«yp/^f 

Commander--inChief , Allied Force 
CG, V Corps (Reinf ) 
CG, Eighth Air Force 
CCfr, Iceland Base Command 
Commander, Maritime Command 
CO, London Base Command 

For necessary action and compliance with paragraph 3; basic letter 
through this headquarters « All subordinate units will be informed* 

By oider of the Theater Commander: 

/s/ Ralph PulKif er 

Colonel, A.G.B. 
•-ssistant adjutant General. 


Initials R.P.F. ; 
Date 11 Jan 1943 

AG 414.2 MED 

an 1943 

SUBJECT* Field Ranges. 


Commanding General , SOS, E2DUSA. 

Commanding general, Bighvh Air Fore®. 

Commanding General, ¥ Corps (Eeinf). 

Commanding Officer, London Base Command* 

1 # It is important that all units alerted for overseas movement give 
priority to field ranges at the $3^3 as @ of "b&g^&go, if necessary, to insure 
thoroughly drained ranges being, on thf &tm& ships with troops anji immediate 
ly available for use upon arrival &t deatiJOfction* 

'2. it is desired that all con4erm-& be informed* 

By order of the fU^&ter Commander: 



Major AGD, 
Assistant Adjutant General, 

(less non-SOS ) 


:D HQ SOS 5 Nova 1 

The Adjutant General's Off i< 

AG 004.61 (1£t5*42)0B~<S4I 

December 8, 1942 

SUBJECT: National Service Life Insurance. 

TOt ?he Commander-in-Chief , Southwest Pacific Area? 
The Commanding Generals, 
Theaters of Operations 5 

Departments 5 

Alaska and Caribbean I>e£en&§ CcKraaendsj . 
A~ll Service QoguBcz&dg; 
Ail Base Connandsj 
The Corainanding Off ieers 
AH Base Gcmands. 

1. A check by the Veterans * Administration of the amount of 
insurance held by c&sualties in our overseas stations shows that 25$ 
of th0 enlisted jnen have no National Service Life. InsT^anice whs^ever* 
The other 1$% have an average of less than one-fhajlf tf the amount 
available* This of course neans that the enlisted men now frarrv only 
about 35$ Of the National Service I4£<* Insurance f o# iwhith they ar© 
eligible. These statistics are net fo-r publication. 

2, Claims, are being' received f ron dependents only to have 
th^ told that their son or husband had no insurance or very little 
insurance . 

% This condition presents an a larraing situation* In sone 
^ases ojie depende.nt/v/ill receive considerable income 'because of the loss 
of a a on or husband and another dependent v411 .receive nothing. It 
Bill be difficult to explain to the people how su&h a thing could occur 
.and serious repercussions will come about. 

4. paragraph VI, lifer Department Circular N© f 368 dated .November • 
■fy decer^irali^e^ control and supervision of National Service . J4f .9 
Insurance and definitely placed the responsibility on Corananding Generals 
of Service Qeronands f or all Fosts, Stations, and Tactical Units, including 
esseEpted Stations, within their territ pry. 

5, Under da to of Nover-her 27 s 1%2 the Secretary of War caused a 
^letter to be published to all officer 3 and men of the Army on the i&portc^c© 
M^mhlf^rvtoQ Life Insurance. A copy of the Secretary ^jfe.r'3 X#ter- 
is attached. 

By order of the Secretary of War? 

.■ ■ ■ ,.. ^ir. .- ■ ; . , ; '. ' ■■ ■ 

% l^o'stjgr©^ : -v.-r . :/.'•'..'■,. 

Cy ltr-fr,See of^/ar, ^ 
11-27-42 ' 

<. The CGKiman^inc Generals, • . /- 
• ■ < ■ '" '■ .'• pastern Defense. Commands r ! - ; 
* Western Defense .Gcnrfaand;- • 
. The divisions of the War Department 
; -* ; General Staff, 


Brigadier General 1 
Acting The' 4djutant General 

AG 004,6 U ' Ik' Ind." 

HQ • \%^bx$A ,',_,29 : • Booster'' • i942V rTo jui GonceniGji . 


'The contents of this letter and inclosure will, be brought to the 
attcntionTof' nil personnel .vfao do not- carry the : jnasqimupa 1 - ampunt '.pf National 
Service;' Info Insurance. — . . -. : ~- ' :;; " ' 

By order of the Theater Gopju-inderj 

1-Iucl. n/c 


/b/ Richard P. Fisk, 
Major, A. C-. D. , 
Assistant Adjutant General, 

TSJ7- -n rpvp jyyp ygVT 1 


November 27, 1942 


Jn order to furnish maxiiriuni protection for members of the 
Arm" and their" dependents, the Congress provided National Service 
Life Insurance, It is to the personal advantage of- ey^ry officer 
and man to have this protection. The . cost is snail, and -with * 
present pay rates every soldier should be able to carry the maxi^ 
mum amount authorised.. 

Men < arc not taking maximum advantage of the benefits Congress 
has provided, largely because they are not properly inf orired as to 
Its value, and are not sufficiently impressed ?dth the need. 

It is my desire that ConiEianding Officers of all grades stress 
the value pf National Service Ij_fe Insurance to the individual 
soldier through educational methods and by personal interview. 

/s/ Henry L ? Stirnson 
Secretary of War, 

This <^«fc#S|S 


No o 8-2 


No* 6VL dated 1 November 1942 • 


1 December 1942 


^OIIUWOI^TIOII OF I^TTSRS, a. Effective Decker O1CO01Z 1942, 
the follo/wlng Phonetic Alphabet vill "be used by all U.S. Arwy Ground Forces 
and Air Forces in the European, Theater of Operations for the purpose of 
identifying -any letter of the alphabet. 

b. This alphabet will become effective in t ioint U»3„ Army" 
Navy cowAun'j. cations on January 01,00012 1^43 • 



■ Spoken as 


'HAH (ixECfeE^ 




I 3 

FE r rE!i (BtZP)+" 

D ' 



QWJ* . 

' ■ 


■ ■ ROCBR ■ 









1TTB (r^^CG*'^!}* 








K . 

. .. king* ■ 



T . 







+Names 'in parentheses v-ill be used v/hen the II, G, Navy General Siyaal Book 
is used, 

Jbcaeple: (Xj Enciphered Groups — a,b,e s d, and -a, will "fre spoken •" • ••' 
"Able, leaker, Charlie, Log, Easy." 

(2) Difficult i. r ord^ — CATKiARY vill be .spoken "Catenary — 
I spell Charlie, *Vble, Tare, Easy, Nan, Able, Roger, 
Yoke Catenary." 

2. PRO^CLvTICH OF HJimALS; V.'hen figures ?re trr-usndtted by radio- 
telephone, the 38ollQ\7inc, rule3 for their pronunciation vill le observed: 

'will -be pronounced Zero 

1 " " " " V-m. 
Z " " ■ n Too 

" " " Thuh-rse 

.signal cessation ^mmvMB 

. Ho. 8-2. . 

• -6 will t>e pronounced Six, v 

7 " " . Seven, ' 

8 " " " Ate, 

9 " " . " miner* 

Vfoen ecprnmiceoion is difficult or interference is "being experienced checls 
of the fibres may "be adopted as follows? 

The figure vail be spoken as ?-"bQye, speaking ^e^uence oi 3 digits 
ending with the figure required: 

irpjwe: i i! o~wer • a-'oo, Tnurv-ree, pc-wer. 

i-te © • » f • * y f •« m L'X~c, K-^vcn.} Ate* 

By order of the •l !, \d£-.ter Opinio ndcr: '• 

Brigadier Qengral, GSC, Acting Chief of ..Staffs' 


Brigadier* G&ner&l, G'.)Q, , ■ 

Asst. ; Chief of Staff, GK% piSTIvIBUTlCIT "3" 

PRODUCT. 1) HQ SOS C9 June 1943 


A& 421, GO 21 STovember 1342 

Sl3JZ-Cv; Seturn of mji^oms to C^a^dian Ansjr • 
TO.? Copending General, SOS, 3T0USA. 

Oqm:aanc.lD.g Officers of units to vMci; enlisted ir-en, forme- rely memhsrs 
of the Ce^adian Arw» h, va "been as igned, viiL, with the least practicable 
delay, collect the following S tarns of Canadian. Arcay clothing and equipment 
frojs these men and forward it t*> the Copcunding Officer, Returned. Stores 
Sub-Oepot "o. 1, Can&,dien Base Ordnance Ik^-ot , Crool.hari, Hants :->r 

3f t tled.ress, eui^s 


Gap, field, service 


Anklet s , v^h, prs 


Boots, e;*J£o, prs 

Gr^atcofts, drr;"b 




3a&;s, kit 


H^lmw.t, steel 


.?.e spirit or, A/G, corrolete 1 

3y order pf the Theater Comander; 

s/ S, K* GAl-CBIjE 
t/ 8, E. GhI3JxE, 
Obtain, A.^.p, , 
Ass't Adjutant- General*- 


m&mm tesatsh by apM^ims 

i£ 312,6 EGA 1 6 November 1943 

SUBJECT; Disposition of Reports and, records in case of desertion. 

TO; Commanding General, SOS, 3T0USA. 

The following policy with regard to the disposition of service records 
and ©Hied p ape r.a %n the case of deserters is adopted for this Theater: 

l t As required by par, 10a, A$ 615-300, July 20, 1942, as amended by Changes 
ITo, 3, October 14, 1943,, the organisation commander will forward to The Adjutant 
General, Washington, D. Q, , within two days after a man is dropped &s a deserter, 
"both carl? on copies of 4&Q Form Up 44 (Beport of Desertion) . He will securely 
faston the original copy of the report of desertion to the service record and 
will complete all other records of the deserter. These records will include th<-: 
enlisted wan 1 s service record^ extract of morning: report showing the entries ; 
"duty to AWQl^ and n AWQL to desertion.% individual clothing record, list of cloth 
ing left "bv deserter, qualif icatlcn card, and evidence gathered- at t ime of deser«# 
tion. The organisation commander will hold such records for one year and then fo 
ward them to $h@ Adjutant General, except that when (before the- expiration of one 
year) the organisation is ordered ' overseas from the United Kingdom, or is transrr 
f erred to another eo mmand, such records will he transferred to the custody of the 

a, Other than Air Force personnel - Eeplacemor-t Depot, SOS, STOUSAj 
b* Air Ibrce 3?ers.Qnnal r» 12th Replacement Control Depot; 
each, in turn, will retain custody of the records for the remainder of the year. 

2« As pr escribed in par 13, AR plc r 300, July 20, 1942, when an enlisted man 
is absent 1 without le?:'ve from his company, or detachment at time of sailing of 
transport from the. United Kingdom, either at embarkation or enroute, his name 
will be canceled from the passenger list with appropriate remarks relative to the 
date and place of absence, and he will be transferred to the appropriate depot 
specified in par la or b above* Transfer of records will be completed before 
sailing* The commander of the depot to which the absentee is transferred will- 
droT) the absentee as a deserter and t ase the action indicated in pars 9 and \Q- t 
AR 615-300, July 20, 1942 ? 

By command of Lieutenant General ISJS^IKO'iDE: 

(0) S, H. 
(T) S» H. &A>SL3, 
Captain, A. G. 1> 
~ - Aas 1 1 Adjutant General. 

•h 1 'Vt 


AG- 421 1-iCrA 4 November 1942 

SUBJECT: Wearing of Unauthorised Ribbons. 
TO : Coronanding General, SOS, iHIQUSA, 

1, It has coue to the attention of this headquarters that some 
repatriated soldiers frca the British and Canadian Forces are wearing 
the ribbor.. of the 3ritieh War L'la&al 1914-13, which is described as 

inches long, 2 /g inch wide vith 1/4 inch blue 
stripe, 1/16 inch black stripe, 1/4 inch vnite stripe 
and an orange center. 

Unless this riodrl has been officieilv- authorised 
fpr the individual concerned by the British or 
Canadian &overru.ient the wearing of it is vit.'iout 

2, It is desired that all concerned be advised of this and the 
necessary steps be taken to correct the situation. 

By coranand of Lieutenant Otsneral EiISBPKC r "Sii; 

hi B.IOIU?X' P. FISK, 
'ft! ]'I0hA-:L P. 7XSIC, 
k'aj or f A.3-.D., 
Assistant Adjutant Oaneral. 


AG 211 

24 October 1942, 


Appointment cf Warrant Officers, 


Commanding General, SOS, ETOUSA. 

1. Reference is made to letter this headquarters AG— .2 11. A, 
dated 23 July, 1942, Subject: Appointmert of Warrant Officers, in which 
you were authorized to appoint within authorized allotments, without, 
examination, Warrant Officers, junior grade, and to promote qualified 
Warrant Officers, junior grade, to the grade of Chief Warrant Officer. 

2. Authority delegated in the above letter does not include the 
appointment of Warrant Officer, "band leader, and Warrant Officer, Array 
Mine Planter Service© 

3. Recommendations for appointment of "band leaders, and Army' 
Mine Planter Service should "be processed in accordance with the provisions 
of Par. 11 and 12, AR 610-15, August 12, 1942. 

By command of Lieutenant General EISLjMOWER : 

?. .7. DAVIS, 
Colonel, A.G.D. 

Adjutant General* 


AG 620 IIGA ,, i± . . 22 October 1942 

Subjects Accommodations and Keating ?upl. j 


CG, V Corps (Reinf). 
CG, II Corps. 

CG; Eighth Air Force, ETOUSA # 

CG, Twelfth Air Force. 

CG , Antiaircraft- Command y ETOUSA 

Commander, Maritime Command, 

CO, London Base Command. 

CG, 29th Division. 

1. With the approach of the cold weather the British War Office has 
addressed a letter to the various British commands at home; reading 

" it is considered desirable to disseminate information to 

the forces regarding the necessity for reducing the amenities 
(comforts) enjoyed in barracks, hutted camps and requisitioned 
buildings during the coming winter* 

"The possible opening of a second front at 3ome future date is 
a matter of common knowledge, as is the arrival of allied reinforce- 
ments in this country. 

"The arrival of United States forces has not only increased the 
acute 'accommodation situation previously existing, but ha 1 s ; involved the 
move, of a large number of British units from camps where they have 
.been comfortably settled to alternative locations which are not in 
every respect suitable for the type' of unit for ' wh;icjv;the;£ a'i€ no/^ 
utilized „ ' : ' J * r '« <! 

' . , "In addition, owing to the shortage of labour and materials, 
and the shortage of time available in which to "prepare" this accbmmo- 
.dation, it has been found necessary, to increase considerably the 
.density in barracks.. ..' , 

• ""It": is hoped, that with the ; compio^On... of ; tho present building ' 
programme , . it'.may'.Da. found: possible "to 'restore' a certain measure of 
the old scales. ' .A step , in this'; ii^eati6n-"^as already been taken by 
r'3riht£<&$$5^~ tee..--i)rdyi.3idns-;. .pf /,gho.w$.i*3 . to.iy6rsally . in' all camps. . 

"For the time tj&$ijjgi|" ^^^^^d^'dor^^'T^snsre" 'of overcrowding, 
with ; a ,_cons^ufn^|^^^^o.n$^l^? ^JP^^¥^aaidablo # It is 

felt that, if the reasons for this ausberify^pp]l%ied, it will 
assist all ranks in bearing cheerfully the consequeMlSL discomfort. 

"Apart from overcrowding , the shortage of fuel, and the 
necessity for making use of fuel of poor quality, will also . contri- 
bute to harder conditions of living,* It may be necessary to reduce 
the scales of issue to a level which; will limit the provisions of hot 
water,. and will further restrict the hours during which the heating 
of living accommodation may be permitted,. Troops will realize, of 
course, th&t this additional discomfort is being borne likewise by 
the whole of the civil population,, and that it is unavoidable with 
the prssent gap between national production and consumption* The • 
efficient use of the available fuel is, therefore, a direct contri- 
bution by them to the war effort. 

"You are asked to take such steps as you may consider desirable, 
through unit commanders, to explain the situation to the troops 
serving under your Command ," 

2 # While many of the American units • in Great Britain will be enjoy- 
ing "amenities' 1 ' more comfortable than the British during the coming winter, 
the above letter should be explained to your troops, illustrating the hard- 
ships which the British are willingly undergoing. 

By command of Lieutenant General EISENHOWER: 

/s/ Ralph Puis if er, 
Colonel, A.G.D., 
Assistant Adjutant General. 



AG 451 MGD 

22 October 1942 


Automotive Disability Reports. 

. TO : 


1. The provisions of Section VI, Circular 35, Hq KTOUSA, 27 August 
1942, relative to the submission of Automotive Disability Reports, are not 
being complied 'with-. 

2. It is directed that instructions contained in the above circular 
be brought to the attention of the commanding officer of each post, • camp, 
or station, with particular emphasis on the 'following: 

a. Reports to be classified as "Secret". 

b Reports ?;ill bo eubr.dttod as of noon cf the 16th of each month 
by' the 1st of the following month. 

c. The prescribed form as sot forth in Appendices Nos. 1 and 2 will 
be complied with, 

d. List of organisations included ? bo shorn under Section h of 
the report form. 

e« Reports of detached unit? will be submitted in accordance with, 
the provisions of Section VI, Far la (2). 

3. Indicate on report under Section c, which T/'BA is being used as 
•a basis for reporting oho rt ages • 

By command of Lieutenant General EISSKIiOiffiR: 

/s/ Richard P. Fisk, 
Major, '.G.D. , 

Assistant Adjutant General. 

european theater .of operations 
units!) states arm! . 



1 August 194-2 


Clothing in Possession of Enlisted' Men Transferring 'to 
Allied Foroes . 

TO ; Commanding General, SOS, ETQUSA. 

Reference ia made' to letter, this Headquarters, dated 5 May' 194?, 
file AG-Mis c. 421,' Subject: 41 Clothing in Possession of Enlisted Men 
Transferring;, to the Allied Forces" . It is directed that v/hen Enlisted 
Meji' transferring from the Canadian Force's to the American Army and 
have' v the Canadian uniform in their possession, they will be properly 
clothed in the United States uniform at the earliest date and the 
Canadian Force 1 S" "clothing will be collected and turned over, to the 
Quartermaster Corps for shipment to: 

Ordnance Officer, . 
Returned Stores Sub-Depot , 
No.l Cdn. Base Ordnance Depot, 
Crookham, Rants. 

By, command. of Lieutenant General. EISI 


/S/ j^HES F. BARBER, JR., 
Major A.G.D. 
Assistant Adjutant General. 



5 May 1942 • 


Clothing in Possession of Enlisted Men Transferring to Allied Forces 


Commanding General, United States Army Northern Ireland Forces 9 
Commanding General, United States Army. Air Forces Observers Groups, 
Commanding Officers , Separate Units . 

1, Through the courtesy of the Canadian Military Authorities, arrange- 
ments have been made to the effect that enlisted men transferred from the Can** 
adian Army to the Army of the United States will retain their uniforms until 
such time as they can be issued United States uniforms. 

2, All officers receiving these men will insure that all identification 
marks and other insignia are removed from the uniform and replaced by U.S. 
insignia, chevrons, buttons, and other markings so far as available. 

3« Each man "Jill be provided with AGO Form 65-4? War Department Identic 
fication Card, ' Statement will be attached .thereto to the effect that the 
bearer is an enlisted man in the Army of the United States, and with the concur- 
rence of the Canadian Military Authorities is authorised to wear the Canadian 
uniform less identification marks until such time as he may be properly equip- 

4. Enlisted men will be clothed properly at the earliest practicable 
date, and the Canadian clothing collected and turned over to the Quartermaster 
Corps for transmittal in periodic shipments to the Canadian Military Headquar- 
ters, London, England, The following items will be returned: 

1 Suit' of battledress 
1 Cap, field service 
1 Anklets 

1 Steel helmet 

1 Ki 

1 Pair of boots, ankle 
1 Great Coat 
1 Respirator, complete 
1 Shirt 

!it bag 

5, It is expected that si 
Allied Forces, 

ar arrangements 

will be made with other 

By command pf J^'or Ctenerfcl CHAlvSY: 


Incl #1 

I. B. SUIiiSRS, 
Colonel, A.G.D. 
Adjutant General. 



AG-Mis c» 
250. l-A 

6 August 1942 


Use of Profane Language, 



CG, £th AF 

CG; V Army Corps (Reinf ) 

CG, II Army Corps 

CG, North Ireland Base Command 

CG; Iceland Base Command' 

CG; Antiaircraft Command, ETOUSA 

CO, Hq Command, ETOUSA 

1, The use of profane language by officers and non-commissioned officers 
in the exercise of their authority is not necessary and is highly reprehensible. 
Profanity directed at any subordinate can properly be regarded as* a senior 
commander* s justification for relief of the offender from command. Indiscrimi- 
nate and constant use of profanity is an indication of weakness, and demon- 
strates inability to control one's self as "well as others,, Reports reaching 
this headquarters indicate that in some units officers and non-commissioned 
officers are seriously offending in this respect. In the presence of civilians 
and personnel of the British forces this practice will create an unfortunate 
impression that will be reflected in unfavorable military results, 

2, It is directed that all commanding officers give attention to the 
correction of this failure in leadership. 

By: command of Lieutenant General EISENHOWER: 

AG 250.1 6 Aui» 1Q}<9) 


Lt, Col,, A.G.D#, 

Assistant Adjutant General, 


AG-Enl. 24 Jul 1942. 

SUBJEGT: Transmittal of Guide for the Maintenance of Service Records. 

TO: Commanding General, S.O.S., ETOUSA, 

1. Enclosed Guide for the Maintenance of Service Records for 
your information and guidance. 

By command of Lieutenant General EISSNHO'SR: 

/s/ JAMES F,' BARBER, 'JR., 
Major, A.G.D., 
Asst. Adj. General * 



1, Familiarity of all custodians with AR 345-125' (incl. changes) and with" " 

the service Record Form No, 24 (edition of November 1, 1940) is essential. (Par.lcjL 

2* A Service Record coming into the custody of any officer will "be carefully 
scrutinized, and if any entry on the form appears incomplete steps will be taken 
at once to secure the necessary data and complete the entr3 r , (par, 4), 

3, All entries will be made, with black ink (Par. lg. , except in cases where 
pencil notations are authorized pending the final decision as to the result of a 
trial (Par, 19g (3) i ,and except the entry made in red ink* in- cases where a sol-' 
dier' does ndt desire National Service Life Insurance (Par. 6, Sec. II, Cir. 125, 
W.D., 1940), 

4, All entries requiring initials Trill be initialed in ink at the time the 
entry is made, (par. lg) . 

5, YJhenever' an officer authenticates an entry by his initials 1 for the first 
time, he will 'record his initials and his full name, grade and organisation on 
page 24. (Par, lg). 

6, Erroneous entries will not be erased. A thin line will be drawn through 
the erroneous entry, and immediately above it ".fill be written 'the correct entry 
with date, and initialed by the officer making it, (par, lh), 

7, When there are no data relating to a printed heading, the space under 
that heading will be left blank. Negative entries such as "none" and "nothing'', 
will not be made in any part of the form, except as required for street and house 
number and entries shown in indorsements as "Due United States", (par. li), 

3, In case the space under any heading proves insufficient, additional space 
may be made by securely attaching another similar page (printed as */ r ,D, ,A.G,0. 
Forms 24-1 to 24-7 (Insert to Service Record), and indicating the facts that an 
addition has been made to the Service "Record \rj making a notation on the margin 
of the original page, (Par, lj). 

9# The Horning Report determining the number of soldiers assigned to the 
organization. An equal number of Service Records must be on hand. If a soldier 
is on detached service, absent in confinoincnt^ absent sick, etc., an Extract 
from, the Service Record should be on file in lieu of the Service Record, 


10, All Service Records of men enlisted in the Army or inducted into active 
military service after September 15, 1940, will bear at the top of the front out- 
side cover the name of the component in which they are enlisted. (Sect. II, Cir. 
114, V-'.D., 1940). New Service Records, edition of November 1, 1940, have these 
data printed on the cover. 

- 1 - 

PACE 1. 

11, Induction Recor ds, — Check to determine if a new "Page 1" is "pasted in" 
the' older' edition of Service Records' of selective service men, (Sect. Hlj Cir, 
114, W.D., 1940) New Service Records, editions of November 1, 1940, end March 1, 
1941 are printed with the corrected page 1, 

Records of Irmuni g at 5. on , — a. Are these entries complete as to date and 
result of smallpox vaccination and to the completion of typhoid vaccination? 
Smallpox vaccinations are required every three (3) years; two (2) series of typhoid 
vaccinations within three (3) years are required, after which a soldier is exempt 
from further typhoid vaccination, except that soldiers over 45 "years of age need ' 
not take further typhoid vaccinations* (Par, 5, and also pars, lb and 6b (1) (c), 
AR 40-215), 

Vaccinations against Yellow Fever and Typhus are also required in the 
ETOUSA, Innoculations against pneumonia are optional but are recommended. Tetanus 
immunizations require a "booster" shot at the end of six months, 

b. Has the result of tetanus iasiruhization and blood grouping been 
printed under "Other Vaccinations"? '(Sect. II, Cir. 132, W.D., 1941 and par. 35b, 
AR 600-40, as amended by Cir, 142, vi.D., 1941.) 


13. Enlistment R ecor d . — Are all entries complete, i.e., place of birth, 
weight ,• size of sho e, married or single, etc,? Mien a man has married after 
enlistment, a notation should be made under "Remarks - Administrative" stating 
such data, as date, place of marriage, whether with or without permission, and 
authority for the marriage, if granted (see Par. 14e (2), AR 600^-750, and Cir, 65, 
17. D, 1939). The entry after "Carried or Single" on"pago 2, should be changed 
(Par. 4), and a note placed on the margin "Sew Remarks", 

14. £duc ati ona l Qualif i cat i on s . — Are all entries complete? Has the 
reference to foreign languages been complied with? 

15. 0c cupat ional Quali f icat ions , — Have those entries boon completed to 

show main occupation, next best occupation, and degree of proficiency in each case? 

16. Home Add ress and Ne arest Rela tive, - Are all entries complete? If, as 
frequently occurs, beneficiaries -are changed, the entries under this heading and 
under the next heading, "Designation of Beneficiary", should be reconciled, 

17. Designat ion of Beneficiary. — Are - entries complete? Vflion eligibility 
of beneficiaries are changed for any cause, the name, address and degree of 
relationship of the new beneficiary, together with the date entry is made, will be 
entered under "Remarks Administrative" , (Par. 6b), 

If no beneficiary has been designated, have the provisions of Par, 6c 
been complied with? After compliance,, if the solder has no beneficiary, the 
officer will note on the margin near the space for "Designation of Beneficiary" the 
word "verified", followed by his signature" and date. The initials of the officer 
are hot sufficient. (Par. 6c), 

Curren t gnlistm ent . — a. Are all entries complete? In ease of 
Selective Service Lien, only those entries which arc applicable will be made, 
In case of the Regular Army Beservists the date of enlistnient in the Regular 
Army Reserves -7 ill be entered, and the date the soldier reported for active 
duty 173II be entered under "Remarks — Administrative " (Letter W.D., A.G-.O.,. 
l arch 28, 1941, Sub j : "Servi.ce Records for Regular Army Reserves, "File AG 326.1 
'(3-2S-U) n.) 

b. The data regarding longevity pay villi be initialed by the officer 
initiating the Service Record, (par. 7, as changed by Change No. 3).. 

PAGE 3 , 

19. prior Service . *~ All prior service of the soldier should be entered 
as required, and should, exclusive of tin© lost under AW 107, agree with the 
number of years created for longevity pay on Page 2. (See Par. 18b, on pre- 
ceding page). (Par. 3). 


20. Military Qualifications . *— ' a. Is the highest grade held during the 
World War shown? Check "Prior Service" on Pago 3 } for possible World War service. 

b, If the soldier is a member 01 the Officers' Reserve Corps, Is the 
grade held in the O.R.C. indicated? 

c. -Has graduation from a noa~commis sioned officers' or special service 
school been entered? Poes entry indicate the school, dates and course taken? 

2i; Army Sp ecialty. *— Have qualifications as cooks, clerks, mess sergeants, 
motor mechanics, wagoner, horseshoor, etc., been recorded? Have these specialties 
been rated as required? (Par. 9b), as changed). 

22. Special Dut y. — From the current Duty Roster and Horning Report make a 
.list of men designated as special duty (3D). Check the Service Record of each of 
these men to see that class, place, date and authority are entered, (par. 10). 

23. Arti cles of 'War. — Have the' Articles of War been read and explained with 
in six (6) days after enlistment and every six (6) months thereafter (AW 110),- 
Recorded and initialed? (par. 16). 

24. S ex Morality . — Has the soldier been instructed in sex morality at least 
twice each' calendar year at intervals of approximately six (6) months? (Par. lc, 
AR 40-235). All records of course subsequent to the first course may be entered 
under "Remarks - Administrative. » (par. 17). . 

25 • Qualification in Arms..: — Are entries complete under this* heading for 
qualification attained for nhich extra compensation is granted? All other special 
qualifications attained for which ho extra compensation is granted will be shown 
under - "Remarks - Administrative" . (Par. 11). 

.26, v Military Record . — All changes of "grade and ratings during the current 
enlistment that effect pay to. 11 bo entered. Check go see if Technicians' Grades 
are entered and complete, 

27 • Or ganizatio n's to which attached , — Entries under this heading will be 
filled in when the soldier is attached to an organization while awaiting assignment 
or while * en route to the organization to idiich he has been or is to 'be assigned,' 
(Par, 13.) 

20, 'Original a nd Subsequent Assignments . — Is assignment to present organi- 
zation -shown with station and date soldier joined?' (Par. 13). Check the date 
with the ' entry at the bottom of each appropriate indorsement "for reconciliation 
with travel time, delays, furloughs, or unauthorized absences. 

' page; 6 . 

29, F urloughs . — - Have inclusi\ r e dates end authority been entered? Has the 
date rejoined been entered? (iTotq: This date is frequently omitted). Check the 
date of return in the morning report with that shown on Service Record, (Par 14), 
For cases of AI7QL after furlough, desertion, or death while on furlough see par, 14, 

.30, Foreign Ser vices, Have appropriate entries been made vhen enlisted 
man has gone to or returned from foreign service on a duty status or on furlough? 
(par, 15) . 

31. — Medals, Decorations, and Citations, 1— Under this heading will be' shown 
awards of the Medal of Honor, Soldiers Radal, other luedals, citations, and foreign 
decorations, (par. IS), 

• USSJLl " 

32, Time Lost Prior to the Formal Date of .Expiration of Term of Enlistment, — 
All dates under this heading are inclusive dates. Check the 'number of days shown 
to see that the total number of days is correct , The "day of departure is the day 
of absences and the day of return is the date of dirty. Ask the First Sergeant for 
a list of i;ien who have gone AIYOL, have been in confinement, or sick not in line of 
duty (venereals) during their current enlistments. Check entries on this page with 
Horning Report, Sick Report, pay Rolls, Court 1 Partial Orders, and "Remarks - < - 
Financial" for proper entries and deductions. 

Under" (a), "Absence without proper ' .authority or in desertion", show all 
such absences. 

Under (b), "Time actually in confinement", otcv, cshow^t hot. 'date the 
soldier is confined in pencil and while awaiting trial. Tf the trial results in 
conviction change the pencil entry to ink. If soldier is acquitted, ' erase the 
pencil entry. The entry under "To" ■ should be the day. prior to the day of release 
from confinement as shown on page g, of -Service Record, (.See Par 34, below) , 
Entries of absences of soldiers confined by civil- authorities and convicted will be 
entered under this heading followed by a notation, "gee Remarks", and an 'entry ' ' 
made under '"Remarks - Administrative" • showing the 'date of arrest by the civil 
authorities, the nature and the date of - commission of the offense for which 
arrested, whether hold for trial, tried, and convicted, and, if convicted, the 
sentence adjudged, if not convicted, the . statement of the case will be entered 

- 4 - 

zander "Remarks - Administrative n only. If released by the civil authorities 
because of reparations made, an entry Trill be made of such absence as in the 
case of conviction. 

Under (c), "Unable to 'perform duty" etc., sho7/ all absences as "a result 
of the soldier's own misconduct. Check the Sick report for such entries. (Par, 19) ♦ 

33 • Absences Subseque nt to the Formal Date of Expiration of Term of Enli st- 
ment . — All, entries under this heading are similar to those described in par, 32, 
above, except that such data occurring subsequent to normal date of expiration of 
term of enlistment ig entered, (par. 20), 

34. Records of Tri als by Court Martia l, — All records of trials by courts- 
martial, except traals "which have resulted in acquittal or disapproval of con- 
viction, vri.ll be shown. Is the entry complete and is it certified by the signature, 
rank, and organisation of an officer? 

If the unexecuted portion of the confinement and forfeiture has been re- 
mitted, is the authority shown? 

Is the date of release from confinement entered? Check with. Page 7, to 
ascertain if the data under "To" is the day px*ovious to the date shown here. The 
day of release from confinement is a day of duty, (par. 21), 

Check with entries at bottom of page 11, of Service Record to see that 
proper entries have been made of pay detained by court s-mrtial and check also 
with "Remarks - Financial" on Pago 19, to see that proper entry of deduction has 
been made' of pay detained and of court-martial forfeitures. Check also rath the 
pay rolls, for the months indicated in the Service Record, to see that such de- 
ductions have actually been made on the pay rolls. 

PACF, ?. 

35, Class E Allotment a\ — Check pay rolls to see that all Class E Allotments 
are recorded in the Service Record, and conversely, check to see that all allot- 
ments entered in Service Record have been deducted on the pay roll, (Par. 22), 

PAG;! 10 , 

36; Gov e rnment In sur an ce s . Check similarly to that indicated in Par. 35, 
above. (Par. 23). 

National Ser vice .Life Insurance, — This subject must, be thoroughly 
explained to all soldiers and its advantages made available to them. For the 
changes "required under this heading when a soldier takes out this insurance, 
see Cir, 125, A'.D. 1940. For- those cases where a soldier does not desire to 
take out this form, of insurance, the statement "Mo Insurance desired" will be 
written or stamped in red ink diagonally across the first vacant space, under 
the heading "Government Insurances", pa-rover, in the event the soldier does not 
desire to' take out this form of insurance, or is undecided, attention is invited 
to Par, 2, letter W,D, A.G.O., dated August 12, 1941., Subject: National Service' 
Life Insurance", file: AG 004.61, national Service Life insurance (8-6-41) UB-H, 
(Note: ' This is the only case ^tiere an entry in red is permitted on the Service 
Record . ) The holder should enter his signature on the last line of this space 

- 5 - 

and the signature will be initialed by an officer,' The date the statement was 
signed will be placed in the space provided. (Par. 6, Sec II, dir. 125, W.D-. 1940). 

PAGE 11. 

37. Deposits . — Check the entries on the Service Record with the entries 
noted in the Deposit Book and see that they arree. (par. 24). 

38. Pa y Detained by Courts-Martial Entered on pay Roll. -~ Check entries 
under this heading- with entries under "Record of Trials by Court s~] 'art ial" Page 
8, Service Record", with "Remarks - Financial", and with the pay rolls cited, 

( i ar » 25 ) . 

PACE 12, 

39 ♦ Clothing Account. — Has clothing account been balanced and closed out? 

40. Gratuit qusa Issue of Clothing. — Sane remark as in Par, 39, above, 

41« Cl ot hing Sett le nient s . — Have clothing settle no nts been entered and 
initialed on June 30 and on Dcceoebr 31, of oach year since date of enlistment, 
and on September 15, 1940, 'pursuant to par, 6a, Car. 97, T A.D. 1940? (Par. 26, 
and also Par, 9b AR 615-40. The clothing money allowance was susDended on 
September 15, 1940 by Cir. 97, A'.D. 1940). 

PACEff 13 ANfr 14* 

42* R emarks - Financ ials — • Are r a-enlis tisont allowances, date, grade, etc, 
shown for all men who re-enlistod since July 1, 1939? (Par. 1, AR 35-2420), 

If the soldier was discharged to re-enlist, the place of acceptance 
for previous enlistment should be entered as the place to which he is entitled 
to travel pay. (Par. 2h and 3g, AR 35-2560), 

. An enlisted man who is transferred upon his own application to a point 
more than 500 miles from the place of acceptance for enlistment, or to foreign 
service (Par, 8, AR 6.15-210), must execute and sign the waiver required by par. 
5b, AR 615-200, This waiver will be inclosed in the Service Record, and entry 
will be made "under "Remarks - Financial" to the effect ;,hat waiver of travel pay 
wes executed. (Par. 5c, AR 615-200). 

Check pay roll of previous month to see that all stoppages, forfeitures, 
partial payments, deductions, etc,, apree w it h entries on this page and vice versa, 
(par, 27b and also Par. 3d, AR 35-1440). 

Check pay roll to determine that men with less than one years service 
on current enlistment have not been " charged with clotfrinr over-drawn on September 
15, 1940 clothing settles nt, (Par. 6a, Cir. 97, W.D., 1940).. 

p;.ce 15. 

43. Remarks - A dministrat ive. — All administrative matters not shown else- 
where in the Service Record will be entered on this pare, (Par, 27a). 

Has the entry » FK ' 21-100 issued" been made to indicate issue of "Soldiers 
Handbook". (Sect. 1, Cir. 3, W.D., 1941). 

Other extensions of remarks required on this page have, been mentioned 
in previous paragraphs above, 

PAGES 16 TO 25. 

44. In dorsora&nt s . — Are all entries complete as required? (par, 29). Is 
the date the soldier' reported entered? Reconcile with entries on page 5, as 
indicated in par. 28, above. 

* Pii(p 24* • , 

45. The initials, full name, grade and organization of 'every officer who 
has entered 'his initials miywhc re .. in. t he Service Fx- cord will bo shown on this 
page. (Par, Ig), 


Lieutenant Colonel, I.G.D, "* 
Assistant Inspector General, 

REPRODUCED HO SOS, 2? rJovember, 1943. 


AG~0£f 23 July 1942 

SUBJECT^ • Appointment of Yforrant Of fibers. 

TO : ' (bsmnding General, SOS, ET0T3SA, 

1* Within aixthoi^-zed allotinents , you are authorised to appoint, 
Trf.i±toxii esmiria^on, i^arrWt officers, junior grade , from qualified enlisted 
personnel within your coiarriand. You are also authorized, within current 
allotments, to promote qualified- warrant officers, junior grade, to the 
grade of Chief Warrant Officer. 

■ You may delegate this authority to general officers T?ithin 
their respective -commands , subject to the foregoing restrictions. 

3* In Baking temporary anointments undor the above authority, 
the previsions cf AR 6X0-10 and AR 610*15 should be referred to as a guide 
to insure general conformity with War Department polic2.r and regulations, as 
to qualifications and classifications of warrant officers. 

U* Attention is directed to the. War Department policy that warrant 
officers are assigned to relieve commissioned officers of administrative 
and technical duties of a routine nature, and not to perform duties normally 
performed by enlisted men. 

5, The reports required by Par. %, 12b, and 13d, AR 610-15, 

will be made, .In addition to the above reports it is desired that the name, 
date of discharge, date of appointment, date of acceptance, serial number, 
and classification as a tzar rant officer, of all personnel appointed under 
this authority, be reported to this headquarters by radio. 

6, The following blade of serial numbers,, is allotted for assign- 
ment to personnel appointed v^arrant officer, junior grade; W-2111186 to 
2111192 inclusive. Additional serial numbers wiH be .furnished on request, 

7, A form for recommending non-commissioned officers for promotion 
to warrant officer is attached. 

By command of Lieutenant General EISENHOWER: 

s/ T. J. Davis, 
t/ T. J. DAVIS, 

Colonel, A.G.D. 

Adjutant General, 

X Incl. 

Ltr. of remd Apmt of W.O. 






SUBJECT? Appointment -of Tftarrant Of ficers, 


C. G, 

1. It is recommended that 

be appointed, a 

temporary .^CZaief or Junior grade, Warrant Officer, with classification ass 

2. Basis for recommendation: 

(a) I/ace of appointment present grade; 

(b) Statement of service 

(a) Present duties and manner of performance of sane: 

(d) Ago:. 

(e) He has never boon sentenced to confinement in a penitentiary,' or 
convicted in any civil or military court lor an offence denounced as a felony. 

(f.) His character is: . 

(g) Ho is" a' citizen' of the United States (or of the Phillippine Islands) 

(h) His mental score on classification test as shown on Form 20 is: 

(i) Statement of education and experience other than military: 

(j) Any other pertinent information:. 

*Strike out one. 
**See Par, 4, AR 610-10 

iKXPR;.^ Submit single cop y only. 

*Corr iding Officer or 
Chi*. , of Station, 


A& 33^.2- Hi sc. 

22 July 1 942 


Anti-British expressions "by officers. 


CG, SOS, ETOUSA; CG, V Army Corps (Reinf); CG, II Army Corps; 
CG, 8th Air Force; QG, AA Command; CG, Iceland Base Command; CO 
Hq. Command, ETOUSA; CO, 503rd Parachute Bn; Chiefs of all Staff 
Sections, this Hq. 

1. It has come to the attention of this headquarters that certain 
officers have made critical comments relative to Great Britain, and the British, 
and that similar comments have "been made in correspondence. Certain of these 
comments and criticisms have been made in the presence of British military 
personnel and civilians. Such conduct on the part of officers of the United State? 
Army is a reflection on the discipline of the Army. It is, furthermore, a con- 
tribution to the propaganda campaign of the enemy. It is the duty of all officers 
to foster and preserve the good feeling between ourselves and our Allies, essent- 
ial to victory. 

2. Officers are enjoined to exercise discretion in their comments; such 
action is especially necessary for newly joined officers who are not familiar 
with British customs nor frith the restrictions which the rear has imposed on 
customary services and facilities. 

3» This matter will be brought to the attention of all officers of this 
command and communicated by respective commanders to all newly arrived officers* 

By command of Lieutenant General EISEIIHO'.'Kl: 

Colonel, A. G, D. 
Adjutant General. 

EUhOPEA?! TIIi:A7.eR up uP i-^r*^ . 

AO- 451.2 ^ lii-i^y, 394^ 

OBJECT? Alignment of Motor Vehicles. SECKFT 

iiU.tii* GG , >_ A)>. "j.j jl 

'>? Commanding General, S.0.3.,. Initials: ^ L 

Coma riding General, II Army Corps, Date: 16 Jul .l 5 ?; 
Commanding General, 8th Air Force, 
Commanding General, USANIF, 
Commanding General, A. A, Gotmagi&p 
Commanding General, Headquarters Go&aari*} . 

1, The War Department contemplates th© shipment to this theater 
of approximately 160,, 000 knocked- down no tor vehicles during the next few 
months ♦ Alpon assembly these vehicles >-ill be iec*e,..d to organizations 
sent without transpor tation to t; te theater , 

2. Information has been received that organ izrtional allowances 
of motor transportation have been reduced by 2p percent from the allowances 
indicated in Tables cf Basic Allowance**., It is directed that issue of 
motor transportation* to units arriving in the United Kingdom without their 
vehicles will be made on a basis of three quarters of tho quantities author 
ised by current Tables of bad c Allowances. 

By co'ruaand of Lin* tenant General LISENbOVfTR: 

T, B. Dr:Vif?, 
Colonel, A.G.D., 
Adjutant General. 



4: July 1942 

AG 210*2-A 


SUBJECT: Promotion of Officers 

TO : Commanding General, SOS. I 

l f Promotion o£ -officers up to grade of Colonel inclusive, to 
fill authorized vacancies in all elements in this Theater of Operations, 
•will be accomplished by this headquarters. 

2* Officers relieved from combat units because of over-age or 
physical condition, or because of reclassification, will, in many cases,, 
be assigned to the SOS, ETQUSA. Although nc specific percentage of vacant 
cies is prescribed to be reserved, it is desired that the necessity for 
placing officers of all ranks in the SOS ETQ13Q& be considered when 
recommendations for promotion are submitted* 

3* Promotions will usually be made once a month* Recommendations 
for promotions will be submitted so as to reach this headquarters by the 15th 
of each month. It is desired that recommendations b^ submitted on a form 
similar to the one attached* 


U* Attention is invited to the following provisions of War Depart- 
me^-Cdjtmlar #161 which will normally be observed* Recommendations for ex- 
ceptions thereto will be made the subject of special communications* 

a, . Par* 6 j^, w No officer will be promoted more than one grade 

at a time* . 

b» Par, 6 "All officers except 2nd Lieutenants will have 
served at least six months in the grade to which last promoted 11 * 

c Par* »7 . H Vacancies- existing in divisions » regiments , or 
separate units will be filled by unit promotions o r nlv to the , extent which 
wil}. promote the interast of the service and the efficiency of the Army. 

5# Unit promotion is preferable for the maintenance of Esprit de 
Corps* However, the purpose of temporary promotions is to enhance the eff- 
iciency of the Army by promotions of the best fitted to fill existing vacan- 
cies. To obtain that objective, the Commanding General, SOS ETOUSA will 
analyse carefully all recommendations submitted and particularly those for 
promotion to the grade of Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel to insure that unit, 
promotion is not defeating the objective desired* 

(Promotion of Of ficers-Cont 1 d) 

6. Officers Trill not "be recommended for promotion Tintfess^ they 
have actually failed the position for r/hich they are to be promoted for 
'a minimum of one month. Transfers should he made Avhen indicated to 
permit officers who are to be recommended for promotion to obtain the 
necessary service in the higher position, 

7. Every officer recommending a subordinate officer for promotion 
vri.ll certify that the officer so recommended has clearly demonstrated .his 
fitness for the responsibilities . and duties of the position and grade for 
v/hich recommended. 

By command of ..Major, teieral .EIS^JHOlTilR : 

s/ i. b. .sir* dips, 

Colonel, A. G. D. , 
1 Incl. ... Adjutant General. 


SUBJECT i Promotion of Officer. 
TO : G.G. » niO USA. 

1« It is recommended that, 
bo promoted to-the-rank o f 

2, Basis for promotion; 

& The officer f s component is:, 

(1) If Regular Arm i 

Date of present rankt^. 
Date of acceptanc e 

(2) If other component., 

Date of entrance into active duty,. 
Date of present rank. 

Date of promotion to present grade. 
r , (3) Total length of Military Service . , 

£ Position vacancy occupied by officer recou»raond$d: 
. . ^ 

c Length of time officer haa occupied position 
vacancy : . 

Manner of performance of these dutios; , » 

£ ,. ; r ■ -ts the best qualified 

officer of his grade and branch within his regiment (Separate Battalion) 
(separate company) (Etc.) who is at present eligible for promotion and 
available for assignment to this position vacancy* 

& I certify that the officer hag clearly demonstrated 
his fitness for the responsibilities and duties of the position and grade 
for which recommended. * 

Commanding Officer 

Chief of Section 

GO 68 

HQ S10U3A 

17 December 1942 


A citation is awarded to the crew of B-17 airplane ff^J^^^Z^i^tl^gJ^^^^^^se 
following officers and enlisted men of the Army Air For|je§, United -States ArAy£ *[ 
for gallantry in action against an armed enemy while onlai* ^opibat^misp^on over 
enemy occupied continental Europe, in November 1942: 

1st Lt VJilli&m J, Casey, 0410335, Pilot, Box 2, Eedbank, New Jersey 
2d Lt Oliver E. Tilli, 0661597, Co-pilot, Route 2, Ravenna, Michigan 
2d Lt. halter C. Leeker, 0726000, Navigator, 4680 S. Grand Blvd, St. Louis, Mo. 
2d Lt Albert G. Sioith, 0726082, Bombardier, Arizone Apts., Phoenix, Arizona 
S/Sgt Joe Bowles, 33091168, Gun-ball turret, 802 Tenth St. Ext., Roanoke, Va. 
S/Sgt h'ilsori C. Elliott, 16039362, Eng-gun top tur, Route 12, Knoxville, - Tenn. 
S/Sgt Reginald G. Karris, 18061867, Gunner waist, 529 Comile St, Houston, Texas 
S/Sgt Allan F. Keaux, 16046364, Gunner-waist, 2214 Laheland Ave, Madison, Wis. 
Sgt Harold F. Lightbown, 31033176, Radio onr-gun, 529 Pleasant $t, V/inthrop, Mass 
Sgt Parley D. Small, 37190921, Gunner-tail*, Packwcod, Iowa 

Shortly after completion of its bombing run the airplane was attacked by seven 
enemy aircraft, attacking singly and from various angles. Every man of the 
•crew, working in perfect coordination with all others, manned his station in the 
airplane so courageously and successfully that the entire attacking group of 
seven enemy airplanes were destroyed with gunfire in twelve minutes of combat. 
Four crew members were wounded and the airplane was severely damaged but re- 
turned safely to its base. 

Displaying the courage, indomitable strength, and spirit inherent in a well 
trained combat team, this crew achieved a most notable victory in the face of 
great odds. The courage, skill and teamwork displayed by this airplane crew is 
of the highest order and worthy cf emulation. (AG 210.5 and AG 220,5) 


By order of the Theater Commander: 

Brigadier. .General.,.. GSC, Acting Chief of Staff. 

(S) T. J. DAVIS 

Brigadier General, USA, Adjutant General. 

REPRODUCED SOS, 19 December 1942. 
H. E. 


The Adjutant General, Washington, D.C. 
The CG'sOS, 7/ashington, D.C. 

- 1 - 

tla British COi^IDENTIAL) 

*. * * ' 'i ' HEADQUARTERS 


GENERAL ORDERS ) 12 December 1942 

NUIvSER 67 ) 


Constitution of United States Fifth Army r r ^ • • ,■ ? ^ • ? " • : 
Assignment- of Commander United States Fifth Army ------ II 


T7ith War Department authority , the United States Fifth Army is 
hereby constituted and allocated to the command of the Gommander-inrChief , 
Allied Force, North Africa, and r»ill be activated at tie proper time by 
the Commanding General, Fifth Army, 


Lieutenant General Hark W» Clark, AUS , is designated Connnander, 
United States Fifth toy, Upon activation of the Fifth Array he will, 
with the concurrence of the Allied OorFiander-in-Chief , North Africa ^ be 
relieved as Deputy Ooirimaijderrinr-Chief, AHiod Force, 

By -command of Lieutenant General I3ISSNK0IJER : 

. W. B« SMITH, 
Major General, G.S.C. 
OFFICIAL: * Chief of Staff, 

S/'T. J. DAVIS, 
T/ T. J. DAVIS, 
Brigadier General, A.G.D., 

Adjutant General, 

i • 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS 31st Dec 1942 

DISTRIBUTION »C" less The Adjutant General, 
Washington, D,C. CG SOS Washington, P.C f 

25 Nov 1942 


Under the provisions of Army Regulations 600-45, as amended, a Distin- 
guished-Service Cross is pothumousiy awarded to the following officer: ■ 

George F. Marshall , Lieutenant colonel, Infantry, United States Army, for 
extraordinary heroism during an attack on a port in Africa in November 1942. 
Lieutenant Colonel Marshall , in command of a United States Army landing force, 
devoted himself, while on board the craft taking him ashore, to maintaining 
the courage and morale of his command as the craft passed through withering 
fire from shore defenses and harbor craft. In spite of this fire, Lieutenant 
Colonel Marshall , with utter disregard i'or his own personal safety, conducted 
himself so as to inspire the confidence of his command and cause them to press 
on to their mission. During this engagement Lieutenant Colonel Marshall was 
killed. His heroic action materially aided in the accomplishment of a mission 
of great military importance, and the great courage displayed reflects the 
highest credit on the military forces of the United States. Address: Care 
of The Adjutant General, Washington, D.C. (AG 210.5) 

By order of the Theater Commander: 

\u B. SLUTH, 

OFFICIAL: Brigadier General, GSC, Chief of Staff. 

/S/ T. J. DAVIS. 
/T/ T. J. DAVIS, 
Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General, 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS, 21 November 1942. 

-rt. . ^j. Oa 


The Adjutant General, T/ashington, D.C. 
The CG, SOS, Washington, D.C. 
The CG, ETC' USA, 

"V^*"**- Hq ETOUSA 20 November 1942 

(m§H< ^C^-^trri section 

J^^ti^ofi^^f^/jntiai^ersift Artillery Command «—--*■ < I 

Ann 01 ui cement of 'Ass igniaent *-~ — * II 

Duties of /jitiaircraft Artillery Officer, ETOUSA III 

Command, ETOUSA, established by Sectional, General Orders No, 12, Headquarters 
European Theater of Operations, £ July 1942, is discontinued effective this date 

(AG 322.011) 

' II — Ar T NQIJNCE!iENT OF AG3IGNI.ISIIT : (Rescinded by GO ETO #93, 7 Dec 1943). 


August 22, 1943). 

By order of the Theater Commander: 

W, B. -SMITH, 
Brigadier General, GSC, Chief of Staff. 


s/ T. J. DAVIS' 
T, J. Dxi/IS, 
Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General, 

DISTRIBUTION : C less ' ; 

The Adjutant General ftashingt on, D.C. 
CG SOS Washington D.C. 
CG ETO us;.. 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS 14 December 1943 

rGOJS^.. *' Hq Wi'UlW U Nov 1942 


Announcement of assignment ■ — I 

Twelfth Air Force II 

Courts-martial jurisdiction, Commanding General, Services of Supply — III 

I— -AiiWJNCE!IEMr OF ASSIGNMENT . The assignment of Major the Duke of Marlborough 
to Headquarters Europoan Theater of Operations is announced. Ho is assigned 
to duty in the office of the Provost Marshal General. (AG 210.31) 

II— TI'JSLFTH AIR FORCE. All personnel and separate units of the Twelfth Air 
Force departing from the United Kingdom are relieved from attachment to the 
Eighth Air Force, as announced in General Orders No, 4-7, Hq STOUSA, 3 October 
1942, effective as of date of departure . All uncompleted cases of trial by 
courts-martial cf members of the Twelfth Air Force will remain under juris- 
diction of the Commanding General, Eighth Air Force, for the purpose of taking 
necessary action to final completion of such cases and publication of courts - 
martial orders with respect to the findings and sentences therein. (AG 210.31) 

III — COURTS-! &R .TIAL ^ESPI ^ I C ^ Cfli p^S^ G ( ffij iE MK ^IC^S OF SUPPLY . 
Section I, General Orders No, 10, Eq BTODSA , 30 Judo 194-2, is amended by 
inserting after the word "Amy" and before the -word "are" in line five, the 
words : 

"and not assigned to a unit of -the Allied Force." (AG 250. U) 
By order of the fhoator Gompiandor: 

>J. B. SiilTH, 
Brigadier General, GSC, Chief of Staff. 


- t/ T. .J. DAVIS, ^jg^DUra HQ SOS 16 Nov. 1942. 

Colonel, I$GD, Adjutant General. to 

DISTRIBUTION; "G" less ■■omMMMmn^rrr' *- 

Adjutant General, !/ashingtprBI 
D.C. CG SOS, Washington, fi.CT 

GO 56 


6 Nov 1942 

A<iUjm OL" PUFFIE IimitT 

^ ^rlpf-fions of Army Regulations 600-45, as emended, a Purple Heart 
tj* tin fallowing officer and enlisted men: 
^. Lillian Eullwo-xl (Amy serial number 6584242), staff sor<?cant, $6lst Air 
^arnin^ Battalion, for wounds received durinp an enemy air attack on his station 
m ^ri/aland on 3 September 1942. Two enemy aircraft r-cd-i a bv; level attack on 

the site whore Staff Serjeant 

is stationed with bewhs end cannon firo, 

Address :-c/o The Adjutant 

demolishing the quarters and certain equipment. 
General, Washington, D.C. 

. IfcHX^^onn ho^ (Amy serial number 7030611) , technical sergeant, 56lst Air 
earning Battalion, for rounds received durinp an enemy air attack on his station 
m England on 3 September 19/2. Tiro erieiy aircraft made a low level attack on 
" no • 7}lcr " Technical Servant Pcnahoy is stationed with bombs and cannon fire, 

.emolishme the carters and certain equipment. Address : c/o' Tho Adjutant 
General, Washington, D.C, 

~— — J ^JMvJ^SQIi (aw sori-1 number 20729479), corporal, 561st Air Warning 
Battalion, for wounds received during an enemy air attack on his station in 
^nglana on 3 September 1942. Two enemy aircraft made a low level attack on tho 
site -mere Corporal Iforrison is stationed with bombs and cannon fire, 1 ashing 
™° Sartors ana certain equipment. Address:' <Jo The Adjutant General, 
Wasnin^ton, D.C. • " ' 

E pnu^s A. Pii cde^ti,, first lieutenant, Signal Corps, 56lst Air vfcming 
jat.alion, for wornae received during an enemy air attack on his station in " 
..ngland on 3 September 19/2. Two enemy aircraft made e. low level attack on the 
site whore Lieutenant Picciofrbi is stationed with bombs and cannon fire, de- 
molishing the quarters and certain equipment. Address: c/o The Adjutant 
General, Washington, D.C. (AG 210.5 x 220.5) 

By command of Lieutenant General £)IS.di;H0:".'ER: 

if/. B. SnITK,. 
Erigadier General, GSC, Chief of Staff 

•I. Davis, 


■s/ T. 
t/ T. 

Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General. 
REPRODUCED HQ SOS 7 November 1942 

M.H.E. n . 

The Adjutant General, 

eashington, D.C. CG SOS, r fcshin/arton D.< 

p: r STRI3UTIQM "B" 

Under the provisions cf Army Regulations 600-45, as amended, a Soldier's 
i^edal is awarded to the following offiqer and enlisted can: 

Vernon G. Adams, second lieutenant, Corps of Engineers, 93th Engineer Regi- 
ment (GS), for heroism displayed on 8 Sepomber 1942, in rescuing a British 
soldier from suffocation by explosive fumes after three land mines had ex- 
ploded in a small brick building near his station in England. Three British 
soldiers were working inside a small brick building in which land mines were 
stored, when several of the mines exploded, injuring all three of the soldiers, 
two of whom ran from the building. Lieutenant Adams, accompanied by an enlisted 
man, entered the building which vaa filled v-ith explosive fumes and unexplodcd 
mines, without regard for personal safety, succeeded in removing the injured 
soldier from the building, thereby saving his life. The heroism displayed by 
Lieutenant Adams on this occasion reflects great credit cn himself and the 
military service. Address: c/o The adjutant General, Washington, D.C., 

Ernest Johnson (Army serial mimbor 3410364-1), sergeant, Co "S", 9Sth Engineer 
Regiment (GS) , for heroism displayed on 8 September 1942, in rescuing a British 
soldier from suffocation by explosive fuEies after throe land mines had exploded 
in a small brick building near his station in BJssgland. Throe British soldiers 
were working inside a small brick building in which land mines were stored, 
when several cf the mines exploded, injuring all ttove of the soldiers, two of 
whom ran from the building. Sergeant Johnson , accompanied by an officer, enter- 
ed the building, which was filled > ith explosive fumes and unexplcded mines, 
without regard for personal safety, succeeded in removing the injured soldier 
from the building, thereby saving his life. The heroism displayed by Sergeant 
Johnso n on this occasion reflects great credit on himself and the military 
service. Address: c/o The adjutant General, Washington, D.C. (AG 210.5 x 220.5) 

By command of Lieutenant General EIoENHOWHEU 

?.B. SMITH, 

OFFICIAL: Brigadier General, GSC, Chief of Staff. 

T.J. IkVIS, 

Colonel, AG-D, Adjutant General DISTRIBUTION : "3" 



M. H„ E. 


Adjutant General, Washington, D.C. 

CG SOS Washington, D.C. 


11* *• 


23 October 1942 

Under the provisions of Army Regulations 600-45, & s amended, a Soldier's 
Medal is awarded to the following named enlisted man: 

Earl Thalv/itzor (Army serial number 12014094), corporal, 33rd Fighter Squad- 
ron, United States. Amy, for heroism in attempting to save a drowning child in 
the Serpentine, Hyde Park, London, England, on 10_ September 1942. At about 
1400 hours while he was walking along the bank of the Serpentine (a small lake) 
in Hyde Park, he heard a splash in the water about twenty yards from the bank. 
A hasty investigation revealed that a small child had fallen into the water 
from the back of a boat. The soldier, fully clothed, without regard to his 
personal safety, plunged into the water and swan to the point where the child 
had disappeared under the water. The soldier dived to the bottom in about nine 
feet of water, making about twenty-five attempts, and was only stopped, by 
exhaustion. While Corporal Thalwitzcr was unsucessful in his efforts to save 
the life of the child, the heroism he displayed on this occasion reflects the ' 
greatest credit on himself and the military service. Address: Care Qf The 
Adjutant General, Washington, D.C. (AG 220.5) 

By command of Lieutenant GenET-al LISEI'jHOI.ER: 

Brigadier General, GSG, Chief of Staff. 


T. J. DAVIS (sgd) 
Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General..^ 
REPRODUCED HQ SOS 24 September * 

M. JJ. 


-at*' .4^jirlant General, Washing- 
ton, D.C. CG SOS, 
Washington, D.C. CG ET0 USA. 


GO 48 Hq ETOliSA 10 October 1942 


Discontinuance of Flans Section ~«--~~-— «•• — — ■-. — ~>I . 

Announcement of assignment « » — — ~-*.--~**Yl 

Organization of Headquarters ETOUSA and SOS, ETOUSA: Anendment to 

General Orders i 'Jo. 19— ~~m*~, — ™— - — - — ,JXX 

I- -plSCQigiNIjp(^. 4 OF Jj^g^SE CTO N^ffective 7 October 1942, the Flans section 
this headquarters, is discontinued as a separate section of the General 

St-af , IV.e .ftsnctiona of the Plans Section are transferred to the 

office of the* Assistant Chief of Staff, G*3> European Theater of O n orations, 

II- ^/U^FClJi'GEIVE^T, OF A . SIGNMKKT^ -Brigadier General Ray \, Barker, GSC, is 
assigned to duty as Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, European Theater of 
Operatic^, vice Brigadier General Howard A. Craig, GSC, transferred. 

iii^o^SgA^pT PlM^MWA^SMk MISSSa grogSV- - /^ejdmekt to 

GBHiffU L ORDERS H0 if lg~ Paragraph 2, Section I, General Orders No. 19 
this headquarters, 20 July 1942, is amended by adding the following: 
"Chief Liaison Officer, Colonel Claude E. Stadtnan, Infantry", and 
paragraph 3a (l), Section I, General Orders No, 19, this headquarters, 
20 July 1942, is amended by adding the following: "C ief 'Liaison 
Officer". UG 210.31) ; 

By coLii-iand of Lieutenant General EISENHOYIER: 

W.B. SI ITK , 
Brigadier General, Gsd, Chief of Staff. 


S/ T.J. MIS 


Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General . 
REPRODUCED HQ SOS 13 Oct, ly'42 

m. h:e. 

DISTRIBU TION : »»C" less 
Adjutant General, Washington, D.C. 
CG SOS, Washington V C. 

GO 47 

Kq ET0U3A 

tober 1942 

.aving been activated by War Department orders 
. dated 20 August 1942, the oral order? implementing said War Department 
orders issued by the Commanding General, ETOUSA, to the Commanding Gener- 
al, Eighth Air Force, 8 September 1942, relative to the transfer of 
units and personnel between the Eighth Air Force and the Twelfth Air 
Force, and the attachment of tho Twelfth Air Force to the Eighth Air Force 
for the purpose of discipline and courts -martial, are hereby confirmed. 
(AG 210.31) 

By command of Lieutenant General EISENHOWER: 


OFFICIAL? Brigadier General, GSG, Chief of Staff. 

3/ T,J. DAVIS 

Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General. DISTRIBUTION " B" 


fvl. H. E. 

Adjutant General Washington, D.C. 
CG SOS, Washington D.C. 

GO 46 


2 October 1942 

•• 2ISTINGlufa ^ qo 43 

$6*pivi!? Bf tr"o^o^^ ,l GHQr 43, tl-is headquarters, 25 September 1942, as roads 
"Clarence M, Lipaky, sqcond lieutenant ? #ir Corps, M i& ar,u..nclod to road: 
"Clarence Lipsky, second lieutenant, Air Corps," (AG 210,5) 

By command of lieutenant General EISEU-XfiHSR: 

V;. B. Si .JTH 

OFFICIAL; Brigadier General, G3C, Chief of Staff 

s/ T.J, DAVIS, 


Colonel, iiGD, Adjutant General, 

/ ■< 

Adjutant 'General Washing ton, p.C, 
CG SOS Washington i U'.C. 

29 September 1942 

Award of Silver Star to Second Lieutenants Elza E. Shahan and Joseph D. 
Shaffer having been made by local military authorities, General Orders No. 
4-0, this headquarters, 17 September 1942, is revoked. (AG 210.5) 

By command of Lieutenant General EISENHG 1: vER: 


OFFICIAL: Brigadier General, GSC, Chief of Staff. 

Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General. 



M. II. E. 


00 43 

Hq ;^T0U£A 

- 25 September 1942 

Clarence H. 


.3 ions of Army Reguloti'-ns 600-45. as amend c-d, a Distin- 
o-ardod to the fallowing officer: 
.paky . second lio-ito-nnnt, Air Corps, Ariaj' of the United 

States, for outstanding achievement while part ic ipating in an aerial flight 
over France on 24 August 194-2. He was commander ' nd first pilot of on air- assigned to a daylight bembardmont mission. Having accomplished his 
mission, he- was flying in formation on the return .journey when ho was at- 
tacked by two enony fighter pianos. Throe rcernVrs of the crew were severely 
wounded , and the plane v.'as badly damaged. Later another attack by three 
hostile aircraft "'as met with; ut further darargo to the airplane . Lieutenant 
Lipsky maintained his position in formation, despite the dr-mge to his craft 
and the wounds sustained by his crew, end made a successful landing at an 
unfamiliar airdrome. • The courage and skill displayed by Lieutenant Li psky 
reflect the highest credit on the military forces of the United States. 
Residence at appointment: Croat Neck, New York. Address: Care of The 
Adjutant Gener-1, -iashin^tcn, D.C. (AG 210.5) 

By command of Lieutenant General ETSSKHOV/ER: 

V. f . B. SoITK, 
Brigadier General, GSC, Chief of Staff. * 


T. J. DAVIS (s^d) 
Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General, 
REPRODUCED, HQ SOS 28 3opt 1942 
L.J.E.-w f JC . -JJ^MC. ftj 

GO 39 


14 £ tember 1942 

lip! ftli^&frSft.ia** , 

t' v - \%w^i r $h&>jMv^Harafc M Army Regulations 600-45 > as amended, a Soldier's 
ne^al i; xs awarded to: rj - 

Frank E Funk (Army serxal number 6864588}, sergeant, for heroism dis~ 
played at the' scene of a tank accident in Northern Ireland on 6 July 1942. 
Sergeant Funk, despite great danger to himself, remained in the tank to 
cut the master sv/itch and attempted to remove ammunition and equipment 
after the other members of the tank crew had reached safety, As a result 
of his actions in attempting to save government property while endangering 
his own life Sergeant Funk received burns on the face and a severe injury 
to his hand in the fire and explosion of ammunition which followed the 
accident. The heroism displayed by Sergeant Funk on this occasion reflects 
great credit upon himself and the military service. Address: Care of The 
Adjutant General, Washington, D,C, (AG 220,5) 

By command of Lieutenant General EISENHOWER: 

s/ f * J, DAVIS' Brigadier General, GSC, Chief of Staff, 


Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General. ' ' DISTRIBUTION : 

DISTRIBUTION : U C» less Adjutant General, Washington, D,C 
CG S0S> Washington, D*C e * " P 


REPRODUCED HQ SOS 7 December 1943 I'i^ 

GO 33 


12 September 1942 

Under the -provisions of inr-v Regulations 600-4?, as amended, a Pujrple 
heart is awarded to the fclior/ing named officer: 

Loren B. Kiiisinger, lieutenant colonel, Air Corps, Headquarters Eiu-opean 
Theater of Operations, United States Army; for wounds received in action 
against an armed ene:.:.^ - , during, the raid on Dieppe, on 19 August 1%.2 # (AG- 210 # 5. 

By command of Lieutenant General EI3EiflI0\SEK: 

W. B # SMITH, 

OFFICIAL: Brigadier G-@nera^, GSC, Chief of Staff, 

3/ T, J, 'DAVIS 
T. J* 11AV1S, 
Coiynel, AGD, iidjutant General, 

lO^THUBUTIOU "0" less £3X> 
HJ^p^XCII) KQ SOS 5 July 1543. 

•I k '* f :' * v 


TJU5AT ~~ 5 September 1942 


v '-of ^i^^U^Ttjishii^^^r^-ice Cross 

^ I 

* ^ Shim's oi:Vmii-e]K ,: ^i|e^£|-4 1 11 

'and SOS, E10USA: Amendment . to GO 19 III 

\ OS jI JTII GUIS^'D SgRSICC CROSS — Under the provisions of Army Reg- 
aba- lc:is ^ L->'.t> as trended, a Distinguished Service Cross is awarded to the 
following namec. oificer: 

Loron B. . Hillsinger , lieutenant colonel, Air Corps, Headquarters, Luropean 
Theater of Operations, United States Army; for extraordinary heroism in action 
during the raid on Dieppe on 19 August 1942, when a combined force of Allied 
military, naval, and air units made a reconnaissance in force upon the German 
occupied section of the French .Coast . Although seriously wounded v:hen air bomb 
struck IftiS "Berkeley" on which he was then stationed, he made his way to Steam 
Gun Boat S, where he continued to act as an aircraft lookout, while lying on 
the deck in utter disregard of his own personal safety and his own physical 
injuries, lieutenant Colonel Hill singer by his display of courage in the face 
of great danger upheld the highest traditions of the unlit ary forces of the 
United States and contributed materially to the success of a mission of vital 
importance . home address: San Antonio, Texas. (AG 210.5) 

^-"MM^I &'J?fM : !l£^ SJ^pAL— Under the provisions of Army Regulations 600- 
45* as amended, a Soldier 1 s y'edal is awarded to the following named officer and 
enlisted man: 

Sari L. Ca rron, first lieutenant, Company .. , 1st Ranger Battalion; for hero- 
ism displayed in rescuing an enlisted man fro; drowning in a stream near 
Achnacarry House, Inverness Shire, Scotland, on 6 July 1942. "Tiile •■•••embers of 
Company A, 1st Ranger Satiation, w&re on training maneuvers, a rope bridge used 
for crossing a deep, treacherous, and swiftly flowing strea. . broke and plunged 
several enlisted men into the stream. One of the enlisted men, unable to swim, 
was carried swiftly downstheam. Lieutenant Car r on ran to a point along the 
bank ahead of the enlisted man, without regard for his own personal safety, 
plunged into the stream completely clothed, and with great difficulty succeeded 
with the help of an enlisted man in bringing the drovming man to shore, thereby 
saving his life, The heroism, displayed by Lieutenant . Carron on this occasion"' 

reflects great credit upon himself and the military service. Address: Care 
of The adjutant General, T-ashinyton, D.C, (AG 210,5) 

Robert Tg. Skarie (Army serial number 20?19473)> corporal, Company A, 1st 
Ranger Battalion; for heroism displayed in rescuing an unlisted man from drown- 
ing in a stream near Achnacarry House, Inverness Shire, Scotland, on 6 July 
3.942 # T.'hile members of Company A, 1st Ranger Battalion were on training maneu- 
vers, a rope bridge used for crossing a deep, treacherous, and swiftly flowing 
stream broke and- plunged several, enlisted men inc o the stream. One of the en- 
listed men was notaable'-fco-vavrjjaaa^ v Ccrprai 
Skarie ran to a point along the baric ahead of the enlisted man, wdthqut regard 
for his own personal safety, plunged into the stream complete clothed, snd 
with great difficulty succeeded with the help, of an officer in. bringing the 
drowning man to shore, thereby saving his life. The heroism displayed by Corporal 
Skarie on this occasion reflects great credit upon himself and the j.dlitary ser- 
vice. Address: Care of the Adjutant General, Washington, - D.C. (AG 220,5) 



Reference paragraph 2, Section I, GO 19, cs, Kq ETOUoA, Colonel Nicholas K. 
Cobb, Finance Department, is announced as Chief Finance Officer, vice Colonel 
Leonard F. Si^is, Finance Department, relieved. (AG 21&131) 

By command of Lieutenant General EISENHOWER: 

Brigadier General, GSG, Acting Chief of Staff. 


T. J. DAVIS (sgd) 

Colonel, AGD, Adjutant General. DISTRIBUTION !! E i! 


REPRODUCED HQ SOS 8 November 1943 

23 August 1942 

of Array Relictions 600-45 > as amended, a Dist in gnashed Service . Cross in post-* 
humous ly awarded to the .following- named officer! 

Donald A. 'waiter, Second Lieutenant , 414th Bombardment Squadron/ 97th Bom- 
barcfent Group* Air Corps, United States Army; for extraordinary her6ism in 
action over occupied territory in Continental Europe,' 21 August 1942, He was 
co-pilot of a B-17E bomber flying as part of a formation] on a bombardment 
mission when his airplane was attacked by twenty to thirty enemy fighters at 
an- -altitude of approximately 21,000 feet* Despite the overwhelming odds, he 
displayed great courage and skill under fire and utter disregard to personal 
danger* He was mortally wounded and died before his aircraft could be landed 
at a friendly airdrome. By his con; rage and coolness under fire, Lieutenant 
Walter contributed greatly to the successful completion" of the mission on 
which he was engaged. Next of kin: Mr, Kress A. Walter, 99 Richmond St,, 
Paine-sville , Ohio. 

II — AWARDS OF DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS. — Under the provisions of Army 
Regulations 600-45 > as amended, a Distinguished Service Cross is -awarded to 
the following named officers. 

Edward T* Sconiers , second lieutenant, 414* h Bombardment Squadron, 97th 
Bombardment Group, Air Corps, United States Ar y; for extraordinary heroism 
in action over occupied territory in Continental Europe, 21 August 1942. He 
was' a member of the combat crew as bombardier of a B-17E bo ber flying as 
part of a formation on a bombardment mis "ion when the aircraft was attacked 
by twenty to thirty enemy fighters at an altitude of approximately 21,000 
feet. The co-pilot having been fatally wounded and the pilot 1 s oxygen mask 
having been dislodged, Lieutenant Sconiers crawled into the co-pilot t s cock- 
pit without his oxygen mask, removed the bedy of the co-pilot, replaced the 
oxygen mask of the pilot, and assumed the duties of co-pilot* Acting under 
the direction of the pilot, he materially assisted in landi g the aircraft 
safely at a friendly airdrome. Lieutenant Sconiers . by Ms display of 
courage and by his, skill in the fac_; cf great danger and overwhelming odds, 
upheld the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States, ' 
and contributed materially to the success of a mission of vital i portance* 
Home Address: De Funiak Springs, Florida, 

Richard F. St arks, second lieutenant, 414th Bombardment Squadron, 97th » 
Bombardment Group, ^ir Corps, United States Army; for extra ordinary heroism 
in action over occupied territory in Continental 'Europe, 21' August 1942, 
He was pilot of a B-17& bomber of a bombardment mission when his aircraft 
was at lacked by t wenty to thirty enemy fighters at an altitude of approxi- 
mately 21,000 feet. Heavy enemy fire fatally wounded the co-pilot, seriously 
wounded Lieutenant Stark 3 in the arm, -neck, and face, and dislodged his. 
oxygen mask,. Despite these handicaps, and 'overwhelming odds in the number 
of enemy fighter aircraft, Lioutenrnt Stark s directed the operation of his 
aircraft and, when -physically able to do so, gave material assistance to its 
operation, to the end that ho safely landed, his ere ft -jt a friendly airdrem, . 

. — ■- f: 1 '.:-v 


Award, Posthumous, of Distinguished Serfcfcce Cross - 
Awards of Distinguished Service Cross - - - - 

(GO 30, ET0U3A, 23-8-42 C^T^f^fmfSP^^WS^ 

Li e ut e n ant St ark s ' cool courage and heroic action upheld the highest . 
tradition of the military forces of the United States and contributed ' 
materially to the success of a mission of vital importance. Home Ad- 
dress: Midway, Kentucky, (AG 210,5) 

By command of Lieutenant General EISENHCPJER: 

J. E. DAHL3UIST, ' ' 

Brigadier General, GSC, Acting Chief of Strff. 


s/ T. J. DAVIS 
C ol one 1 , A . G , D , , ' 

Adjutant General, 


REPRODUCED SOS ETC, 25 August 1943, 

M, J, S, 




: 11 August 1942 

mm?R 27 ) 


Establishment of Maritime Command . ~ - „ — . , — ,1 

Announcement of Rear Admiral Andrew C, Bennett as the Commander 
of the Maritime Command- - ~ — - ----11 

^F,3TABLI»CTT OF l f ART.TB.'E C&i x AND . 

1. Effective this date, a command designated as the Maritime 
Command, to consist of such Unifcfcd States Navy and United States 
Army elements as 7 ay be assigned to it by competent orders, is 
established in the European Theater of Ope rat ions, 

2« Commanding 'officers of all United States Army troops as- 
signed to the Maritime Command, European Theater of Operations, 
will take prompt and appropriate action with respect, to adminis~ 
t rati on and. discipline of their troops in accordance with the 
expressed desires cA the Conw.-ander - f the Mar it i e Command, 


Rear Admiral Andrew C, Bennett, United States Navy, having 
reported to this headquarters pursuant to." letter from the Chief of 
Naval Personnel, d- tad 16 July 1942 (Pers-313-VEP), and fifth in- 
dorsement tiicreon from the Commander, United States Naval Forces in 
Europe , dated 6 August 1942, is assigned to duty as the Commander 
of the Maritime Command, European Theater of Operations, under the 
provisions of paragraph 10, Chapter 2, "Joint Action of the Army 
and Navy," 

By command of Lieutenant General EISENHOWER: 

Brigadier General, General Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff, 


s/ T, J. DAVIS 

?, j> davis, 

Colonel, A,, G,,!),, 
Adjutant General, 

f ' ; iV^.,!!' i'imhj ' HEADQUARTERS 



* 8 Augufet 1942 

NUMBER 25 ) 

So much of paragraph 3a, General Orders No. 17, this 
Headquarters, cs, as pertains to 1st Lt f L. GRAY BECK, 0308732, 
SC, is revoked, ; 

By coLirnnnd of Lieutenant General EISENHOWER: 

Brigadier General, General Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff. 


3/ T, J, DAVIS 
Colonel, A«G a I'u, 
Adjutant General, 


REPRODUCED HQ SOS ETO, 25 August 1943. 

V V T > 
XVJ. * U • i 

PT-T^f ,!? ^ f*$W*% WW% UNITED STATING AM 


Transfer of Office of Military Attache 

Announcement of Assignment — ~ 


1« Pursuant to the authority contained in cablegram No* 195?, 
War Department, & July 1942, the Office of the Military Attaehe,. 
London, effective this date, passes to the cowan d of t'-is head- 
quarters and is assigned to the Intelligence Section, 

2» The integrity of the V.*sr Depart me nt. system of collecting 
military information in the United Kingdom vail be so maintained 
that at any time the Office of the Military Attache, London, can 
be removed from the command of this headquarters in a short time 
and can resume independent operation without material personnel 
or administrative ehamjes, 

3. The Office of the Military Attache will continue its 
present organization and activities* 


Brigadier (.General Robert A. KcClure, General Staff Corps, is 
assigned bo duty an Assistant Chief of Staff, G~2, European Theater of 
Operations, United States Army, vice Colonel Homer Case, General Staff 
Corps, relieved* 

By command of Lieutenant Genera]. KISENHO'JER: 

1 August 1942 


Brigadier General, Gfeneral* Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff o 


s/ T v J. DIV1S 
T. J. DAVIS, ■ 
Colonel, A,G # D*, 
Adjutant 'General, 

* ■ 


REPRODUCED HQ SOS, ETC, 29 July 1943. 



*t f * 1?F Iff t 

IBp A.l'.O.U.S.A. 

IBPP: pUJl n :BBS By authority of 

JJIoX^AH ri:uA5a7R (X/ 0„:il^IOI:S Initials 


CDJO^SCEIMZS) 17 July 1942. 

iTUlIBjaR . . .17) 


1. G-onoral Order lie. Keadqucrters United States P-xiny Forces on 
the British Isles, dated 1 4- January 19q-2 3 is hereby rescinded. United 
States Army units, individuals, and installations in northern Ireland not 
assigned to the Y Airy Corps (Koinf) are front connanu of the Con- 
nandinp G-eneral, V Army Corps except that he v/ill he responsible, vzhilc his 
Corps is in northern Ireland, for tie general security and discipline of all 
U. S. Amy Forces in i-orthcrn Ii^oland when outside of their stations. 

2. The follovrinp; pcri'onnei and units ore transferred to Northern 
Ireland Base Section, Services of Supply, European Theater of Operations, 
United States An.iy: 

a. Facilities: All general and special depots in northern Ire- 
land, established by Signal Corps, Ordncnee Department , "juartemastcr Corps, 
Medical Department, Corps of Ln^ino^rs, and Chcuicvv^L \7arfare Service. 

b. Units; 

28th OP Bopt. Trh. '(CIP), less 1 Bn. 
2d Bo;:: t- i.l B> ••ul.'.tir •: Station 
307th Dn;:ir:oor Co. (Depot) 
i: Co. (Shop) 

407th ! ' ; 

Put, Sth BoCio-aL Sv-pply : j;er.o'c 
5th Pa r 1 BoGydtal 
10th Station Bos;. .aBB. 
lath Or '...Bianco Co. , ) 
33rd fi Co. (Aru :) 

/0th i: Co. (Depot) 

Detaelmiont Pert Kvxadpiairt ore 
Co A, Cyi 'i: Bn. (Ldry) 
Co. L\ Oe-tB £1 En. (Bkry) 
22 : Xth pi Co. (Depot Supply) 
Co. A, 301st. pi. an. (S P P) 
Co.. A, 396th pi Bn. (Port) 
200d birnal Depot Co. 
C27th " 
2pi : th : I. B. Co 
Roplaoaaont Depot Bo. 
Stars and Stripes 
Co. B, 3jJ herjt. 

Service Co. 
p;j of 


c. Officers: 

/BP 0B 



Collins, Leroy P. 


BOA . • 

Otanford, Albert C. 


Arcubol, John II, 


(inf) Cr0 f 

B.catlcy, BdY/iu B. 

0701 9 

I or" 'i i 

P/ierkin^, Irvrin 2>. 



A&c;.;s, Donald B. 



iiousc, Boaard J. 



Jecllncr, Bd.ri.n D. 



Atkinson, Polk J. 

01 0239 

PA • 

Bordifcloau, Francis V/". 



Burke, Sterling G. 



Caldwell, l/ill II. 



Green, Hack A. 



Greenfield, Leonard R. 



jlardvick, linnet Y. 



Pol den, Harold PA ** 

01 pBG^q 

Johnson, John 



'loses, '7ilj.i3r.iS 0. 


CC ' . 

Petraborg, Jariold A. 



Pcvin, Baurico II. 



Schv/arzo, Harry A. 


. (PA)-GSC 

Stefan, H:j~ry A. 


Inf' . : 

Svcboda, Albert A. 

01 03369 


Thomas, Benjamin A. 



T henpson , Bichard . F . 


Harris, Orvillc ".7. 



Brown, Bo\7L?nd G. 

01 .A 034 

- r -n 

Brundick, A r illian T. 

02'-0 ' .-■O 


Col^lasicr, Jr. Robert V, 



Daily, Vfilson S. 


02 7 5 :3 

. .. 

Ki^Lechbaun, Joseph B, 

Or. J ■■_.,// 


..- •'<-' 

LeVan, Tfillian 1. 

/-f ' 

*r I ;i trt, nn ,'. n ^ on Tj 

0; i' ^ 'iqp 

Perrey, Joseph I. 



Rudolph, LLao B, 

0271 359 


Shriver, Boyd A. 

•■ 7 ) 0525 


Millions, Villi cji H. 


Ul'j 1 1 JU 


Cook, Raymond 0. 



Cornelius, George 1A 



Frye, Joseph \7. 

0205 2oq- 


G-race, V.Alliar.i P. 

026232?* i 



T 1")' < '■, ,TT| 


Bri£. Gen, 34th Division 

Colonel 34th " 

I? Hq V ^ir.y Ca _ 

!t ■ * . 



» ■ 


Lt. Col. 

' it 


' t! 







Lt. Col. 



11 ft 




t! tl 





1! tf 





II tl 





11 If 





ti i; 




ft it 





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;r fi 
t: t« 







t: it 




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t. t; 




tf it 





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•■ : 











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1 1 - 

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tt ii 
























tf 1: 



Griffith, LeiTie A. 
Hansen, Arthur C. 
Johnston, Ambrose P.- 
ICaberle, Otto II. 
Lindquist, Garfield L. 
Lynch, Gordon B.. 
Malkin, Samuel H 
Pedneau, Thomas Jw 
Race, Charles II. 
Simons on, Joe A.. 
Sv/enson, Carl T7» 
Thornton, Joseph A. 
Drake, Leo G. 

Martin, Charles J. 
ITasoeman, Nathan 
Dooley, Joseph A. 
IIus evades, Walter F. 
Jensen, Janes W. 
Latin er, Philip 
Y/ilkinson, John C. 


























A r , 4- T 4- 
l > j O J,J L> , 



Hq V ;jrmy Co 





Array Go 

3. The following personnel 
Northern Ireland Base Section, 

.no. vnats are 

\ched temporarily to 


Hausauer, <Tarl P. 
¥ehster, Leonard E. 

Griggith, TALI li am E, 
Baddock, Victor G,- 
Arundel, Hugh F.J. 

Burk, Gordon P. 
Chov/ins, I Larry G. 
Clark, Aruel A. 
Cook, Carlton J. 
Andres, Fred. C. 
If illieras., .. Macon G>, 

Beck, L. Gray 
Chandler, Uilner £. 
Sicker, Roger .1... 7 
Pre oil, Fred C. 
j.ioore, Victor K. 

01 42022 



041 01 23 
031 7452 
Q f >622 


■ A'.vAGA 





LED ■ 

f ? m rs * 

' AG ^ J 



Lt. Col. 

i! U 

IA:g or 


1 st Jjt . 


Kq V Army Co 

b* Enlisted Men - The 'enlisted personnel' of Headquarters 
Detachment and Headquarters Coup any, fecial Trc ops , V Array Corps 
now. on duty m th the North Ireland Base Comuand* 

• • Co Units'- — Divisional .and Corps Troops now serving base 
in3ta!lati^oias~~and depots „ 

By command of Lieutenant General EISEMOllfERs 

Brigadier General, General Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff* 


■ s/ T. J. DAVIS 
Colonel, A.G.D., 
Adjutant General* 

S.O. .3.. DISTRIBUTION "3" " 




M. J. S. 


By authority of 
Initials B C T,D„ 
Date 15/7/42 

NUM3ER 16) 




;eordance with the provisions of paragraph 3a (2) 
(b), AH 40^550* the Commai, ding General, 3th Air Force* using per- 
sonnel under his osBwmand, will activate the following numbered 
dispensaries at the places indicated % 

Wide nir. v 9 K in £st 01 1 

302 - Wine Tree 

303 - Molest orth 
*» Fo3,e brook 
«- Goxhill 
« At chain 
« Frr; 1 . ; on 

- Kr-tterinA" 
309 - Lichf:-rld 
31:0 - Sjrtonwood 






By corona of Lieutenant General EISENfKA'ER: 

OFF! 0,1 AT 

Brigadier General, General Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff, 

s/ T. J, DAVIS 

T« J» D/vVlS, 

Adjutant General 
* H. 

}£PR0DliCEL> im SOS ZT0,te#" July. 



fn v t o II S \ 
By authority of 
Initials B C T,D«, 
Date 15/7/42 



In accordance with the provisions of paragraph 3a' (2) 
(b), AR 40*550, the Corrinan&Lng General, 8th Air Force* using per— 
sonnel under his cowman d, vdll activate the following numbered 
dispensaries at the places indicated j 

301 - Widening, Kingston 

302 - Wine Tree 

303 - Mole swor th 

304 •» Vc3,-.Eji ,; .;ok 

305 « Goxhi? 1 

306 - At char. 

3', ! 7 « "'m 1 ' . on 

308 £-1 v.: Ei 

3C 9 •* L5 >uf- r '" ; ' Id 

310 - r .ir J - ). v;ood 

By corsaand of Lieutenant funeral EISENHU'ER: 


>ri : ; ;adier General, General Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff, 



;-u:ir;Oui'j cement of Assignment - - 
Issue of Rations in Kind - - ~ 
Secret • — 


Colonel HOTARD A. CRAIG, General Staff Corps, is assigned to 
dirty as assistant Chief of Staff, G~3, European Theater of Operations, 
vice Brigadier General AAROTD M. McCIE.uI.AMI^Senera2- Staff Corps, re- 


In order to divert from the civilian population the smallest 
possible supply of food stuffs, it is directed that all units and/or 
individual enlisted son be issued rations in kind her-vifter vihen travel- 
ling, arid that • .or^.y allowances in lieu of rations be authorized only. • r".\*->- 
wnen exceptional circuir stances diet ?•••■<?, 

Ill — SEgJST 

By co-oand of -Lieutenant General jilSEFHuvFR: 

Brigadier General, General Staff Corps, 
OFFICIAL: Chief of Staff. . 

15 July 1942 




3/ T.J, AhViS.. 

J. » J • iJfi. V Iv,-- , 

Colonel, i : ,.G-.B., 
Adjutant General. 


vuimR 15) 

Announcement cf assignment _ 
Organisational change of station 

13 July 



1— /is?oijitcej.u1 t t of assigi^ieat. 

Colonel BEN JA SAPBAIDGE, General Staff Corps, is assigned to 
duty as Assistant Chief of Staff, C--1, European Theater of Operations* 


1. Effective 1 August 1 942, the 3& Platoon, 56th Quartermaster 
Company (Sales Ccmmisary ; cons is ting of one (1) officer and fifty- 
eight (53) enlisted men, is transferred from IIETTEEI133- to LQJTCK", 
ENGIuA3>, and assigned, to Headquarters Command, European Theater of 

2. Government motor transpor tation will he utilized to accom- 
plish change of station* 

By comiaand of Lieutenant General EISEITKO'.HR: 


Brigadier General, General Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff. 

S/ T.J. DA.V1S 
Colpnol, A. G. D. , 
Adjutant General, 

l->4- o -i. - ■ Oi.) u i J. Ui 'J » 

R^plj® HQ SOS ETC 7 December 1 943* 

I. u J. S. 

mpt lit <s? unci 

/ ? * ^ t?A~ * V' f « ^ ? ?4 > * *• * H * 


4 July 1942 



11 ) 


Under the provisions of Army Regulations 600-45> a Distinguished 
Service Cross is awarded to the following named officer: 

Charles C* Kegelmnn . captain, 15th Bombardment Squardron, Air Corps, 
United States Army, for extra ordinary heroism in action over occupied 
territory in Continental Europe ? 4 July 1942. As pilot of a bombardment 
aircraft operating in cunjuction with the Royal Air Force, he attacked the 
enepjy airdrome of DeKooy at approximately 0800 hc-irs. He missed the primary 
target by reason of heavy enemy antiaircraft fire. The right wing of his 
airplane was hit and damaged, the right propeller shot off, the right engine 
set on fire, and the tail of the aircraft hit many tines* The aircraft 
struck the ground, but by ijreat skill Captain Kegelman suoceeded in righting 
it and started %o return to his base on a single engine. Encountering add- 
itional antiaircraft fire from a near Julianderp, he pressed home an 
attack on the tower, £1 •ing directly at it and opening fire at close range 
and silenced the fire from the tower. With one dngine disabled he flew 
his araft to his home base. Captain Mfegelman, by his heroism, his flying 
skill, his intimate, knowledge of his equipment , and his "great coolness 
and judgment in action, saved his aircraft and his crew* 

By command of Kajor General EISENHOWER: 


Brigadier General, 

General Staff Corps, 

Chief of Staff 


s/ I. Bw JULIE RS 
Colonel, A«G*D, , * 
Adjutant General* 


REPRODUCED H.} SOS ETO, 26 August 1943. 



28 June 19A2 

1, The following Quartermaster organizations (Aviation) 8th Air Force 
effective 28 June 1942, are a ttach^d to the Service of Supply and vrill be 
reported to the Commanding General f of station assignment and duty. 

405th Platoon, Air Depot 
402nd M Supply Company (Depot) 
. 812 3k' Truck Company 

2. The following organizations are assigned effective 28 June, 1942, 
to the Services of Supply: - 

16th Station Hospital 

30th General Hospital 

183rd $1 Cor-p»ny (Depot Supply) 

1st Platoon, Co # P, 240th -M Battalion (Service) 

3rd Platoon) f;6th QM Corpany (Sales Commissary) 

1st Platoon, C<v B, 95th Battalion (Bakery) 

By command of 11 a jar General EISENHOWER: 

Brigadier General, General Staff- Corps, 
Chief of Staff. 


s/ I. B. SUHER3 
I. ]>• SUITES, • 
Colonel, A # G.D # , 
Adjutant General* 

REPRODUCED H} SOS ETO, 26 August 1943, 


1» Aviation Section * The Aviation Section of this head- 
quarters is inactivated, 

2« Special Observer Section , Effective this date a spec- 
ial staff section designated as the Special Observer Section is 
established and will consist of a Chief of Section and such other ... 
officers, enlisted teen, and civilian employees as may be* assigned 
to it from time to tine. 

3» Functions and Responsibilities , The Chief of the Spec** 
ial Observer Section will handle all matters heretofore the res- 
ponsibility of tho Comma nding General in his position as Spec' al 
Army Observer, In - .general, this will include all matters which 
do not pertain directly to operations of United States forces in 
the European Theater of Operations, It will include the follow- 
ing: " ; 

a # Liaison with the Harriman Mission, Munitions- Assign-*, 
.ment Board, Air Assignment .Qommittce, Ministry of Production, 
Ministry of Supply, and Ministry of aircraft Production, on all 
military matters concerned vdth » 

b. Liaison with the Services of Supply of this. Theater, 
8th Air Service Command, - United States Naval- Forces in Europe, 
.and British agencies on aue stipes (not involving command and 
operation of the European theater forces) concerning the main- *■ 
tenance and supply of military equipment of United -States origin 
in common use by United States and. British forces, 

. c* Liaison with the Services of Supply, the 8th Air Force, 
other subordinate commands of the ET'0U3.A, the United States Naval 
Forces in Europe, and corresponding British Agencies on the deter- 
mination of operational requirements (military characteristics) of 
military equipment in common use by both United States and British 

d, . Procurement and .maintenance of statistics on the status .,• 
of equipment in common use b -.- both United States' and British Forces, 
and such other statistical information as may from time to time be 
required by the Theater Commander, 

(GO §k> ETOUSA, 19/6/42, ContJ 

•• 4* a, Technical Committee, • The Technical CcmTdttee estab- - 
iished by General Orders No, 2, Office of the Special Army Observer, 
7th April 1942 is abolished, The records, functions and respon- 
sibilities of that committee are transferred to the Special Observ- 
er Section* 

b. To provide for coordination where more than one arm 
of service is interested in a project, committees consisting of 
representatives from the interested services or commands vail be 
established from time- tdxtime under the chairmanship of the Chief 
of the Special Observer Section* Representatives of the inter- 
ested Service will be named' by the Chief of Service or interested 
commanders on request from tho N Chiof of Special Observer Section, 

c« Representatives of the Of J ice of Military attache and 
non-military agencies will be invito d to participate in the pro- 
ceedings of such conffi'itte es as are appointed* 


1. Effective 1 July 1942, the Detachment Air Force Ferry- 
Command is a 3 signed to the 8th idr Force* The Commanding General, 
8th Air Force mil'' be responsible for operations, supply, and ad- 

2* Control of priorities of shipments of personnel end 
freight will be exercised by this headquarters through the Chief, 
Special Observer Section, 

By command of Fajor General CHANEY: 

Brigadier General, General Staff Corp 
Chief of Staff, 


3/ I, B. ailAERS 
I, B. SULiERS, ' 
Colone 1 , k„ G, D, , 
Adjutant General* 


REPRODUCED HQ SOS 14 August 1942. 
J. 3. 





NUkEER 3 ) 

8 June 1942 


1. Effective this date, Headquarters, United States Army 
Forces in the British Isles, is redesignated Headquarters, Europ- 
ean Theater of Operations, United States Arm/* 

2« Effective this date, the following organisations of the 
United States, Arm/ Forces in the British Isles are redesignated 
as organizations of the European Theater of Operations : 

Headquarters Command Headquarters Detachment 

Headquarters Special Troops Headquarters Company 


1. Effective this date, the following un'ts are-assigned to 
the Services of Supply: 

a. The 91st Ea chine Records Unit,- 

b« The Electronics Training Group, 

c. The 1st Base Post' Office, effectiv... upon arrival in 
' the British Isles, 



Effective this date, the following assignment to the staff 
of this headquarters is .announced: 


Secretary of the General Staff > 

Lieutenant Colonel Leslie S f . I orili,. GSC 


(GO #3> STOUSAj 8/6/42, Cont,) 

By command of M* jor General CHAJOT: , ^ ( #| 

Brigadier General, General Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff. 


s/l. B. 3tiU,ERS 
Colonel, A,G # D« , 
Adjutant General* 


M B tt 

REPRODUCE 1) !l; SOS 14 August 1943 ♦ 

T f / T 1 




S June 1942 


2 ) 



All orders and instructions heretofore issued by the Headquarters United 
States Army Forces in the British Isles remain in effect and are applicable 
to the European Theater of Operations, United States Army* 

(Rescinded by GO Et!#93, 7 Dec 1943). 

By command of Major General CHANEY: 

Brigadier General, General Staff Corps, 
Chief of Staff* 


s/ I, B. SUL1ERS- 

i, b % smaiERs, " 

Colonel, A»G»D« 
adjutant General, 

- »B» 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS 14 December 1943 

Hi J* S* 

8 June 1942 



1 ) 


L« By direction of the President, transmitted in cabled instruc- 
tions from the Chief of Staff, United States Aray, the European Theater 
of Operations for the United States Army is established* effective this 
date. The territorial limits of the theater will be announced later. 

2 All United States Army Forces, excepting representatives $n 
the London Munitions Assignment Board, Military Attaches, and any per- 
sonnel attached to Embassies, and including suoh payt of the United 
States Marine Corps as may be detached for Service' "with the Army; will 
be under the command of the Commanding General-, European Theater* 

3« By agreement between the War aand Navy departments, the Csm- 
maii&Ihg General, European Theater, will exercise unity of command over 
all United States Navy forces assigned for eperations t* this theater* 

4* The undersigned assumes command of the European Theater of 

Major General, U,S, Army. 


(General Orders #20 is the last in the series of General Orders, Hq* 
USAFBI, publication <Jf which, is temporarily suspended*) 

REPRODUCED HQ SOS 14 August 1943* 


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